*NURSING > EXAM > NR228 Nutrition PRACTICE A Questions and Answers 100% VERIFIED 2022/2023 (All)

NR228 Nutrition PRACTICE A Questions and Answers 100% VERIFIED 2022/2023

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A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and is prescribed an oral diet. The client asks the nurse why the TPN is being continued since he is now eating. Which ... of the following is an appropriate response by the nurse? A. "Your blood glucose levels need to be within a normal range before the parenteral nutrition can be stopped." B. "You should consume at least 60% of your calories orally before the parenteral nutrition can be discontinued." C. "You should have a weight gain of at least 1 kg per day before the therapy is stopped." D. "Your bowel movements need to be regular before the therapy can be discontinued." A nurse is providing dietary teaching about reducing the risk of infection to a client who has cancer and is receiving chemotherapy. Which of the following statements made by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. "I will thaw my food at room temperature." B. "I will discard leftover food after 3 days." C. "I should use home canned goods within 2 years of canning." D. "I should heat my food to at least 120 degrees Fahrenheit." A nurse is planning dietary teaching for a client who has dumping syndrome following a gastrectomy. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the client's plan of care? A. Use simple sugars to sweeten foods B. Remain upright for 1 hr following meals C. Limit eating to three large meals per day D. Select grains with less than 2 g fiber per serving A nurse is assessing a client who is suspected of having lactose intolerance. Which of the following is an expected finding? A. Flatulence B. Bloody stools C. Hyperemesis D. Steatorrhea A nurse is assessing a client who has diabetes mellitus. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as a manifestation of hypoglycemia? A. Diaphoresis B. Bradycardia C. Abdominal cramps D. Acetone breath A nurse is educating a group of women about vitamin and mineral intake during pregnancy. Which of the following should the nurse instruct to avoid taking at the same time as iron supplements? A. Magnesium B. Vitamin B12 C. Vitamin A D. Calcium A nurse is caring for a client who is at 8 weeks of gestation and has a BMI of 34. The client asks about weight goals during her pregnancy. The nurse should advise the client to do which of the following? A. Maintain her current BMI B. Gain approximately 6.8 kg (15 lb) C. Lower her BMI D. Gain 12.7 to 15.8 kg (28 to 35 lb) A home health nurse is providing dietary teaching to the parents of a 3-year-old child. Which of the following statements by the parents should the nurse identify as understanding of the teaching? A. "I will offer my child a cup of peanut butter to dip her celery in." B. "I can leave her grapes whole so that she can practice getting them with her fork." C. "I can giver her popcorn as a snack to provide a serving of whole grains." D. "I will put low-fat milk in her cup for her to drink." A nurse is teaching a client who has a prescription for ferrous sulfate about food interactions. Which of the following statements indicates that the client understands the teaching? A. "I can take this medication with juice." B. "I can take this medication with my eggs at breakfast." C. "I will drink low-fat milk when taking this medication." D. "I will take this medication with my coffee." A client is experiencing anorexia related to cancer treatment. Which of the following interventions should the nurse implement to increase the client's nutritional intake? A. Recommend cooking aromatic foods to stimulate appetite B. Serve hot foods rather than cold foods C. Instruct the client to eat three meals per day D. Add extra calories and protein to every meal A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Which of the following laboratory findings indicates that the TPN therapy is effective? A. Calcium 8 mg/mL B. Hemoglobin 9 g/dL C. Prealbumin 30 mg/dL D. Cholesterol 140 mg/dL A nurse in a clinic is reviewing the laboratory findings of a client who has type 2 diabetes mellitus. Which of the following findings indicates the client's plan of care is effective? A. Serum creatinine 1.5 mg/dL B. BUN 25 mg/dL C. HbA1c 6.5% D. Pre-meal blood glucose 145 mg/dL A nurse is teaching a female client about a healthy diet to control hypertension. Which of the following client statements indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. "I will drink two glasses of whole milk daily." B. "I will decrease the potassium in my diet." C. "I will eat four servings of unsalted nuts per week." D. "I will limit alcohol consumption to two drinks per day." A nurse is providing information about cardiovascular risk to a client who has received his lipid panel report. Which of the following is within an expected reference range to include in the information? A. Total cholesterol 210 mg/dL B. HDL 79 mg/dL C. Triglycerides 175 mg/dL D. LDL 137 mg/dL A nurse is providing teaching to a client who has Chron's disease. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. "I will take a fiber supplement daily." B. "I will eat eggs for breakfast." C. "I will drink whole milk." D. "I will eat canned fruits as a daily snack." A nurse is providing dietary teaching for a client who has COPD. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? A. Eat at least three well-proportioned, large meals a day B. Drink low-protein, low-calorie nutrition formulas between meals C. Avoid adding gravies and sauces to foods D. Consume foods that are soft in texture and easy to chew A nurse is teaching a client who is newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes how to count carbohydrates. Which of the following statements made by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. "I am including vegetables as starch items in my carbohydrate count." B. "I am limiting the number of carbohydrates to four carbohydrate choices or 60 grams per day." C. "I know the serving size can affect the number of carbohydrates I eat." D. "I know the carbohydrate count is dependent on the calories in the food item." A nurse is updating a plan of care for a client who is receiving intermittent enteral feedings and is experiencing diarrhea. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan? A. Discard the client's opened cans of formula within 48 hr B. Administer the client's formula cold C. Feed the client in small, frequent volumes D. Consider a low-calorie formula for the client A nurse is planning nutritional teaching for the parents of a toddler who has failure to thrive. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? (Select all that apply.) A. Eliminate environmental disruptions during meals B. Stop the meal when the toddler exhibits negative behavior C. Provide 240 mL (8 oz) of fruit juice in between meals D. Schedule meal times at the same time each day E. Allow the toddler to determine the length of the meal A nurse is providing dietary teaching for a client who has osteoporosis. The nurse should instruct the client that which of the following foods has the highest amount of calcium? A. 1 cup avocado B. 2 tablespoons peanut butter C. 1/2 cup roasted sunflower seeds D. 1/2 cup roasted almonds A nurse is providing dietary teaching for a client who has chronic skin ulcers of the lower extremities. Which of the following foods should the nurse recommend as containing the highest amount of zinc? A. 1 cup apple slices B. 4 oz low-fat cottage cheese C. 4 oz ground beef patty D. 1 cup raw spinach A nurse is reviewing the introduction of solid foods with the parent of a 4-month-old infant. Which of the following statements by the parent indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. "My baby should consume 2 tablespoons of solid food at each feeding." B. "The majority of my baby's calories should come from solid food." C. "I will give my baby one bottle of fruit juice each day." D. "I will introduce a new solid food every 5 days." A nurse is caring for an adolescent who has type 1 diabetes mellitus. Which of the following actions should the nurse take to assess for Somogyi phenomenon? A. Monitor blood glucose levels during the night B. Check for urinary ketones at the same time each day for 1 week C. Perform an oral glucose test after administering a dose of insulin D. Compare current glycosylated hemoglobin level with the level at the time of diagnosis A nurse is caring for a client who has advanced Parkinson's disease and dysphagia. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? A. Turn the television on to distract the client during meals B. Give the client fluids to clear his mouth of solid foods during meals C. Offer the client a high-calorie diet D. Encourage the client to maintain a low-Fowler's position following meals A nurse is preparing a health promotion seminar for a group of clients about cancer prevention. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the seminar? A. Consume high-calorie foods and beverages at meal time B. Eat at least 2.5 cups of fruits and vegetables each day C. Plan to perform moderate-intensity exercise for 90 min/week D. Limit alcohol consumption to no more than three drinks per day A nurse is assessing a client who has an elevated blood pressure, headache, and is sweating. The client recently started taking MAOI. The nurse should question the client regarding the consumption of which of the following foods? A. Grapefruit juice B. Whole milk C. Whole grain bread D. Cheddar cheese A client reports constipation during a routine checkup. The client was previously encouraged to increase his intake of mineral supplements. Which of the following minerals should the nurse identify as the cause of the constipation? A. Phosphorus B. Potassium C. Magnesium D. Calcium A nurse is preparing to administer enteral tube feedings to a client. In what order should the nurse perform the following actions before beginning the feeding? A. Flush tubing with 30 mL water B. Place the client in Fowler's position C. Check the residual D. Verify tube placement 1. B. Place the client in Fowler's position 2. D. Verify tube placement 3. C. Check the residual 4. A. Flush tubing with 30 mL water A nurse is providing information regarding breastfeeding to the parents of a newborn. Which of the following statements should the nurse make? A. "Breast milk is nutritionally complete for an infant up to 6 months of age." B. "Iron-fortified infant formulas are nutritionally inferior to breast milk." C. "Supplemental water is needed to provide an adequate fluid intake." D. "Use whole cow's milk if you discontinue breastfeeding in the first year." A nurse is planning care for a client who is obese and wants to lose weight. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? A. Recommend checking weight once weekly B. Obtain a 24-hr dietary recall C. Assist with creating an exercise plan D. Initiate a diet modification plan A nurse in an acute care facility is planning care for a client who has chosen to follow Islamic dietary laws during Ramadan. Which of the following actions should the nurse plan to take? A. Place the client on NPO status during nighttime hours B. Provide a snack for the client after sunset C. Offer the client hot tea with daytime meals D. Allow the client to eat privately with his family each day at 1300 A nurse in a long-term care facility is monitoring a client who has Parkinson's disease during mealtime. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as the priority? A. The client eats all of his cake and a few bites of bread B. The client drools while eating C. The client's hand trembles when he holds his spoon D. The client chooses to sit alone during the meal A nurse is assisting a client who has dysphagia with an oral feeding. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? (Select all that apply.) A. Gently palpate the client's throat during swallowing B. Position the client in a semi-Fowler's position at 45 degreees C. Inspect for food pockets in the mouth before feeding D. Allow the client to rest for 30 min before meals E. Hyperextend the client's neck during swallowing A. Gently palpate the client's throat during swallowing C. Inspect for food pockets in the mouth before feeding D. Allow the client to rest for 30 min before meals A nurse is teaching a client about stress management. Which of the following statements by the client should indicate to the nurse that the client understands that teaching? A. "I will take a long walk every evening." B. "I will keep a daily diet and activity log." C. "I will avoid eating 1 hour before bedtime." D. "I will drink a full glass of water with each meal." A nurse is performing dietary teaching with a client who has a family history of cardiovascular disease. Which of the following statements should the nurse include in the teaching? A. "Restrict your dietary potassium intake." B. "Increase your dietary fiber intake." C. "Increase your intake of trans fatty acids." D. "Restrict your protein intake." A nurse is providing teaching regarding diet modifications to a client who is at a high risk for cardiovascular disease. The client is accustomed to traditional Mexican foods and wants to continue to include them in her diet. Which of the following recommendations should the nurse give the client? A. Use canola oil instead of lard for frying B. Use soy milk instead of cow's milk C. Use vegetables in salads rather than in soups D. Limit ground beef intake to 8 oz per day A nurse is providing education to an adolescent about making nutrient-dense food choices. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. "Pasta with white sauce is a better choice than pasta with red sauce." B. "Sweetened fruit yogurt is a healthy breakfast choice." C. "Canned pinto beans are a better choice than refried beans." D. "Sausage is a healthy choice of protein." A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving continuous enteral feedings via an NG tube. Which of the following actions should the nurse take to reduce the risk for aspiration if the client develops abdominal distention? A. Place the client on bed rest B. Position the client on his right side C. Increase the rate for 30 min then clamp the tube for 30 min D. Switch to a higher-fat formula A nurse is leading a discussion at a prenatal education class with a group of expectant mothers who plan to breastfeed. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? A. Offer supplemental formula until the milk supply is established B. Offer the newborn 30 mL (1 oz) of glucose water after the first breastfeeding session C. Plan to breastfeed the newborn every 4 hr D. Plan 5 min feedings on each breast on the first day after birth A nurse in a provider's office is assessing a client who has HIV. The nurse should identify which of the following findings as an indication to increase the client's nutritional intake? A. T-helper (CD4+) cells 700/mm3 B. Presence of herpes simplex virus infection C. HIV viral load below detectable levels D. Increased lean body mass A nurse is teaching a client who is overweight about nutritional recommendations during pregnancy. The nurse should identify that which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. "I should take an iron supplement during pregnancy." B. "I should reduce my protein intake during pregnancy." C. "I should gain about 30 pounds during pregnancy." D. "I should increase my fat intake during pregnancy." A nurse is providing teaching for a client who has a new prescription for nifedipine. Which of the following foods should the nurse instruct the client to avoid? A. Milk B. Aged cheese C. Grapefruit juice D. Bananas A nurse is providing teaching to a client who reports nausea during pregnancy. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. "I should drink liquids with meals." B. "I will eat dry cereal before I get out of bed." C. "I will increase the fat content in my diet." D. "I should drink a cup of hot tea between meals." A nurse is administering a continuous tube feeding at 60 mL/hr with 50 mL of water every 4 hr. What should the nurse document as the total mL of enteral fluid administered during the 8 hr shift? 580 mL A nurse is reviewing the laboratory findings of a client who has acute pancreatitis. Which of the following is an expected finding? A. Increased serum calcium B. Decreased serum bilirubin C. Increased serum glucose D. Decreased serum alkaline phosphatase A nurse in a clinic is providing nutritional counseling to a client who wants to lose weight. The nurse should identify that which of the following statements indicates that the client understands the counseling? A. "I will taste my foods while I am cooking." B. "I will exclude breads and pastries from my diet." C. "I will make a list before I go grocery shopping." D. "I will skip lunch if I am too busy to have something healthy." A nurse is planning to provide dietary teaching to a client who has chronic kidney disease and is prescribed hemodialysis. Which of the following actions should the nurse plan to take first? A. Create a schedule for the client to limit fluid intake B. Provide the client with a list of foods that are high in sodium C. Determine whether the client has culture-related food preferences D. Explain the purpose of protein restriction in the diet A nurse is caring for a client who is being treated for cancer using chemotherapy. Which of the following interventions should the nurse suggest to aid in management of treatment-related changes in taste? A. Use plastic utensils B. Limit fluids with meals C. Serve meals while they are hot D. Eat bland, unseasoned foods A nurse is planning strategies to reduce the intake of solid fats for a client who has hyperlipidemia. Which of the following strategies should the nurse include in the plan? A. Choose cheese with 4 g of fat per serving B. Limit eating four eggs with yolks per week C. Choose ground meat that is 75% lean D. Limit meat to 5 oz per day A nurse is assessing an older adult client for dysphagia following a stroke. The nurse should identify which of the following findings as a manifestation of dysphagia? A. The client reports abdominal pain after eating B. The client has an increase in bowel sounds after eating C. The client has a loss of appetite D. The client has a change in his voice after eating A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN) through a peripherally inserted central catheter. The pharmacist informs the nurse that there will be a delay in delivering the next bag of TPN solution. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? A. Slow the rate of the current infusion B. Infuse 0.9% sodium chloride when the current infusion ends C. Infuse dextrose 10% in water when the current infusion ends D. Remove the tubing and flush the access device when the current infusion ends A nurse is caring for a client who practices Orthodox Judaism and adheres to a kosher diet. Which of the following food choices would be appropriate for this client? A. Vegetable salad with cheese B. Lean cuts of pork C. Turkey and cheese on rye bread D. Shrimp salad and crackers A nurse is developing an educational program about the glycemic index of foods for clients who have diabetes mellitus. Which of the following foods should the nurse identify as having the highest glycemic index? A. Sweet corn B. Macaroni C. Baked potato D. Peanuts A nurse is planning care for a client who has a new prescription for enteral nutrition by intermittent tube feeding. Which of the following actions should the nurse include in the plan of care? A. Use cooled formula for feeding B. Initiate the feeding at half-strength for the first 24 hr C. Administer the feeding over 10 min D. Increase the volume of formula over the first four to six feedings A nurse is providing discharge teaching to a client who has a new ileostomy. Which of the following dietary guidelines should the nurse include in the teaching? A. Plan to reduce dietary salt intake B. Cook foods with limited amounts of pasta products C. Prepare meals on a schedule D. Reduce dietary B12 A nurse is providing teaching to a client who has dumping syndrome and is experiencing weight loss. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? A. Consume liquids between meals B. Increase intake of simple carbohydrates C. Decrease foods high in fat content D. Eat meals low in protein A nurse is teaching a client about dietary recommendations during pregnancy. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. "I should avoid a vegetarian diet during pregnancy." B. "I should decrease my intake of protein during pregnancy." C. "I should increase my fat intake during pregnancy." D. "I should gain 30 pounds during pregnancy, since I am at an average weight." A nurse is planning discharge teaching for a client who is postoperative following placement of a colostomy. Which of the following information should the nurse include? A. "Resume a regular diet by 4 weeks after surgery." B. "Add high-fiber foods to your diet." C. "Increase your intake of foods containing pectin." D. "Drink 4 to 6 cups of water per day." A nurse is teaching a client about managing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching? A. Increase intake of fresh fruit high in fructose B. Limit foods that contain probiotics C. Take peppermint oil during exacerbation of manifestations D. Substitute white sugar with honey A nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a client who has a pressure ulcer. Which of the following findings should indicate to the nurse that the client is at risk for impaired wound healing? A. Hgb 15 g/dL B. Serum albumin 3.0 g/dL C. Prothrombin time 11.5 seconds D. WBC 6,000/mm3 [Show More]

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