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SAUNDERS COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW FOR NCLEX FIVE 2020: Best Q&A for Revision and Prefessional Certification Exams. (Contains 1000 Questions and Answers).

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SAUNDERS COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW FOR NCLEX FIVE 1) A child with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is being admitted to the hospital for diagnostic tests. Which room assignment is the most appropriate fo... r the child? 2) The labor and delivery room nurse has just received reports on 4 clients. After reviewing the client data, the nurse should assess which client first? 3) The nurse has developed a teaching plan for a client with hypertension regarding the administration of prescribed medications. What is the initial nursing action? 4) A client with cancer is receiving intravenous morphine sulfate for pain. When writing the plan of care for this client, the nurse should include which action as the priority action? 5) The nurse is preparing to suction the airway of a client who has a tracheostomy tube and gathers the supplies needed for the procedure. In order of priority, which actions should the nurse take to perform this procedure? Arrange the actions in the order that they should be performed. All options must be used. 6) The nurse notes blanching, coolness, and edema at a client's peripheral intravenous (IV) site. Which nursing action is the priority? 7) A client has a prescription to begin an infusion of 1000 mL of 5% dextrose in lactated Ringer's solution. The client has an intravenous (IV) cannula inserted, and the nurse prepares the solution and IV tubing. Arrange the actions in the order that they should be performed. All options must be used. 8) The nurse is caring for 4 pediatric clients. After receiving reports from the night shift, which child should the nurse assess first? 9) The nurse is assigned to 4 clients on a postoperative surgical unit at a rural hospital. When prioritizing the care, the nurse recognizes that the highest priority is focused on which client? 10) The emergency department nurse is caring for a child with suspected epiglottitis and has ensured that the child has a patent airway. Which action is the next priority in the care of this child? 11) The nursing instructor asks the nursing student to identify the priorities of care for an assigned client. The nursing instructor determines that the nursing student understands the client's needs when which statement is made? 12) A hospitalized client with type 1 diabetes mellitus received Humulin N and Humulin R insulin 2 hours ago (at 7:30 a.m.). The client calls the nurse and reports that he is feeling hungry, shaky, and weak. The client ate breakfast at 8 a.m. and is due to eat lunch at noon. Arrange the actions that the nurse will take in the order that they should be performed. All options must be used. 13) An emergency department nurse is preparing to receive 4 clients as a result of a motor vehicle crash. Which victim should the nurse attend to first? 14) The nurse is assigned to care for 4 clients. Which client should the nurse assess first? 15) The nurse has received her client assignment for the day. Which client should the nurse care for first? 16) The nurse has received the client assignment for the day. Which client should the nurse care for first? 17) The nurse is the first responder at the scene of a 6-car crash on a highway. Which victim should the nurse attend to first? 18) The nurse in charge of a nursing unit is asked to select the hospitalized clients who can be discharged so that hospital beds can be made available for victims of a community disaster. Which clients can be safely discharged? Select all that apply. 19) The nurse has received her client assignment for the day. Which client should the nurse check first? 20) The nurse is a responder at the scene of a building collapse. Which victim should the nurse care for first? 21) The nurse manager of a medical-surgical unit is asked to select the hospitalized clients who can be discharged so that hospital beds can be made available for victims of a community disaster. Which clients can be safely discharged? Select all that apply. 22) The nurse is the first responder at the scene of an accident in which a tire blowout caused a bus to roll over several times. Which victim should the nurse attend to first? 23) The nurse in charge of a nursing unit is asked to select those hospitalized clients who can be discharged so that hospital beds can be made available for victims of a community disaster. Which clients can be safely discharged? Select all that apply. 24) The nurse has received her client assignment for the day. Which client should the nurse care for first? 25) During morning report, the day nurse is given information on the assigned clients. Which client should the nurse assess first? 26) The nurse determines that which client has the highest priority needs? 27) When planning care, which client should the nurse assess first? 28) The nurse assigned to 4 clients reviews client data at the beginning of the shift. To which information should the nurse give highest priority? 29) A home health care nurse is planning client visits and nursing activities for the day. The nurse begins the visits at 9 a.m. All clients live within a 5-mile radius. In order of priority, how the nurse should plan the assignments for the day? Arrange the actions in the order that they should be performed. All options must be used. 30) The nurse is monitoring a client receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). The client suddenly develops respiratory distress, dyspnea, and chest pain, and the nurse suspects air embolism. In order of priority, how should the nurse plan the actions to take? Arrange the actions in the order that they should be performed. All options must be used. 31) A unit of packed red blood cells has been prescribed for a client with low hemoglobin and hematocrit typing and crossmatching. The nurse receives a telephone call from the blood bank and is informed that the unit of blood is ready for administration. In order of priority, how should the nurse plan the actions to take? Arrange the actions in the order that they should be performed. All options must be used. 32) The nurse is monitoring a client in labor who is receiving oxytocin and notes that the client is experiencing hypertonic uterine contractions. In order of priority, how should the nurse plan the actions to take? Arrange the actions in the order that they should be performed. All options must be used. 33) After correctly completing the rights of medication administration, performing hand hygiene, and ensuring the correct position of the client, which steps should the nurse take to administer medication via a volume control container? Arrange the actions in the order that they should be performed. All options must be used. 34) The nurse from a medical unit is called to assist with care for clients coming into the hospital emergency department during an external disaster. Using principles of triage during a disaster, the nurse should attend to the client with which problem first? 35) The nurse is the first responder at the scene of a train accident. Which victim should the nurse attend to first? 36) The nurse in charge of a nursing unit is asked to select the hospitalized clients who can be discharged so that hospital beds can be made available for victims of a community disaster. Select the clients who can be safely discharged. Select all that apply. 37) The nurse is the first responder at the scene of a train accident. Which victim should the nurse attend to first? 38) Which client should the emergency department triage nurse classify as emergent? 39) The nurse has performed a nonstress test on a pregnant client and is reviewing the fetal monitor strip. How should the nurse document this finding in the client's medical record? Refer to Figure. (Figure from McKinney et al. [2013], p. 310.) View Figure 40) The nursing instructor asks the nursing student about the physiology related to the cessation of ovulation that occurs during pregnancy. Which response, if made by the student, indicates an understanding of this physiological process? Select all that apply. 41) The nurse encourages a pregnant client who is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive to immediately report any early signs of vaginal discharge or perineal tenderness to the health care provider. The client asks the nurse about the importance of this action, and the nurse responds by making which statement to the client? 42) A pregnant client who is anemic tells the nurse that she is concerned about her infant's condition after delivery. Which nursing response would best support the client? 43) The client is being seen at 24 weeks' gestation at the prenatal clinic. At her last routine visit, the fundus was located at the umbilicus. Today, the fundus is measured and found to be 23 cm. How should the nurse interpret this finding? 44) The nurse is performing a prenatal assessment on a pregnant client. The nurse should plan to implement teaching related to risk for abruptio placentae if which information is obtained on assessment? 45) During a prenatal visit, the nurse is explaining dietary management to a client with preexisting diabetes mellitus. The nurse determines that teaching has been effective if the client makes which statement? 46) The nurse has provided home care instructions to a client with a history of cardiac disease who has just been told that she is pregnant. Which statement, if made by the client, indicates a need for further instruction? 47) The nurse assists a pregnant client with cardiac disease to identify resources to help her care for her 18-month-old child during the last trimester of pregnancy. The nurse encourages the pregnant client to use these resources primarily for which reason? 48) The nurse is instructing a pregnant client on measures to increase iron in the diet. The nurse should tell the client to consume which food that contains the highest source of dietary iron? 49) The nurse is reviewing a nutritional plan of care with a pregnant client and is identifying the food items highest in folic acid. The nurse determines that the client understands the foods that supply the highest amounts of folic acid if the client states that she will include which item in the daily diet? 50) A pregnant client who is at 30 weeks' gestation comes to the clinic for a routine visit, and the nurse performs an assessment on her. Which observations made by the nurse during the assessment indicates a need for further teaching? Select all that apply. 51) A pregnant client tells the nurse that she frequently has a backache, and the nurse provides instructions regarding measures that will assist in relieving the backache. Which statement by the client indicates a need for further instruction? 52) A nonstress test is prescribed for a pregnant client, and she asks the nurse about the procedure. How should the nurse respond? 53) The nurse is developing a plan of care for a pregnant client who is complaining of intermittent episodes of constipation. To help alleviate this problem, the nurse should instruct the client to take which measure? 54) A pregnant client in the prenatal clinic is scheduled for a biophysical profile (BPP). The client asks the nurse what this test involves. The nurse should make which appropriate response? 55) The nurse is taking a nutritional history from a 16-year-old pregnant adolescent. Which statement, if made by the adolescent, should alert the nurse to a potential psychosocial problem? 56) The nurse is conducting a session about nutrition with a group of adolescents who are pregnant. Which measure is most appropriate to teach these adolescents? 57) The nurse is discussing nutrition with a pregnant client who has lactose intolerance. The nurse should instruct the client to supplement the dietary source of calcium by eating which food? 58) The nurse has provided instructions to a pregnant client who is preparing to take iron supplements. The nurse determines that the client understands the instructions if she states that she will take the supplements with which item? 59) A client arrives at the health care clinic and tells the nurse that her last menstrual period was 9 weeks ago. The client tells the nurse that a home pregnancy test was positive but that she began to have mild cramps and is now having moderate vaginal bleeding. On physical examination of the client, it is noted that she has a dilated cervix. Which statement, if made by the client, indicates that the client is interpreting the situation correctly? 60) The nurse is reviewing the record of a pregnant client seen in the health care clinic for the first prenatal visit. Which data, if noted on the client's record, should alert the nurse that the client is at risk for a spontaneous abortion? 61) The nurse is preparing to care for a client who is being admitted to the hospital with a possible diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy. The nurse develops a plan of care for the client and determines that which nursing action is the priority? 62) The nurse reviews the assessment history for a client with a suspected ectopic pregnancy. Which assessment findings predispose the client to an ectopic pregnancy? Select all that apply. 63) The nurse is reviewing the record of a pregnant client seen in the health care clinic for the first prenatal visit. Which data if noted on the client's record would alert the nurse that the client is at risk for developing gestational diabetes during this pregnancy? 64) The nurse is teaching a pregnant client with diabetes about nutrition and insulin needs during pregnancy. The nurse determines that the client understands dietary and insulin needs if the client states that the second half of pregnancy may require which treatment? 65) The nurse is assessing a client with a diagnosis of gestational trophoblastic disease (hydatidiform mole). The nurse understands that which findings are associated with this condition? Select all that apply. 66) The nurse in the prenatal clinic is providing nutritional counseling to a pregnant client. The nurse instructs the client to increase the intake of folic acid and tells the client that which food item is highest in folic acid? 67) A pregnant client at 16 weeks' gestation reports to the health care clinic for a triple screen test. The nurse determines that the client understands the purpose of this test when the client makes which statements? Select all that apply. 68) A client in the prenatal clinic asks the nurse about the delivery date. The nurse notes that the client's record indicates that the client began her last menses on March 7, 2018, and ended the menses on March 14, 2018. Using Nägele's rule, the nurse should tell the client that the estimated date of delivery is what date? Fill in the blank. Record your answer using 6 digits (mmddyy). 69) The prenatal clinic nurse asks a nursing student to identify the physiological adaptations of the cardiovascular system that occur during pregnancy. The nurse determines that the student understands these physiological changes if the student makes which statement? 70) The prenatal client asks the nurse about substances that can cross the placental barrier and potentially affect the fetus. The nurse most appropriately explains that which substances can cross this barrier? Select all that apply. 71) A client who is 8 weeks' pregnant calls the prenatal clinic and tells the nurse that she is experiencing nausea and vomiting every morning. The nurse should suggest which measure that will best promote relief of the signs and symptoms? 72) The home care nurse is visiting a prenatal client who has a history of heart disease. The nurse provides instructions to the client regarding home care measures to promote a healthy pregnancy and includes which measure in that instruction? 73) A home care nurse is visiting a pregnant client with a diagnosis of mild preeclampsia. What is the priority nursing intervention during the home visit? 74) A maternity unit nurse is creating a plan of care for a client with severe preeclampsia who will be admitted to the nursing unit. The nurse should include which nursing intervention in the plan? 75) A client with severe preeclampsia is admitted to the maternity department. Which room assignment is most appropriate for this client? 76) A couple is seen in the fertility clinic. After several tests it has been determined that the husband is not sterile and that the wife has nonpatent fallopian tubes. The nurse is preparing the woman and her husband for an in vitro fertilization. Which statement by the woman or her spouse indicates a need for further information about the procedure? 77) The nurse in the gynecology clinic is reviewing the record of a pregnant client after the first prenatal visit. The nurse notes that the health care provider has documented that the woman has a platypelloid pelvis. On the basis of this documentation, the nurse anticipates which possible outcomes? Select all that apply. 78) The nurse is counseling a pregnant woman diagnosed with gestational diabetes at 29 weeks' gestation. Which information should the nurse discuss with the client? Select all that apply. 79) The nurse provides dietary instructions to a pregnant woman regarding food items that contain folic acid. Which food item should the nurse recommend as a good source of folic acid? 80) The nurse is caring for a client with preeclampsia who is receiving an intravenous (IV) infusion of magnesium sulfate. When gathering items to be available for the client, which highest priority item should the nurse obtain? 81) A pregnant client has been diagnosed with a vaginal infection from the organism Candida albicans. Which finding should the nurse expect to note when assessing this client? 82) The nurse is performing an assessment on a client seen in the health care clinic for a first prenatal visit. The client reports February 9 as the first day of the last menstrual period (LMP). Using Nägele's rule, what date later that same year will the nurse relay as the client's due date? Fill in the blank. Record your answer using 4 digits (mmdd). 83) The nurse is performing a measurement of fundal height in a client whose pregnancy has reached 36 weeks of gestation. During the measurement the client begins to feel lightheaded. On the basis of knowledge of the physiological changes of pregnancy, the nurse understands that which is the cause of the lightheadedness? 84) A pregnant client has been instructed on the prevention of genital tract infections. Which client statement indicates an understanding of these preventive measures? 85) The nurse is reviewing the results of the rubella screening (titer) with a pregnant client. The test results are positive, and the mother asks if it is safe for her toddler to receive the vaccine. What is the nurse's best response? 86) A clinic nurse is explaining to a client the changes in the integumentary system that occur during pregnancy and should tell the client that which change may persist after she gives birth? 87) A clinic nurse is instructing a pregnant client regarding dietary measures to promote a healthy pregnancy. The nurse tells the client about the importance of an adequate daily fluid intake. Which client statement best indicates an understanding of the daily fluid requirement? 88) A prenatal clinic nurse is providing instructions to a group of pregnant women regarding measures to prevent toxoplasmosis. Which client statement indicates a need for further instruction? 89) A home care nurse is monitoring a 16-year-old primigravida who is at 36 weeks' gestation and has gestational hypertension. Her blood pressure during the past 3 weeks has been averaging 130/90 mm Hg. She has had some swelling in the lower extremities and has had mild proteinuria. Which statement by the woman should alert the nurse to the worsening of gestational hypertension? 90) A primigravida is receiving magnesium sulfate for the treatment of gestational hypertension. The nurse who is caring for the client is performing assessments every 30 minutes. Which finding would be of most concern to the nurse? 91) The nurse is reviewing fetal development with a client who is at 36 weeks' gestation. Which statements describe the characteristics that are present in a fetus at this time? Select all that apply. 92) A client who has just been told that she is pregnant wants to know when the baby's heart will be completely developed and beating. The nurse reads in the client's chart that the health care provider has determined the client to be at 6 weeks' gestation. What is the nurse's best response? 93) During a woman's 38-week prenatal visit, the nurse assesses the fetal heart rate to be 180 beats/minute. What might the nurse suspect as the most likely cause of this tachycardia? 94) The nurse is reviewing the medical record of a woman scheduled for her weekly prenatal appointment. The nurse notes that the woman has been diagnosed with mild preeclampsia. Which interventions should the nurse include in planning nursing care for this client? Select all that apply. 95) During a woman's 20-week prenatal visit, the nurse is measuring fundal height. The nurse locates the fundus at the level of the umbilicus. What should be the nurse's next intervention? 96) The nurse is teaching a woman in her first trimester measures to alleviate nausea and vomiting. Which statement by the woman indicates that further teaching is required? 97) The nursing instructor asks a nursing student who is preparing to assist with the assessment of an 18 weeks' gestation gravida 2, para 1 (G2P1) pregnant woman to describe expectations related to the process of quickening. Which statements, if made by the student, indicate an understanding of this process? Select all that apply. 98) The nurse is interviewing a 16-year-old client during her initial prenatal clinic visit. The client is beginning week 18 of her first pregnancy. Which statement, if made by the client, indicates an immediate need for further investigation? 99) The nurse reviews the plan of care for a woman at 37 weeks' gestation who has sickle cell anemia. The nurse determines that which problem listed on the nursing care plan will receive the highest priority? 100) The nurse provides instructions to a malnourished client regarding iron supplementation during pregnancy. Which statement, if made by the client, indicates an understanding of the instructions? 101) A pregnant woman in her second trimester calls the prenatal clinic nurse to report a recent exposure to a child with rubella. Which response by the nurse is most appropriate and supportive to the woman? 102) A pregnant woman has a positive history of genital herpes but has not had lesions during this pregnancy. What should the nurse plan to tell the client? 103) A pregnant primigravida is seen in the health care clinic and asks the nurse what causes the breasts to change in size and appearance during pregnancy. The nurse plans to base the response on which facts? Select all that apply. 104) The nurse is conducting a prepared childbirth class and is instructing pregnant women about the method of effleurage. The nurse instructs the women to perform the procedure by doing which action? 105) During a routine prenatal visit, a client complains of gums that bleed easily with brushing. The nurse performs an assessment and then teaches the client about proper nutrition to minimize this problem. Which statement, if made by the client, indicates an understanding of the proper nutritional measures to minimize this problem? 106) A prenatal woman with a history of heart disease has been instructed on care at home. Which statement, if made by the woman, indicates that she understands her needs? 107) The nurse is reviewing the record of a pregnant woman and notes that the health care provider has documented the presence of Chadwick's sign. Which assessment finding supports the presence of Chadwick's sign? 108) A contraction stress test is scheduled for a pregnant woman, and she asks the nurse to describe the test. What should the nurse include in the teaching? Select all that apply. 109) A nonstress test is performed on a client who is pregnant, and the results of the test indicate nonreactive findings. The health care provider (HCP) prescribes a contraction stress test. The test is performed, and the nurse notes that the HCP has documented the results as negative. How should the nurse interpret this finding? 110) A pregnant woman seen in the health care clinic has tested positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). What can the nurse determine based on this information? 111) In the prenatal clinic, the nurse is interviewing a new client and obtaining health history information. Which action should the nurse plan to elicit the most accurate responses to the questions that refer to sexually transmitted infections? 112) The clinic nurse is teaching a pregnant woman about the warning signs in pregnancy. Which, if identified as a warning sign by the woman, should indicate a need for further education? 113) The nurse is performing a physical assessment on a client during her first prenatal visit to the clinic. The nurse takes the client's temperature and notes that it is 99.2°F. Based on this finding, which nursing action is most appropriate? 114) A 39-week-gestation pregnant client calls the maternity unit, stating, "My baby has not moved very much in the past few days. Should I be concerned?" Which is the best response made by the nurse? 115) A 25-year-old woman arrives on the maternity unit on February 2. She states that her estimated date of delivery (EDD) is March 22. She is verbalizing complaints of dull lower back pain, pelvic heaviness, and diarrhea for the past few days. On admission for observation, the client's blood pressure is 128/80 mm Hg, pulse is 100 beats/minute, respirations are 16 breaths/minute, and temperature is 99°F. The nurse plans care based on which interpretation? 116) The nurse in an obstetrical clinic is reviewing current prenatal laboratory results of a pregnant client who is being seen for a routine prenatal visit. The nurse discovers that the client's 1-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) result was 163 mg/dL (9.3 mmol/L). Which is the nurse's best response to the client? 117) A 35-week-gestation pregnant woman is transferred to the maternity unit from the emergency department, where she was treated for minor injuries sustained in a motor vehicle crash. The maternity nurse's priority will be to assess for which complication? 118) The result of a biophysical profile (BPP) of a 28-year-old client at 36 weeks' gestation after the ultrasound components is 8. Based on this result, the nurse should take which action? 119) A client in week 35 of her pregnancy is placed on the fetal heart monitor for a nonstress test (NST) as a result of her complaints of decreased fetal movement. Twenty minutes after placing the client on the monitor, the nurse sees the following monitor strip and makes which conclusion regarding the NST? Refer to Figure. (From McKinney et al. [2013], p. 319.) View Figure 120) The charge nurse on a labor and delivery unit has numerous admissions of laboring clients and must transfer 1 of the clients to the postpartum/gynecological unit, where the nurse-to-client ratio will be 1:4. Which antepartum client is the most appropriate one to transfer? 121) Which medication, if present in the client's history, indicates a need for teaching related to the woman's potential risk for carrying a fetus with a congenital cleft lip or cleft palate? 122) The nurse is caring for a client with a diagnosis of placenta previa. The nurse collects data knowing that which are characteristic of placenta previa? Select all that apply. 123) A nulliparous woman asks the nurse when she will begin to feel fetal movements. The nurse responds by telling the woman that the first recognition of fetal movement will occur at approximately how many weeks of gestation? 124) The nurse is assessing a woman in the second trimester of pregnancy who was admitted to the maternity unit with a suspected diagnosis of abruptio placentae. Which findings should the nurse expect to note if abruptio placentae is present? Select all that apply. 125) A woman in the third trimester of pregnancy with a diagnosis of mild preeclampsia is being monitored at home. The home care nurse teaches the woman about the signs that need to be reported to the health care provider (HCP). The nurse should tell the woman to call the HCP if which occurs? 126) A woman in the third trimester of pregnancy visits the clinic for a scheduled prenatal appointment. The woman tells the nurse that she frequently has leg cramps, primarily when she is reclining. Once thrombophlebitis has been ruled out, the nurse should tell the woman to implement which measure to alleviate the leg cramps? 127) The nurse is preparing a pregnant woman for a transvaginal ultrasound examination. The nurse should tell the woman that which will occur? 128) The nurse is assisting in conducting a prenatal session with a group of expectant parents. One of the expectant parents asks, "How does the milk get secreted from the breast?" What should be the nurse's response? 129) The nurse implements a teaching plan for a pregnant client who is newly diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus. Which statement by the client indicates a need for further teaching? 130) The nurse is caring for a client with a diagnosis of endometriosis. The client asks the nurse to describe this condition. How should the nurse respond? Select all that apply. 131) A client calls the health care provider's office to schedule an appointment because she has missed 2 menstrual cycles and has always been very regular. The client receives an appointment for the next day. The nurse should expect which findings to be present at this prenatal visit if the client is pregnant? Select all that apply. 132) The nurse is teaching a pregnant client about the physiological effects and hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. The client asks the nurse about the role of estrogen in pregnancy. Which responses should the nurse give the client about the role of estrogen? Select all that apply.  133) The nurse is collecting data from a client during the first prenatal visit. The client is anxious to know the sex of the fetus and asks the nurse when she will be able to know. The nurse should respond to the client knowing that the sex of the fetus is determined by which weeks?  134) The nurse is collecting data from a client seen in the health care clinic for a first prenatal visit. The nurse asks the client when the first day of her last menstrual period was and the client reports February 9, 2018. Using Nägele's rule, the nurse determines that what is the estimated date of delivery? Fill in the blank. Record your answer using 6 digits (mmddyy).  135) A pregnant client is seen in the health care clinic. During the prenatal visit, the client informs the nurse that she is experiencing pain in her calf when she walks. Which is the most appropriate nursing action?  Assess for signs of venous thrombosis. 136) A client in her second trimester of pregnancy is seen at the health care clinic. The nurse collects data from the client and notes that the fetal heart rate is 90 beats/minute. Which nursing action is appropriate?  137) The nurse is caring for a pregnant woman who has herpes genitalis. The nurse provides instructions to the woman about treatment modalities that may be necessary for this condition. Which statement made by the woman indicates an understanding of these treatment measures?  138) A pregnant woman tests positive for the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The woman asks the nurse if she will be able to breast-feed the baby as planned after delivery. Which response by the nurse is most appropriate?  139) The nurse is collecting data from a client who is at 32 weeks' gestation. The nurse measures the fundal height in centimeters and expects the findings to be how many centimeters (cm)?  140) A pregnant client is seen in the health care clinic for a regular prenatal visit. The client tells the nurse that she is experiencing irregular contractions. The nurse determines that the client is experiencing Braxton Hicks contractions. Which nursing action should the nurse implement? 141) The nurse is reviewing the record of a client who has just been told that her pregnancy test is positive. The health care provider has documented the presence of first trimester pregnancy signs. Which signs should the nurse anticipate as being present during this time frame? Select all that apply.   142) A nursing instructor asks a nursing student to describe the process of quickening. Which statements by the student indicate an understanding of this term? Select all that apply.  143) A pregnant client asks the nurse in the clinic, "When will I begin to feel fetal movement?" Which response should the nurse make?  144) A rubella titer is performed on a client who has just been told that she is pregnant. The results of the titer indicate that the client is not immune to rubella. Which should the nurse anticipate to be prescribed for this client?  145) A nursing student is preparing to instruct a pregnant client in performing Kegel exercises. The nursing instructor asks the student the purpose of Kegel exercises. Which response made by the student indicates an understanding of the purpose? Select all that apply. 146) The nurse in a health care clinic is instructing a client on how to perform kick counts. Which statement made by the client indicates a need for further teaching? 147) A pregnant client asks the nurse, "What should I expect during a nonstress test?" Which information should the nurse provide to the client? 148) The nurse provides teaching on how to relieve discomfort to a client in her second trimester of pregnancy who is having frequent low back pain and ankle edema at the end of the day. Which statement made by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? 149) A pregnant client calls the nurse at the health care provider's office and reports that she has noticed a thin, colorless vaginal drainage. Which information is most appropriate for the nurse to provide to the client? 150) The nurse has assisted in performing a nonstress test on a pregnant client and is reviewing the documentation related to the results of the test. The nurse notes that the health care provider has documented the test results as reactive. How should the nurse interpret this result? 151) A pregnant client calls the clinic and tells the nurse that she is experiencing leg cramps and is awakened by the cramps at night. Which activity should the nurse tell the client to perform when the cramps occur? 152) The nurse is providing instructions about treatment for hemorrhoids to a client in the second trimester of pregnancy. Which statement made by the client indicates a need for further teaching? 153) The clinic nurse is discussing nutrition with a pregnant client who has lactose intolerance. Which food should the nurse instruct the client to eat to supplement the dietary source of calcium? 154) The nurse is providing instructions to a pregnant client visiting the antenatal clinic about foods that are rich in folic acid. Which food should the nurse encourage the client to consume because it is highest in folic acid? 155) A pregnant client asks the nurse about the types of exercises that are allowed during pregnancy. Which exercise should the nurse instruct the client to engage in? 156) A pregnant client reports to the health care clinic complaining of loss of appetite, weight loss, and fatigue. A sputum culture is obtained, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis is identified in the sputum. Which instruction should the nurse provide to the client regarding therapeutic management of tuberculosis? 157) The nurse provides home care instructions to a pregnant client with a history of cardiac disease. Which statement made by the client indicates a need for further teaching? 158) The nurse is collecting data on a pregnant client in the first trimester of pregnancy diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia. The nurse should monitor the client to detect which manifestation indicating that this problem has not yet resolved? 159) The nurse is conducting a routine screening to detect a client's risk for toxoplasmosis parasite infection during pregnancy. Which factor should the nurse ask the client about to determine this risk? 160) Which is the priority nursing action for the client with an ectopic pregnancy? 161) The nurse is reviewing the record of a pregnant client seen in the health care clinic for the first prenatal visit. Which data should alert the nurse that the client is at risk for developing gestational diabetes during this pregnancy? Select all that apply. 162) The nurse is teaching a pregnant client with diabetes about nutrition and insulin needs during pregnancy. The nurse determines that the client understands dietary and insulin needs if the client states that which may be required during the second half of pregnancy? 163) The nurse is providing instructions about taking iron supplements to a pregnant client. The nurse determines that the client understands the instructions if the client states that she will take the supplements with which drink? 164) The nurse is assisting the health care provider to perform Leopold's maneuvers on a pregnant client. Which action should the nurse perform before the procedure? 165) The nurse is collecting data on clients who are in their first trimester of pregnancy. The nurse is concerned with identifying clients who may be at risk for the development of postpartum complications. Which client is least likely to be at risk for the development of thrombophlebitis in the postpartum period? 166) The clinic nurse is instructing a pregnant client in her first trimester about nutrition. The nurse should determine that the client needs further teaching if the client believes that which is true about nutrition during pregnancy? 167) The nurse is providing emergency measures to a client in labor who has been diagnosed with a prolapsed cord. The mother becomes anxious and frightened and says to the nurse, "Why are all of these people in here? Is my baby going to be all right?" Which client problem is most appropriate to address at this time? 168) The maternity nurse is caring for a client with abruptio placentae and is monitoring her for disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Which assessment findings are most likely associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation? Select all that apply. 169) The nurse in a labor room is assisting with the vaginal delivery of a newborn infant. The nurse should monitor the client closely for the risk of uterine rupture if which occurred? 170) The nurse is caring for a client who is experiencing a precipitous labor and is waiting for the health care provider to arrive. When the infant's head crowns, what instruction should the nurse give the client? 171) The nurse explains the purpose of effleurage to a client in early labor. Which statement should the nurse include in the explanation? 172) A client in labor is dilated 10 cm. At this point in the labor process, at least how often should the nurse assess and document the fetal heart rate? 173) The nurse is caring for a client in labor and prepares to auscultate the fetal heart rate (FHR) by using a Doppler ultrasound device. Which action should the nurse take to determine fetal heart sounds accurately? 174) The nurse is caring for a client in labor who is receiving oxytocin by intravenous infusion to stimulate uterine contractions. Which assessment finding should indicate to the nurse that the infusion needs to be discontinued? 175) The nurse is preparing to care for a client in labor. The health care provider has prescribed an intravenous (IV) infusion of oxytocin. The nurse ensures that which intervention is implemented before initiating the infusion? 176) The nurse assists in the vaginal delivery of a newborn infant. After the delivery, the nurse observes the umbilical cord lengthen and a spurt of blood from the vagina. The nurse documents these observations as signs of which condition? 177) During the intrapartum period, the nurse is caring for a client with sickle cell disease. The nurse ensures that the client receives adequate intravenous fluid intake and oxygen consumption to achieve which outcome? 178) A client with a 38-week twin gestation is admitted to a birthing center in early labor. One of the fetuses is a breech presentation. Which intervention is least appropriate in planning the nursing care of this client? 179) The nurse prepares a plan of care for the client with preeclampsia and documents that if the client progresses from preeclampsia to eclampsia, the nurse should take which first action? 180) A prenatal client with vaginal bleeding is being admitted to the labor unit. The labor room nurse is performing the admission assessment and should suspect a diagnosis of placenta previa if which finding is noted? 181) A prenatal client with severe abdominal pain is admitted to the maternity unit. The nurse is monitoring the client closely because concealed bleeding is suspected. Which assessment findings indicate the presence of concealed bleeding? Select all that apply. 182) The nurse is caring for a client during the second stage of labor. On assessment, the nurse notes a slowing of the fetal heart rate and a loss of variability. Which is the initial nursing action? 183) An amniotomy is performed on a client in labor. On the amniotic fluid examination, the delivery room nurse should identify which findings as normal? 184) A labor room nurse is performing an assessment on a client in labor and notes that the fetal heart rate (FHR) is 158 beats/minute and regular. The client's contractions are every 5 minutes, with a duration of 40 seconds and of moderate intensity. On the basis of these assessment findings, what is the appropriate nursing action? 185) The nurse is creating a plan of care for a pregnant client with a diagnosis of severe preeclampsia. Which nursing actions should be included in the care plan for this client? Select all that apply. 186) The labor room nurse assists with the administration of a lumbar epidural block. How should the nurse check for the major side effect associated with this type of regional anesthesia? 187) The nurse assists the health care provider to perform an amniotomy on a client in labor. Which is the priority nursing action after this procedure? 188) The goal for a woman with partial premature separation of the placenta is: "The woman will not exhibit signs of fetal distress." Which outcome, documented by the nurse, indicates that this goal has been achieved? 189) The nurse is assessing the deep tendon reflexes of a client with severe preeclampsia who is receiving intravenous magnesium sulfate. The nurse should perform which procedure to assess the brachioradialis reflex? Click on the image to indicate your answer. (From Jarvis [2013], pp. 646–648.) 190) The nurse is caring for a client in active labor. Which nursing intervention would be the best method to prevent fetal heart rate (FHR) decelerations? 191) The nurse is administering magnesium sulfate to a client for preeclampsia at 34 weeks' gestation. What is the priority nursing action for this client? 192) The nurse is preparing to administer an analgesic to a client in labor. Which analgesic is contraindicated for a client who has a history of opioid dependency? 193) The nurse in a delivery room is assessing a client immediately after delivery of the placenta. Which maternal observation could indicate uterine inversion and require immediate intervention? 194) The nurse is caring for a client in the transition phase of the first stage of labor. The client is experiencing uterine contractions every 2 minutes and she cries out in pain with each contraction. What is the nurse's best interpretation of this client's behavior? 195) A pregnant client is admitted in labor. The nursing assessment reveals that the client's hemoglobin and hematocrit levels are low, indicating anemia. What should the nurse observe for following the client's labor? 196) Fetal distress is occurring with a woman in labor. As the nurse prepares her for a cesarean birth, what other intervention should the nurse implement? 197) A pregnant 39-week-gestation gravida 1, para 0 client arrives on the labor and delivery unit with signs and symptoms of active labor. The nurse reviews the client's prenatal record and discovers that she has had a positive group B streptococcus (GBS) laboratory report during her prenatal course. After performing a cervical exam, the nurse confirms that the cervix is dilated 6 cm and 90% effaced. Which should be the nurse's first action? 198) A pregnant 39-week-gestation client arrives at the labor and delivery unit in active labor. On confirmation of labor, the client reports a history of herpes simplex virus (HSV) to the nurse, who notes the presence of lesions on inspection of the client's perineum. Which should be the nurse's initial action? 199) The nurse is caring for a client in labor and notes that minimal variability is present on a fetal heart rate (FHR) monitor strip. Which conditions are most likely associated with minimal variability? Select all that apply. 200) After the spontaneous rupture of a laboring woman's membranes, the fetal heart rate drops to 85 beats/minute. Which should be the nurse's priority action? 201) On assessment of the fetal heart rate (FHR) of a laboring woman, the nurse discovers decelerations that have a gradual onset, last longer than 30 seconds, and return to the baseline rate with the completion of each contraction. The nurse plans care, knowing that this identifies which category of decelerations? 202) Shortly after receiving epidural anesthesia, a laboring woman's blood pressure drops to 95/43 mm Hg. Which immediate actions should the nurse take? Select all that apply. 203) The nurse is administering an intravenous analgesic to a laboring woman. The woman inquires as to why the nurse is waiting for a contraction to begin before she infuses the medication into the intravenous line. Which is the nurse's most appropriate response? 204) On March 10, the nurse performed an initial assessment on a client admitted to the labor and delivery unit for "rule out labor." The client has not received prenatal care but is certain that the first day of her last menstrual period (LMP) was July 7 the previous year. The nurse plans care based on which interpretation? 205) The nurse is assigned to care for a client with hypotonic uterine dysfunction and signs of a slowing labor. The nurse is reviewing the health care provider's prescriptions and should expect to note which prescribed treatment for this condition? 206) A woman in active labor has requested a regional anesthetic. She is currently 5 cm dilated. The health care provider has prescribed an epidural block. Which nursing intervention should be implemented after the epidural block has been placed? 207) The nurse in the labor room is caring for a client who is in the first stage of labor. On assessing the fetal patterns, the nurse notes an early deceleration of the fetal heart rate (FHR) on the monitor strip. Based on this finding, which is the appropriate nursing action? 208) The nurse is caring for a client who is receiving oxytocin for induction of labor and notes a nonreassuring fetal heart rate (FHR) pattern on the fetal monitor. On the basis of this finding, the nurse should take which action first? 209) Which statement, if made by the laboring client, most likely indicates that the client is in the second stage of labor? 210) The nurse is caring for a client in the active stage of labor. The nurse notes that the fetal pattern shows a late deceleration on the monitor strip. Based on this finding, the nurse should prepare for which appropriate nursing action? 211) A client in labor is receiving oxytocin by intravenous infusion to stimulate uterine contractions. Which finding indicates that the rate of infusion needs to be decreased? 212) The nurse is monitoring a client in labor whose membranes ruptured spontaneously. What is the initial nursing action? 213) The nurse assists in the vaginal delivery of a newborn. Following the delivery, the nurse observes the umbilical cord lengthen and a spurt of blood from the vagina. The nurse should document these observations as signs of which condition? 214) The nurse is preparing to care for a client in labor. The health care provider (HCP) has prescribed an intravenous (IV) infusion of oxytocin. The nurse should ensure that which is implemented before the beginning of the infusion? 215) The nurse is assisting in the care of a client in labor who is having an amniotomy performed. The nurse should report which abnormal findings to the health care provider (HCP)? Select all that apply. 216) The nurse is creating a plan of care for a client experiencing dystocia and includes several nursing interventions in the plan. The nurse prioritizes the plan and selects which nursing intervention as the highest priority? 217) The nurse is monitoring a client with dysfunctional labor for signs of fetal or maternal compromise. Which finding should alert the nurse to a compromise? 218) The nurse is preparing to care for a client with hypertonic labor. The nurse is told that the client is experiencing uncoordinated contractions that are erratic in their frequency, duration, and intensity. Which is the priority nursing intervention? 219) The nurse performs a vaginal assessment on a pregnant client in labor. On assessment, the nurse notes the presence of the umbilical cord protruding from the vagina. Which is the initial nursing action? 220) The nurse is caring for a client during the second stage of labor. On assessment, the nurse notes a slowing of the fetal heart rate and a loss of variability. What is the initial nursing action? 221) An ultrasound is performed on a client with suspected abruptio placentae, and the results indicate that a placental abruption is present. Which intervention should the nurse prepare the client for? 222) The nurse is monitoring a client who is in the active phase of labor. The client has been experiencing contractions that are short, irregular, and weak. Which type of labor dystocia should the nurse document that the client is experiencing? 223) The nurse has collected the following data on a client in labor. The fetal heart rate (FHR) is 154 beats/min and is regular, and contractions have moderate intensity, occur every 5 minutes, and have a duration of 35 seconds. Using this information, what is the appropriate action for the nurse to take? 224) A pregnant client admitted to the labor room arrived with a fetal heart rate (FHR) of 94 beats/minute and the umbilical cord protruding from the vagina. The client tells the nurse that her "water broke" before coming to the hospital. What is the appropriate nursing action? 225) The purpose of a vaginal examination for a client in labor is to specifically assess the status of which findings? Select all that apply. 226) The nurse is collecting data from a pregnant client in the second trimester of pregnancy who was admitted to the maternity unit with a suspected diagnosis of abruptio placentae. Which findings are associated with abruptio placentae? Select all that apply. 227) The nurse is providing instructions to a new mother regarding cord care for a newborn infant. Which statement, if made by the mother, indicates a need for further instructions? 228) The nursery room nurse is assessing a newborn infant who was born to a mother who abuses alcohol. Which assessment finding should the nurse expect to note? Select all that apply. 229) The postpartum nurse teaches a mother how to give a bath to the newborn infant and observes the mother performing the procedure. Which observation indicates a lack of understanding of the instructions? 230) A newborn infant of a mother who has human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is tested for the presence of HIV antibodies. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is performed, and the results are positive. Which is the correct interpretation of these results? 231) The nurse employed in a neonatal intensive care nursery receives a telephone call from the delivery room and is told that a newborn with spina bifida (myelomeningocele type) will be transported to the nursery. The maternity nurse prepares for the arrival of the newborn and places which priority item at the newborn's bedside? 232) The nurse has provided instructions about measures to clean the penis to a mother of a male newborn who is not circumcised. Which statement, if made by the mother, indicates an understanding of how to clean the newborn's penis? 233) The nurse is preparing to instruct a client on how to bathe a newborn. Which statement should the nurse include in the instruction? 234) The nurse is preparing to administer an injection of vitamin K to a newborn and provides the mother with information about the injection. Which information should the nurse provide? 235) The nurse is assessing the reflexes of a newborn infant. In eliciting the Moro reflex, the nurse should perform which action? 236) A 4-day-old newborn is receiving phototherapy at home for a bilirubin level of 14 mg/dL (238 mcmol/L). The nurse should plan to include which instruction in the teaching plan of care during the home visit to the mother of the newborn? 237) The nurse is performing Apgar scoring for a newborn immediately after birth. The nurse notes that the heart rate is less than 100 beats per minute, respiratory effort is irregular, and muscle tone shows some extremity flexion. The newborn grimaces when suctioned with a bulb syringe, and the skin color indicates some cyanosis of the extremities. What should be the immediate nursing intervention for this newborn? 238) The nurse in the newborn nursery is performing admission vital signs on a newborn infant. The nurse notes that the respiratory rate of the newborn is 50 breaths per minute. Which action should the nurse take? 239) Methylergonovine has been prescribed for a woman who is at risk for postpartum bleeding in the immediate postpartum period. The nurse preparing to administer the medication ensures that which priority item is at the bedside? 240) Butorphanol tartrate is prescribed for a woman in labor, and the woman asks the nurse about the purpose of the medication. The nurse should make which appropriate response? 241) The nurse in the labor room measures the Apgar score in a newborn infant and notes that the score is 4. Which action by the nurse has highest priority? 242) The nurse in the delivery room is performing an initial assessment on a newborn infant. When examining the umbilical cord, the nurse observes only 2 vessels. How should the nurse interpret this finding? 243) The home care nurse is visiting a mother 1 week after she gave birth to an infant who is at risk for developing neonatal congenital syphilis. After teaching the mother about the signs and symptoms of this disorder, the nurse instructs the mother to monitor the infant for which findings? Select all that apply. 244) To prevent heat loss by conduction during physical examination of a newborn infant, which action should the nurse implement? 245) The nurse in the delivery room is performing an assessment on a newborn to determine the Apgar score. The nurse notes a heart rate of 92, a weak cry, some flexion of extremities, grimacing with stimulation, and pink body with blue extremities. On the basis of this score, what should the nurse determine? 246) The nurse is teaching the mother of a newborn infant measures to maintain the infant's health. The nurse identifies which as an example of primary prevention activities for the infant? 247) The nurse is preparing to teach a new mother how to sponge bathe a 1-day-old newborn. Which actions should the nurse take? Select all that apply. 248) On delivery of a newborn, the nurse performs an initial assessment. When should the nurse plan to determine the Apgar score? 249) The nurse is performing Apgar scoring for a newborn infant immediately after birth. The nurse notes that the heart rate is greater than 100 beats/min, the respiratory effort is good, muscle tone is active, the newborn infant sneezes when suctioned by the bulb syringe, and the skin color is pink. On the basis of these findings, the nurse should document which Apgar score? 250) The nurse in the newborn nursery is determining admission vital signs for a newborn infant. The nurse documents that the vital signs are within normal range if which set of vital signs is noted on assessment? 251) The nurse is performing an assessment of a newborn admitted to the nursery after birth. On assessment of the newborn's head, what should the nurse anticipate to be the most likely findings related to the fontanels? Select all that apply. 252) The nurse is reviewing the record of a newborn infant in the nursery and notes that the health care provider (HCP) has documented the presence of a cephalohematoma. Based on this documentation, what should the nurse expect to note on assessment of the infant? 253) The nurse is admitting a newborn infant to the nursery and notes that the health care provider (HCP) has documented that the newborn has an omphalocele and will require a surgical procedure. Preoperative nursing care should include which nursing interventions? Select all that apply. 254) Which statement, if made by the mother of a 1-day-old newborn, indicates the understanding of gastrointestinal system functioning in the infant? Select all that apply. 255) A new mother reports that her niece was diagnosed as an infant with gastroesophageal reflux (GER). The newborn's mother asks the nurse if her newborn also has this diagnosis. Which findings should the nurse identify as potential indicators of GER? Select all that apply. 256) The nurse is assessing a newborn infant with a diagnosis of hiatal hernia. Which findings should the nurse most specifically expect to note in the infant? Select all that apply. 257) An infant is born to a mother with hepatitis B. Which prophylactic measure is indicated for the infant? 258) The nurse is caring for a term newborn. Blood samples for serum chemistries are drawn, and the total calcium level is reported as 8.0 mg/dL (2 mmol/L). Based on this information, which nursing action should be implemented? 259) The nurse is caring for a term newborn. Which assessment finding should alert the nurse to suspect the potential for jaundice in this infant? 260) The nurse is performing an admission assessment on a newborn infant with the diagnosis of subdural hematoma after a difficult vaginal delivery. Which assessment technique assists to support the newborn's diagnosis? 261) Which medication should the nurse plan to administer to a newborn by the intramuscular (IM) route? 262) The nurse in a newborn nursery is performing an assessment of an infant. What procedure should the nurse use to measure the infant's head circumference? 263) The mother of a preterm newborn is comparing the appearance of her preterm baby to the nearby full-term babies. She asks why her baby's skin appears so different. What is the best response for the nurse to provide? 264) The nurse in the labor room is performing an initial assessment on a newborn infant. On assessment of the head, the nurse notes that the ears are low set. Which nursing action would be appropriate? 265) The nurse is caring for a post-term, small for gestational age (SGA) newborn infant immediately after admission to the nursery. What should the nurse monitor as the priority? 266) An initial assessment of a large for gestational age (LGA) newborn infant is being done. Which physical assessment technique should the nurse assist in performing to assess for evidence of birth trauma? 267) The nurse in the newborn nursery is assessing a neonate who was born of a mother addicted to cocaine. Which assessment findings should the nurse expect to note in the neonate? Select all that apply. 268) An infant returns to the nursing unit following surgery for a diagnosis of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). The infant is receiving intravenous fluids and a gastrostomy tube is in place. Following assessment, the nurse positions the infant and performs which action? 269) Which is considered a normal finding in a newborn less than 12 hours old? 270) The nurse weighing a term newborn during the initial newborn assessment determines the infant's weight to be 4400 g. The nurse determines that this infant may be at risk for which complications? Select all that apply. 271) A newborn is delivered via spontaneous vaginal delivery. On reception of the crying newborn, the nurse's highest priority at this time is to perform which action? 272) Which newborn is most at risk for a brachial plexus injury? 273) The staff nurse in a neonatal intensive care unit is aware that red electrical outlets denote emergency power and will function in the event of an outage. There are only 2 red outlets in the room of a 4-day-old male newborn being treated for physiological jaundice and to rule out sepsis from group B streptococcal exposure. Which pieces of equipment requiring power would the nurse select to be plugged into the red outlets in case of a power outage? Select all that apply. 274) Which is considered a normal finding in a newborn less than 12 hours old? 275) Which are considered normal findings in a newborn less than 12 hours old? Select all that apply. 276) The nurse is monitoring a newborn infant who has been circumcised. The nurse notes that the infant has a temperature of 100.6°F (38.1°C)and that the dressing at the circumcised area is saturated with a foul-smelling drainage. Which is the priority nursing action? 277) The nurse is preparing to care for a newborn with respiratory distress syndrome. Which initial action should the nurse plan to best facilitate bonding between the newborn and the parents? 278) The nurse has a routine prescription to instill erythromycin ointment into the eyes of a newborn. Which statement, if made by the mother, demonstrates understanding of why this medication is used? 279) The nurse determines the apical heart rate of a 2-day-old newborn to be 140 beats/minute. Which intervention is most appropriate related to this finding? 280) The nurse checks the respirations of a newborn who was just delivered. The respiratory rate is 40 breaths/minute. Which intervention is most appropriate related to this finding? 281) The nurse is performing an assessment on a newborn and is preparing to measure the head circumference of the newborn. Which item is essential to perform this assessment? 282) The nurse is checking the reflexes of a newborn. Which action should the nurse perform in eliciting the rooting reflex? 283) The nurse is planning to administer an intramuscular injection of vitamin K to a newborn. To administer the injection, which site should the nurse select? 284) The nurse is preparing to assist in administering neonatal resuscitation with a ventilation bag and mask because the newborn is apneic, gasping, and has a heart rate below 100 beats/min. The nurse should perform how many ventilations per minute at which pressure? 285) The nurse is performing an initial assessment on a newborn. On assessment, which finding could be indicative of a congenital defect? 286) The nurse has provided instructions to a client on how to bathe her newborn. The nurse demonstrates the procedure to the client and on the following day asks the client to perform the procedure. Which observation, if made by the nurse, indicates that the client is performing the procedure correctly? 287) The nurse is preparing to provide instructions to a new mother regarding cord care for a newborn infant. Which instructions would the nurse provide? Select all that apply. 288) The nurse is providing instructions to the mother of a breast-fed newborn who has hyperbilirubinemia. Which instruction should the nurse provide to the mother? 289) The nurse is providing instructions to the mother of a breast-fed newborn who has hyperbilirubinemia. Which instruction should the nurse provide to the mother? 290) The nurse is monitoring a newborn born to a client who abuses alcohol. Which finding should the nurse expect to note when assessing this newborn? 291) The nurse is checking a newborn's 1-minute Apgar score based on the following assessment. The heart rate is 160 beats/minute; he has positive respiratory effort with a vigorous cry; his muscle tone is active and well flexed; he has a strong gag reflex and cries with stimulus to the soles of his feet; his body is pink, with his hands and feet cyanotic. Which is the newborn's 1-minute Apgar score? 292) A just delivered newborn is dried immediately by the nurse in the delivery area. The nurse thoroughly dries the newborn to prevent heat loss by which mechanism? 293) The nurse is assessing a client for signs of postpartum depression. Which observation, if noted in the new mother, indicates a need for follow-up or further assessment related to this form of depression? 294) A postpartum client is attempting to breast-feed for the first time. The nurse notes that the client has inverted nipples. What nursing action should the nurse take to assist the client in breast-feeding the newborn infant? 295) A new mother is seen in a health care clinic 2 weeks after giving birth to a healthy newborn infant. The mother is complaining that she feels as though she has the flu and complains of fatigue and aching muscles. On further assessment the nurse notes a localized area of redness on the left breast, and the mother is diagnosed with mastitis. The mother asks the nurse about the condition. The nurse should make which response? 296) The nurse is developing a plan of care for a client recovering from a cesarean delivery. Which action should the nurse encourage the client to do to prevent thrombophlebitis? 297) The nurse performs an assessment on a client who is 4 hours postpartum. The nurse notes that the client has cool, clammy skin and is restless and excessively thirsty. What immediate action should the nurse take? 298) The nurse is monitoring a postpartum client in the fourth stage of labor. Which finding, if noted by the nurse, indicates a complication related to a laceration of the birth canal? 299) The nurse is providing instructions to a client who has been diagnosed with mastitis. Which statement, if made by the client, indicates a need for further instruction? 300) A postpartum client with deep vein thrombosis is being treated with anticoagulant therapy. The nurse teaches the client that the health care provider (HCP) should be contacted for which noted side and adverse effects? Select all that apply. 301) After surgical evacuation and repair of a paravaginal hematoma, a client is discharged 3 days postpartum. The nurse determines that the client needs further discharge instructions when the client makes which statement? 302) The nurse is creating a plan of care for a postpartum client who was diagnosed with superficial venous thrombosis. The nurse anticipates that which intervention will be prescribed? 303) A new mother received epidural anesthesia during labor and had a forceps delivery after pushing for 2 hours. At 6 hours postpartum her systolic blood pressure has dropped 20 points, her diastolic blood pressure has dropped 10 points, and her pulse is 120 beats/minute. The client is anxious and restless. On further assessment, a vulvar hematoma is verified. After notifying the health care provider (HCP), what is the nurse's next action?  . 304) The home care nurse visits a client who has delivered a healthy newborn infant via vaginal delivery. An episiotomy was performed, and the woman has developed a wound infection at the episiotomy site. The nurse provides instructions to the client regarding care related to the infection. Which statement, if made by the mother, indicates a need for further instruction? 305) A client has just had surgery to deliver a nonviable fetus resulting from abruptio placentae. As a result of the abruptio placentae, the client develops disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and is told about the complication. The client begins to cry and screams, "God, just let me die now!" Which client problem should be the priority for the client at this time? 306) The rubella vaccine has been prescribed for a new mother. Which statement should the postpartum nurse make when providing information about the vaccine to the client? 307) The nursing student is assigned to care for a client in the postpartum unit. The coassigned registered nurse asks the student to identify the most objective method to assess the amount of lochial flow in the client. Which statement, if made by the student, indicates an understanding of this method? 308) The nurse in the postpartum unit is observing the mother-infant bonding process in a client. Which observation, if made by the nurse, indicates the potential for a maladaptive interaction? 309) The nurse in the postpartum unit is observing the mother-infant bonding process in a client. Which observation, if made by the nurse, indicates the potential for a maladaptive interaction? 310) The nurse is monitoring a postpartum client who is at risk for developing postpartum endometritis. Which finding, if noted during the first 24 hours after delivery, supports a diagnosis of postpartum endometritis? 311) Which nursing intervention is appropriate for a postpartum client with a diagnosis of endometritis to facilitate participation in newborn care? 312) The nurse is caring for a client in the postpartum period immediately after delivery. The nurse performs an assessment on the client and prepares to assess uterine involution by taking which action? 313) The nurse is assessing a client in the postpartum period and suspects the presence of uterine atony. Which is the initial nursing action? 314) The postpartum unit nurse is creating a plan of care for a first-time mother and identifies the need for measures that will promote parent-infant bonding. Which measure should the nurse include in the plan? 315) The postpartum unit nurse has provided discharge instructions to a client planning to breast-feed her normal, healthy infant. Which statement by the client indicates an understanding of the instructions? 316) A client arrives at the postpartum unit after delivery of her infant. On performing an assessment, the nurse notes that the client is shaking uncontrollably. Which nursing action is appropriate? 317) The postpartum unit nurse has provided information on performing a sitz bath to a new mother after a vaginal delivery. The client demonstrates understanding of the purpose of the sitz bath by stating that it will promote which action? 318) The nurse is assessing the fundus in a postpartum woman and notes that the uterus is soft and spongy and not firmly contracted. The nurse should prepare to implement which interventions? Select all that apply. 319) A woman infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has given birth to an infant who appears normal, and the nurse provides instructions about newborn infant care. Which statement by the mother indicates an understanding of the 320) The clinic nurse is performing an assessment on a client who is 6 days postpartum. When assessing involution, the nurse expects the uterine fundus to be located at which area? Click on the image to indicate your answer. 321) A client with known cardiac disease has been admitted to the postpartum care unit after an uneventful delivery. The nurse instructs the client to use the call button for assistance whenever she needs to get out of bed or wishes to care for her infant. Which postpartum complication is the nurse most concerned about for this client? 322) A postpartum care unit nurse is reviewing the records of 5 new mothers admitted to the unit. The nurse determines that which mother is most likely at risk for developing a puerperal infection? Select all that apply. 323) A postpartum unit nurse is caring for a stable client 12 hours after delivering a healthy newborn. At this time in the postpartum period, what is the recommended frequency for the nurse to assess the client's vital signs? 324) The postpartum unit nurse is performing an assessment on a client who is at risk for thrombophlebitis. Which nursing action is indicated in assessing for thrombophlebitis? 325) The rubella vaccine is prescribed to be administered to a client 2 days after delivery of her child. The nurse preparing to administer the vaccine develops a list of the potential risks associated with this vaccine. The nurse reviews the list with the client and cautions the client to avoid which situation? 326) On the second postpartum day, a woman complains of burning on urination, urgency, and frequency of urination. A urinalysis is done, and the results indicate the presence of a urinary tract infection. The nurse instructs the new mother on measures to take for treatment of the infection. Which statement, if made by the mother, would indicate a need for further instruction? 327) A pregnant woman who is infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) delivers a newborn infant, and the nurse provides instructions to help the mother regarding care of the infant. Which statements by the client indicate the need for further instruction? Select all that apply. 328) The home care nurse's assignment is to visit a new mother at home 24 to 48 hours after discharge. What should the nurse expect to note in a healthy mother who is breast-feeding her newborn infant? 329) The nurse who is employed in a prenatal clinic is performing prenatal assessments on clients who are in their first trimester of pregnancy. The nurse is concerned with identifying clients who may be at risk for the development of postpartum complications. Which clients would be at most risk for development of postpartum thromboembolic disorders? Select all that apply. 330) The nurse has provided instructions for a postpartum client at risk for thrombosis regarding measures to prevent its occurrence. Which statement, if made by the client, indicates a need for further education? 331) The discharge nurse is discussing mastitis with a postpartum client. Which statement made by the client indicates a need for further instruction? 332) On assessment of a client who is 30 minutes into the fourth stage of labor, the nurse finds the client's perineal pad saturated with blood and blood soaked into the bed linen under the client's buttocks. Which is the nurse's initial action? 333) After receiving report at the beginning of the 0700 shift, the nurse must decide in what order the clients should be assessed. How should the nurse plan assessments? Arrange the clients in the order that they should be assessed. All options must be used. 334) A client who is a gravida 3, para 3 had a cesarean section 1 day ago. She is being treated prophylactically for endometritis. She is complaining of abdominal cramping at a 6 on a pain level scale of 1 to 10 (with 10 being the greatest amount of pain) and fears having her first bowel movement. These medications are prescribed and due now. Based on priority, in which order should the nurse administer the medications? Arrange the medications in the order that they should be administered. All options must be used. 335) The nurse is checking lochia discharge in a woman in the immediate postpartum period. The nurse notes that the lochia is bright red and contains some small clots. Based on these data, the nurse should make which interpretation? 336) A postpartum woman with mastitis in the right breast complains that the breast is too sore for her to breast-feed her infant. The nurse should tell the client to implement which measure? 337) The rubella vaccine has been prescribed for a new mother. Which statements should the postpartum nurse make when providing information about the vaccine to the client? Select all that apply. 338) The nurse has just received an intershift report. After reviewing the client assignment and the appropriate medical records, the nurse determines that which client is most at risk for developing postdelivery endometritis? 339) The nurse provides a list of discharge instructions to a client who has delivered a healthy newborn by cesarean delivery. Which statement by the client indicates the need for further teaching? 340) The nurse is caring for a client who has just delivered a newborn following a pregnancy with placenta previa. When reviewing the plan of care, the nurse should prepare to monitor the client for which risk that is associated with placenta previa? 341) The nurse is preparing to perform a fundal assessment on a postpartum client. The nurse understands that which is the initial nursing action when performing this assessment? 342) The nurse is preparing to care for a client in the immediate postpartum period who has just delivered a healthy newborn. How often should the nurse plan to take the client's vital signs? 343) The nurse is providing nutritional counseling to a new mother who is breast-feeding her newborn. The nurse should instruct the client that her calorie needs should increase by approximately how many calories a day? 344) Which additional daily dietary intake will most closely match the number of additional calories needed by the breast-feeding mother? 345) The postpartum client asks the nurse about the occurrence of afterpains. The nurse informs the client that afterpains will be especially noticeable during which activity? 346) The nursing instructor is reviewing the plan of care for a postpartum client with a student. The instructor asks the nursing student about the taking-in phase according to Rubin's phases of regeneration and the client behaviors that are most likely to occur during this phase. Which responses made by the student indicate an understanding of this phase? Select all that apply. 347) The nurse is teaching a new mother how to care for her newborn. The nurse notes that the client is very fearful and reluctant to handle the newborn and also notes that this is the client's first child. Which nursing interventions are most appropriate in assisting the promotion of mother-infant interaction and bonding? Select all that apply. 348) The nurse is assigned to care for a client who has chosen to formula-feed her infant. The nurse should plan to provide which instruction to the client? 349) The nurse is monitoring a new mother in the fourth stage of labor for signs of hemorrhage. Which indicates an early sign of excessive blood loss? 350) The nurse is providing instructions to a client who has been diagnosed with mastitis. Which statement made by the client indicates a need for further teaching? 351) The nurse is monitoring the client for signs of postpartum depression. Which behavior indicates the need for further assessment related to this form of depression? 352) The nurse caring for a client with a diagnosis of subinvolution should recognize which conditions as causes of this diagnosis? Select all that apply. 353) The nurse has determined that a postpartum client has physical findings consistent with uterine atony. The nurse should take action in which priority order? Arrange the action in the priority order that they should be done. All options must be used. 354) When planning care for a postpartum client who plans to breast-feed her infant, which important piece of information should the nurse include in the teaching plan to prevent the development of mastitis? 355) Which instructions should the nurse provide to a client following delivery on care of the episiotomy site to prevent infection? Select all that apply. 356) The nurse visits at home a client who delivered a healthy newborn 2 days ago. The client is complaining of breast discomfort. The nurse notes that the client is experiencing breast engorgement. Which instructions should the nurse provide to the client regarding relief of the engorgement? Select all that apply. 357) A postpartum client is diagnosed with a urinary tract infection. Which measures should the nurse instruct the client to take regarding treatment and the prevention of a future infection? Select all that apply. 358) A woman with preeclampsia is receiving magnesium sulfate. Which indicates to the nurse that the magnesium sulfate therapy is effective? 359) On assessment, a newborn is exhibiting cyanosis, tachypnea, nasal flaring, and grunting. Respiratory distress syndrome is diagnosed, and the health care provider (HCP) prescribes surfactant replacement therapy. Through which route should the nurse prepare to administer this medication? 360) A client with severe preeclampsia is receiving intravenous magnesium sulfate. The nurse is reviewing the laboratory results and determines that which magnesium level is within the therapeutic range? 361) A client diagnosed with severe preeclampsia is receiving magnesium sulfate by continuous intravenous infusion. Which assessment finding would indicate that the medication should be discontinued? 362) The senior nursing student is assigned to care for a client with severe preeclampsia who is receiving an intravenous infusion of magnesium sulfate. The co-assigned registered nurse asks the student to describe the actions and effects of this medication. Which statement, if made by the student, indicates the need for further teaching? 363) A pregnant client seen in the prenatal clinic tells the nurse that the iron supplement started 1 week ago is causing nausea, constipation, and heartburn and that she would like to stop taking the medication. The nurse responds by making which statement to the client? 364) A pregnant client is receiving oxytocin for the induction of labor. The nurse should immediately discontinue the oxytocin infusion if which is noted in the client? 365) A pregnant woman of 30 weeks' gestation is admitted to the maternity unit in preterm labor. The woman asks the nurse about the purpose of betamethasone, which has been prescribed by the health care provider (HCP). The nurse should tell the client that the medication will promote which action? 366) The nurse in the postpartum unit notes that a new mother was given methylergonovine intramuscularly following delivery. What assessment finding indicates that the medication was effective? 367) The nurse performs an assessment of a pregnant woman who is receiving intravenous magnesium sulfate for management of preeclampsia and notes that the woman's deep tendon reflexes are absent. On the basis of this finding, the nurse should make which interpretation? 368) Methylergonovine is prescribed for a woman with postpartum hemorrhage caused by uterine atony. Before administering the medication, the nurse should check which most important client parameter? 369) Butorphanol tartrate by intravenous push is prescribed for a client in labor. The nurse recognizes which assessment findings to be side or adverse effects of this medication? Select all that apply. 370) A client experiencing preterm labor at the 29th week of gestation has been admitted to the hospital. The client has a prescription to receive betamethasone but delivers too quickly for medication administration. As a result of not receiving this medication, which condition is most likely to develop in the preterm newborn? 371) A client with preeclampsia is receiving magnesium sulfate. The nurse should assess the client closely for which sign of magnesium toxicity? 372) The nurse has a routine prescription to administer an injection of phytonadione (Vitamin K) to the newborn. Which statement made by the new mother indicates that teaching on this medication was effective? 373) A client in preterm labor is being started on intravenous magnesium sulfate to stop the contractions. Several hours later, when the nurse is performing an assessment, the following data are obtained: blood pressure 110/66 mmHg, pulse 66 beats per minute, respirations 10 breaths per minute, and deep tendon reflexes absent. What should the nurse do next? 374) The nurse gave an intramuscular dose of methylergonovine to a client following delivery of an infant. The nurse determines that this medication had the intended effect if which finding is noted? 375) At 10 days postpartum, a breast-feeding mother develops mastitis in her right breast. The nurse plans to instruct the client on which interventions? Select all that apply. 376) The client delivered a newborn baby 3 hours ago. The assigned nurse is reviewing the electronic health record to determine if the new mother is a candidate for Rh immune globulin administration. Which criteria must be present in order to administer this medication correctly? Select all that apply. 377) A type 1 diabetic mother delivered a 4400-gram newborn 3 hours ago. She has already initiated breast-feeding. What should the nurse plan to do to maintain euglycemia in this client? 378) The nurse has developed a plan of care for a client diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. Which client problem would the nurse select as the priority in the plan of care? 379) Which statement made by an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) indicates to the registered nurse that the UAP understands the concepts related to suicide? 380) Which client is at greatest risk for committing suicide? 381) Which statement by the nurse indicates a need for further teaching concerning family violence? 382) Which pre–electroconvulsive therapy intervention will the nurse implement for a hospitalized client? 383) A nursing student is assisting with the care of a client with a chronic mental illness. The nurse informs the student that a behavior modification approach (operant conditioning) will be used in treatment for the client. Which statement by the student indicates a need for further information about the therapy? 384) The nurse is performing an admission assessment on a client at high risk for suicide. Which assessment question will best elicit data related to this risk? 385) The nurse in the mental health unit is performing an assessment in a client who has a history of multiple physical complaints involving several organ systems. Diagnostic studies revealed no organic pathology. The care plan developed for this client will reflect that the client is experiencing 386) The mental health nurse is meeting with a client who has a long history of abusing drugs. During the session the client says to the nurse, "I'm feeling much better now, and I'm ready to go straight." Which response by the nurse would be therapeutic? 387) A client diagnosed with depression shares with the outclinic nurse, "I lost my job this week and can't pay my rent. My daughter is my only family, but I don't want to burden her with my problems." Which response by the nurse would effectively address the client's concern? 388) During a therapy session a client with a personality disorder says to the nurse, "You look so nice today. I love how you do your hair, and I love that perfume you're wearing." Which response by the nurse would best address this breech of boundaries? 389) The nurse assigned to care for a female client diagnosed with acute depression would be appropriate in making which statement to the client? 390) Which activity should the nurse include in the plan of care for a client who is experiencing psychomotor agitation? 391) The nurse is creating a plan of care for a client diagnosed with depression whose food intake is poor. The nurse should include which interventions in the plan of care? Select all that apply. 392) The nurse is monitoring a client diagnosed with schizophrenia who demonstrates a dysfunctional affect. Which situation is congruent with inappropriate affect? 393) The mental health nurse notes that a client diagnosed with schizophrenia is exhibiting flat affect. Which situation supports this documentation? 394) The nurse creating a plan of care for the client demonstrating paranoia should include which interventions in the plan of care? Select all that apply. 395) The nurse is preparing a client for electroconvulsive therapy, which is scheduled for the next morning. Which interventions would be included in the preprocedural plan? Select all that apply. 396) A hospitalized client is receiving clozapine for the treatment of a schizophrenic disorder. The nurse determines that the client may be having an adverse reaction to the medication if abnormalities are noted on which laboratory study? 397) Before giving the client the initial dose of disulfiram, what should the psychiatric home health nurse determine? 398) The nurse determines that a history of which mental health disorder would support the prescription of taking donepezil hydrochloride? 399) The nurse is caring for a client with a diagnosis of agoraphobia. Which statement made by the client would support this diagnosis? 400) A client recently admitted to the hospital in the manic phase of bipolar disorder is unkempt, taking antipsychotic medications, and complaining of abdominal fullness and discomfort. Which intervention addresses the priority sign/symptom? 401) A homebound client confidentially discusses suicidal plans with the visiting nurse. Based on professional duty to observe confidentiality, which statement describes the nurse's obligation to the client? 402) Which situation will present the most prominent problem when attempting to manage the outpatient care of a client diagnosed with schizophrenia? 403) During a home visit, the nurse suspects that a young daughter of the client is bulimic. The nurse bases this suspicion on which primary characteristics of bulimia? 404) What is the appropriate nursing intervention for a client diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder and paranoid tendencies who begins to pace and fidget? 405) The nurse notes documentation that a newly admitted client experiences flashbacks. What diagnosis would this notation support? 406) During the assessment, what is the nurse's primary goal for a confused and disoriented client diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder? 407) What statement should the nurse make to a client diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder who appears to be experiencing anxiety? 408) A client diagnosed with depression is scheduled to receive three sessions of electroconvulsive therapy. The nurse should tell the client that he or she will likely start to see improvement in approximately what time frame? 409) A client diagnosed with depression is not eating adequately and at times even refuses to eat at all. What should the nurse plan to do to meet the client's nutritional needs? 410) The client diagnosed with alcoholism has been prescribed medication therapy to assist in the maintenance of sobriety. The nurse will provide the client with education focused on which medication that will most likely be prescribed? 411) The nurse tells the client that a music therapy session has been scheduled as part of the treatment plan. The client tells the nurse, "I can't sing" and refuses to attend. Which nursing response is most likely to meet the client's needs? 412) When should the nurse determine that it will be safe to remove the restraints from a client who demonstrated violent behavior? 413) The nurse notes that a client attending a group therapy session is cooperative, sharing with peers, and making appropriate suggestions during group discussions. How should the nurse interpret this behavior? 414) Which information provided by the nurse accurately describes electroconvulsive therapy? Select all that apply. 415) The nurse is planning a stress management seminar for clients in an ambulatory care setting. Which concept should the nurse plan to include in the content of the seminar? 416) A 15-year-old pregnant, unwed client tells the nurse, "My life was unbearable before I met Bobby. My mother beats me every day, and my dad has sexually abused me since I was 10 years old!" Which response is appropriate for the nurse to make? 417) A 10-year-old referred for evaluation after drawing sexually explicit scenes says to the psychiatric nurse, "I just felt like it." Which response by the nurse is focused on assessing for abuse-related symptoms? 418) During a nursing interview, a client says, "My daughter was murdered. I can't help wondering if her husband killed her, but he's been eliminated as a suspect." Which statement is a therapeutic nursing response? 419) The nurse is assessing a client who has been admitted to the coronary care unit. The client seems to fluctuate in the ability to focus during the day. On the basis of this assessment, which client problem should the nurse suspect? 420) A client with diabetes mellitus is told that amputation of the leg is necessary to sustain life. The client is very upset and tells the nurse, "This is all of the health care provider's fault. I have done everything that he has asked me to do!" How should the nurse interpret the client's statement? 421) The nurse is planning to formulate a psychotherapy group. Several clients are interested in attending the session. The nurse plans the group, based on which management principle? 422) A client calls the nurse and reports feeling anxious. What is the appropriate initial nursing action?  Sit and talk with the client about the feelings. 423) Clients with which diagnoses are commonly prescribed interventions to manage anxiety? Select all that apply. 424) The nurse preparing to admit a client with a diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder to the mental health unit should expect to note which behaviors in the client? 425) The client tells the nurse that she cannot leave home without checking numerous times that "everything electrical has been shut off." The client's statement supports which mental health diagnosis? 426) During an admission assessment, the nurse notes that the client's diagnosis is documented as obsessive-compulsive disorder. The nurse plans care knowing that the client is most likely to experience which type of compulsive behavior? 427) The nurse determines that the client understands the basis of the diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder after making which statement? 428) The nurse is performing an assessment on a client being admitted to the mental health unit. During the interview, the nurse discovers that the client suffered a severe emotional trauma 1 month earlier and is now experiencing paralysis of the right arm. Which is the initial nursing action? 429) The nurse is developing a plan of care for a client admitted to the mental health unit with a diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder. What is the nurse's priority in the plan of care? 430) The nurse is preparing to create a care plan for a client admitted to the mental health unit with a diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder. The nurse should plan to include which component as a priority in the plan of care? 431) A newly admitted client is exhibiting signs and symptoms associated with a loss of physical functioning, although no such loss can be confirmed medically. This situation supports which mental health diagnosis? 432) A client who has recently lost her spouse says, "No one cares about me anymore. All the people I loved are dead." Which response demonstrates an understanding of therapeutic communication when dealing with a grieving client? 433) A depressed client who appeared sullen, distraught, and hopeless a few days ago now suddenly appears calm, relaxed, and more energetic. Which is the nurse's best initial action with regard to the client's altered demeanor? 434) The nurse is performing an assessment on a 16-year-old female client who has been diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. Which statement, made by the client, would the nurse identify as necessitating further assessment on a priority basis? 435) Which assessment data would indicate that a client is most at risk for suicide? 436) The nurse is planning to instruct a mental health client and the family about the importance of medication compliance. The nurse should plan for which interventions that are associated with increased compliance? Select all that apply. 437) The nurse is planning care for a client who has a history of violent behavior and is at risk for harming others. Which intervention presents a need for follow-up because it could potentially present a danger to the client, health care providers, and others on the nursing unit? 438) The nurse caring for a client diagnosed with severe depression is planning activities for the client. Which activity would be most appropriate for this client? 439) The nurse is developing a plan of care for a client who is scheduled to have electroconvulsive therapy. Which problem is a priority for this client? 440) A client in a manic state presents to the dayroom only partially dressed and is making sexual remarks and gestures toward the staff and other clients. Which is the initial nursing action? 441) The nurse is monitoring a stress management therapy group that is in the forming stage. Which activity is characteristic of this stage of group development? 442) When planning discharge care for a client diagnosed with bipolar disorder, the nurse determines the need for further teaching when the client makes which statement? 443) Which statement by the client best reflects the development of an effective coping response style and effective processing of information for a hospitalized client participating in Alcoholic Anonymous (AA)? 444) In formulating a discharge teaching plan, the nurse should include which precaution for a client who is prescribed lithium carbonate therapy? 445) The home health nurse visits an agoraphobic client who experiences panic attacks. Which statement by the client would indicate a therapeutic response to behavioral and pharmacological treatment? 446) The psychiatric home care nurse visits a client diagnosed with a phobia that triggers panic attacks. When teaching the client to use paradoxical intention, which intervention will the nurse demonstrate? 447) A client diagnosed with a borderline personality disorder says to the nurse, "Sometimes I do things to get my parents mad, and sometimes I do them because I'm bored. That's what happened the night I crashed the family car. I wasn't drunk or suicidal or anything like the police thought. It was just for kicks!" Which is the appropriate nursing response? 448) The nurse is reviewing the medical record of a hospitalized client who received electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) 3 years ago. Which assessment data would support that the therapy resulted in retrograde amnesia in the client? 449) The mother of a teenage client states that her daughter, diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, "eats nothing but junk food, has never liked going to school, and hangs out with the wrong crowd." What discharge instruction will be most effective in helping the mother to manage her daughter's condition? 450) The nurse is reviewing the record of a client scheduled for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Which medical diagnosis, if noted on the client's record, would indicate a need to contact the health care provider scheduled to perform the ECT? 451) During a group therapy session a client begins yelling, "I can't listen to this. You people are no different from the ones I have to deal with at home." What is the nurse's immediate action? 452) The nurse is discussing discharge and outpatient follow-up plans with a client hospitalized for acute depression. Which statement demonstrates the client's use of a defense mechanism and would indicate the need for follow-up treatment? 453) During a support group session, a client says, "My husband hit me a lot, but when he threatened to start hitting our kids, I stabbed him. No jury will believe me because my husband can lie to anyone and be believed." If no one in the group responds, which statement is the therapeutic response by the nurse? 454) The nurse is caring for a client diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease who is demonstrating characteristics of agnosia. Which client behavior supports the presence of this cognitive deficiency? 455) A client diagnosed with schizophrenia says to the nurse, "Will you protect me from the Grand Duchess?" and points to an older client who is sitting reading a book. Which statement is the therapeutic response by the nurse? 456) A client admitted to the mental health unit after attacking his father for disturbing him at his computer, interrupts the nurse during morning rounds and says, "I need to get out of here so I can work on my computer project to save the world!" Which nursing response will have the greatest therapeutic impact? 457) During a mental status examination, the client states, "Glass breaks if you throw stones or shoot at it with a gun. My cousin shoots guns at the police all the time at target practice. People who live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones." How will the nurse appropriately document the client's speech? 458) The nurse is caring for a client diagnosed with schizophrenia who states, "I decided not to take my medication because I realize that it really can't help me. Only I can help me." Which question asked by the nurse has the best therapeutic value? 459) Which client's death was achieved by what is considered a soft suicide method? 460) The nurse determines that which client is at highest risk for suicide? 461) The spouse of an alcoholic client is attending a support group and says to the group members, "It's all very well for everyone to label me an enabler, but if I didn't call him in sick at work, he'd lose his job. Where would we be then?" Which statement by the nurse co-leader would be therapeutic? 462) A heroin-addicted client who is taking methadone hydrochloride discontinues the methadone without consulting the health care provider. The client says to the nurse, "I thought I didn't need the methadone after 1 year. I had a job and was even saving money. I can't believe I ruined everything." Which statement by the nurse is therapeutic? 463) An alcohol-troubled client says, "The 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) meeting really upset me. I had to go for a drink after 1 hour with those people; they're fanatics!" Which statement by the nurse would be therapeutic? 464) A client who is recovering from benzodiazepine dependence says, "I've lost so many people. First, my brother dies of cancer; then my husband leaves me for a 20-year-old. I wish I had one of those pills right now." Which statement by the nurse would be therapeutic? 465) The husband of an alcohol-dependent wife says, "If anyone had said I'd be henpecked, I'd have called them a liar, but now I realize that I'm codependent." Which statement by the nurse would be therapeutic? 466) A client's alcohol consumption suggests the development of a tolerance for alcohol. Which statement supports the existence of an alcohol tolerance problem? 467) A battered wife says, "My husband is a bully and a womanizer and certainly doesn't provide for his family, but he's never beat me up, so I don't think I can say he's abusive." Which response by the nurse is therapeutic? 468) An older resident in a long-term care facility prepares to walk out into a rainstorm after saying, "My father is waiting to take me for a ride." Which is the appropriate response by the nurse? 469) A client who is exhibiting psychotic behaviors is admitted to the psychiatric unit. In developing a plan of care, the nurse should identify which as the priority client problem? 470) The nurse is developing a daily care program for a depressed client who was just admitted to the mental health unit. Which is the best approach when planning activities for this client? 471) A client with a history of panic disorder comes to the emergency department and states to the nurse, "Please help me. I think I'm having a heart attack." What is the priority nursing action? 472) The nurse reviews the assessment data of a client admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of anxiety. The nurse should assign priority to which assessment finding? 473) A home care nurse suspects that a client's spouse is experiencing caregiver strain. Which nursing action will assist in supporting the nurse's suspicion? 474) A client who has a history of being sexually assaulted is found sucking her thumb while rocking in her bed and does not respond to verbal communication. The nurse should recognize that this behavior demonstrates which coping mechanism? 475) Which is a primary behavior of a client diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder? 476) The client with a diagnosis of dependent personality disorder is most likely to have problems coping with which situation? 477) Which piece of subjective data obtained during assessment of a severely anxious client would indicate the possibility of posttraumatic stress disorder? 478) The nurse is performing an assessment on a client being admitted with a diagnosis of alcohol dependence who reports it's been 6 hours since the last drink. The information supports which assumption about the appearance of withdrawal symptoms? 479) Thiamine supplementation and other nutritional vitamin support measures are prescribed for clients who have been using alcohol to prevent or decrease the risk of which complication? 480) Which intervention demonstrates responsibility for the milieu in an inpatient psychiatric setting? 481) A client asks the nurse about the meaning of behavioral therapy. Which description describes the purpose of behavioral therapy? 482) The client experiencing a great deal of stress and anxiety is being taught to use self-control therapy. Which statement by the client indicates a need for further teaching about the therapy? 483) Laboratory work is prescribed for a client who has been experiencing delusions. When the nurse approaches the client to obtain a specimen of blood, the client begins to shout, "You're all vampires. Let me out of here!" Which nursing response addresses the client's anxiety? 484) A supervisor reprimands the charge nurse for not adhering to the unit budget. What behavior by the charge nurse is an example of displacement? 485) What is the appropriate nursing intervention in dealing with a suicidal client? 486) Immediately after an assault, the client is extremely agitated, trembling, and hyperventilating. What is the appropriate initial nursing action? 487) Soon after an assault, a client is assessed in the emergency department with behavior that is associated with severe anxiety. Which client behaviors support this level of anxiety? 488) The nurse is creating a plan of care for the client who is upset following the loss of a job and is verbalizing concerns regarding the ability to meet financial obligations. Which problem is the basis of the client's concerns? 489) A client arrives in the emergency department in a crisis state demonstrating signs of profound anxiety. What should the initial nursing assessment focus on? 490) A clinic nurse is monitoring a client with anorexia nervosa. Which client statement should indicate to the nurse that treatment has been effective? 491) A client with a history of anxiety appears to be in the second phase of crisis response. The nurse prepares for which client behavior? 492) Which is the primary goal of crisis intervention therapy? 493) Which statement, made by a client who has recently experienced an emotional crisis, is most likely to assure the nurse that the client has returned to her precrisis level of functioning? 494) A homeless shelter has sustained severe damage as a result of a fire, and most of the structure and people's belongings were destroyed. Ten of the individuals who are being displaced have a history of chronic mental illness. The mental health team coordinating support initially should focus their efforts on which action? 495) Community mental health teams recognize that in the immediate postdisaster period, the most effective means of identifying individuals experiencing difficulty coping psychologically with the disaster is to take which action? 496) Which client behavior is indicative of negative symptoms associated with schizophrenia? Select all that apply. 497) The nurse caring for a client diagnosed with schizophrenia should include which interventions in the plan of care to assist in managing the client's concrete thinking? 498) Which behavior in a client with schizophrenia demonstrates the client's cognitive inability to appropriately process data from external stimuli? 499) During the admission assessment process, the nurse observes that a client diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia has multiple dental caries and mouth ulcers. The client denies oral pain or difficulty eating and does not present any concern over the nurse's finding. The nurse recognizes the client's response as most likely the result of which client factor? 500) A client who is watching television in the dayroom shares with the nurse that he has begun seeing his mother being assaulted on the television screen. Which is the nurse's initial intervention? 501) The nurse is planning relapse prevention information for a client diagnosed with schizophrenia. The nurse understands that it is important to ensure which primary intervention? 502) A client with depression verbalizes feelings of low self-esteem and self-worth typified by statements such as, "I'm such a failure. I can't do anything right." Which is the best nursing response? 503) The history assessment of a client diagnosed with schizophrenia confirms a routine that includes smoking two packs of cigarettes and drinking 10 cups of coffee daily. Considering the assessment data, the nurse recognizes which as placing the client at most risk for injury? 504) Which goal addresses the therapeutic management needs of a client experiencing hallucinations? 505) The nurse recognizes which assessment and diagnostic data as being associated with a newly diagnosed schizophrenic client? Select all that apply. 506) The nurse reviewing a client's diagnostic results recognizes that which is a possible positive indication for a diagnosis of schizophrenia? 507) What information regarding possible prognosis will the nurse provide to the parents of a 15-year-old newly diagnosed with schizophrenia? 508) The nurse should include which information in the medication teaching plan for a client diagnosed with schizophrenia? 509) Which statement made by a severely depressed client requires the nurse's immediate attention? 510) The nurse is creating a discharge plan for the family of a client diagnosed with a mood disorder. The nurse should plan to provide which priority information to the family? 511) Which characteristics would the nurse expect to note for a client with seasonal affective disorder? Select all that apply. 512) When assessing a client for a possible physical dependency on alcohol, the nurse should ask which priority question? 513) Which are the most likely characteristics of a client who abuses alcohol? Select all that apply. 514) The nurse is providing a health promotion session to a group of teenagers and is discussing the abuse of barbiturates. The nurse should provide which information to the teenagers? 515) The nurse explains to a group of clients that methamphetamine abuse results in which vascular system dysfunction? 516) An adolescent has been prescribed an amphetamine to help manage a diagnosis of attention deficient hyperactivity disorder. To best minimize the risk of abuse and/or overdose, the nurse expects that the medication will be administered via which method? 517) A client with a history of opiate abuse asks the nurse, "Why do I crave this stuff so much?" The nurse responds, knowing that the client's craving is a result of which factor? 518) The nurse should be prepared to manage which occurrence unique to the abuse of hallucinogenic drugs? 519) When discussing an individual's tendency to substance abuse, the nurse should identify which assessment data as a primary biological factor? 520) During the termination phase of the nurse-client relationship, the clinic nurse observes that the client has made several sarcastic remarks and has an angry affect. Which is the most appropriate interpretation of the client's behavior? 521) The spouse of a client prescribed an antidepressant tells the home health nurse, "Now that the antidepressant is working, the suicidal risk is over and you can stop making these home visits." How does the nurse appropriately respond? 522) A client comes into the emergency department in a severe state of anxiety after a car crash. Which is the best nursing intervention at this time? 523) Which assessment finding would be a manifestation associated with dementia? 524) Which is the appropriate nursing intervention to address the poor nutritional intake demonstrated by a client diagnosed with depression? 525) To create a safe environment for the client diagnosed with major depression with psychotic features, the nurse most importantly devises a plan of care that deals specifically with which problem? 526) The nurse monitors a client diagnosed with anorexia nervosa understanding that the client manages anxiety by which action? 527) Which short-term initial goals would be realistic for a client who was recently sexually abused? Select all that apply. 528) Which is the best therapeutic approach for the nurse to use in crisis counseling? 529) A client comes to the clinic after losing all of his personal belongings in a hurricane. The nurse notes that the client is coping ineffectively with the situation. Which are the most realistic goals for this client? Select all that apply. 530) The nursing care plan indicates a problem of self-directed violence and the risk for suicide, related to suicidal ideations with a specific plan. The nurse develops a plan of care for the client and identifies which expected client outcome?  Denies presence of suicidal ideations 531) What is an appropriate short-term outcome for a client grieving the recent loss of a spouse?  The client verbalizes stages of grief and plans to attend a community grief group. 532) A client who has been hospitalized with a paranoid disorder refuses to turn off the lights in the room at night and states, "My roommate will steal me blind." Which is the appropriate response by the nurse?  "I hear what you are saying, but I have no reason to believe your roommate steals." 533) A client who has just received a diagnosis of asthma says to the nurse, "This condition is just another nail in my coffin." Which response by the nurse is therapeutic?  "You seem very distressed over learning you have asthma." 534) A client whose spouse of 42 years recently died shares with the nurse, "My sister came over yesterday and started talking about how I need to move on with my life. I feel badly, but I got mad and told her to mind her own business." Which response by the nurse would be therapeutic?  "You need to grieve, and expressing anger can be part of grieving." 535) A client whose wife recently died of cancer says to the home care nurse, "I can't believe that my wife died yesterday. I keep expecting to see her everywhere I go in this house." What is the therapeutic nursing response?  "It must be hard to accept that she has passed away." 536) A hospitalized client experiencing delusions reports to the nurse, "I know that the doctor is talking to the top man in the mob to get rid of me." Which response should the nurse make to the client?  "Do you feel afraid that people are trying to hurt you?" 537) Which behavior would the nurse anticipate a client diagnosed with nyctophobia to demonstrate?  Always turns on the overhead light before entering a darkened room 538) Which behavior demonstrated by a client diagnosed with depression indicates a need for suicide precautions?  Asks about how to get a will notarized 539) A client is diagnosed with rape trauma syndrome. The nurse plans care based on which syndrome-associated fact?  The client regularly re-experiences the events associated with the assault. 540) When planning activities for a child diagnosed with autism, the nurse should give priority to which consideration?  Assessing all activities for safety risks 541) The nurse is assigned to care for a chemically dependent client who has the potential for violent episodes. In planning care for the client, which action by the nurse should receive priority?  Projects an attitude of calmness 542) The client says to the nurse, "I wish you would just be my friend." Which is the appropriate response by the nurse?  "Our relationship is a therapeutic and helping one." 543) The client asks the nurse, "Could you ask the health care provider (HCP) to let me have a pass for the weekend?" Which response is appropriate that assists the client in achieving the goal of optimal personal functioning?  "When the HCP arrives on the unit, I will let them know that you have a question." 544) Which subject should the nurse address in preparing for the orientation phase of the therapeutic relationship?  Establishing the parameters of the relationship 545) The nurse who is reviewing the record of a client admitted to the mental health unit notes that the client was admitted by voluntary status. Based on this fact, what assumption can the nurse make about the client?  The client has the right to demand and obtain release from the hospital. 546) The client diagnosed with mild depression says to the nurse, "I haven't had an appetite at all for the last few weeks." Which response by the nurse best assesses the client's nutritional issue?  "You haven't had an appetite at all?" 547) Which client behavior demonstrates denial of a sexual abuse event?  Sitting quietly and calmly reading a magazine 548) Several nurses are engaged in an assignment report when a client with a history of aggressive behavior approaches the nurses' station. The client becomes very loud and offensive, and demands to be seen by the health care provider (HCP) immediately. Which intervention will address the needs of both the client and the milieu?  Offer to assist the client to an examination room until the HCP is notified. 549) The nurse is developing a plan of care for a client who believes the unit's food is being poisoned. Which strategy should the nurse plan to implement that will encourage the client to discuss feelings?  Use open-ended questions and silence. 550) When a client is consistently 15 to 20 minutes late for weekly therapy sessions, the nurse attempts to best manage this behavior by implementing which intervention?  Asking the client if she or he is dealing with some new stressor 551) When a client is consistently 15 to 20 minutes late for weekly therapy sessions, the nurse attempts to best manage this behavior by implementing which intervention?  A normal behavior that can occur during the termination period 552) The nurse orienting a new client to a residential treatment center prepares to explain to the client that the emphasis of the center involves milieu therapy. Which is the focus of this type of therapy?  Involves group and social interaction with rules and expectations mediated by peer pressure 553) A client's phobia is being treated with systematic desensitization. Which modality is the focus of this therapy?  Short exposure to the phobic object 554) A client who has shared with the group at a previous session now suddenly gets up and announces, "I'm leaving." How can the nurse initially meet the needs of both the client and the group?  Ask the client to stay and share what he is feeling. 555) During a group session, a client threatens to "punch every one of you." Which is the appropriate initial nursing action?  Remind the client that talking about personal anger is appropriate, but acting on it is not. 556) The nurse is creating a plan of care for a client with an autistic disorder. A behavior modification approach (operant conditioning) is being used to improve communication. Which should the nurse include in the plan of care?  Reward the client when a desired behavior is performed. 557) Which statement indicates an understanding of the focus of milieu therapy?  "A living, learning, or working environment is the focus of milieu therapy." 558) A client states that she was raped a few weeks ago but still feels "as if it just happened to me." Which response should the nurse make to the client?  "Tell me more about what happened and what causes you to feel like the rape just occurred." 559) The nurse is creating a plan of care for a newly admitted client at high risk for suicide. With the focus of the plan being to promote a safe and therapeutic environment, which intervention should the nurse include?  Establish a therapeutic relationship. 560) A client states to the nurse, "My life has been such a failure. Nothing I do turns out right." Which response by the nurse will best address the client's low sense of self-esteem?  "You seem very discouraged. Let's identify something that you are proud of doing." 561) A client is admitted to the psychiatric unit with a diagnosis of bipolar affective disorder and mania. The nurse should prioritize which assessment finding as requiring immediate intervention?  Constant physical activity and poor oral intake 562) The nurse is working with a client who is demonstrating delusional thinking. The client says to the nurse, "The leaders of a religious cult are being sent to assassinate me." Which is the best response by the nurse?  "I don't know about a religious cult. Are you afraid that people are trying to hurt you?" 563) A woman is seen in the emergency department in a severe state of anxiety following assault and battery. Which nursing action should the nurse place highest priority on at this time?  Remaining with the client 564) An older client diagnosed with delirium becomes agitated and confused at night. Which action should be the nurse's most important strategy to minimize the client's risk for injury?  Turn off the television and radio, and use a night-light. 565) The nurse caring for a client with a diagnosis of acute schizophrenia should use which approach when planning care?  Provide assistance with grooming and nutrition until the client's thinking has cleared. 566) The client who is actively hallucinating is fearful that the voices will direct him to kill himself. Which therapeutic statement should the nurse make at this time?  "I don't hear them, but it must be frightening to hear voices that others can't hear” 567) An understanding of borderline personality disorder should help the nurse determine that which problem is the priority for the client?  Risk for self-harm 568) A client admitted to the inpatient unit is being considered for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). While the client is calm, the daughter anxiously tells the nurse, "My mother's brain will be shocked with electricity. How can the doctor even think about doing this to her?" Which response by the nurse will best address the daughter's concerns?  "It sounds as though you are very concerned. Let's discuss the procedure." 569) The nurse is assigned to a client who is pacing, agitated, and using aggressive gestures and rapid speech. The nurse should determine that which action is the priority of care at this time?  Providing a safe place for the client to pace that is away from the other clients 570) A client is withdrawn, immobile and mute. Which appropriate action should the nurse should take?  Sit beside the client and occasionally introduce open-ended questions. 571) Which client behavior indicates to the nurse that the status of a client diagnosed with intensive care unit psychosis is improving?  Increased number of hours slept at one time and is increasingly alert 572) The nurse finds a client recently admitted with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa engaged in a strenuous exercise routine. Which action should be the priority?  Interrupt the client, and offer to take her for a walk. 573) A postsurgical client with a history of heavy alcohol intake has returned to the nursing unit. Which signs/symptoms of delirium tremens should the nurse plan to continuously assess for?  Fever, hypertension, changes in level of consciousness, and hallucinations 574) The nurse working in a detoxification unit is admitting a client for alcohol withdrawal. The client's spouse states, "I don't know why I don't get out of this rotten situation." Which response by the nurse addresses the spouse's concerns?  "What aspects of this situation are the most difficult for you?" 575) The nurse should monitor a client with a history of opioid abuse for which signs and symptoms associated with opioid withdrawal?  Increased pulse and blood pressure, low-grade fever, yawning, restlessness, anxiety, diarrhea, and mydriasis 576) The nurse is working with a client who shows signs of benzodiazepine withdrawal. The nurse should suspect that the client has suddenly discontinued taking which prescribed medication?  Diazepam 577) Which roommate choice is least appropriate for a client diagnosed with anorexia nervosa who is in a state of starvation?  A client with pneumonia 578) A hospitalized client with a history of alcohol abuse tells the nurse, "I am leaving now. I don't want help. I have other things to attend to that are more important." The nurse attempts to discuss the client's concerns, but the client dresses and begins to walk out of the hospital room. Which action should the nurse take at this time?  Call the nursing supervisor. 579) The nurse should monitor the client with a history of heroin addiction for which signs/symptoms of heroin withdrawal?  Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aches, and diaphoresis 580) The nurse is interviewing a client in crisis to assess the risk for self-harm. The nurse interprets that the client is most at risk for suicide when which factor is identified?  Client has an immediate plan for a suicide attempt. 581) A client with a potential for violence is exhibiting aggressive gestures, making belligerent comments to the other clients, and is continuously pacing in the hallway. Which comment by the nurse would be therapeutic at this time?  "What is causing you to behave so agitated?" 582) A client diagnosed with acute depression says to the nurse, "Things would be so much better for everyone if I just weren't around." Which response should the nurse make at this time to assess the client's state of mind?  "You sound very unhappy. Are you thinking of harming yourself?" 583) The nurse should interpret which comment by a client diagnosed with battered wife syndrome as being consistent with the presence of low self-esteem?  "Things would be fine at home if I just could do better. He has a lot of pressures on him at work." 584) The nurse is caring for an older client whose husband died approximately 6 weeks ago. The client says, "There's no one left to care about me. Everyone that I have loved is now gone." Which nursing response allows for continued communication about the client's state of mind?  "It sounds as though you are feeling all alone right now." 585) When planning care for a client with a history of violent behavior toward others, the nurse should include which interventions? Select all that apply.  Admitting the client to a room near the nurses' station  Arranging for a security officer to be nearby and available but out of the client's sight 586) What is the priority nursing action when admitting a client who has just attempted suicide?  Ensure constant observation of the client at all times. 587) A client admitted 72 hours ago with a diagnosis of major depression presents for breakfast today appropriately dressed and well groomed, and appears to be calm and relaxed, yet more energetic than before. Which initial action should the nurse take after noting this client's behavior?  Ask the client directly about the presence of any suicide-related thoughts. 588) The nurse suspects that the client hospitalized with a diagnosis of acute depression could benefit from further development of coping strategies. Which client statement supports this suspicion?  I know that I won't become depressed again as long as I reduce my stressors 589) Which interventions should the nurse include in the plan of care for an acutely depressed client involved in cognitive-behavioral therapy? Select all that apply.  Assisting the client to identify and test negative cognition  Assisting the client to participate in the treatment process  Assisting the client to develop alternative thinking patterns  Assisting the client to rehearse new cognitive and behavioral responses 590) Which assessments should the nurse closely monitor when caring for a hospitalized client diagnosed with bulimia nervosa? Select all that apply.  Electrolyte levels  Intake and output  Elimination patterns 591) The health care provider is planning to prescribe a medication for a client with major depression. Which medication should the nurse expect to be prescribed?  Paroxetine hydrochloride 592) The nurse should provide instructions concerning which side effect to a client prescribed chlorpromazine?  Dry mouth 593) A monoamine oxidase inhibitor is prescribed for a client. Which sign or symptom is indicative of toxicity?  Restlessness 594) To determine whether the client is experiencing akathisia as an adverse effect of the medication haloperidol, what should the nurse observe the client for?  Restlessness or constant generalized movement 595) A client is prescribed imipramine once daily. The nurse determines that additional teaching is needed on the basis of which statement by the client?  "I'll take the medication in the morning before breakfast." 596) A client has a lithium level of 2.4 mEq/L. The nurse should immediately assess the client for which sign or symptom?  Blurred vision 597) A client diagnosed with anxiety is starting therapy with lorazepam. Which factor in the client's history should prompt the nurse to consult with the health care provider before administering the medication?  Narrow-angle glaucoma 598) The mother of a child diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder has been given instructions about how to administer methylphenidate. Which response by the mother shows she understands the information about the best way to administer the medication?  After breakfast 599) The nurse taking a medication history for a client who has been admitted to the nursing unit notes that the client is receiving olanzapine. The nurse interprets that this client most likely has a history of which disorder?  Schizophrenia 600) A client diagnosed with schizophrenia has a new prescription for risperidone. Which baseline laboratory result should the nurse review before administering the first dose of this medication?  Liver function studies 601) A client diagnosed with depression has a prescription for sertraline. The nurse should withhold the medication and question the prescription if the client has a history of which disorder?  Phenelzine sulfate use 602) The nurse has given instructions to a client prescribed lithium carbonate. What statement by the client indicates that the client needs further information?  "I will decrease fluid intake while taking the lithium." 603) The nurse should assess for which toxic effect when managing the care of a client prescribed haloperidol?  Excessive salivation 604) Buspirone hydrochloride is prescribed for a client with an anxiety disorder. The nurse plans to include which teaching point when reviewing this medication with the client?  Dizziness and nervousness may occur 605) A client diagnosed with bipolar mood disorder has been given a prescription for carbamazepine. The nurse teaching the client about medication side and adverse effects instructs the client to notify the health care provider if which symptom develops?  Sore throat 606) When a client develops neuroleptic malignant syndrome, the nurse ensures that which medication is available on the unit to address this complication?  Bromocriptine 607) When should the nurse advise a client being prescribed fluoxetine hydrochloride to take the medication?  In the morning on first arising 608) A client diagnosed with schizophrenia is taking haloperidol. The nurse understands that this medication will exert its therapeutic effect through which mechanism?  Blocking dopamine from binding to postsynaptic receptors in the brain 609) The nurse assesses for a therapeutic effect of ziprasidone by asking the client which question?  Have you experienced an increase in concentration during daily activities?" 610) A client diagnosed with bipolar disorder is prescribed lithium carbonate. The nurse who administers the medication knows that lithium is used primarily to treat which condition?  The manic phase of bipolar disease 611) A client prescribed thioridazine hydrochloride reports feeling faint when trying to get out of bed in the morning. The nurse recognizes this complaint as a symptom of which disorder?  Postural hypotension 612) A client diagnosed with depression and prescribed tranylcypromine sulfate has been instructed on the appropriate diet. The nurse determines that the client understands the diet if which foods are selected from the dietary menu?  Fried haddock, baked potato, and a cola drink 613) A client diagnosed with depression is prescribed amitriptyline hydrochloride. During the initial phases of treatment, the client's care plan should include which nursing intervention?  Obtain postural blood pressure prior to each medication administration. 614) Over the course of a few hours, a client receiving lithium carbonate reports being nauseous, then drowsy and "achy." What action should the nurse take when considering the client's next scheduled dose of lithium?  Withhold the next scheduled dose and notify the health care provider of the client's complaints. 615) Which assessment findings suggest to the nurse that the client is experiencing tardive dyskinesia?  Movements of the mouth, tongue, and face that are both abnormal and involuntary 616) The nurse is providing dietary instructions to a client who is prescribed tranylcypromine sulfate. The nurse emphasizes that it is important to avoid eating which food?  Salami 617) The nurse is caring for a client who has been prescribed disulfiram. Which statement by the client indicates to the nurse the need for further teaching about this medication?  "As long as I don't drink alcohol, I'll be fine." 618) A client is prescribed a monoamine oxidase inhibitor. What is the primary reason the nurse needs to assess this client closely?  Headache, hypertension, and nausea and vomiting may indicate toxicity. 619) The nurse is caring for a client who is taking a maintenance dosage of lithium carbonate. What nursing action should be included in the client's plan of care?  Monitoring intake and output 620) Which assessment finding would the nurse anticipate when monitoring a client who is at risk for developing neuroleptic malignant syndrome?  Hyperpyrexia 621) The nurse developing a teaching plan for a client being prescribed phenelzine sulfate should instruct the client to avoid which item?  Aged cheeses 622) A client diagnosed with an anxiety disorder is prescribed buspirone orally. The client tells the nurse that it is difficult to swallow the tablets. Which is the best instruction to provide the client?  Crush the tablets before taking them. 623) A client is prescribed fluphenazine daily. The nurse teaches the client to take which measure to minimize a common side/adverse effect of this medication?  Use hard sour candy or sugarless gum. 624) A client prescribed chlorpromazine hydrochloride calls the mental health clinic to report urine that is much darker than usual. The client currently has no other urinary symptoms. What instructions should the nurse provide the client based on this information?  That this is an expected side effect of the medication 625) A client who is receiving lithium carbonate has a serum level of 1.8 mEq/L. Which intervention will the nurse implement in response to this diagnostic result?  Monitor the client for behaviors that suggests ataxia. 626) A client begins to experience extrapyramidal side effects from an antipsychotic medication. The nurse anticipates that the health care provider will prescribe which medication to treat this condition?  Benztropine 627) A client is prescribed tranylcypromine. The nurse educating a client about tranylcypromine should instruct the client to avoid which activity?  Drinking any amount of wine 628) At what time of day does the nurse recommend that a child prescribed methylphenidate be given the last dose of the day of the medication?  Just before the noontime meal 629) What is the most serious risk associated with the use of benzodiazepine?  Dependence 630) A client receiving long-term therapy with lithium carbonate has a serum lithium level of 1.0 mEq/L. Which nursing intervention should the nurse be prepared to implement based on this result?  Provide positive support for the client's compliance with the therapy. 631) The nurse should monitor the client prescribed thioridazine hydrochloride carefully for which adverse effect?  Cardiac dysrhythmias 632) The nurse instructs the client to be sure to take which action while taking newly prescribed lithium carbonate?  Maintain a fluid intake of 2 to 3 L/day. 633) The nurse is discussing the past week's activities with a client receiving amitriptyline hydrochloride. The nurse determines that the medication is most effective for this client if the client reports which information? 634) The nurse gathers data from the client who was prescribed buspirone hydrochloride 1 month ago. The nurse interprets that the medication is effective when the client reports an absence of which event? 635) The nurse suspects that a client prescribed clomipramine hydrochloride has been noncompliant with taking the medication as prescribed. Which client behavior would support the nurse's suspicion? 636) When providing client education on the medication alprazolam, why is it essential to include the importance of avoiding abrupt discontinuation of the medication? 637) A client has been prescribed clozapine. The nurse reviews the result of which laboratory study to detect a serious adverse effect associated with this medication? 638) A client diagnosed with schizophrenia has been prescribed clozapine. The nurse should monitor the client for which side/adverse effects of this medication? Select all that apply. 639) A client has begun taking phenelzine. At the initiation of therapy, the client is taught which foods are acceptable to consume? Select all that apply. 640) A client is brought to the emergency department complaining of substernal chest pain. To distinguish between angina and myocardial infarction, the nurse assesses for which characteristics of angina? Select all that apply 641) A pregnant client tells the nurse that she has been craving "unusual foods." The nurse gathers additional assessment data and discovers that the client has been ingesting daily amounts of white clay dirt from her backyard. Laboratory studies are performed and the nurse determines that which finding indicates a physiological consequence of the client's practice? 642) A pregnant client asks the nurse about the types of exercises that are allowed during pregnancy. The nurse should tell that client that which exercise is safest? 643) A health care provider has prescribed transvaginal ultrasonography for a client in the first trimester of pregnancy, and the client asks the nurse about the procedure. How should the nurse respond to the client? 644) The nurse has instructed a pregnant client in measures to prevent varicose veins during pregnancy. Which statement by the client indicates a need for further instruction? 645) A pregnant client calls a clinic and tells the nurse that she is experiencing leg cramps that awaken her at night. What should the nurse tell the client to provide relief from the leg cramps? 646) The nurse is providing instructions regarding the treatment of hemorrhoids to a client who is in the second trimester of pregnancy. Which statement by the client indicates a need for further instruction? 647) The nurse is providing instructions to a client in the first trimester of pregnancy regarding measures to assist in reducing breast tenderness. Which instruction should the nurse provide? 648) The nurse is describing cardiovascular system changes that occur during pregnancy to a client. Which findings are normal for a client in the second trimester? Select all that apply. 649) The clinic nurse is providing instructions to a pregnant client regarding measures that assist in alleviating heartburn. Which statement by the client indicates an understanding of the instructions? 650) The nurse is providing instructions to a pregnant client with genital herpes about the measures that are needed to protect the fetus. Which instruction should the nurse provide to the client? 651) The nurse is reviewing the record of a client who has just been told that a pregnancy test is positive. Based on her last normal menstrual period, she is 8 weeks' gestation. Appropriate physical assessments are completed. Which findings are anticipated to be present at this time? Select all that apply. 652) The health care provider (HCP) is assessing the client for the presence of ballottement. To make this determination, the HCP should take which action? 653) A primigravida asks the nurse in the clinic when she will be able to begin to feel the fetus move. The nurse responds by telling the mother that fetal movements will be noted between which weeks of gestation? 654) The nurse is performing an assessment of a primigravida who is being evaluated in a clinic during her second trimester of pregnancy. Which findings concern the nurse and indicate the need for follow-up? Select all that apply. 655) The home health nurse visits a child with infectious mononucleosis and provides home care instructions to the parents. Which instruction should the nurse give to the parents? 656) A child is scheduled to receive inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), and the nurse who is preparing to administer the vaccine reviews the child's record. The nurse questions the administration of IPV if which is documented in the child's record? 657) The clinic nurse prepares to administer a measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine to a 5-year-old child. The nurse should administer this vaccine by which method? 658) A child with rubeola (measles) is being admitted to the hospital. In preparing for the admission of the child, the nurse should plan to place the child on which precautions? 659) The nurse is interviewing a client with type 2 diabetes mellitus who is taking a sulfonylurea. Which statement by the client indicates an understanding of this treatment for this disorder? 660) The nurse is caring for a client who is 2 days postoperative from abdominal hysterectomy. The client has a history of diabetes mellitus and has been receiving regular insulin based on capillary blood glucose testing 4 times a day. A carbohydrate-controlled diet has been prescribed, but the client has not been eating. On entering the client's room, the nurse finds the client to be pale and diaphoretic. Which action is appropriate at this time? 661) The nurse is caring for a client with pheochromocytoma who is scheduled for adrenalectomy. In the preoperative period, what should the nurse monitor as the priority? 662) The nurse discovers that an infusion of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) through a central line is empty, and a replacement bag is not yet ready. What should the nurse do next while waiting for the replacement bag? 663) The nurse is caring for a client diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver with portal hypertension. The client vomited 500 mL bright red emesis and states that he is feeling lightheaded. In which priority order should the nurse perform these interventions? Arrange the actions in the order they should be performed. All options must be used. 664) The nurse is providing discharge instructions for a client following a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery 3 days ago. What will the nurse include in the instructions? Select all that apply. 665) The nurse cares for a client following a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Which nursing intervention is appropriate? 666) A client with a history of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease (PUD). The health care provider prescribes sucralfate in addition to the client's other medications. What teaching should the nurse include in this client's instructions? 667) A client diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease is prescribed an over-the counter antacid suspension containing aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, and simethicone. What should the nurse include in the client instructions for time of administration of this medication? 668) The nurse is providing instructions to a client diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) who is experiencing abdominal distention, flatulence, and diarrhea. What interventions should the nurse include in the instructions? Select all that apply. 669) The nurse is caring for a client with a Penrose drain from an abdominal incision. Which is an appropriate nursing intervention for this client? 670) The nurse cares for a client who is at risk for wound dehiscence after abdominal surgery. Which action is the priority to minimize this risk? 671) The nurse is caring for a client experiencing an exacerbation of Crohn's disease. Which intervention should the nurse anticipate the health care provider prescribing? 672) The nurse caring for a client diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) recognizes that which classifications of medications may be prescribed to treat the disease and induce remission? Select all that apply. 673) A client with type 2 diabetes mellitus presents to the health care provider's office with a glycosylated hemoglobin (HgbA1C) level of 10.5%. Which statement by the client indicates an understanding of this test and its results? 674) The nurse is caring for a client with a history of heart failure just diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The health care provider prescribes an oral hypoglycemic for the client. Which oral hypoglycemic medication prescribed for this client should the nurse question? 675) Glyburide is prescribed for a client with type 2 diabetes mellitus. What is the most important instruction the nurse should provide to the client? 676) Acarbose is prescribed for a client diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. What should the nurse include in the client's instructions? 677) The nurse is caring for a client diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus experiencing the Somogyi effect. Which blood glucose results and treatment would the nurse expect? 678) The nurse teaches a class on foot care for clients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. Which instructions should the nurse include in the class? Select all that apply. 679) The nurse is providing discharge instructions to a client who has Cushing's syndrome. Which client statement indicates that instructions related to dietary management are understood? 680) A client is admitted with suspected diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Which clinical manifestations best support a diagnosis of DKA? 681) The nurse is monitoring a diabetic client with a blood glucose level of 400 mg/dL (22.2 mmol/L). Which clinical manifestation would indicate diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)? 682) A client with type 1 diabetes mellitus in the emergency department is diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Which interventions should the nurse anticipate being prescribed initially? Select all that apply. 683) The nurse is caring for a client recovering from a subtotal thyroidectomy. Which supplies should be readily accessible for the care of this client? Select all that apply. 684) The nurse is caring for a client the day after a left total knee arthroplasty surgery. In reviewing the client's past medical history, the nurse notes that the client has a history of urinary incontinence and heart failure, which is managed with a potassium-retaining diuretic and a beta-adrenergic blocker. Which prescription, if not already prescribed, should the nurse contact the health care provider to obtain? 685) The nurse cares for a client prior to surgery. The client asks the nurse, "What is the advantage of spinal anesthesia over general anesthesia for controlling my pain?" Which is the best response by the nurse? 686) The nurse is teaching a graduate nurse in the operating room about the components of Universal Protocol, one of The Joint Commission's National Patient Safety Goals. What specific component should the nurse include in the instructions? 687) The nurse prepares a client 1 hour prior to surgery. Which assessment finding does the nurse need to communicate to the health care provider (HCP) at this time? 688) The nurse cares for a client immediately following a lumbar laminectomy procedure. The client reports numbness and tingling down the left lateral thigh and knee. What is the next action for the nurse to take? 689) The nurse is teaching a client who had a lumbar laminectomy how to perform activities of daily living without causing strain on the back. Which action performed by the client indicates a need for further instruction? 690) A client preparing to go home 2 days following a right mastectomy with dissection of axillary lymph nodes asks the nurse, "What should I do to minimize my chance for complications from this surgery?" Which response should the nurse make? 691) The nurse is caring for a client who sustained an open fracture and is diagnosed with acute osteomyelitis of the right lower extremity. Which intervention should the nurse plan to perform? 692) The nurse is counseling the young mother of a small child recently diagnosed with impetigo. The nurse should make which statement that provides the best information about impetigo? 693) Nursing care of the infant with eczema should focus on which action as a priority nursing intervention? 694) The nurse is estimating the body surface area of a child with a burn injury using the West nomogram. After noting the child's height (45 inches [114 cm]) and weight (65 lb [29.5 kg]), the nurse reads the nomogram and determines that the body surface area is approximately which number? Refer to Figure. View Figure 695) The nurse is verifying that a mother understands how to care for her infant who has thrush. Which comment by the mother would indicate that further teaching is indicated? 696) The nurse is collecting data on a child with a 1-week-old cat scratch injury. While assessing the scratch the nurse notes redness, heat, swelling, and red streaking surrounding the area. The child states that the scratch hurts. Cellulitis is diagnosed. When providing home care instructions, which statement by the mother indicates a need for further teaching? 697) The nurse reinforces instructions to the mother of a child diagnosed with pediculosis (head lice). Permethrin has been prescribed. Which statement by the mother regarding the use of the medication indicates a need for further teaching? 698) A pediatric nurse educator provides a teaching session to the nursing staff regarding phenylketonuria. Which statement should the nurse educator include in the session? 699) A home care nurse is teaching an adolescent with type 1 diabetes mellitus about insulin administration and rotation sites. Which statement, if made by the adolescent, would indicate effective teaching? 700) A 6-year-old child with diabetes mellitus and the child's mother come to the health care clinic for a routine examination. The nurse evaluates the data collected during this visit to determine if the child has been euglycemic since the last visit. Which information is the most significant indicator of euglycemia? 701) A child's fasting blood glucose levels range between 100 and 120 mg/dL (5.7 and 6.9 mmol/L) daily. The before-dinner blood glucose levels are between 120 and 130 mg/dL (6.9 and 7.4 mmol/L), with no reported episodes of hypoglycemia. Mixed insulin is administered before breakfast and before dinner. The nurse should make which interpretation about these findings? 702) The home care nurse is visiting a child newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. The nurse is instructing the child and parents regarding actions to take if hypoglycemic reactions occur. The nurse should tell the child to take which action? 703) The nurse is teaching the parents of a child with growth hormone deficiency about preparing synthetic growth hormone and administering it to the child. Which statement, if made by the parents, would indicate an understanding of the procedure? 704) An adolescent with diabetes receives 30 units of Humulin N insulin at 7:00 a.m. The nurse would monitor for a hypoglycemic episode at what time? 705) The nurse is teaching the parent of a preschool child how to administer the child's insulin injection. The child will be receiving 2 units of Humulin R insulin and 12 units of Humulin N insulin every morning. How should the nurse instruct the parents to prepare the insulin? 706) The clinic nurse is assessing a child for dehydration. The nurse determines that the child is moderately dehydrated if which finding is noted on assessment? 707) An adolescent is examined in the hospital emergency department after taking an overdose of acetylsalicylic acid. The adolescent has rapid breathing, nausea and vomiting, and lethargy. The health care provider prescribes arterial blood specimens for blood gas analysis to be drawn. Aspirin toxicity is suspected when the blood gas results are reported as which value? 708) An adolescent with type 1 diabetes mellitus is attending a dance in the school gym. The adolescent suddenly becomes flushed and complains of hunger and dizziness. The school nurse, who is present at the dance, takes the child to the nurse's office and performs a blood glucose level test that shows 60 mg/dL (3.4 mmol/L). Which is the initial nursing intervention? 709) A nurse is caring for an infant with a respiratory infection and is monitoring the infant for signs of dehydration. What is the nurse's best action to determine fluid loss in the infant? 710) The nurse is caring for a hospitalized child who is receiving a continuous infusion of intravenous potassium for the treatment of dehydration. Which assessment finding requires the need to notify the health care provider? 711) An adolescent with type 1 diabetes mellitus has been chosen for the school's cheerleading squad. The adolescent visits the school nurse to obtain information regarding adjustments needed in the treatment plan for diabetes. What should the school nurse instruct the student to do? 712) The nurse provides instructions to the adolescent regarding the administration of insulin. The nurse should include which instruction? 713) A nurse is caring for a hospitalized child who has hypotonic dehydration. Which serum sodium level would this student expect to observe? 714) The nurse is caring for an infant with gastroenteritis who is being treated for dehydration. The nurse reviews the health record and notes that the health care provider has documented that the infant is mildly dehydrated. Which assessment finding should the nurse expect to note in mild dehydration? 715) The nurse is talking to the parents of a child newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. Which statement by the parents indicates an understanding of preventing and managing hyperglycemia? 716) An alert child, who is crying loudly, is brought to the hospital emergency department for a simple fracture to the lower right arm that occurred after a fall off a bicycle. What is the nurse's priority assessment? 717) A neighborhood nurse is attending a soccer game at a local middle school. One of the students falls off the bleachers and sustains an injury to the left arm. The nurse quickly attends to the child and suspects that the child's arm may be broken. Which nursing action would be the priority before transferring the child to the hospital emergency department? 718) A child sustains a fall at home and is brought to the hospital emergency department by the child's mother. After a radiographic examination, the child is determined to have a fractured arm, and a plaster cast is applied. The nurse provides instructions to the mother regarding neurocirculatory assessment and function. Which statement by the mother indicates a need for further instruction? 719) A child who sustained a fractured ankle has a short leg cast applied, and the nurse provides home care instructions to the mother. The mother returns to the emergency department 16 hours later because the child is complaining of severe pain. The nurse notes that the child's toes are cool, pale, and puffy and that the child is agitated and crying loudly. The mother states, "I gave her the pain medication you sent with us just like you told us, and I have kept her foot up on two pillows since we left, except when she gets up to go to the bathroom. I don't understand why she hurts so much. Do something!" What is the most likely 720) A child must wear a brace for correction of scoliosis. The nurse creates a plan of care knowing the child is at risk for which problem? 721) The pediatric nurse educator provides a teaching session to the nursing staff regarding juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Which action by a nursing staff member in the care of a child with JIA indicates a need for further education? 722) The nurse in the pediatric unit is preparing for the admission of a child with a dislocated hip. The child will be placed in Buck's extension traction preoperatively for short-term immobilization. The nurse prepares to place the child in which type of traction setup? Click on the image to indicate your answer. (Figures from Hockenberry Wilson: Wong's essentials of pediatric nursing, ed 9, St. Louis, 2013, Mosby.) 723) The mother of a 5-year-old child brings the child to the hospital emergency department and tells the nurse that the child fell. A fracture is suspected, and a radiograph is taken. The results indicate that the child has a comminuted fracture. The mother asks the nurse to describe this type of fracture, and the nurse draws a picture for the mother. Which picture identifies this type of fracture? Click on the image to indicate your answer. 724) An infant is brought to the child care clinic for a follow-up visit. The nurse notes that the infant is wearing this apparatus. The nurse documents that the infant is wearing which device? Refer to Figure. View Figure 725) A child with cerebral palsy is in a management program to achieve maximum potential for locomotion, self-care, and socialization in school. The nurse works with the child to meet these goals by performing which action? 726) The nurse has reinforced teaching for a school-age child who was given a brace to wear for the treatment of scoliosis. The nurse determines that the child needs further teaching if the child makes which statement? 727) A 9-year-old child fractures the left tibia along an epiphyseal line while using a skateboard. What is the nurse's priority concern during future growth? 728) A child has just returned from surgery and has a hip spica cast. What is the nurse's priority action for this client? 729) Russell's traction is prescribed for a child with a lower leg fracture. The mother of the child asks the nurse about the purpose of the traction. The nurse explains to the mother that which is the primary action of this type of traction? 730) A child with developmental dysplasia of the hip is placed in a Pavlik harness. The nurse should demonstrate to the parents how to place the child in this harness by placing the child's legs in which position? 731) The nurse is reviewing the health care record of an infant suspected of having unilateral hip dysplasia. Which assessment finding should the nurse expect to note documented in the infant's record regarding this condition? 732) The nurse is implementing a teaching plan for a 4-month-old child who has been diagnosed with developmental dysplasia of the hip. The child will be placed in the Pavlik harness. Which statement by the family indicates that they understand the care of their child while placed in the Pavlik harness? 733) The nurse is caring for a child who fractured the ulna bone and had a cast applied 24 hours ago. The child tells the nurse that the arm feels like it is falling asleep. Which nursing action is appropriate? 734) An adolescent is seen in the emergency department for a suspected sprain of the ankle. X-rays have been obtained, and a fracture has been ruled out. Which instruction should the nurse provide to the adolescent regarding home care for treatment of the sprain? 735) The nurse is reinforcing instructions to the mother of a child who has a plaster cast applied to the left arm. Which statement by the mother indicates a need for further teaching? 736) The nurse is assisting a health care provider (HCP) during the examination of an infant with developmental hip dysplasia. The HCP performs the Ortolani maneuver. The nurse determines that the infant exhibits a positive response to this maneuver if which finding is noted? 737) The nurse provides instructions to the parents of an infant with hip dysplasia regarding care of the Pavlik harness. Which statement by one of the parents indicates an understanding of the use of the harness? 738) The nurse is providing instructions to the parents of a child with scoliosis regarding the use of a brace. Which statement by a parent indicates a need for further teaching? 739) The nurse is caring for a child with a fracture who is placed in skeletal traction. The nurse should monitor for which sign of a serious complication associated with this type of traction? 740) A child is brought to the emergency department, and diagnostic x-rays of the child reveal that a fracture is present. The mother states that the child was rollerblading and attempted to break a fall with an outstretched arm. A plaster of Paris cast is applied to the arm. Which instructions should the nurse provide the mother? Select all that apply. 741) The clinic nurse is assessing a child suspected of having juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). Which assessment findings should the nurse expect to note in a child who has been diagnosed with JRA? Select all that apply. 742) The nurse enters a child's room and discovers that the child is having a seizure. Which actions should the nurse take? Select all that apply. 743) The nurse is caring for a child after surgical removal of a brain tumor. The nurse should assess the child for which sign that would indicate that brainstem involvement occurred during the surgical procedure? 744) The nurse is performing an assessment of a 7-year-old child who is suspected of having episodes of absence seizures. Which assessment question to the mother will assist in providing information that will identify the symptoms associated with this type of seizure? 745) The nurse is caring for a newborn infant with spina bifida (myelomeningocele) who is scheduled for surgical closure of the sac. In the preoperative period, which is the priority problem? 746) The nurse is creating a plan of care for a newborn infant with spina bifida (myelomeningocele type). The nurse includes assessment measures in the plan to monitor for increased intracranial pressure. Which assessment technique should be performed that will best detect the presence of an increase in intracranial pressure? 747) A nursing student is assisting a school nurse in performing scoliosis screening on the children in the school. The nurse assesses the student's preparation for conducting the screening. The nurse determines that the student demonstrates understanding of the disorder when the student states that scoliosis is characterized by which finding? 748) The community health nurse is providing information to parents of children in a local school regarding the signs of meningitis. The nurse informs the parents that the classic signs/symptoms of meningitis include which findings? 749) The nursing student is writing a plan of care for a child who presents with an acute head injury. The nursing instructor reviews the plan of care and praises the student for identifying which assessment as a priority? 750) The nurse is reviewing a chart for a child with a head injury. The nurse notes that the level of consciousness has been documented as obtunded. Which finding should the nurse expect to note on assessment of the child? 751) The nurse is performing an assessment on a child with a head injury. The nurse notes an abnormal flexion of the upper extremities and an extension of the lower extremities. What should the nurse document that the child is experiencing? 752) The nurse is caring for a child with a head injury. The nurse observes decerebrate posturing. What is the nurse's best action? 753) The nurse is monitoring a child with a brain tumor for complications associated with increased intracranial pressure. Which finding, if noted by the nurse, would indicate the presence of diabetes insipidus? 754) The nurse should plan to place a child who had a medulloblastoma brain tumor (infratentorial) removed in which position postoperatively? 755) The nurse is caring for a child who sustained a head injury after falling from a tree. On assessment of the child, the nurse notes the presence of a watery discharge from the child's nose. The nurse should immediately test the discharge for the presence of which substance? 756) The nurse is assigned to care for a child with a brain injury who has a temporal lobe herniation and increasing intracranial pressure. Which signs should the nurse identify as indicative of this type of injury? Select all that apply. 757) The nurse assists a health care provider in performing a lumbar puncture on a 3-year-old child with leukemia in whom central nervous system disease is suspected. In which position will the nurse place the child during this procedure? 758) A school-age child with Down syndrome is brought to the ambulatory care center by the mother. The child has bruising all over the body. To work most effectively with this child, the nurse first addresses which complication associated with Down syndrome? 759) The nurse is assessing a child with increased intracranial pressure. On assessment, the nurse notes that the child is now exhibiting decerebrate posturing. The nurse should modify the client's plan of care based on which interpretation of the client's change? 760) The nurse is caring for an infant with spina bifida (myelomeningocele type) who had the sac on the back containing cerebrospinal fluid, the meninges, and the nerves (gibbus) surgically removed. The nursing plan of care for the postoperative period should include which action to maintain the infant's safety? 761) The nurse is caring for a child diagnosed with Down syndrome. Which explanation of this syndrome should the nurse provide the parents? 762) The nurse is providing home care instructions to the parents of a child with a seizure disorder. Which statement indicates to the nurse that the teaching regarding seizure disorders has been effective? 763) The nurse is assessing for Kernig's sign in a child with a suspected diagnosis of meningitis. Which action should the nurse perform for this test? 764) The nurse notes that an infant with the diagnosis of hydrocephalus has a head that is heavier than that of the average infant. The nurse should determine that special safety precautions are needed when moving the infant with hydrocephalus. Which statement should the nurse plan to include in the discharge teaching with the parents to reflect this safety need? 765) The nurse is performing an admission assessment on a child with a seizure disorder. The nurse is interviewing the child's parents to determine their adjustment to caring for their child, who has a chronic illness. Which statement, if made by the parents, would indicate a need for further teaching? 766) The nurse is assessing a client with fragile X syndrome. The nurse anticipates noting which physical assessment finding? 767) A child is admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of acute bacterial meningitis. In reviewing the health care provider's prescriptions, which would the nurse question as appropriate for a child with this diagnosis? 768) A girl who is playing in the playroom experiences a tonic-clonic seizure. During the seizure, the nurse should take which actions? Select all that apply. 769) The nurse is monitoring an infant for signs of increased intracranial pressure. On assessment of the fontanelles, the nurse notes that the anterior fontanelle bulges when the infant is sleeping. Based on this finding, which is the priority nursing action? 770) The nurse receives a telephone call from the admissions office and is told that a child with acute bacterial meningitis will be admitted to the pediatric unit. The nurse prepares for the child's arrival and plans to implement which type of precautions? 771) The nurse is monitoring a 7-year-old child who sustained a head injury in a motor vehicle crash for signs of increased intracranial pressure (ICP). The nurse should assess the child frequently for which early sign of increased ICP? 772) The nurse caring for an infant with a diagnosis of hydrocephalus should monitor the infant for which sign of increased intracranial pressure? 773) The nurse caring for a child who has sustained a head injury in an automobile crash is monitoring the child for signs of increased intracranial pressure (ICP). For which early sign of increased ICP should the nurse monitor? 774) The nurse is providing instructions to the parents of an infant with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. The nurse should include which instruction? 775) The nurse creates a plan of care for a child with Reye's syndrome. Which priority intervention should the nurse include in the plan of care? 776) The nurse is providing home care instructions to the mother of a child who is recovering from Reye's syndrome. Which instruction should the nurse provide to the mother? 777) The nurse caring for a child with suspected absence seizures is collecting data from the parents on how to manage the disorder. Which statement, if made by the parents, indicates the presence of signs congruent with this disorder? 778) The nurse is reviewing the record of a child with increased intracranial pressure and notes that the child has exhibited signs of decerebrate posturing. Which assessment finding should the nurse expect if this type of posturing is present? 779) Cerebral palsy (CP) is suspected in a child and the parents ask the nurse about the potential warning signs of CP. The nurse should provide which information? Select all that apply. 780) The mother of a 4-year-old child tells the pediatric nurse that the child's abdomen seems to be swollen. During further assessment of subjective data, the mother tells the nurse that the child is eating well and that the activity level of the child is unchanged. The nurse, suspecting the possibility of Wilms' tumor, should avoid which during the physical assessment? 781) The pediatric nurse specialist provides a teaching session to the nursing staff regarding osteosarcoma. Which statement by a member of the nursing staff indicates a need for information? 782) A 13-year-old child is diagnosed with Ewing's sarcoma of the femur. After a course of radiation and chemotherapy, it was decided that leg amputation is necessary. After the amputation, the child becomes very frightened because of aching and cramping felt in the missing limb. Which nursing statement is most appropriate to assist in alleviating the child's fear? 783) A 9-year-old child with leukemia is in remission and has returned to school. The school nurse calls the mother of the child and tells the mother that a classmate has just been diagnosed with chickenpox. The mother immediately calls the clinic nurse because the leukemic child has never had chickenpox. Which is an appropriate response by the clinic nurse to the mother? 784) The nurse instructs the parents of a child with leukemia regarding measures related to monitoring for infection. Which statement, if made by the parent, indicates a need for further instructions? 785) The nurse is caring for a 3-year-old boy with a diagnosis of acute lymphocytic leukemia. The child is crying and complaining that his knees hurt. Which nursing intervention is most appropriate? 786) A 14-year-old child is admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of acute lymphocytic leukemia. She is receiving a combination chemotherapeutic regimen that includes cyclophosphamide. The nurse plans care understanding that which are associated with this medication? Select all that apply. 787) Nursing care of the child with myelosuppression from leukemia or chemotherapeutic agents should include which intervention? 788) The pediatric nurse clinician is discussing the pathophysiology related to childhood leukemia with a class of nursing students. Which statement made by a nursing student indicates a need for further teaching of the pathophysiology of this disease? 789) The nurse is caring for a 9-year-old child with leukemia who is hospitalized for the administration of chemotherapy. The nurse would monitor the child specifically for central nervous system involvement by checking which item? 790) The pediatric nurse assists the health care provider in performing a lumbar puncture on a 3-year-old child with leukemia and suspected central nervous system metastasis. The nurse should place the child in which position for this procedure? 791) In caring for a child diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease. Which oncologic emergency should the nurse be most concerned about? 792) A diagnostic workup is being performed on a 1-year-old child with suspected neuroblastoma. The nurse reviews the results of the diagnostic tests and understands that which finding is most specifically related to this type of tumor? 793) The nurse is collecting data on a 9-year-old child suspected of having a brain tumor. Which question should the nurse ask to elicit data related to the classic symptoms of a brain tumor? 794) The nurse has reviewed the health care provider's prescriptions for a child suspected of a diagnosis of neuroblastoma and is preparing to implement diagnostic procedures that will confirm the diagnosis. What should the nurse expect to do next to assist in confirming the diagnosis? 795) The nurse is asked to prepare for the admission of a child to the pediatric unit with a diagnosis of Wilms' tumor. The nurse is creating a plan of care for the child and should include which intervention in the plan? 796) The nurse is providing home care instructions to the mother of a child receiving radiation therapy. Which statement by the mother indicates a need for further teaching? 797) The nurse is reviewing the record of a 10-year-old child suspected of having Hodgkin's disease. Which characteristic manifestation should the nurse anticipate to be documented in the assessment notes? 798) The nurse is reviewing the laboratory and diagnostic test results of a 5-year-old child scheduled to be seen in the clinic. The nurse notes that the health care provider documented that diagnostic studies revealed the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells. The nurse prepares to assist the health care provider to discuss which initial procedure with the parents? 799) The nurse is monitoring for bleeding in a child following surgery for removal of a brain tumor. The nurse checks the head dressing and notes the presence of dried blood on the back of the dressing. The child is alert and oriented, and the vital signs and neurological signs are stable. Which nursing action is most appropriate initially? 800) A child is scheduled for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The parent of the child asks the nurse about the procedure. The nurse should provide which description about the BMT? 801) The nurse reviews the record of a child who is suspected to have glomerulonephritis and expects to note which finding that is associated with this diagnosis? 802) The nurse performing an admission assessment on a 2-year-old child who has been diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome notes that which most common characteristic is associated with this syndrome? 803) The nurse is planning care for a child with hemolytic-uremic syndrome who has been anuric and will be receiving peritoneal dialysis treatment. The nurse should plan to implement which measure? 804) A 7-year-old child is seen in a clinic, and the primary health care provider documents a diagnosis of primary nocturnal enuresis. Which statement made by the parents indicates understanding of this condition? 805) The nurse provided discharge instructions to the parents of a 2-year-old child who had an orchiopexy to correct cryptorchidism. Which statement by the parents indicates that further teaching is necessary? 806) The nurse is reviewing a treatment plan with the parents of a newborn with hypospadias. Which statement by the parents indicates their understanding of the plan? 807) The nurse is caring for an infant with a diagnosis of bladder exstrophy. To protect the exposed bladder tissue, the nurse should plan which intervention? 808) When collecting the history about a child who presents with signs of glomerulonephritis, the nurse should report which most important finding to the health care provider? 809) The nurse collects a urine specimen preoperatively from a child with epispadias who is scheduled for surgical repair. When analyzing the results of the urinalysis, which should the nurse most likely expect to note? 810) The nurse is performing an assessment on a child admitted to the hospital with a probable diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome. Which assessment findings should the nurse expect to observe? Select all that apply. 811) The nurse is developing a plan of care for a 6-year-old child diagnosed with acute glomerulonephritis. The nurse should include which priority intervention in the plan of care? 812) Which is a priority problem for a child with severe edema caused from nephrotic syndrome? 813) After performing an assessment of an infant with bladder exstrophy, the nurse prepares a plan of care. The nurse identifies which problem as the priority for the infant? 814) The nurse is caring for an infant with cryptorchidism. The nurse anticipates that the most likely diagnostic study to be prescribed would be the one that assesses which item? 815) The nurse is caring for a 7-year-old child with glomerulonephritis and is preparing to discuss the plan of care with the parents. In anticipating this encounter, the nurse recognizes that which is a common reaction of parents to the diagnosis of glomerulonephritis? 816) An 18-month-old child is being discharged after surgical repair of hypospadias. Which postoperative nursing care measure should the nurse stress to the parents as they prepare to take their child home? 817) The parents of a newborn have been told that their child was born with bladder exstrophy, and the parents ask the nurse about this condition. Which explanation, given by the parents, indicates understanding of this condition? 818) The nurse recognizes that clinical manifestations of nephrotic syndrome include which findings? 819) A 4-year-old child with acute glomerulonephritis is admitted to the hospital. The nurse identifies which client problem in the plan of care as the priority? 820) The nurse is reviewing the health care provider's prescriptions for a child hospitalized with nephrotic syndrome. Which food should the nurse tell the unlicensed assistive personnel to remove from the child's food tray? 821) A nursing student caring for a 6-month-old infant is asked to collect a sample for urinalysis from the infant. How should the student collect the specimen? 822) The nurse is collecting data on a child recently diagnosed with glomerulonephritis. Which question to the mother should elicit data associated with the cause of this disease? 823) The nurse is reviewing the record of a child diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome. The nurse should expect to note which finding documented in the child's record? 824) The nurse is planning discharge instructions for the mother of a child following orchiopexy, which was performed on an outpatient basis. Which is a priority in the plan of care? 825) The nurse is assigned to care for a child following surgery to correct cryptorchidism. Which priority action should the nurse include in the plan of care following this type of surgery? 826) The mother of a newborn infant with hypospadias asks the nurse why circumcision cannot be performed. Which is the most appropriate response by the nurse? 827) The nurse is providing discharge instructions to the parents of an infant who underwent surgical repair of bladder exstrophy. The parents ask if the infant will be able to control their bladder as they get older. How should the nurse respond? 828) The nurse is creating a plan of care for a 10-year-old child diagnosed with acute glomerulonephritis. What is the priority nursing intervention? 829) A child is scheduled for a tonsillectomy. The nurse plans care, knowing that which condition would be a priority because it presents the highest risk of aspiration during surgery? 830) A child is scheduled for a tonsillectomy in a day surgical unit. On the day after surgery, the mother calls the surgical unit and expresses concern because the child has a bad mouth odor. Which response is most appropriate? 831) An ambulatory care nurse is preparing a list of instructions for the parents of a child who is being discharged after a tonsillectomy. The nurse should place which instructions on the list? Select all that apply. 832) The nurse in the ambulatory care unit is caring for a child after a tonsillectomy. The child's mother tells the nurse that the child is complaining of a dry throat and would like something to relieve the dryness. Which item should the nurse provide for the mother to give to the child? Yellow noncitrus Jell-O 833) A mother arrives at the hospital emergency department with her child, in whom a diagnosis of epiglottitis is documented. Which prescription, if written by the health care provider, should the nurse question? 834) The student nurse is caring for an infant with a tracheostomy and is preparing to suction the infant. The nursing instructor should intervene if the nursing student stated she would take which action to perform this procedure? 835) Breathing exercises and postural drainage are prescribed for a hospitalized child with cystic fibrosis. What instruction should the nurse include in the client's teaching plan? 836) A school nurse is teaching parents about emergency treatment for epistaxis. Which best action should the nurse take to assist the parents in understanding the emergency treatment? 837) A mother arrives at the clinic with her 3-year-old child. The mother tells the nurse that the child has had a fever and a cough for the past 2 days and that this morning the child began to wheeze. Viral pneumonia is diagnosed. Based on the diagnosis, the nurse anticipates that which will be a component of the treatment plan? 838) The mother of a child with cystic fibrosis (CF) asks the clinic nurse about the disease. What should the nurse tell the mother about CF? 839) A mother calls the health care provider's office requesting an appointment for her 8-year-old child. She states he has asthma and is telling her he had trouble breathing last night and does not want to go to school. In triaging this child, which is the most important question to initially ask the mother? 840) After a tonsillectomy, a child is brought to the pediatric unit. The nurse should appropriately place the child in which position? 841) The nurse is caring for a child following a tonsillectomy. The nurse should reposition the child on return from the operating room if the child is in which position? 842) A pediatric nurse in the ambulatory surgery unit is caring for a child following a tonsillectomy. The child is complaining of a dry throat. Which item should the nurse offer to the child? 843) The nurse is reviewing the health care provider's prescriptions for a child following a tonsillectomy. Which prescription should the nurse question? 844) During clinical conference, a nursing student is discussing care for a child with a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF). Which comment by a student indicates the need for further review of information about CF? 845) The nurse reviews the health record of a 2-year-old child. The health care provider has documented that the results of a tuberculin skin test have indicated an area of induration measuring 5 mm. How should the nurse interpret these results? 846) The nurse has provided instructions to the mother of a child with cystic fibrosis about appropriate dietary measures. Which statement by the mother indicates an understanding of these dietary measures? 847) The nurse is caring for a hospitalized infant with a diagnosis of bronchiolitis. In which position should the nurse place the infant? 848) The nurse is providing instructions to the mother of a child with croup regarding treatment measures if an acute spasmodic episode occurs. Which statement made by the mother indicates a need for further teaching? 849) The nurse employed in an emergency department is monitoring a child diagnosed with epiglottitis. The nurse notes that the child is leaning forward with the chin thrust out. How should the nurse interpret this finding? 850) A nursing student is conducting a clinical conference about measures that assist in preventing sudden infant death syndrome. The student plans to write on a handout that it is best to place an infant in which position for sleep? 851) The nurse is caring for an infant with a diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot. The infant suddenly becomes cyanotic, and the nurse recognizes that the infant is experiencing a hypercyanotic spell (blue or tet spell). The nurse immediately places the infant in what position? 852) The nurse is monitoring an infant with heart failure. Which sign alerts the nurse to suspect fluid accumulation and the need to call the health care provider? 853) A child with a diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot exhibits an increased depth and rate of respirations. On further assessment, the nurse notes increased hypoxemia. The nurse interprets these findings as indicating which situation? 854) The mother of a child being discharged after heart surgery asks the nurse when the child will be able to return to school. Which is the most appropriate response to the mother? 855) A child has been tentatively diagnosed with rheumatic fever. The nurse interprets that this diagnosis is consistent with which laboratory result obtained for this child? 856) A 12-year-old is admitted to the hospital with a low-grade fever and joint pain. Which diagnostic test finding will assist to determine a diagnosis of rheumatic fever? 857) The nurse reviews the laboratory results for a child with rheumatic fever and would expect to note which findings? Select all that apply. 858) Prostaglandin E1 is prescribed for a child with transposition of the great arteries. The mother of the child is a registered nurse and asks the nurse why the child needs the medication. What is the most appropriate response to the mother about the action of the medication? 859) A 1-year-old infant with a diagnosis of heart failure is prescribed digoxin. The nurse takes the apical pulse for 1 minute before administering the medication and obtains a result of 102 beats/minute. What is the nurse's best action? 860) The nurse is assessing a newborn with heart failure before administering the prescribed digoxin. In reviewing the laboratory data, the nurse notes that the newborn has a digoxin blood level of 1.6 ng/mL (2.05 mmol/L) and an apical heart rate of 90 beats/min. The mother also tells the nurse that the newborn just vomited her formula. Which intervention should the nurse take? 861) The nurse is preparing to administer digoxin to an infant with heart failure. Before administering the medication, the nurse double-checks the dose, counts the apical heart rate for 1 full minute, and obtains a rate of 80 beats/minute. Based on this finding, which is the appropriate nursing action? 862) The nurse is creating a plan of care for a child admitted with a diagnosis of Kawasaki disease. In developing the initial plan of care, the nurse should include monitoring the child for signs of which condition? 863) The nurse is reviewing the health care provider's prescriptions for a child with rheumatic fever who is suspected of having a viral infection. The nurse notes that aspirin is prescribed for the child. Which nursing action is most appropriate? 864) The nurse is assigned to care for an infant with tetralogy of Fallot. The mother of the infant calls the nurse to the room because the infant suddenly seems to be having difficulty breathing. The nurse enters the room and notes that the infant is experiencing a hypercyanotic episode. What is the priority action by the nurse? 865) The nurse is caring for an infant with congenital heart disease. Which, if noted in the infant, should alert the nurse to the early development of heart failure? 866) The nurse is caring for a child with a diagnosis of a right-to-left cardiac shunt. On review of the child's record, the nurse should expect to note documentation of which most common assessment finding? 867) The nurse is collecting data on a child with a diagnosis of rheumatic fever. Which question should the nurse initially ask the mother of the child? 868) The nurse is caring for an infant with a diagnosis of congenital heart disease. Which finding, on physical assessment, does the nurse attribute to chronic hypoxia? 869) A child is being discharged from the hospital following heart surgery. Prior to discharge, the nurse reviews the discharge instructions with the mother. Which statement by the mother indicates a need for further teaching? 870) The nurse in the health care clinic receives a telephone call from the mother of a child who reports that an insect has somehow flown into the child's ear. The mother reports that the child is complaining of a buzzing sound in the ear. Which priority instruction should the nurse provide to the mother? 871) A 10-year-old child complains of ear pain that is aggravated by palpation of the auricle. A foul-smelling, tenacious yellow discharge is noted in the ear canal, and the child is diagnosed with acute otitis externa. In providing information to the child and parent, the nurse emphasizes which information? 872) The nurse is providing care to a child admitted for acute otitis media. What is the nurse's priority concern for this child? 873) A 4-year-old child is diagnosed with otitis media. The mother asks the nurse about the causes of this illness. Which risk factors should the nurse include in response to this mother? Select all that apply. 874) The mother arrives at a well-baby clinic with her 1-month-old infant. She expresses concern because one of the infant's eyes appears to be crossed. What is the nurse's best response? 875) The health care provider prescribes patching for a child with strabismus of the right eye, and the nurse instructs the mother regarding this procedure. What should the nurse include in the instructions? 876) The mother of a child who has undergone a myringotomy, with insertion of tympanoplasty tubes, telephones and tells the nurse that the tubes have fallen out. Which is the appropriate response to the mother? 877) The nurse provides discharge instructions to the mother of a child following a myringotomy with insertion of tympanoplasty tubes. Which statement by the mother indicates the need for further teaching? 878) The nurse is providing home care instructions to the mother of a 9-year-old child diagnosed with viral conjunctivitis. Antibiotic eyedrops are prescribed for the child. Which statement by the mother indicates the teaching has been effective? 879) On assessment during a well-baby visit, the nurse notes that a 6-month-old infant has crossed eyes. Which interpretation would the nurse make based on this finding? 880) The nurse is caring for a 2-year-old child with an ear infection who requires the administration of antibiotic eardrops. The nurse observes the mother administering the eardrops to the child. Which observation by the nurse indicates that the mother is performing the procedure correctly? 881) An ambulatory care nurse makes a follow-up telephone call to the mother of a child who underwent a myringotomy with insertion of tympanoplasty tubes on the previous day. The mother of the child tells the nurse that the child is complaining of discomfort. What should the nurse instruct the mother to do? 882) The nurse is assisting in providing an educational session to new mothers regarding the methods that will decrease the risk of recurrent otitis media in infants. Which statement by a mother in the group indicates a need for further teaching? 883) The nurse has a prescription to give eardrops to a 5-year-old child. Which position should the nurse use to pull the pinna of the ear? 884) The parents of a newborn with a cleft lip are concerned and ask the nurse when the lip will be repaired. With which statement should the nurse respond? 885) A 1-year-old child is diagnosed with intussusception, and the mother of the child asks the student nurse to describe the disorder. Which statement by the student nurse indicates correct understanding of this disorder? 886) A 3-year-old child is seen in the health care clinic, and a diagnosis of encopresis is made. The nurse expects to provide teaching about which client problem? 887) A home care nurse instructs the mother of a 5-year-old child with lactose intolerance about dietary measures for her child. The nurse should tell the mother that it is necessary to provide which dietary supplement in the child's diet? 888) The nurse has been assigned to care for a neonate just delivered who has gastroschisis. Which concern should the nurse address in the client's plan of care? 889) The nurse is assigned to care for a child who is scheduled for an appendectomy. Select the prescriptions that the nurse anticipates will be prescribed. Select all that apply. 890) The nurse is developing a plan of care for an infant after surgical intervention for imperforate anus. The nurse should include in the plan that which position is the most appropriate one for the infant in the postoperative period? 891) The nurse is providing discharge instructions to the mother of a child who had a cleft palate repair. Which statement should the nurse make to the mother? 892) A mother brings her 5-week-old infant to the health care clinic and tells the nurse that the child has been vomiting after meals. The mother reports that the vomiting is becoming more frequent and forceful. The nurse suspects pyloric stenosis and asks the mother which assessment question to elicit data specific to this condition? 893) The nurse is caring for an infant after repair of an inguinal hernia. Which of these assessment findings indicates that the surgical repair was effective? 894) After hydrostatic reduction for intussusception, the nurse should expect to observe which client response? 895) The nurse is writing out discharge instructions for the parents of a child diagnosed with celiac disease. The nurse should focus primarily on which aspect of care? 896) Parents bring their child to the emergency department and tell the nurse that the child has been complaining of colicky abdominal pain located in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen. The nurse suspects that the child has which disorder? 897) The nurse is providing instructions to the parents of a child with a hernia regarding measures that will promote reducing the hernia. The nurse determines that the parents understand care for their child if they make which statement 898) An emergency department nurse is performing an assessment on a child with a suspected diagnosis of intussusception. Which assessment question for the parents will elicit the most specific data related to this disorder? 899) The nurse is caring for a newborn infant after surgical intervention for imperforate anus. The nurse should place the infant in which position in the postoperative period? 900) The mother of a child with hepatitis A tells the home care nurse that she is concerned because the child's jaundice seems worse. What is the nurse's best response? 901) The mother of an 18-month-old child tells the clinic nurse that the child has been having some mild diarrhea and describes the child's stools as "mushy." The mother tells the nurse that the child is tolerating fluids and solid foods. The most appropriate suggestion regarding the child's diet would be to give the child which items? 902) The nurse provides home care instructions to the mother of a child who had a cleft palate repair 4 days ago. Which statement by the mother indicates the need for further instruction? 903) The nurse is preparing to care for an infant who has esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula. Surgery is scheduled to be performed in 1 hour. Intravenous fluids have been initiated, and a nasogastric (NG) tube has been inserted by the health care provider. The nurse plans care, knowing that which intervention is of highest priority during this preoperative period? 904) A mother brings her child to the well-child clinic and expresses concern to the nurse because the child has been playing with another child diagnosed with hepatitis. The nurse prepares to perform an assessment on the child, knowing that which finding would be of least concern for hepatitis? 905) A child is diagnosed with Hirschsprung's disease. The nurse is teaching the parents about the cause of the disease. Which statement, if made by the parent, supports that teaching was successful? 906) The parents of a child with a cleft palate are concerned and ask the nurse when the palate will be repaired. The nurse should plan to base the response on which information about cleft palate repair? 907) During a home care visit, an adult client complains of chronic constipation. What should the nurse tell the client to do? 908) The clinic nurse is obtaining data about a child with a diagnosis of lactose intolerance. Which data should the nurse expect to obtain on assessment? 909) The nurse has provided dietary instructions to the mother of a child with celiac disease. The nurse determines that further instruction is needed if the mother states that she will include which food item in the child's nutritional plan? 910) A child is suspected of suffering from intussusception. The nurse should be alert to which clinical manifestation of this condition? 911) The nurse is caring for a 1-year-old child after cleft palate repair. On completion of feeding, the nurse should plan for which appropriate nursing action? 912) The nurse is reviewing the laboratory results for an infant with suspected hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. What should the nurse expect to note as the most likely finding in this infant? 913) A 12-year-old girl is admitted to the hospital with suspected appendicitis. What nursing interventions should be implemented preoperatively? 914) The nurse is reviewing the laboratory test results for an infant suspected of having hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. The nurse should expect to note which value as the most likely laboratory finding in this infant? 915) A preschooler with a history of cleft palate repair comes to the clinic for a routine well-child checkup. To determine if this child is experiencing a long-term effect of cleft palate, which question should the nurse ask? 916) The nurse is preparing an infant for surgery to treat Hirschsprung's disease. Which assessment finding is priority to identify and treat? 917) The nurse is assisting the pediatrician in performing an assessment on a newborn suspected of having imperforate anus. Which finding would be noted in this disorder? 918) A nurse is assessing the status of jaundice in a child with hepatitis. Which anatomical areas will provide the best data regarding the presence of jaundice? Select all that apply. 919) The nurse is reviewing the plan of care for a child with a diagnosis of suspected appendicitis. The nurse would question which intervention if noted in the plan of care? 920) The nurse in the hospital is giving at-home feeding instructions to a family whose child is being discharged after being born with a cleft lip. Which statement by the mother would indicate that further teaching is indicated? 921) An infant is seen in the health care provider's office for complaints of frequent vomiting and spitting up after feedings. Findings indicate that the infant is not gaining weight, and gastroesophageal reflux is suspected. Which would the nurse anticipate being prescribed initially in the care of this child? 922) An infant is seen in the health care provider's office for complaints of projectile vomiting after feeding. Findings indicate that the child is fussy and is gaining weight but seems never to get enough to eat. Pyloric stenosis is suspected. Which prescription would the nurse anticipate having the highest priority in the care of this child? 923) A 2-year-old child with acute diarrhea has been diagnosed with mild dehydration. Which rehydration methods would the nurse expect the health care provider to prescribe? 924) A child admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of gastroenteritis and dehydration weighs 17 pounds 2 ounces (7.8 kg). The parents state that his preadmission weight was 18 pounds 4 ounces (8.3 kg). Based on weight alone, what type of dehydration does the nurse expect? 925) The nurse is initiating nasogastric tube feedings in a child. What is the nurse's best action? 926) The mother of a child with an umbilical hernia calls the clinic and reports to the nurse that the child has been vomiting and is complaining of pain in the abdominal area. Which instruction to the mother is most appropriate? 927) The nurse is reviewing the health care provider's documentation in the record of a child admitted with a diagnosis of intussusception. The nurse expects to note that the health care provider has documented which manifestation? 928) The nurse is preparing to care for a newborn infant following creation of a colostomy for the treatment of imperforate anus. In the immediate postoperative period, the nurse plans to inspect the stoma and expects to note which finding in the colostomy? 929) The nurse is collecting data on an infant with a diagnosis of suspected Hirschsprung's disease. Which question to the mother will most specifically elicit information regarding this disorder? 930) The nurse is caring for a child who was brought to the clinic complaining of severe abdominal pain and is suspected of having acute appendicitis. The child is lying on the examining table, with the knees pulled up toward the chest. What is the priority nursing action? 931) The nurse has provided dietary instructions to the mother of a child with celiac disease. The nurse determines that the mother understands the instructions when the mother states to include which food in the child's diet? 932) The nurse is developing a plan of care for a 5-week-old infant being admitted with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis who is scheduled for pyloromyotomy. In the preoperative period, the nurse should place the infant in which best position? 933) The nurse is preparing a plan of care for an infant who will be returning from the recovery room following the surgical repair of a cleft lip located on the right side of the lip. On return from the recovery room, the nurse should plan to place the infant in which position? 934) The nurse is providing discharge instructions to the mother of a child with herpetic gingivostomatitis. Which response by the mother indicates the need for further teaching? 935) Oral iron supplements are prescribed for a 6-year-old child with iron deficiency anemia. Which beverage is the best option to recommend with iron administration? 936) The pediatric nursing instructor asks a nursing student to prioritize care for a child diagnosed with sickle cell disease. Which student response correctly identifies the priority of care? 937) The nurse is caring for a child with a diagnosis of hemophilia, and hemarthrosis is suspected because the child is complaining of pain in the joints. Which measure should the nurse expect to be prescribed for the child? 938) The home care nurse is providing safety instructions to the mother of a child with hemophilia. Which instruction should the nurse include to promote a safe environment for the child? 939) The nurse on the pediatric unit is caring for a child with hemophilia who has been in a motor vehicle crash. Which assessment finding, if noted in the child, indicates the need for follow-up? 940) The nurse provides instructions regarding home care to the parents of a 3-year-old child hospitalized with hemophilia. Which statement, if made by the parent, indicates a need for further instructions? 941) A child is brought to the emergency department after being accidentally struck in the lower back region with a baseball bat. When gathering assessment data, the nurse discovers that the child has hemophilia. The nurse should immediately assess for which data? 942) A child in whom sickle cell anemia is suspected is seen in a clinic, and laboratory studies are performed. The nurse checks the laboratory results, knowing that which value would be increased in this disease? 943) The pediatric nurse educator provides a teaching session to the nursing staff regarding hemophilia. Which statement regarding this disorder should the nurse plan to include in the discussion? 944) A child arrives at the emergency department with a nosebleed. On assessment, the nurse is told by the mother that the nosebleed began suddenly and for no apparent reason. What is the initial nursing action? 945) A 12-year-old child with newly diagnosed thalassemia is brought to the clinic exhibiting delayed sexual maturation, fatigue, anorexia, pallor, and complaints of headache. The child seems listless and small for age and has frontal bossing. What should the nurse expect to note on review of the results of the laboratory tests? 946) The pediatric nurse educator is providing a teaching session to nursing staff about hemophilia. Which statement should the nurse educator include? 947) An 11-year-old child is admitted to the hospital in vaso-occlusive sickle cell crisis. The nurse plans for which priority treatments in the care of the child? 948) A 2-year-old boy with a diagnosis of hemophilia is admitted to the hospital with bleeding into the joint of the right knee. Which intervention should the nurse plan to implement with this child? 949) A child with sickle cell anemia who is in vaso-occlusive crisis is admitted to the hospital. Which health care provider prescription would assist in reversing the vaso-occlusive crisis? 950) A child with a diagnosis of sickle cell anemia and vaso-occlusive crisis is complaining of severe pain, selecting number 8 on the 1 to 10 pain scale. Which medication would the nurse expect to be prescribed for pain control? 951) The nurse is providing home care instructions to the mother of an infant who has just been found to have hemophilia. The nurse should tell the mother that care of the infant should include which appropriate measure? 952) The nurse is collecting data on a 12-month-old child with iron deficiency anemia. Which finding should the nurse expect to note in this child? 953) Oral iron is prescribed for a child with iron deficiency anemia. The nurse provides instructions to the mother regarding the administration of the iron. The nurse should instruct the mother to administer the medication in which way? 954) The nurse provides instructions to the mother of a child with sickle cell disease. Which statement by the mother indicates a need for further teaching? 955) The nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a child with aplastic anemia and notes that the white blood cell count is 2000 mm3 (2 × 109/L) and that the platelet count is 150,000 mm3 (150 × 109/L). Which intervention should the nurse incorporate into the plan of care? 956) The nursing student is assigned to care for a child with hemophilia. The nursing instructor reviews the plan of care with the student. Which intervention on the student written plan of care requires correction? 957) The nurse is providing instructions to the mother of a 3-year-old child with hemophilia regarding care of the child. Which statement by the mother indicates a need for further teaching? 958) A child is brought to the emergency department after falling from a high swing and landing on the back. The nurse notes that the client also has hemophilia. Based on the client's history and the nature of the injury, which should the nurse assess for first? 959) A child with a diagnosis of sickle cell disease is being admitted for the treatment of vaso-occlusive crisis. The nurse prepares for the admission anticipating which prescription for the child? 960) A nursing student is assigned to care for a child with sickle cell disease (SCD). The nursing instructor asks the student to describe the causative factors related to this disease. Which statement by the student indicates a need for further research? 961) The nurse is caring for a child with hemophilia and is reviewing the results that were sent from the laboratory. Which result should the nurse expect in this child? 962) A child is seen in the health care clinic for complaints of fever. On data collection, the nurse notes that the child is pale, tachycardic, and has petechiae. Aplastic anemia is suspected. The nurse should prepare the child to obtain which specimen that will confirm the diagnosis? 963) The nurse is monitoring the laboratory values of a child with leukemia who is receiving chemotherapy. The nurse prepares to implement bleeding precautions if the child becomes thrombocytopenic and the platelet count is less than how many cells/mm3? 964) A child is admitted to the pediatric unit with a diagnosis of acute stage Kawasaki disease. Which assessment findings by the nurse are characteristic of this disorder? Select all that apply. 965) The student nurse is presenting a clinical conference regarding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in children. Which information should the student include? 966) The nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of studies on a 4-month-old infant and notes that the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody test is positive. How should the nurse interpret this test result? 967) The nurse is caring for a child with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and notes the presence of mouth sores. The nurse provides instructions to the mother regarding maintaining adequate nutritional intake in the child. Which statement by the mother indicates a need for further teaching? 968) The nurse is reviewing the immunization schedule for a child with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection with the mother. Which instruction should the nurse provide to the mother? 969) A CD4+ count has been prescribed for a child with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The nurse has explained to the mother the purpose of the blood test. Which comment by the mother indicates the need for further explanation? 970) The nurse is providing instructions to the mother of a child who has been exposed to human immunodeficiency virus infection. The nurse should include notifying the health care provider if which symptom occurs in the child? 971) A 3-year-old child with human immunodeficiency virus infection is being discharged from the hospital. The nurse is providing discharge instructions to the mother regarding home care and infection control measures. Which statement by the mother indicates a need for further teaching? 972) The nurse is providing instructions to the mother of a child with human immunodeficiency virus infection regarding immunizations. Which statement by the mother indicates an understanding of the immunization schedule? 973) A child was seen in the health care clinic and received an immunization of DPT (diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus) vaccine. One hour later, the mother calls the clinic and tells the nurse that the injection site is painful and red. Which instruction should the nurse provide to the mother? 974) The nurse is preparing to administer an MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine to a 15-month-old child. Before administering the vaccine, which question should the nurse ask the mother of the child? 975) The nurse is caring for a child with a diagnosis of neutropenia. Which nursing interventions are most appropriate for a child placed in protective isolation for neutropenia? Select all that apply. 976) The mother of a preschooler who attends day care calls a clinic nurse and tells the nurse that the child is constantly scratching the perianal area and that the area is irritated. The nurse suspects the possibility of pinworm infection (enterobiasis) and instructs the mother to obtain a rectal specimen by a tape test. At what time should the nurse tell the mother to obtain the specimen? 977) Several children have contracted rubeola (measles) in a local school, and the school nurse conducts a teaching session for the parents of the schoolchildren. Which statement made by a parent indicates a need for further teaching regarding this communicable disease? 978) The nurse provides instructions to the mother of a child with mumps regarding respiratory precautions, and the mother asks the nurse about the length of time required for the respiratory precautions. The nurse should make which statement 979) A mother brings her 6-year-old child to the clinic because the child has developed a rash on the trunk and scalp. The mother reports that the child has had a low-grade fever, has not felt like eating, and has been tired. The child is diagnosed with chickenpox. The mother inquires about the communicable period associated with chickenpox, and the nurse bases the response on which statement? 980) A child diagnosed with scarlet fever is being cared for at home. The home health nurse performs an assessment on the child and checks for which clinical manifestations of this disease? Select all that apply. 981) A child with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is hospitalized for the treatment of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia. The child will be receiving nebulizer treatments at home when discharged. The nurse instructs the mother regarding the maintenance of the nebulizer equipment. What should the nurse tell the mother to do? 982) A 12-month-old child with human immunodeficiency virus infection is currently immunocompromised. The nurse determines that the immunization needs of this child include which action? 983) The nursing student is assigned to administer immunizations to children in a clinic. The student should question whether to administer immunizations to a child with which condition? 984) The nurse is providing anticipatory guidance to the mother of a 10-month-old child. The mother asks how soon her daughter will be able to receive the chickenpox (varicella) vaccine. What is the best nursing response? 985) A child is scheduled to receive immunizations. The child's mother reports to the nurse that the child has been receiving long-term immunosuppressive therapy. The nurse prepares the scheduled immunizations knowing that which vaccine is contraindicated? 986) A child is sent to the school nurse by the teacher. On assessment of the child the nurse notes the presence of a rash. The nurse suspects that the child has erythema infectiosum (fifth disease) based on which assessment finding? 987) An infant is brought to the clinic for his third diphtheria–tetanus toxoid–acellular pertussis vaccination (DTaP). The mother reports that the infant developed a 99.4°F (37.4°C) temperature after the last DTaP. Which action is most appropriate? 988) The nurse should expect to administer the first dose of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine at which age? 989) A school-age child is seen in the health care provider's office for complaints of intense itching mostly at night. The health care provider makes a diagnosis of scabies and prescribes permethrin for treatment of the skin condition. Which at-home instruction should the nurse provide to the mother? 990) A child who is 4 years old is seen for a well-child checkup. He has been regularly receiving immunizations. Which immunizations should the child receive at this visit? Select all that apply. 991) A child seen in the clinic is found to have rubeola (measles), and the mother asks the nurse how to care for the child. The nurse should tell the mother to implement which action? 992) A child is seen in the health care clinic, and the nurse suspects the presence of pinworm infection (enterobiasis). The nurse instructs the mother as to how to obtain a cellophane tape rectal specimen. Which statement by the mother indicates an understanding of the correct procedure to obtain the specimen? 993) An adolescent is seen in the health care clinic with complaints of chronic fatigue. On physical examination, the nurse notes swollen lymph nodes, and laboratory test results indicate the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (mononucleosis). The nurse provides instruction regarding care of the adolescent. Which statement made by the mother indicates an understanding of the care measures? 994) The nurse is caring for a hospitalized child with a diagnosis of measles (rubeola). In preparing to care for the child, which supplies should the nurse bring to the child's room to prevent transmission of the virus? 995) The nurse is caring for a child with a diagnosis of roseola. The nurse provides instructions to the mother regarding prevention of the transmission to siblings and other household members. Which instruction should the nurse provide? 996) A child hospitalized with pertussis is in the convalescent stage, and the nurse is preparing the child for discharge. The nurse has provided instructions to the parents for home care of the child. Which statement by a parent indicates a need for further teaching? 997) A child is seen in a health care clinic, and a diagnosis of chickenpox is confirmed. The mother expresses concern for two other children at home and asks the nurse if the child is infectious to the other children. Which response by the nurse is most appropriate? 998) The nurse is developing a plan of care for a 10-year-old girl with an exacerbation of eczema. Which problem should be addressed in the care for this child? 999) The nurse is providing a yearly summer educational session to parents in a local community. The topic of the session is prevention and treatment measures for poison ivy. The nurse instructs the parents that if the child comes into contact with poison ivy to take which action? 1000) A 2-year-old child is admitted to a hospital burn unit with partial- and full-thickness burns involving 35% of body surface area. After admission assessment and review of the health care provider's prescriptions, the priority nursing intervention should focus on which action? [Show More]

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