2022/2023 BLS CPR Exam Questions and Answers Which pulse check will be used to asses the pulse of the victim for an unresponsive adult victim? - Carotid pulse check Your adult friend suddenly coll... apses at home, and you determine that he needs CPR. You begin CPR, starting with chest compressions, and are about to deliver breaths by using the mouth-to-mouth technique. You open your friend's airway with a head tilt-chin lift. What action should you take next? - Pinch the nose closed and seal your lips around his mouth before delivering a breath When using a pocket mask, the rescuer would be positioned at the side of the victim. Is this statement true or false? - True Yes, when using the pocket mask, the rescuer should be positioned at the side of the victim. You and your colleague respond to an adult male victim and has no pulse, what do you instruct your colleague to do? who is unresponsive. After assessing that the victim is not breathing - Activate the emergency response system and get the AED When should the rescuer operating the AED clear the victim? - During analysis and before shock delivery. 2. After the AED delivers a shock, what should the rescuers do next? - Resume CPR, starting with chest compressions When you are performing high-quality CPR on a child, what is the correct depth of compressions? - About 2 inches If a rescuer is alone and witnessed a child collapse and the child is not breathing and does not have a pulse, what is the next step? - Activate the emergency response system and get the AED In 2-rescuer BLS for a child with unwitnessed cardiac arrest, when does activation of the emergency response system occur, and what is the compression-to-ventilation ratio? - Initially, while getting the AED; 15:2 What are the correct chest compression depths for adult, child, and infant CPR? - At least 2 inches (5 cm) for adult, about 2 inches (5 cm) for child, and about 1 1/2 inches (4 cm) for infant CPR How do you check for a brachial pulse on an infant? - Place 2 or 3 fingers on the inside of the upper arm, midway between the infant's elbow and shoulderWhich rescuer is performing chest compressions correctly on an infant when 2 rescuers are present? - 2 thumb-encircling hands technique For a pediatric victim, if the AED does not include smaller-sized pads designed for children younger than 8 years, what should you do? - Attach the adult pads to the victim's bare chest What are considered to be the resuscitation triangle roles in a high-performance team? - Compressor, Airway, and AED/Monitor/Defibrillator What are the 2 team roles that alternate after every 5 cycles or 2 minutes to avoid fatigue? - Compressor and AED/Monitor/Defibrillator What team role keeps track of interruptions in compressions? - Timer/Recorder What team role makes treatment decisions and provides feedback? - Team Leader The leadership roles within a high-performance team include the team leader and what other 2 roles? - Timer/Recorder and IV/IO/ Medications When providing rescue breaths to an adult victim who has a pulse but is not breathing, what is the correct rate? - Give 1 breath every 5 to 6 seconds, or about 10 to 12 breaths per minute When an advanced airway is in place, what is the correct rate of compressions? - 100 to 120/min with no pause to deliver breaths. Which sign indicates that a person has a severe airway obstruction? - Inability to speak [ Signs of a sever airway obstruction include clutching the throat with the thumb and fingers to make the universal choking sign; inability to speak or cry; poor or no air exchange; weak, ineffective cough or no cough at all; high-pitched noise while inhaling or no noise at all; increased respiratory difficulty; and possible cyanosis (turning blue). How many back slaps and chest thrusts should a rescuer deliver to an infant who is choking and is responsive? - 5 back slaps and 5 chest thrusts [Deliver up to 5 back slaps forcefully between the infant's shoulder blades, using the heel of the hand, delivering each slap with enough force to attempt to remove the obstruction. For choking relief in an infant, the sequence of up to 5 back slaps and up to 5 chest thrusts is repeated until the object is removed or the infant becomes unresponsive. For a responsive infant who is choking, where on the infant's chest should you deliver chest thrusts? - Just below the nipple line, over the lower half of the breastbone[ while keeping the infant's head lower then the chest, the rescuer should deliver up to 5 quick downward chest thrusts in the same location as for the chest compressions: just below the nipple line over the lower half of the breastbone.] While performing high-quality CPR on an adult, what action should you ensure is being accomplished? - Compressing to a depth of at least 2 inches What should you do if you need to use an AED on someone who has been submerged in water? - Pull the victim out of the water, and wipe the chest [ pull victim out of water and quickly wipe before attaching the AED pads ] How can rescuers ensure that they are providing effective breaths when using a bagmask device? - Observing the chest rise with breaths [ squeeze the bag to give breaths (1 second each) while watching for chest rise. Deliver each breath over 1 second, with or without supplementary oxygen. ] What ratio for compressions to breaths should be used for 1-rescuer infant CPR? - 30 compressions to 2 breaths 30:2 What is a consideration when you are using an AED? - on a hairy chest, the pads may not stick and may fail to deliver a shock "members of the team know their boundaries and ask for help before the resuscitation attempt worsens" Match this statement with the most appropriate element of team dynamics listed - Knowing your limitations [every member should know their limitations and the team leader should be aware of them. Each member should ask for assistance and advice early, not when the situation starts to get worse.] A victim with a foreign-body airway obstruction becomes unresponsive. What is your first course of action? - Start CPR, beginning with chest compressions Why is defibrillation important? - It can restore a regular cardiac rhythm [An AED can identify an abnormal heart rhythm that needs a shock. The AED can then deliver a shock that can convert a rhythm back to normal. ] You witness someone suddenly collapse. The person is unresponsive, you hear gasping sounds, and there is no pulse. What should you do next? - Begin CPR; the gasps are not normal breathing[ The gasps described in this question are most likely agonal gasps. Agonal gasps are not considered normal breathing and are a sign of cardiac arrest. High-quality CPR should be started immediately. ] Why is allowing complete chest recoil important when performing high-quality CPR? - The hear will adequately refill between compressions [Allowing complete chest recoil (between compressions) permits blood to flow into the heart. Incomplete chest recoil is inefficient because it reduces the blood flow created by chest compressions. ] How do you perform chest compressions when providing high-quality CPR to a child victim? - By compressing the chest at least one third one t [Show More]
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