*NURSING > Final Exam Review > NR 507 Advanced Pathophysiology Week 8 Final Exam -Chamberlain College of Nursing. 121 Q&A All answe (All)

NR 507 Advanced Pathophysiology Week 8 Final Exam -Chamberlain College of Nursing. 121 Q&A All answers Correct | Verified.

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NR 507 Week 8 Final Exam (Real Questions) 1. Question: What is the major virus … in the development of cervical cancer? 2. Question: Which statement accurately describes childhood asthma? 3. Ques... tion: The ability of the pathogen to invade and multiply in the host is … to as: 4. Question: Obesity creates a greater risk for dehydration in people because: 5. Question: Continued therapy of pernicious anemia (PA) generally lasts how long? 6. Question: Which statement best describes cystic fibrosis? 7. Question: What pulmonary defense mechanism propels a mucous blanket that entraps particles moving toward the oropharynx? 8. Question: As stated in the Frank-Starling law, a direct relationship exists between the _____ of the blood in the heart at the end of diastole and the _____ of contraction during the next systole. 9. Question: The tonic neck reflex observed in a newborn should no longer be obtainable by: 10. Question: Carcinoma refers to abnormal cell proliferation originating from which tissue origin? 11. Question: Which of the following describes how the body compensates for anemia? 12. Question: What term is … a hernial protrusion of a saclike cyst that contains meninges, spinal fluid, and a portion of the spinal cord through a defect in a posterior arch of a vertebra? 13. Question: Chvostek and Trousseau signs indicate which electrolyte imbalance? 14. Question: After sexual transmission of HIV, a person can … infected yet seronegative for how many months? 15. Question: Which hormone prompts increased anxiety, vigilance, and arousal during a stress response? 16. Question: Which blood cells are the chief phagocytes … in the early inflammation process? 17. Question: Where are alveolar macrophages … ? 18. Question: Which normal physiologic change occurs in the aging pulmonary system? 19. Question: An infant diagnosed with a small patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) would likely exhibit which symptom? 20. Question: Hemophilia B is … by a deficiency of which clotting factor? 21. Question: A hypersensitivity reaction that produces an allergic response is … : 22. Question: Which statement is true regarding pain and cancer? 23. Question: What is the anomaly in which the soft bony component of the skull and much of the brain is missing? 24. Question: At birth, which statement is true? 25. Question: What is the most commonly … symptom of cancer treatment? 26. Question: The common property among the three types of medications used to treat depression is that they: 27. Question: Prolonged high environmental temperatures that produce dehydration, decreased plasma volumes, hypotension, decreased cardiac output, and tachycardia cause which disorder of temperature regulation? 28. Question: Congenital aganglionic megacolon (Hirschsprung disease) involves inadequate motility of the colon caused by neural malformation of which nervous system? 29. Question: What type of fracture occurs at a site of a preexisting bone abnormality and is a result of a force that would not normally cause a fracture? 30. Question: What is the leading cause of infertility in women? 31. Question: Alterations in which part of the brain are … to hallucinations, delusions, and thought disorders … with schizophrenia? 32. Question: What is the function of the mucus … by the Bartholin glands? 33. Question: People with gout are at high risk for which co-morbid condition? 34. Question: The tear in a ligament is … to as a: 35. Question: Regarding type 2 diabetes, obesity is … to be what type of risk? 36. Question: Adoption studies have shown that the offspring of an alcoholic parent when raised by nonalcoholic parents have what amount of an increased risk of developing alcoholism? 37. Question: What causes the crystallization within the synovial fluid of the joint affected by gouty arthritis? 38. Question: It is true that Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS): 39. Question: The failure of bones to ossify, resulting in soft bones and skeletal deformity, characterizes which disorder? 40. Question: Which dietary lifestyle choice has … with a decreased risk for developing colon cancer? 41. Question: The sudden apparent arousal in which a child expresses intense fear or another strong emotion while still in a sleep state characterizes which sleep disorder? 42. Question: Which virus is a precursor for developing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical cancer? 43. Question: What anchors articular cartilage to the underlying bone? 44. Question: Which gastric cells secrete hydrochloric acid and intrinsic factor? 45. Question: Which water-soluble vitamin is … by passive diffusion? 46. Question: What is the first sign of puberty in girls? 47. Question: Pinkeye is … by inflammation of which structure? 48. Question: What syndrome, characterized by an absent homologous X chromosome with only a single X chromosome, exhibits features that include a short stature, widely spaced nipples, and webbed neck? 49. Question: A criterion for a … anxiety disorder (GAD) is a period of excessive worrying that lasts for at least how many months? 50. Question: Obesity acts as an important risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus by: 51. Question: Which clinical manifestations would … for a child who has complete trisomy of the twenty-first chromosome? 52. Question: Where is the usual site of cervical dysplasia or cancer in situ? 53. Question: How can glaucoma cause blindness? 54. Question: Parkinson disease is a degenerative disorder of the brain’s: 55. Question: Which pain theory proposes that a balance of impulses conducted from the spinal cord to the higher centers in the central nervous system (CNS) modulates the transmission of pain? 56. Question: Where is oxytocin … ? 57. Question: An insufficient dietary intake of which vitamin can lead to rickets in children? 58. Question: What term is … the condition that exists when the urethral meatus is … on the undersurface of the penis? 59. Question: The most critical aspect in ly diagnosing a seizure disorder and establishing its cause is: 60. Question: Transcription is best … as a process by which: 61. Question: Which person is at the greatest risk for developing delirium? 62. Question: Which hormone is … to an increase in appetite during puberty? 63. Question: Which type of diarrhea results from lactose intolerance? 64. Question: An amniocentesis is … for pregnant women who: 65. Question: Which characteristic is true of type II (white fast-motor) muscle fibers? 66. Question: The mucosal secretions of the cervix secrete which immunoglobulin? 67. Question: Dilation of the ipsilateral pupil, following uncal herniation, is the result of pressure on which cranial nerve (CN)? 68. Question: Which of the following is a lipid-soluble hormone? 69. Question: What is the first indication of nephrotic syndrome in children? 70. Question: The BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations increase the risk of which cancer in women? 71. Question The data reporting that sickle cell disease affects approximately 1 in 600 American blacks is an example of which concept? 72. Question: When a woman’s uterus is … as protruding through the entrance of the vagina to the hymen, which grade of prolapse does this indicate? 73. Question: What is the term that denotes the duration of time or the intensity of pain that a person will endure before outwardly responding? 74. Question: Clinical manifestations that include irregular or heavy bleeding, the passage of large clots, and the depletion of iron stores support which diagnosis? 75. Question: What term describes the loss of the comprehension or production of language? 76. Question: The common hay fever allergy is … through a reaction that is … by which class of immunoglobulins? 77. Question: What is the treatment of choice for pernicious anemia (PA)? 78. Question: Which sexually transmitted infection frequently coexists with gonorrhea? 79. Question: During an infection, why do lymph nodes enlarge and become tender? 80. Question: What is the … mean blood pressure for an 8- to 9-year-old child? 81. Question: Stress-induced sympathetic stimulation of the adrenal medulla causes the secretion of: 82. Question: What is the function of erythrocytes? 83. Question: Where are Kupffer cells … ? 84. Question: Tissue damage caused by the deposition of circulating immune complexes containing an antibody against the host DNA is the cause of which disease? 85. Question: Where are Langerhans cells found? 86. Question: What is the primary cause of the symptoms of polycythemia vera? 87. Question: How is the effectiveness of vitamin B12 therapy measured? 88. Question: Which is an example of an endogenous antigen? 89. Question: Which immunoglobulin is present in blood, saliva, breast milk, and respiratory secretions? 90. Question: Which renal change is found in older adults? 91. Question: What period follows depolarization of the myocardium and represents a period during which no new cardiac potential can be propagated? 92. Question: What is the most common predisposing factor to obstructive sleep apnea in children? 93. Question: Kidney stones in the upper part of the ureter would produce pain referred to which anatomical area? 94. Question: What characteristic do atopic individuals have that make them genetically predisposed to develop allergies? 95. Question: Pressure in the left ventricle must exceed pressure in which structure before the left ventricle can eject blood? 96. Question: How does chest wall compliance in an infant differ from that of an adult? 97. Question: Oxygenated blood flows through which vessel? 98. Question: What type of immunity is produced when an immunoglobulin crosses the placenta? 99. Question: The concentration of the final urine is determined by antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which is secreted by which gland? 100. Question: Exhaustion occurs if stress continues when which stage of the general adaptation syndrome is not successful? 101. Question:When the maternal immune system becomes sensitized against antigens expressed by the fetus, what reaction occurs? 102. Question: What is the basic structural unit in compact bone? 103. Question: Which type of fracture usually occurs in an individual who engages in a new activity that is strenuous and repetitive? 104. Question: Antipsychotic drugs block which neurotransmitter receptor? 105. Question: Which risk factor for hypertension is influenced by genetic factors and lifestyle? 106. Question: When insulin binds its receptors on muscle cells, an increase in glucose uptake by the muscle cells is the result.This is an example of what type of effect by a hormone? 107. Question: Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is released to stimulate thyroid hormone (TH) and is inhibited when plasma levels of TH are adequate.This is an example of: 108. Question: At 2 or 3 weeks of age, an infant who has been well fed and has gained weight begins to vomit for no apparent reason.The vomiting gradually becomes more forceful. These symptoms may be indicative of which disorder? 109. Question: Neurofibrillary tangles characterize which neurologic disorder? 110. Question: What is the target tissue for prolactin-releasing factor? 111. Question: A child with which genetic disorder has a characteristic cry? 112. Question: Which hormone is involved in the regulation of serum calcium levels? 113. Question: The secretion of adrenocorticotropic-stimulating hormone (ACTH) will result in the increased level of which hormone? 114. Question: The major sleep center is located in which section of the brain? 115. Question: What is the second most commonly … genetic cause of mental retardation? 116. Question: A person with 47, XXY karyotype has the genetic disorder resulting in which syndrome? 117. Question: What effect does hyperphosphatemia have on other electrolytes? 118. Question: What term is used to identify an interlacing bundle of dense, white fibrous tissue that is richly supplied with nerves, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels? 119. Question: Open-angle glaucoma occurs because of: 120. Question: Loud snoring, a decrease in oxygen saturation, fragmented sleep, chronic daytime sleepiness, and fatigue are clinical manifestations of which sleep disorder? 121. Questions:What is the most common opportunistic infection associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)? 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