*NURSING > QUESTIONS & ANSWERS > 75 Free NCLEX Questions – (Answered) Exam preview quizes. Rated A+ (All)

75 Free NCLEX Questions – (Answered) Exam preview quizes. Rated A+

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75 Free NCLEX Questions – (Answered) Exam preview quizes. Rated A+ The nurse is taking the health history of a patient being treated for Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis. After being told the pat... ient has been smoking cigarettes for 30 years, the nurse expects to note which assessment finding? 1. Increase in Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) 2. A narrowed chest cavity 3. Clubbed fingers 4. An increased risk of cardiac failure - ✔✔1. Increase in Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) Forced Vital Capacity is the volume of air exhaled from full inhalation to full exhalation. A patient with COPD would have a decrease in FVC. Incorrect. 2. A narrowed chest cavity A patient with COPD often presents with a 'barrel chest,' which is seen as a widened chest cavity. Incorrect. 3. Clubbed fingers - CORRECT Clubbed fingers are a sign of a long-term, or chronic, decrease in oxygen levels. 4. An increased risk of cardiac failure Although a patient with these conditions would indeed be at an increased risk for cardiac failure, this is a potential complication and not an assessment finding. Incorrect. The nurse is taking the health history of a 70-year-old patient being treated for a Duodenal Ulcer. After being told the patient is complaining of epigastric pain, the nurse expects to note which assessment finding? 1. Melena2. Nausea 3. Hernia 4. Hyperthermia - ✔✔1. Melena - CORRECT Melena is the finding that there are traces of blood in the stool which presents as black, tarry feces. This is a common manifestation of Duodenal Ulcers, since the Duodenum is further down the gastric anatomy. 2. Nausea Nausea may be present, but is a generalized symptom and by itself doesn't indicate a Duodenal Ulcer. Incorrect. 3. Hernia A Hernia is a protrusion of a segment of the abdomen through another abdominal structure. It is not associated with an Ulcer and is a condition, not an assessment finding. Incorrect. 4. Hyperthermia Hyperthermia, a high temperature, is not an assessment finding of a Duodenal Ulcer. Incorrect A nurse is providing discharge teaching for a patient with severe Gastroesophogeal Reflux Disease. Which of these statements by the patient indicates a need for more teaching? 1. "I'm going to limit my meals to 2-3 per day to reduce acid secretion." 2. "I'm going to make sure to remain upright after meals and elevate my head when I sleep" 3. "I won't be drinking tea or coffee or eating chocolate any more." 4. "I'm going to start trying to lose some weight." - ✔✔1. "I'm going to limit my meals to 2-3 per day to reduce acid secretion." CORRECT - Large meals increase the volume and pressure in the stomach and delay gastric emptying. It's recommended instead to eat 4-6 small meals a day.2. "I'm going to make sure to remain upright after meals and elevate my head when I sleep" Incorrect - This is a correct verbalization of health promotion for GERD. 3. "I won't be drinking tea or coffee or eating chocolate any more." Incorrect - This is a correct verbalization of health promotion for GERD. 4. "I'm going to start trying to lose some weight." Incorrect - This is a correct verbalization of health promotion for GERD. The nurse in the Emergency Room is treating a patient suspected to have a Peptic Ulcer. On assessing lab results, the nurse finds that the patient's blood pressure is 95/60, pulse is 110 beats per minute, and the patient reports epigastric pain. What is the PRIORITY intervention? 1. Start a large-bore IV in the patient's arm 2. Ask the patient for a stool sample 3. Prepare to insert an NG Tube 4. Administer intramuscular morphine sulphate as ordered - ✔✔1. Start a large-bore IV in the patient's arm CORRECT - The nurse should suspect that the patient is haemorrhaging and will need need a fluid replacement therapy, which requires a large bore IV. 2. Ask the patient for a stool sample Incorrect - While this is useful in the diagnosis and assessment of Peptic Ulcer Disease, it is not the priority intervention. 3. Prepare to insert an NG Tube Incorrect - While this intervention may be used in the later stages of Peptic Ulcer Disease, it is not the first and priority intervention. 4. Administer intramuscular morphine sulphate as orderedIncorrect - While this is an important intervention to manage pain, it is not the priority intervention. A female patient with atrial fibrillation has the following lab results: Hemoglobin of 11 g/dl, a platelet count of 150,000, an INR of 2.5, and potassium of 2.7 mEq/L. Which result is critical and should be reported to the physician immediately? 1. Hemoglobin 11 g/dl 2. Platelet of 150,000 3. INR of 2.5 4. Potassium of 2.7 mEq/L - ✔✔1. Hemoglobin 11 g/dl This is below normal, but a normal female hemoglobin is 12-14. There is a more critical lab result. 2. Platelet of 150,000 This is also below the normal values, but is not the most critical lab result. 3. INR of 2.5 This is a therapeutic range for a patient who is taking an anticoagulant for atrial fibrillation 4. Potassium of 2.7 mEq/L CORRECT - A potassium imbalance for a patient with a history of dysrhythmia can be life-threatening and can lead to cardiac distress. While receiving normal saline infusions to treat a GI bleed, the nurse notes that the patient's lower legs have become edematous and auscultates crackles in the lungs. What should the nurse do first? 1. Stop the saline infusion immediately 2. Notify Physician 3. Elevate the patient's legs 4. Continue the infusion, since these are normal findings - ✔✔1. Stop the saline infusion immediatelyCORRECT - the patient has a fluid volume overload as a result of overly rapid fluid replacement. The nurse should stop the infusion and notify the physician. [Show More]

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