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ATI RN Adult Medical Surgical Online Practice 2019 B / With Rationales/ Latest Update

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A nurse is assessing for compartment syndrome in a client who has a short leg cast. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as a manifestation of this condition? (ANS- Pain that incr... eases with passive movement Rationale: The nurse should identify that a client who has compartment syndrome experiences pain that increases with passive movement. Compartment syndrome results from a decrease in blood flow in the extremity caused by a decrease in the muscle compartment size due to a cast that is too tight. A nurse is providing teaching to a client who has a severe form of stage II Lyme disease. Which of the following statements made by the client reflects an understanding of the teaching? (ANS- My joints ache because I have Lyme disease Rationale: Lyme disease is a vector-borne illness transmitted by the deer tick. The disease course occurs in three stages beginning with joint and muscle pain in stage I. If left untreated, these symptoms continue throughout stage II and, by stage III, become chronic. Other chronic complications include memory problems and fatigue. A nurse is preparing to administer phenytoin 600 mg PO daily to a client. The amount available is oral solution 125 mg/5 mL. How many mL should the nurse administer? (Round the answer to the nearest whole number. Use a leading zero if it applies. Do not use a trailing zero.) (ANS- 24 A nurse is caring for a client who has an arterial line. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? (ANS- place a pressure bag around the flush solution Rationale: The nurse should place a pressure bag around the flush solution of 0.9% sodium chloride because the pressure from an artery is greater than that of the line. An arterial line is not appropriate access for administering antibiotics. The nurse should use the arterial line to obtain arterial blood gas samples and monitor hemodynamic pressures. A nurse is updating the plan of care for a client who is receiving chemotherapy. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as the priority? (ANS- Report of sore throat Rationale: When using the urgent vs. nonurgent approach to client care, the nurse should determine that the priority finding is a report of a sore throat, which could be a manifestation of an infection. The client is at risk for neutropenia due to myelosuppression; therefore, an infection could lead to sepsis. A nurse is reviewing the medical record of a client who has systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? (ANS- Facial butterfly rash Rationale: A butterfly rash is a manifestation of SLE. It appears as a dry, red rash on the client's cheeks and nose and can disappear during times of remission. A nurse is planning care for a client who is postoperative following a parathyroidectomy. Which of the following actions should the nurse identify as the priority? (ANS- Place tracheostomy tray at the bedside Rationale: The priority action the nurse should take when using the airway, breathing, circulation approach to client care is to place a tracheostomy tray at the client's bedside in case of airway obstruction. A nurse is assessing a client who has diabetes insipidus. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? (ANS- Low urine specific gravity [Show More]

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