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Medical surgical ATI proctored exam review 2022

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Medical surgical ATI proctored exam review 2022 What would you do for wound Evisceration ( removal of internal organs) , Emergency management? - Saline cover wound What would you do for an ASTHMA ... emergency management of a bee sting allergies? - Epi Pen Seizures and Epilepsy: Seizure precautions - During a seizure: 1) Position client on the floor 2)Provide a patent airway 3) Turn client to side 4) Loosen restrictive clothing Cancer treatment options: Protective Isolation - If WBC drops below 1,000, place the client in a private room and initiate neutropenic precautions. - Have client remain in his room unless he needs to leave for a diagnostic procedure, in that case transport patient and place a mask on him. - Protect from possible sources of infection (plants, change water in equipment daily) - Have client, staff and visitors perform frequent hand hygiene, restrict ill visitors - Avoid invasive procedures (rectal temps, injections)- Administer (neupogen, neulasta) to stimulate WBC production Infection control: Appropriate room assignment - Standard Precautions: 1. applies to all patients 2. Hand washing a. alcohol based preferred unless hands visually soiled ( then soap and water ) 3. Gloves - when touching anything that has the potential to contaminate. 4. Masks, eye protection & face shields when care may cause splashing or spraying of body fluids Droplet: 1. private room or with someone with same illness 2. masks Airborne: 1. private room 2. masks or respiratory protection devices a. use an N95 respirator for tuberculosis 3. Negative pressure airflow 4. full face protection if splashing or spraying is possible Contact: 1. private room or room with same illness 2. gloves & gowns 3. disposal of infections dressing materials into a single, nonporous bag without touching the outside of the bag TB: Priority action for a client in the emergency department - -Wear an N95 or HEPA respirator-Place client in negative airflow room and implement airborne precautions -use barrier protection when the risk of hand or clothing contamination exists Immunizations: Recommended vaccinations for older adult clients - Adults age 50 or older: - Pneumococcal Vaccine (PPSV) - Influenza vaccine - Herpes Zoster Vaccine - Hepatitis A - Hepatitis B - Meningococcal Vaccine Pulmonary Embolism: Risk factors for DVT - - Long term immobility - Oral contraceptives - Pregnancy - Tobacco use - Hypercoagulabilty - Obesity - Surgery - Heart failure or chronic A-Fib - Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (sickle cell) - Long bone fractures - Advanced age Disorders of the male reproductive system: Complications of continuous irrigation following Transurethral Resection - - Urethral trauma - Urinary retention - Bleeding- Infection Non-modifiable risk factors ( Page 3 ATI ) - 1) Age 2) Gender 3) Genetics 4) Developmental level Modifiable risk factors ( Page 3 ATI ) - 1) Smoking 2) Exercise 3) Health education and awareness 4) Nutrition 5) Sex practices Emergency nursing - Triage - BASED ON ACUITY 1) Emergent- Life threatening situation going on. 2) Urgent - Need to be treated soon but not life threatening. 3) Non urgent- The patient can wait for an extended period of time , without big issues. Mass casualty event - Class 1 - RED TAG - Immediate threat to life Examples: 1) Breathing issues 2) Chest pain 3) Heart attack coming on 4) Airway problem Class II - YELLOW TAG - Major injuries that require immediate treatment but not life threatening.Examples: 1) Major fracture Class III - GREEN TAG - Minor injury that does not require immediate attention. EXAMPLES: 1) Abrasion 2) Laceration Class IV - BLACK TAG - Expected to die EXAMPLES: 1) Penetrating head wound Triage priority setting - 1) Red tag 2) Yellow Tag 3) Green tag 4) Black tag Priorities: general rule - A - Airway - Secure the airway by head tilt , chin lift maneuver unless a fracture in cervical spinal. Brain injury or death in 3 - 5 minutes if airway not patent. B- Breathing - Auscultation of breath sounds, Chest expansion and respiratory effort, Rate and depth of respiration's, Look for chest trauma, Determine tracheal position, Check for jugular vein distension. C- Circulation - Heart rate, BP, Peripheral pulses, Cap refill.D - Disability - Clients level of consciousness with: 1) Glasgow coma scale a) <<< 8 Comatose state b) 3 Client totally unresponsive c) 15 A client within normal limits. E- Exposure - Hypothermia - Patient in cold icy water: 1) Remove wet clothing 2) Provide blankets 3) Increase the temperature of the room 4) Warm IV fluid going into the patient IF patient has had accidental or purposeful poisoning: 1) Activated charcoal 2) Gastric lavage 3) Whole bowel irrigation *** DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING OR SYRUP OF IPECAC Call rapid response team when client is rapidly declining. Cardiac Emergencies - If V fib or ventricular tachycardia you would initiate: 1) Basic life support ( BLS) and CPR 2) Establish IV access 3) Epinephrine is used to get the heart up and moving. Alpha 1 receptors - Activation Causes the skin , mucus membranes and veins to vasoconstrict.Help with: 1) Congestion 2) Superficial bleeding 3) In general help raise blood pressure by constricting the veins. DRUG: Epinephrine:Triggers the Alpha 1 receptors Causing vasoconstriction and increase blood pressure. Epinephrine side effects - Increases blood pressure 1) Hypertensive crisis 2) Dysrhythmia 3) Angina Dopamine side effects - 1) Dysrhythmia 2) Angina Dobutamine side effects - Increased heart rate Beta 1 receptors - Help stimulate the heart Beta I - You have 1 heart Stimulate the heart and increase the heart rate Used for treating: 1) AV block2) Cardiac arrest DRUG: Epinephrine:Triggers the Beta 1 receptors Cause increase heart rate Beta II receptors - Help stimulate the heart and lungs Beta II You have 2 Lungs Causes: 1) Bronchodilation in the lungs 2) Causes uterine smooth muscle to relax 3) Asthma situation DRUG: Epinephrine:Triggers the Beta II receptors Cause bronchodilation and treat Asthma Dopamine - Causes renal blood vessels to dilate. DRUG: Epinephrine: Dopamine receptors and if given a little more Beta I Helps with: 1) Shock [Show More]

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