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AACN Understanding the Essentials of Critical Care Nursing (TEST BANK)

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Chapter 1 What Is Critical Care? 1) Identify who of the following patients suffers from critical illness. A patient: 1. With chronic airflow limitation whose VS are: BP 110/72, P 110, R 16. 2. With ac... ute bronchospasm and whose VS are: BP 100/60, P 124, R 32. 3. Who was involved in a motor vehicle accident whose VS are: BP 124/74, P 74, R 18. 4. On chronic dialysis with no urine output and whose VS are: BP 98/50, P 108, R 12. Answer: 2 Explanation: 1. Acute bronchospasm can present a life-threatening situation, which can jeopardize a patientʹs survival. #1, #3, and #4 are examples of non-life-threatening situations. Nursing Process: Assessment Cognitive Level: Analysis Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation 2. Acute bronchospasm can present a life-threatening situation, which can jeopardize a patientʹs survival. #1, #3, and #4 are examples of non-life-threatening situations. Nursing Process: Assessment Cognitive Level: Analysis Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation 3. Acute bronchospasm can present a life-threatening situation, which can jeopardize a patientʹs survival. #1, #3, and #4 are examples of non-life-threatening situations. Nursing Process: Assessment Cognitive Level: Analysis Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation 4. Acute bronchospasm can present a life-threatening situation, which can jeopardize a patientʹs survival. #1, #3, and #4 are examples of non-life-threatening situations. Nursing Process: Assessment Cognitive Level: Analysis Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation Learning Outcome: 1-1: Define critical care Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) -- CVC 12/3/08 -- Page 1 2) Of the following patients, who should be cared for in a critical care unit? A patient: (Select all that apply.) 1. With an acetaminophen overdose 2. Suffering from acute mental illness 3. With chronic renal failure 4. With acute decompensated heart failure Answer: 1, 4 Explanation: 1. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.) Critical care units are cost-efficient units for caring for patients with specific organ system failure. Although the organ failing in #4 is obvious, patients with acetaminophen overdose often suffer liver failure as a consequence. #2 and #3 present patient concerns of a noncritical nature. Nursing Process: Evaluation Cognitive Level: Analysis Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation 2. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.) Critical care units are cost-efficient units for caring for patients with specific organ system failure. Although the organ failing in #4 is obvious, patients with acetaminophen overdose often suffer liver failure as a consequence. #2 and #3 present patient concerns of a noncritical nature. Nursing Process: Evaluation Cognitive Level: Analysis Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation 3. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.) Critical care units are cost-efficient units for caring for patients with specific organ system failure. Although the organ failing in #4 is obvious, patients with acetaminophen overdose often suffer liver failure as a consequence. #2 and #3 present patient concerns of a noncritical nature. Nursing Process: Evaluation Cognitive Level: Analysis Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation 4. (Note: This requires multiple responses to be correct.) Critical care units are cost-efficient units for caring for patients with specific organ system failure. Although the organ failing in #4 is obvious, patients with acetaminophen overdose often suffer liver failure as a consequence. #2 and #3 present patient concerns of a noncritical nature. Nursing Process: Evaluation Cognitive Level: Analysis Category of Need: Physiological Integrity–Physiological Adaptation Learning Outcome: 1-1: Define critical care Understanding the Ess. of Critical Care Nursing (Perrin) -- CVC 12/3/08 -- Page 2 3) A hospital in a small rural town would be able to provide which level of care in the critical care unit? 1. Level I 2. Level II 3. Level III 4. It is unlikely that the hospital would have a critical care unit Answer: 3 Explanation: 1. #1 and #2 describe more advanced and inclusive critical care abilities; #4 is not likely at all because most hospitals have some critical care areas. Nursing Process: Evaluation Cognitive Level: Application Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care 2. #1 and #2 describe more advanced and inclusive critical care abilities; #4 is not likely at all because most hospitals have some critical care areas. Nursing Process: Evaluation Cognitive Level: Application Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care 3. #1 and #2 describe more advanced and inclusive critical care abilities; #4 is not likely at all because most hospitals have some critical care areas. Nursing Process: Evaluation Cognitive Level: Application Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care 4. #1 and #2 describe more advanced and inclusive critical care abilities; #4 is not likely at all because most hospitals have some critical care areas. Nursing Process: Evaluation Cognitive Level: Application Category of Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment–Management of Care Learning Outcome: 1-2: State the three levels of care provided in critical care units [Show More]

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