Biology > EXAM > A&P 1 101 Module 1 Exam (GRADED A) Questions and Answers-Portage Learning (All)

A&P 1 101 Module 1 Exam (GRADED A) Questions and Answers-Portage Learning

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A&P 1 101 Module 1 Exam (GRADED A) Questions and Answers Whatisthestudyofthefunctionofthehumanbody? Anatomy Physiology Anabolism Catabolism Metabolism Epithelium isanexampleofwha... tleveloforganizationinthehumanbody? Chemical Organ Celular Tisue Organsystem Question3 3/3pts Whatisthesynthesisofmorecomplexsubstances? Anatomy Physiology Anabolism Catabolism Metabolism Listhefourbasictypesoftisues. YourAnswer: Epithelium Muscle Con ective Nervoustisue Epithelium,muscle,connective,andnervoustis ue Listhethre layersoftheskininorderfrom superficialtode p.Themostsuperficialayeroftheskinshouldbe athetopofyourlist.Toreceivecredithelayersmustbeinthisorder. YourAnswer: Epidermis Dermis hypodermis 1.epidermis(outerlayer) 2.dermis(middlelayer) 3.hypodermis(inner,alsocaledsubcutaneoustis uelayer) *MUSTbeinthisorder(toptobottom)toreceivecredit Note:Es ayanswersmustclearlybeinyourownwords. Testosteronecontributestomusclestrengthandbonemas.Baseduponyourlearningofmetabolism,wouldit beconsideredananabolicorcatabolichormone?Explainwhy. YourAnswer: Testosteroneissaidtobeanabolichormonebecauseithelpstoincreasemuscle,bonemas,redblo dcel production. Anabolism meanstocreateabigermoleculefrom smalermolecules. Anabolicbecauseitisbuildingnewtis uesfrom smalercelsandusingenergytodoso. Whatanatomicalorientationterm isusedtoindicate"towardthefrontofthebody"? Superior Inferior Ventral Dorsal Medial Whatanatomicalorientationterm isusedtoindicate"towardtheup erpartofastructure"? Superior Inferior Ventral Dorsal Medial Whatanatomicalorientationterm isusedtoindicate"towardthebodysurface"? YourAnswer: Superficial Superficial Whatanatomicalorientationterm isusedtoindicate"closertothepointofatachmentofalimb"? YourAnswer: Proximal Proximal Youarelo kingatadiagram ofapatientstandinginanatomicalposition.Ontheshetofpapercontainingthe diagram,whichthumbpointstotherightsideofthepaper,rightorleft? YourAnswer: TheLefthumbpointstotherightsideofthepaper Left Arethearmspartoftheaxialorapendicularegionofthebody? YourAnswer: Ap endicularegion Appendicular Apatientisstandingwithhishandcoveringhismouth.Hereturnshishandtohisside,movingintoanatomical position.Whatanatomicalactionterm isbestusedtoindicatethemotionocuringathiselbow? Flexion Extension Elevation Depresion Abduction Whatanatomicalactionterm isusedtoindicate"movementawayfrom midline"? Flexion Extension Elevation Depresion Abduction Describethepositionofthediaphragm inrelationtothethoraciccavityinanatomicalpositionterms.Useaful sentenceforyourdescription. YourAnswer: Therelationtothethoraciccavity,thediaphragm isintheanteriorpositionandseparatesthethoraciccavity. Thediaphragm isinferiortothethoraciccavity. (OR)Thethoraciccavityissuperiortothediaphragm. Whichanatomicalactionisocuringatheelbowjoint,inthedirectionofthearow? YourAnswer: Extension (Elbow)Extension Lokathefigurebelow.Therightfemurismovedinthedirectionofthearow.Whatanatomicalactionterm bestdescribesthismovement? YourAnswer: Abduction Abduction(Thefemurismovingawayfrom midline) Listwoorganscontainedinthepelviccavity. YourAnswer: Rectum Reproductiveorgans Thepelviccavitycontainsthebladder,reproductiveorgansandtherectum TrueorFalse:Thedorsalbodycavitycontainsthecranialcavity,thespinalcavity,andthepelviccavity.Ifyour answerisfalse,rephrasethestatementomakeitatruestatement. YourAnswer: False.Thedorsalcavitycontainsthecranialcavityandthespinalcavityonly False.Thedorsalcavitycontainsthecranialcavityandthespinalcavity. Thebodyisdividedintosuperiorandinferiorsectionsbywhatypeofplane? YourAnswer: Transverseplane Transverseplane horizontalplane Asagitalplanethatliesexactlyinthemidlineisreferedtoaswhatypeofplane? YourAnswer: Medianplane Medianplane midsagitalplane Lokathediagram below.Whatypeofplaneisshown? YourAnswer: Frontal Frontal Coronal Usingtheletersgiven,matchthecelwiththetypeofsolutionithasbe nplacedin: Acelbeginningtoswel CorrectAnswer Hypotonic Aredbloodcelplacedinoceanwater Acelcontaininganequalamountofsoluteasthesolution CorrectAnswer Isotonic Usingtheletersgiven,matcheachmolecule/item withitstypicalmeansofenteringacel.Youwilne dtouse somemeansofentrymorethanonce. Oxygen Bacteria CorrectAnswer Endocytosis Polarmolecules CorrectAnswer Facilitateddiffusion Whichoneofthefolowingisnotrueofactivetransport? Activetransportocursagainstheconcentrationgradient Carierproteinsmoveparticlesfrom greaterconcentrationtoleser Thesodium-potasium pumpisanexample ad itionalenergyisrequiredtodrivethisproces Listhethre organeles,inorder,involvedinthesynthesis,transportandship ingofproteins. ribosomes,roughER,Golgicomplex roughER,Golgicomplex,lysosomes ribosomes,smothER,Golgicomplex roughER,Golgicomplex,vacuole Labelthe5organeleslistedbelow: 3: 4: 5: 7: 8: 3.Nucleolus 4.NuclearEnvelope 5.Mitochondria 7.Lysosome 8.EndoplasmicReticulum (ER) TrueorFalse? a.Celularespirationocursinthemitochondria.(TorF) b.ThepurposeofcelularespirationistoproduceATP.(TorF) c.Integralproteinsareonlyfoundontheinersurfaceofacelmembrane.(TorF) d.Endocytosisistheproces thatocurstoejectbiomacromoleculesfrom thecel.(TorF) e.Pinocytosisusesasignalingmoleculefrom anothercel,bindingtothecelmembranetobringabout changeswithinthecelproteins.(TorF) a.True b.True c.False-(Peripheralproteinsarefoundontheinneroroutersurfaceofthecelmembrane.Integral proteinsspantheentirelengthofthemembrane.) d.False-(Thisproces iscaledexocytosis) e.False-(Thisproces iscaledreceptor-mediatedendocytosisorinformationtransfer) Inyourownwords,discus Tay-Sachsdisease.Whatorganelewithinthecelisimpacted?Whatarethe symptomsofthediseaseandwhydotheyocur? Itisaninheritedmetabolicdisorderwhichsomelipidsacumulateinbrainandcausingspasticityanddeathin children. (1) Lysosomes (2) buildupoftoxiclipidsinsidethecel(biomacromolecules) (3)disabilityanddeath InthegeneticdiseaseknownasTay-Sachs,oneofthenormalypresentdigestiveenzymesinside lysosomesislacking.Thus,atoxiclipidinthebraincelscannotbebrokendown.Theresulting buildupoflipidsinthesecelscancauseintelectualdisabilityanddeath. Youareobservingtwocelsunderthemicroscope.Theyarethesametypeofeukaryoticcelbutoneap ears muchlarger.Basedonap earancealone,whichonewouldyouexpectobecaryingoutrespirationatamore activerate,thelargerorsmalercel?Explainwhy. Thesmalercel.Celsne dtoremainrelativelysmalbecauseasacelexpandstheamountofsurface arearelativetothevolumeoftheceldecreases.Thesmalercelismoreactivebecauserelativetoits volume,itssurfaceareaislargerthanabig ercel.Withalargersurfacearea(relativetoitsvolume) thisalowsthemetabolicproces estooc urfaster. [Show More]

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