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NSG 4060 ATI Comprehensive Practice Test B (2020) – Chamberlain College of Nursing | NSG4060 ATI Comprehensive Practice Test B (2020)

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NSG 4060 ATI Comprehensive Practice Test B (2020) – Chamberlain College of Nursing NSG 4060 Comprehensive ATI Practice B A nurse is assessing a client who received 2 units of packed RBCs 48 hr... s ago. Which of the following findings should indicate to the nurse that the therapy has been effective? Hemoglobin 14.9 g/dL The nurse should identify that packed RBCs a re administered to clients who have a decreased level of hemoglobin or hematocrit. This h emoglobin level is within the expected reference range of 14 to 18 g/dL for males and 12 to 16 g/dL for females, indicating the therapy has been effective. A nurse working in a n emergency department is triaging four clients. Which of the following clients should the nurse recommend for treatment first? A middle adult client who has unstable vital signs. Using the stable vs unstable approach t o client care, the nurse should recommend priority treatment for the client who has u nstable vital signs because this client requires immediate treatment to reduce the risk of further injury o r possible death. A nurse is caring for a c lient who has fluid volume overload. Which of the following tasks should the nurse delegate t o the CNA? Measure the client’s daily weight It is within the CNAs range of function to measure a client’s daily weight, so the nurse should delegate this task to them. A nurse is preparing t o administer mannitol 0.2g/kg IV bolus over 5 min as a test dose to a client who has severe oliguria. The client weighs 198lb. What is t he amount in grams the nurse should administer? 18 g A nurse is conduction a physical examination for an adolescent and is assessing the range of motion of the legs. W hich of the following images indicates the adolescent is abducting the hip joint? In the correct image, the adolescent is abduction the hip joint by moving the leg away from the midline of the body. A nurse is caring for a c lient who has hyperthyroidism. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? Tremors Tremors are a manifestation of hyperthyroidism, along with tachycardia, diaphoresis, weight loss, insomnia, and exophthalmia. A nurse is assessing a school-aged child who has bacterial meningitis. Which of the following findings should the n urse expect? Nuchal rigidity This is a manifestation of bacterial meningitis. A nurse is assessing a newborn’s heart rate. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Auscultate the apical pulse at least 1 min. The nurse should auscultate the apical pulse to obtain an accurate assessment of heart rate and rhythm. Auscultation of a newborn’s heart sounds can be difficult because of the rapid rate and the transmission of respiratory sounds. A nurse is preparing t o assist with a thoracentesis for a client who has pleurisy. The nurse should plan to perform which of the following actions? Instruct the client to avoid coughing during the procedure. It is important for the nurse to remind the client to avoid coughing and to lie still during a thoracentesis to avoid puncturing the pleura. A nurse in the ED is a ssessing a preschooler who has a facial laceration. The nurse should identify which of the f ollowing findings as a potential indication of child sexual abuse? The child exhibits discomfort while walking. The nurse should identify this finding as a potential indication of child sexual abuse. A nurse is preparing t o teach about dietary management to a client who has Crohn’s disease and an enteroenteric f istula. Which of the following nutrients should the nurse instruct the client to decrease in their d iet? Fiber The nurse should instruct the client to consume a low-fiber diet to reduce diarrhea and inflammation. A nurse is caring for a c lient who has a prescription for a continuous passive motion (CPM) machine following a total knee arthroplasty. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Turn off the CPM machine during mealtime. This promotes client comfort and dietary intake. A nurse is preparing t o initiate IV access for an older adult client. Which of the following sites should the nurse select when initiating the IV for the client? Radial vein of the inner arm. This site will have adequate subcutaneous t issue. A nurse is developing a client education program a bout osteoporosis for older adult clients. The nurse should include which of the following variables as a risk factor for osteoporosis? Sedentary lifestyle. This is a risk factor for osteoporosis. The nurse should encourage older adult clients to engage in weight-bearing exercises because t hey will promote bone health by increasing calcium and phosphorus levels. A nurse in an ED is caring for a child who has a fever and fluid-filled vesicles on the trunk and extremities. Which of t he following interventions should the nurse identify as the priority? Initiate transmission-based precautions When using the urgent vs nonurgent approach to client care, the nurse should determine that the priority action is to initiate transmission-based precautions for the child. The child most likely has varicella. Therefore, the nurse should isolate the child to prevent the spread of the infection. A nurse is caring for a c lient who has a clogged percutaneous gastrostomy feeding tube. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? Change the position of the client. When providing client care, the nurse should use the least restrictive intervention first. Therefore, the nurse should reposition the client to remove any kinks in the tube, which can lead to clogging. If this method is unsuccessful, t he nurse should attempt to flush or aspirate the client’s tube to remove the clog. A home health care nurse is developing a teaching plan for a client who has a new ileostomy. Which of the following i nstructions should the nurse include? Empty the appliance when it is one-third t o one-half full. The ileostomy pouch should be emptied when it is o ne-third to one-half full to prevent stool leakage and skin irritation. A nurse is reviewing the laboratory report of a client who has end-stage kidney disease and received hemodialysis 24 yr ago. Which of the following lab values should the nurse report to the provider? Sodium 148 mEq/L The nurse should report this sodium level because it is a bove the expected reference range of 136 to 145 mEq/L, indicating hypernatremia. Clients who have kidney disease often retain sodium and require sodium-restricted diets. A nurse is caring for four clients. Which of the following tasks should the nurse delegate to a CNA? Arrange the lunch tray for a client who has a hip fracture. Assisting a client with meals is within the range of function of the CNA. A nurse is preparing a client for a paracentesis. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Instruct the client to void. The nurse should instruct the client to void prior to the procedure because an empty bladder decreases the risk of a bladder puncture and minimizes the client’s discomfort during the procedure. A nurse has received change of shift report on four assigned clients. For which of the following clients should the nurse intervene to prevent a potential food and medication interaction? A client who is receiving an MAOI and is requesting a cheeseburger for dinner. This client’s food selection contains tyramine. Clients prescribed an MAOI must restrict the intake of foods that contain tyramine due to adverse effects, such as hypertension. A nurse is planning care for a client who has rheumatoid arthritis and has moderate to severe pain in multiple joints. W hich of the following actions should the nurse plan to take? Allow for frequent rest periods throughout the day. The nurse should encourage the client to balance rest with exercise to maintain muscle strength, joint function, and range of motion. A nurse is caring for a c lient who is receiving continuous bladder irrigation following a transurethral resection of the prostate. The client reports bladder spasms, and the nurse observes a decreased u rinary output. Which of the following action should the nurse take? Irrigate the catheter with 0.9% sodium chloride irrigation. Decreased urine output and bladder spasms indicate internal obstruction of the catheter. Therefore, the nurse should irrigate the catheter with 0.9% sodium chloride irrigation and notify the provider if the obstruction does n ot clear. A nurse is assessing a client who has COPD. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? pH 7.31 Respiratory acidosis is an expected finding for a client who has COPD. The expected reference range of pH is 7.35-7.45. A pH level of less than 7.35 indicates acidosis. For a client who has COPD, a decrease in pH w ill be accompanied by an increase in the level of carbon dioxide over the expected reference range of 35 to 45 mm Hg, indicating respiratory acidosis. A nurse in a community center is providing an educational session to a group of clients about ovarian cancer. Which of the following manifestations of ovarian cancer should the nurse include in the teaching? - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- -- -- - - - - - A nurse is preparing t o replace a client’s transdermal fentanyl patch after 72 hours of use. After the nurse opens the packet containing the new patch, the client declines to accept it. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Ask another nurse to witness the disposal of the new patch. Place the med in a secure receptacle, according to agency policy, when disposing of any unused portion of a controlled substance. A nurse is assessing a n older adult client who has pneumonia. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? Acute confusion. Will have acute confusion, fatigue, lethargy, and anorexia. A nurse is providing c lient teaching about the basal body temp method of birth control. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching? “Your body temp might decrease slightly just prior to ovulation.” A decrease of 1° F commonly occurs immediately p rior to ovulation. A nurse manager in a long term facility is having difficulty with staffing for weekend shifts and is planning to implement some changes to the scheduling procedure. Which of the following actions should the nurse manager take first? Form a committee of staff members to investigate current staffing issues. Assess the staffing issue. The first stage o f change is the “unfreezing stage,” in which information is gathered about the problem. The first action the nurse manager should take is to form a committee to investigate the problem. A nurse is preparing t o administer an IM injection to a client who is obese. Which of the following actions should the nurse plan to take? Use the ventrogluteal site. It has a thick area of muscle and contains no large nerves or blood vessels. A hospice nurse is consulting with a client and her family about receiving home services. Which of the following statements should the nurse i dentify as an indication that the family understands home hospice care? “We can expect the hospice nurse to provide support for us after our mother’s death.” Hospice care includes bereavement services a fter a family member’s death. A nurse is caring for a c lient who is receiving positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) via mechanical ventilation. T he nurse should monitor the client for which of the following adverse effects of PEEP? Tension pneumothorax The nurse should identify that tension pneumothorax is a possible adverse effect of PEEP. The nurse should monitor the client’s l ung sounds hourly for indications of a tension pneumothorax, such as tracheal deviation, absent breath sounds, and distended neck veins. A nurse manager is reviewing the client’s r ights with the nurses on the unit. The nurse manager should tell the nurses that informed consent promotes which of the following ethical principles? Autonomy Autonomy refers to a client’s ability to make their own decisions about treatment. Informed consent promotes autonomy by providing clients with complete information about treatment. A nurse preceptor is evaluating the performance of a newly l icensed nurse. Which of the following actions by the n ewly licensed nurse requires intervention by the preceptor? Starts a task then determine what supplies a re needed. The preceptor should intervene and instruct the newly licensed nurse to gather supplies before performing client tasks to practice effective time management. A nurse manager is preparing an educational session about advocacy for a group of nurses. The nurse manager s hould include which of the following i nformation in the teaching? Advocacy is a leadership role that helps others to self-actualize. The nurse manager should teach that advocacy is a leadership role that can help others to grow personally and professionally through self-actualization. A nurse is admitting a client who has pneumonia. The nurse should initiate which of the following isolation precautions for the client? Droplet The nurse should initiate droplet precautions for this client by placing the client in a private room and wearing a surgical mask when caring for the client. Pneumonia is transmitted by droplet particles. A nurse has just received change of shift report on four clients. Which of the following clients should the nurse assess first? A client who is postoperative with abdominal distention and no bowel sounds. Using the acute vs chronic approach to client care, the nurse should first assess the client who is postoperative with abdominal distention and no bowel sounds because these manifestations are an indication of paralytic i leus. During a change of shift report, a night shift nurse informs the day shift nurse that a newly admitted client was d isoriented and combative during the night. Which of the following actions should the day shift nurse take? Move the client to a room near the nurses’ station. The day shift nurse should move the client to a room near the nurses’ station to enhance the staff’s ability to keep the client under frequent observation. A nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a toddler who has hemophilia A. Which of the aPTT values should the nurse expect? 45 seconds This value is above the expected reference r ange of 30-40 seconds and indicates a risk for spontaneous bleeding, which is a manifestation of hemophilia A. A nurse is planning care for a client who has rheumatoid arthritis. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan? Increase the client’s dietary iron intake. Clients who have rheumatoid arthritis require foods h igh in protein, vitamins, and iron to promote tissue repair. The nurse should encourage the client to increase their intake of dietary iron. A nurse is an outpatient mental health facility i s assessing a child who has autism spectrum disorder. Which of t he following manifestations should the nurse expect? Strict adherence to routines The nurse should identify that a child who has autism spectrum disorder can exhibit strict adherence to routines or rituals, a fixation to specific objects, and resistance to change. A nurse is caring for a c lient who had a stroke 6 hr ago. Which of the following interventions should the nurse implement to reduce the risk of increased intracranial pressure (ICP)? Place the client in a quiet environment. The nurse should keep the client’s environment quiet to minimize the risk of increasing ICP. [Show More]

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