Education > EXAM > Chapter 20 - Head and Neck Vessels - Quiz| Nursing 112 |2019- Graded-A-COASTAL ALABAMA COMMUNITY COL (All)

Chapter 20 - Head and Neck Vessels - Quiz| Nursing 112 |2019- Graded-A-COASTAL ALABAMA COMMUNITY COLLEGE

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Jarvis Chapter 20 - Head and Neck Vessels Sat Sep 07 11:51:10 PDT 2019 Chapter 20 - Head and Neck Vessels - Quiz Nursing 112 COASTAL ALABAMA COMMUNITY COLLEGE ________ disease is the most com... mon underlying cause of death globally. _______ is defined as the temporary loss of consciousness, or passing out. Jugular ____________ may suggest that there is some sort of back up into the heart. Visually check the jugular to make sure that they are not __________ or gorged. When assessing the neck, assess the _________ veins and the _________ arteries. When palpating the ___________ arteries, do not palpate on both sides at the same time. When palpating the jugular veins and the carotid arteries, you are palpating for ___________ and ______________ of pressure/rate and rhythm. You can auscultate the ___________ for a swishing sound, or burit. ___ to ___ L of blood are pumped per minute throughout the body. SA The ___ node is also known as the pacemaker, because it keeps up the rate of blood being pumped throughout the body. An ECG is also termed/labeled as a _____. P wave- atrial depolarization (contraction) QRS complex- ventricular depolarization (contraction) T wave- ventricular repolarization (relaxation) S1 heart sound is a low frequency sound, occurring at the beginning of systole. S1 can be best heard over the apex, using a stethoscope's bell or diaphragm. The first heart sound is caused by turbulence created when the mitral and tricuspid values close. S1 can be described as sounding like "lub" The S2 heart sound is created by the closing of the aortic valve followed by the closing of the pulmonic valve. The second heart sound occurs at the end of systole (ventricular contraction) and also marks the beginning of diastole. S2 can be described as sounding like "dup". The third heart sound (S3) is a low-frequency, brief vibration occurring in early diastole at the end of the rapid diastolic filling period of the right or left ventricle. Synonymous terms include: ventricular gallop, early diastolic gallop, ventricular filling sound, and protodiastolic gallop; can be an early sign/suggest heart failure; can often be described as sounding like "pa". Example: "Lub-Dup(pa)" Precordium Auscultation: Areas Associated with Valves -Identify auscultatory areas associated with valves. -Sound radiates with blood flow direction; valve areas are: -Second right interspace: aortic valve area -Second left interspace: pulmonic valve area -Left lower sternal border: tricuspid valve area -Fifth interspace at around left midclavicular line: mitral valve area-Note rate and rhythm: describe characteristics -Identify S1 and S2. -Listen for extra heart sounds: describe characteristics. -Listen for murmurs: Timing, loudness, pitch, pattern, quality, location, radiation posture and change of position. You need to be able to really listen to determine if there are any ________ in each heart sound, as well as the rhythm. Summary Checklist: Heart and Neck Vessels Examination -Neck: -Precordium: Inspection and palpation - Auscultation *Ask yourself: Is the carotid/jugular distended or not?* [Show More]

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