Education > Study Guide > Chamberlain College of Nursing - NURSING MS NR5093P Study Guide Year 2019.NR 509 APEA 3P Final Exam (All)
NR 509 APEA 3P Final Exam Study Guide – Question with Answers ANA is will be seen in which diseases? pANCA titer with (-) ASCA IgG ACUTE Chest pain Cupping of t... he disk ACUTE Chest pain Degree heart block ACUTE Chest pain Difficult with vision at night Extreme Pain Severe HTN 1st Degree BUR 2-degree heart block (Mobitz 2) 2-degrees heart block (Mobitz1/Weckenback): 2nd Degree BURN 3-degree heart block: 3 “H” to avoid in Increased ICP 3rd Degree BURN: 4 “Ps” in Spinal Chord Injury (6) Most common causes for CVA? 50% Nephron loss; Cr level inc by 2X: 75% Nephron loss; Azotemia 90% Nephron loss; Azotemia Abdominal X-ray with flat and upright views ADA guideline for diagnosis of DM include what? Addison’s Disease Triad: Adult learning theory After tx for H. Pylori, what should pt be on? and why? Agnosia Alzheimer’s disease definition Amaurosis fugax The American Association of Gerontology highlights which (4) concepts? Anemia with Dec Alpha & Beta Hgb chain? Anemia with LOW MCV, LOW MCHC LOW iron and HI TIBC? Anemia with LOW MCV, LOW MCHC Anemia with blood hyperviscosity NL Iron and NL TIBC? Anemia with NL MCV, NL MCHC LOW IRON; LOW TIBC? Anemia with Pica cravings Anti-HCV; HCV RNA Anti-IF (intrinsic factor) Ab Test Anti-parietal cell Ab Test Antiphospholipid Antibody (+) Aortic Regurgitation Aortic Stenosis Aphasia Apraxia Ataxia Autonomic Dysreflexia Cause Avulsion fracture Beck’s Triad Biological programing theory Brown-Sequard Syndrome C4 and above Spinal Chord Injury C4 – T1 control what? Carotid TIA Causes for Changes in Behavior Causes for Post-renal AKI Cellulose Acetate & Citrate Agar Gel electrophoresis is used for what? Cerebral Perfusion Pressure (CPP) equation Chest-tube placement Classes of Leukemia Cockcroft-Gault Equation: Conditions with NL MCV: Consyntropin Test Contraindication med for corneal abrasion Con’t s/s OR (+) sputum smears for 3 consecutive months indicate what? C/O severe epigastric pain w/o guarding and rebound tenderness; relieved by sitting & leaning forward; worsens by lying down and walking is indicative of what disease? Criteria for Dialysis: Criteria for Statin Therapy Cross-linkage theory CURB65 Cushing’s Disease Triad Cushing’s Triad (Not disease) CVA Classification CXR in Asthmatic pt Decreased DLCO on PFTs indicate what? Definitive test to distinguish b/t different types of Angina?: Depression Treatment length in ELDERLY Dessopressin Challenge Test Diagnostic Labs for PE Diagnostic test for Glaucoma; Recommended at age 40 Diagnostic tools for CVA Diagnostic tools for TIA DIC LABS – KNOW! Disease characterized by numbness, weakness, loss of muscle coordination, problems with what, and progressive loss of bladder control? Dislocation Disruption of transmission of sympathetic impulses cause unopposed parasympathetic impulses which leads to loss of motor tone – massive vasodilation Dx of choice for Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD): Dysarthria .Dysphagia Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA) method 90. Erikson (4) Stages of development Error Theory: Error in RNA changes in DNA. Exaggerated autonomic response to a stimulus like bladder constriction, or bowel extension, hot/cold, tight clothing.: Excessive mucous production that occur in ≥3 months in 2 years of coughing Exudate Pleural effusion characteristics: Fasciotomy indication FEV1 in COPD/Emphysema FEV 25-75 98. FEVER in ELDERLY Fibrinolytic Therapy for MI Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 sec (FEV1) Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) definition Free radical theory FRV & RV in COPD/Emphysema .Goal ICP in CVA Goal MAP in CVA Guillain-Barre Syndrome Definition HCO3- in COPD/Emphysema Hemorrhagic CVA S/S How is FiO2 determined on Mechanical Ventilation? How is Multiple Sclerosis diagnosed? HIDA Scan How is OPTIMAL CPP achieved? How will patients with Guillain Barre Syndrome present? 114. Hypernatremia: 115. Hyponatremia Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) or Sarcoidosis DLCO In ACUTE DKA what is the 1st thing you need to do? Immunity Theory of Aging In any GI make sure to always order this 1st! In a TPN/PPN soln, how is CALCIUM NEVER given as? Indication for HOSPITALIZATION for asthmatic patients: Infarct CVA S/S Inflammation that extends through the full thickness of the bowel wall Inhaled Anticholinergic is the main treatment for this disease In patients with S3 – Fluid overload, what is the treatment goal? Intermittent segments of erosion in the small bowel and colon In the eye arteries brighter or dimmer than vein? In the fluid resuscitation stage of DKA, how should fluid be given? Intubation parameters 130. Kentucky is associated with what disease? Key Ventilator MODE SETTINGS Lab findings in RA patients Labs / DX for Endocarditis Labs/Dx to order for DVT Labs/Dx to order for Peripheral Vascular Dis (PVD) Labs for Diverticulitis Labs for Grave’s Disease 138. Labs for Intra-renal Disease Leading cause of In-Hospital DEATHS LEFT Side (Dominant ) CVA Left-side infarct results Mode of Ventilation = Control Mode of Ventilation = Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) Mitral Regurgitation Mode of Ventilation = Assist Control (AC) Mode of Ventilation = Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Mitral Stenosis: Mode of Ventilation = Pressure Support (PS) Mode of Ventilation = Synchronized Intermittent Mandatory Vent (SIMV / IMV) Monthly sputum smear indication Most definitive test for Chlamydia? Multiple Sclerosis definition? Myasthenia Gravis definition? Myerson’s sign Neuro disease with nystagmus? Neuro disease with unilateral ptosis? Neurogenic Shock cause Night sweat and wt loss is commonly seen with what diseases? NL Temperature on ELDERLY No. 1 cause for Acute Pancreatitis? Non-pharmacologic Tx for HF 162. NP role in Palliative Care Nutritional Restriction Theory Obesity Scoliosis Neuromuscular diseases (MG or MS) Obstruction with hyperinflation and decreased DLCO (CO does not diffuse bc body is holding on to it ) 166. Obstruction with hyperinflation and normal (or sometimes increased) DLCO Obstruction with normal lung volumes and normal DLCO ORArL 2,3 RWD Oxygen therapy in the COPD population PaCO2 in COPD/Emphysema Painful lesions in presence of HSV infection Papanicolaou or Tzank stain Parkland’s formula174. Peak Flow Meter: Percussion for Asthma and bronchitis pts Percussion for COPD/Emphysema pts? Pharmacologic Tx for HF Physical Exam for Pericarditis Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is used for what? Radiopaque spots on Abdominal X-ray Ranson’s Criteria Risks Red flag for mal-nutrition in ELDERLY: Wt loss < 5lbs in 1 month Reed Sternberg is hallmark sign of what Lymphoma? Residual volume (RV) in ELDERLY RIBA assay is used for what? RIGHT Side (Non-dominant ) CVA) Risk Factor for Seizures Risk factors for Delirium S1 and below injury will result in what? Schilling Test S/E of NSAIDs Seroconversion process in HIV patients Sleep Apnea definition Sodium Fluorescein stain S/S for severe hypovolemia S/S of Compartment Syndrome 198. S/S of Endocarditis 199. S/S of Pericarditis S/S of SLE Stage of Syphillis Style of Grandparenting Sublexation SUUS in DI SUUS in SIADH Treatment for open angle Glaucoma (chronic) Treatment for open fractures Systematic Approach to Reading 12-lead EKG: Systemic Lupus Erythematous (SLE) pathology T1 and below injury will result in what? nr 509 apea 3p T2 – L2 control what? Tale-tale EKG sign of Pericarditis: 211. Tennessee is associated with what disease?: Stiffening heart: Tensilon test Tests for Pheochromocytoma? Treatment for Acute Abdomen Treatment for Alzheimer’s disease Thayer-Martin Media TIA Classification Treatment for PE Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Tidal Volume definition on Mechanical Ventilation Treatment for Myasthenia Gravis Treatment for Osteoarthritis (OA) Tx for Pulmonary Edema Tx for Septic Shock TLC in COPD/Emphysema Tx for Endocarditis Tx for HTN Emergency? Treatment for ARDS Tx for Anaphylaxis Shock: 1) Maintain Airway nr 509 apea 3p What is a sign of (epidural) expanding intracranial hematoma? What is CPP? Tx for Hypovolemic Shock To differentiate between different obstructive or restrictive diseases, check Tx for Cardiogenic Shock Tx for Chronic Venous Insf (CVI) What are the (4) components in the MMSE? What does George Washington Got Lazy After He Broke CABE stand for? Treatment for closed angle Glaucoma (Acute) nr 509 apea 3p Tx for Pericarditis Tx for Peripheral Vasc Dis (PVD) What should you screen for before starting someone on a Thiazide? What s/s differentiates Folic Acid anemia from Pernicious (B12) anemia? Treatment for corneal abrasion What are the common Bacteria that cause Meningitis? What are the MODES of Ventilations? Tx for MI / ACS What med should be used for systolic Disfx after an MI? What two conditions will you see Pulsus Paradoxus? Tx for Neurogenic Shock Total Lung Capacity (TLC) in ELDERLYl nr 509 apea 3p Treatment for SLE What PFT changes are expected after inhaled bronchodilator for ASTHMA pts? What PFT changes are expected after inhaled bronchodilator for COPD pts? Tx for Parkinson’s disease What is the Hallmark sign of ARDS? What labs need to be monitored in pts receiving TPN? Treponemal test for Syphillis What is the treatment for Guillain Barre Syndrome? What is the typical cause for Guillain Barre Syndrome? Triple H Therapy in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: What are the two (2) types of ventilator? What disease will have antibodies to own systems Tx for Superficial vein thrombosis What is the diagnostic exam for Pancreatitis? What is the diagnostic lab for Giant Cell Arteritis? Tx of Cardiac Tampanade What are some common s/s of Meningitis? What are some supportive measures to prevent increase ICP? Types of glaucoma What is seen in CSF of Meningitis? nr 509 apea 3p What is the diagnostic exam for Cholecystitis? VDRL / RPR test What imaging tool is better at showing ischemia infarct in TIA? What is a serious S/E of Aminoglycoside? Vertebrobasilar TIA Viral culture What are some common OBSTRUCTIVE Lung diseases? What are some common RESTRICTIVE Lung diseases? When is Carotid endarectomy indicated? When is fibrinolytic indicated in CVA? Vital Capacity (VC) in ELDERLY Wear and Tear Theory nr 509 apea 3p Weekly sputum smear X 6 weeks indication What HTN med is best for Renal patients? When is TPN need? When transitioning IV to SQ insulin, how would you prevent recurrent hyperglycemia? What neuro disease will have antibodies to ACh in the blood work? What procedure has been proven to be effective in TIA population in decreasing stroke and death? Which Lymphoma occur at older age, present with cervical adenopathy, and is predictable?: Why should an EDG be ordered for pts with GERD?: To R/O Barret’s Esophagus What will diseases that end in “-itis” present with? nr 509 apea 3p When is LP ABSOLUTELY CONTRAINDICATED in CVA? What will patients with Myasthenia Gravis present with? With any neuro changes, what do you need to check? What does increase C-Reactive Protein (CRP) lab mean in Pancreatitis? What exam will confirm presence of Renal Stones? [Show More]
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