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RELIASED NURSING SURGICAL TEST QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS LATEST 2023

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RELIASED NURSING SURGICAL TEST QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS LATEST 2023 What is the current recommended dose of intravenous or intraosseous epinephrine in adult patients with cardiac arrest? 10 mg every 10... minutes 1 mg every 3-5 minutes 1 mg every 7 minutes 0.1 mg every 2 minutes ✔✔ 1 mg every 3-5 minutes A patient with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is MOST likely to suffer from what condition? Diabetes mellitus Cerebral palsy Diabetes Insipidus Myxedema coma ✔✔ Diabetes Insipidus A patient presents after sustaining a roll-over motor vehicle accident. They are complaining of pain around the mid-upper back. On your initial triage assessment, you find that patient has preserved motor function below L5 but is suffering from a loss of sensory function. The assessment findings are consistent with: Posterior cord syndrome Central cord syndrome Anterior cord syndrome Autonomic syndrome ✔✔ Posterior cord syndrome A patient arrives with acute onset of central chest pain. The patient is tachycardic and tachypneic and appears very anxious and restless. What would be the MOST important initial intervention for this patient? Obtain electrocardiogram Administer nitroglycerin Administer oxygen Obtain venous blood gas ✔✔ IDK, but its not administer nitroglycerin or obtain electrocardiogram!! A patient who is 27 weeks pregnant presents with painless bright red vaginal bleeding. What condition correlates with the presenting symptoms? Abruptio placenta Placenta Previa Ectopic pregnancy Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) ✔✔ Placenta Previa What is a common assessment finding in a patient with a tension pneumothorax? Petechial chest rash Distended neck veins Equal chest wall expansion Flattened neck veins ✔✔ Distended Neck Veins A patient presents with a two-day history of fever, cough, mild shortness of breath (SOB), sore throat, myalgia, and new onset of loss of taste and smell. What is the patient MOST likely suffering from? Giardia Microsporidia COVID 19 Tuberculosis ✔✔ COVID 19 The deficiency of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) can lead to what endocrine disorders? Diabetes Insipidus Diabetes Mellitus Adrenal Insufficiency Syndrome of inappropriate secretion of ADH (SIADH) ✔✔ Diabetes Insipidus A patient presents after an intentional overdose of propranolol approximately 2 hours ago. The patient has severe hypotension and bradycardia. IV fluids and vasopressors are initiated. What nursing assessment findings indicate the treatment has been effective? Decreasing pulse pressure Decreasing central venous pressure Increasing serum glucose Increasing serum cortisol ✔✔ Increasing serum glucose A patient presents with acute onset of chest pain and goes into cardiac arrest immediately upon arrival. What is a possible reversible cause of cardiac arrest? Hypervolemia Alkalosis Hyperthermia Tension Pneumothorax ✔✔ Tension Pneumothorax Which of the following represent categories utilized to triage patients during a mass casualty incident (MCI)? Green, orange, black, purple Green, blue, red, black Red, black, pink, yellow Green, yellow, red, black ✔✔ Green, yellow, red, black A 22-year old female who is 8 weeks pregnant presents with a sudden onset of left lower abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding. The patient's family member stated that she had a syncopal episode shortly after that. What is the MOST likely diagnosis for her? Ruptured appendix Placenta previa Abruptio placenta Ruptured ectopic pregnancy ✔✔ Ruptured ectopic pregnancy A patient with a history of chronic alcohol use is brought in with possible esophageal varices. What medication is used to stop upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in patients with this condition? Octreotide (Sandostatin®) Acetaminophen (Tylenol®) Warfarin (Jantoven®) Ibuprofen (Motrin®) ✔✔ Octreotide (Sandostatin) A patient has sustained multiple traumatic injuries after a fall from a height. What is considered an important component of the primary survey assessment? Complete set of vital signs Neurological assessment Head to toe assessment Patients allergy history ✔✔ Neurological Assessment What do you anticipate is the BEST indicator of adequate hydration in an adult patient with 30% body surface area burn during initial fluid resuscitation? Blood pressure of 110/60 mm Hg Urine output of 0.5 mL/kg/hr Central venous pressure of 25 mm Hg Urine output of 0.2 mL/kg/hr ✔✔ Urine output 0.5mL/kg/hr What staff member would you ask to accompany you when transporting an intubated patient to imaging for a CT? Lift team Respiratory therapist Physician's assistant Nursing assistant ✔✔ RT An elderly patient is brought in with new onset of confusion and gradual onset of headache in the last 48hours. The patient states that they had a fall 3 days ago. Based on the history and presenting complaints, what diagnostic test do you anticipate the provider to order? MRI of the brain Complete Blood Count Finger stick blood sugar CT scan of the brain ✔✔ CT scan of the brain A patient arrives with suspected appendicitis. What action, if observed, would require additional training for the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)? The UAP offers the patient a ginger ale. The UAP allows the patient to move to a position of comfort. The UAP helps the patient with a bedpan. [Show More]

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