*NURSING > QUESTIONS & ANSWERS > Straighterline - PHARM 101exam 1 (All)

Straighterline - PHARM 101exam 1

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Straighterline - PHARM 101exam 1 Which of the following statements is true of drug nomenclature? Select one: a. The nonproprietary name of a drug is usually a contraction of its chemical name. ... b. The proprietary name of a drug is more commonly referred to as the generic name. c. A drug can have several different generic names. d. The name under which a drug is marketed is known as its nonproprietary name. Question text David is analyzing the drug-response relationships of two different drugs, drug A and drug B. Drug A and drug B belong to the same class of drugs. During his study, David discovers that drug A produces the ceiling effect at a much lower dosage than drug B. What does this imply? Select one: a. Drug B is more potent than drug A. b. Drug A is more potent than drug B. c. The effective dose 50 (ED50) of drug B is lower than the ED50 of drug A. d. Drug dosage and drug response are independent of each other. Question 3 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text Drugs that bind to specific receptors and produce a drug action are called _____. Select one: a. repressors b. antagonists c. agonists d. modulators Feedback Question 4 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text _____ is a measure of the strength, or concentration, of a drug required to produce a specific effect. Select one: a. Toxicity b. Affinity c. Potency d. Bioavailability Feedback Question 5 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text Which of the following statements is true of toxicity? Select one: a. Toxic effects refer to those effects triggered by drugs that are undesirable but not harmful. b. The toxic effects of a drug can be life-threatening. c. The toxic effects of a drug can be controlled by increasing the dosage of the drug. d. Patients are often advised to tolerate the toxicity of a drug in order to benefit from the drug's therapeutic actions. Feedback Question 6 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text Which of the following would not be considered a dose-dependent adverse effect of a drug? Select one: a. Nausea b. Liver damage c. Kidney damage d. Idiosyncrasy Feedback Question 7 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text In the context of the drug schedules defined in the Federal Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act, identify an accurate statement about schedule I drugs. Select one: a. These drugs are prescribed by physicians for a narrow range of medical conditions. b. These drugs have a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use. c. This category of drugs includes narcotics such as morphine and pure codeine. d. These drugs have a very low potential for abuse and are widely used in medical treatment. Feedback Question 8 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text A patient is instructed to take two tablets orally on the first day and then take one tablet orally daily for the next four days. Select the term that refers to the instruction to take two tablets by mouth on the first day. Select one: a. Maintenance dose b. Therapeutic dose c. Loading dose d. None of the above Feedback Question 9 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text A patient's dose of an analgesic agent that he uses to manage chronic pain is increased twice over a span of six months. In the context of the terms drug tolerance, drug dependence, and drug addiction, identify the reason for the increase in the dosage. Select one: a. Repeated administration decreases the effect of a drug. b. Reliance on the administration of a drug leads to a psychological dependence on the drug. c. Compulsive dependence on a drug dominates all other activities in the patient's life. d. None of the above statements are correct. Feedback Question 10 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text A patient presents with symptoms of malaria and the physician prescribes a basic drug to treat the patient. The patient skips a dose of the drug and tries to compensate the next time by consuming more than the recommended dosage. This leads to drug overdose. How should this drug toxicity be treated? Select one: a. The patient’s urine must be alkalinized. b. The patient’s urine must be acidified. c. An alternative drug must be prescribed to treat malaria. d. An alternative drug, preferably an acidic drug, must be prescribed to treat malaria. Feedback Question 11 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text Identify the medical condition that the drug form known as a "troche" is commonly used to treat. Select one: a. Asthma b. Bradycardia c. Sore throat d. Toothache Feedback Question 12 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text A patient is prescribed a drug preparation that contains barbiturates to treat a medical condition. The patient is also being treated with medications for other medical conditions. After a few days of consuming the barbiturate-containing medication, the patient realizes that his other medical conditions have worsened. What is the most likely reason for this occurrence? Select one: a. The barbiturate medication is causing drug overdose. b. The previous medications are causing enzyme inhibition and blocking the effects of the barbiturate medication. c. The barbiturate medication is causing enzyme induction. d. The patient has developed tolerance to both the barbiturate medication and his previous medications. Feedback Question 13 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text You have been asked to explain to a patient the possibility that he will experience drug interactions while taking his newly prescribed medications. Select the appropriate statement you will use when explaining synergism to the patient. Select one: a. Drugs may increase each other's effect to the equivalent of the sum of their individual effects. b. Drugs may increase each other's effect to an amount that is greater than the sum of their individual effects. c. Drugs may cancel each other's effect or lead to a response that is less than the sum of their individual effects. d. None of the above statements are correct. Feedback Question 14 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text Select the most likely reason why a patient who has been diagnosed with end-stage renal disease must have routine blood work drawn to check his plasma levels of a prescribed drug. Select one: a. Due to the renal disease, the patient will be unable to effectively eliminate the drug, causing accumulation of the drug in the plasma. b. Due to the renal disease, the patient will be unable to effectively metabolize the drug, causing low levels of the drug in the plasma. c. Due to the renal disease, the patient will be unable to effectively absorb the drug, causing low levels of the drug in the plasma. d. None of the above statements are correct. Feedback Question 15 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text The term used to describe the situation that involves multiple drug prescriptions is _____. Select one: a. pharmacotherapy b. polypharmacy c. therapeutic duplication d. monotherapy Feedback Question 16 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text Drugs are mainly eliminated from the body by _____. Select one: a. sweating b. renal excretion c. enterohepatic recycling d. regurgitation Feedback Question 17 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text A patient having multiple chronic diseases can expect: Select one: a. an increase in the consequences of a drug's action. b. a decrease in the consequences of a drug's action. c. no change in the consequences of a drug's action. d. all of these. Feedback Question 18 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text One way to improve compliance for a patient with arthritis would be to: Select one: a. encourage the patient to take medication on an empty stomach. b. suggest not using child safety caps on medication bottles. c. encourage the patient to read medication information literature. d. allow the patient to identify the drugs he requires on his own. Feedback Question 19 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text Dr. Hampton administers the same dose of a certain water-soluble drug to two of his patients, Nathaniel, who is 65 years of age, and Mark, who is 25 years of age. Which of the following is most likely going to happen? Select one: a. Most of the drug in Nathaniel's body will get deposited in the body organs that have a high fat content, away from the liver and kidneys. b. The drug will be more widely distributed in Nathaniel's body than it will be in Mark's body. c. Nathaniel will experience a more intense pharmacological drug effect than Mark will experience. d. The concentration of the drug in Mark's blood plasma will be higher than the concentration of the drug in Nathaniel's blood plasma. Feedback Question 20 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text Identify from the following the correct metric conversion value with its corresponding household measure. Select one: a. 10 ml = 1 tablespoonful b. 5 ml = 1 teaspoonful c. 1 grain = 60 mg d. 1500 ml = 1.5 l Feedback Question 21 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text Which of the following units in the metric system is used to measure liquid volume? Select one: a. Meter b. Liter c. Gram d. Grain Feedback Question 22 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text You receive an order for a loading dose of phenobarbital 5 mg/min to run intravenously for your patient in over 2.5 hours. The total IV volume in the bag is 250 ml. Using 15 drops per milliliter, select the correct number of drops per minute that will be administered to the patient. Select one: a. 25 drops/min b. 50 drops/min c. 40 drops/min d. None of these Feedback Question 23 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text Match the set of examples to the definition of a numerator. Select one: a. The 13 in 13.14, 33 in 33.58, and 21 in 21.92 b. The 5 in 2:5, 4 in 1:4, and 8 in 5:8 c. The 1 in 1/4, 4 in 4/11, and 5 in 5/25 d. All of these Feedback Question 24 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text Match the set of examples to the definition of a ratio. Select one: a. 2.1, 3.5, 2.9 b. 1:5, 4:10, 10:100 c. The 3 in 3/4 or the 9 in 9/11 d. All of these Feedback Question 25 Correct 5.00 points out of 5.00 Flag question Question text Identify the term that refers to the liquid portion of a solution that is capable of dissolving another substance. Select one: a. Solute b. Plasma c. Solvent d. None of these Feedback [Show More]

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