VETT 212 Week 8-11 Urine specific gravity in a normal cat is more concentrated than that of a dog. - ✔✔true The term that describes excessive intake of water is _________. - ✔✔polydypsia Wh... ich of the following are true statements regarding Erythropoietin? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Hormone produced in the kidneys Stimulates the bone marrow to increase production of RBCs In CKD, anemia can occur Stimulated by hypoxia Which of the following are true regarding cystocentesis? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Best method to collect urine for culture and sensitivity Contraindicated in patients with bladder cancer or pyometra Incorrectly done can result in laceration of a major abdominal blood vessel When blood is filtered through the renal corpuscle of the kidney, the filtrate is similar to the composition of _____________ except for ________ and _________which are too large to pass through the fenestrations of the capillaries. - ✔✔Plasma; RBCs / WBCs; Plasma proteins Which of the following are true regarding transitioning CKD cats to a new diet? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Do not mix medications with food Feed small meals frequently Warm food or add tuna water A mild increase in BUN may occur after ingestion of a high protein diet but Creatinine is unaffected by this. - ✔✔TRUE ________ is the term that describes the occurrence of clinical signs due to elevations of BUN and Creatinine caused by declining renal function. - ✔✔azotemia Urine output in a normal dog and cat is approximately ___________. - ✔✔20 - 40 mL / kg / day Increased BUN and Creatinine will always result in clinical signs. - ✔✔false At the time of diagnosis, cats with feline idiopathic cystitis (feline interstitial cystitis) are likely to have a concurrent urinary tract infection what % of the time? - ✔✔<2% of the time In this plain radiograph, the most likely type of urolith found in the bladder of this patient is ____________, which most commonly forms in neutral to acidic urine in Lhasa Apso, Cairn Terriers, Yorkies, and other small breeds. - ✔✔calcium oxolate Which of the following are true regarding treatment and behavior of a first time, uncomplicated UTI? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Treated 10-14 days with antibiotic Clinical signs quickly improve within the first few days after beginning antibiotic Amoxicillin or Cephalexins are best to start with In general, uroliths are more common in females than in males. - ✔✔true Which of the following are recommendations that you can make to the owner which will help reduce occurrences of FIC in their cat? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Feliway Minimize major changes in routine Litter box for each cat Gradually change brand and flavor of diet, if needed Minimize stress The type of crystal / urolith that can be seen in Dalmations and is due to an inherited trait. - ✔✔Urate - uric acid Which of the following factors may predispose an animal to develop UTIs? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Dilute urine Glucosuria Hyperadrenocorticism Female Diabetes If a patient has crystaluria, he/she will also have a urolith. - ✔✔false Which of the following are true statements regarding Ammonimum Biurate uroliths? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Forms in acid-neutral urine in Dalmations Thorn-apple shape Can occur in animals with liver failure / portosystemic shunt On average, how long does it take for struvite uroliths to dissolve in dogs placed on a dissolution diet? - ✔✔90 days In what section of the GI tract do you find gastric pits and gastric glands? - ✔✔stomach The term that means swallowing is: - ✔✔Deglutition A common finding with chronic small bowel disease is: - ✔✔weight loss Bright red blood in the feces is usually a result of a problem in the: - ✔✔Large intestine / rectum Black/dark brown blood in the feces is usually a result of a problem in the: - ✔✔stomach Which of the following clinical signs can be commonly seen with large bowel disease? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Increase frequency of bowel movements The condition which is always a true medical emergency and is usually seen in large deepchested dogs (eg. Great danes, Setters, etc) is: - ✔✔Gastric dilation and volvulus A patient with diarrhea of unknown etiology should always be treated as a possible source of infection. - ✔✔true Which of the following clinical signs can be seen with large bowel disease? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Bright red blood No or little weight loss Straining to defecate Increase in urgency to defecate The definition of melena is: - ✔✔Black, tarry feces which usually occurs with hemorrhage in the stomach or proximal small intestines Another name for "Fatty Liver" is: - ✔✔Hepatic Lipidosis Which of the following are characteristics of Acute Liver Disease? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Occurs when 70-80% of the liver mass is injured Happens in a very short period of time Commonly caused by toxins and certain infectious agents Liver may be enlarged and painful Diabetes may result in patients that have suffered from which of the following? - ✔✔ Bile is produced by ____________ cells in the ___________. - ✔✔Hepatic, liver Which of the following are characteristics of Chronic Hepatitis? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Bedlington Terriers, West Highland White Terriers are predisposed Condition occurs over a long period of time May be caused by viruses, bacterial infection, genetics Initial signs are vague but with time, extreme weight loss and coagulation problems occur What is another name for jaundice? - ✔✔Icterus Which of the following can cause liver dysfunction / failure? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Acetaminophen Leptospirosis Phenobarbitol Infectious Canine Hepatitis Acute Pancreatitis Inflammation of the liver is termed: - ✔✔hepatitis Which of the following are characteristic of Feline Hepatic Lipidosis? (Check all that apply) - ✔✔Fat accumulates in the liver Often seen in obese cats that have not been eating for a several days Clinical signs may include vomiting, icterus, lethargy One of the most important aspects of treatment is aggressive nutritional support The condition in which enzymes are released into a specific organ by inflammation or trauma and may result in vomiting, abdominal pain, peritonitis, dehydration, shock, and possibly death is: - ✔✔pancreatitis [Show More]
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