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CBMT Exam Music Therapy Boards Study Guide: Latest Updated Guide

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Psychodynamic Approach (Ans – -Human behavior is based on unconscious psychological processes (impulses, desires, motives) -Early childhood events Eclectic Approach (Ans – -Draw freely f... rom all approaches without accepting the frameworks behind them -Goal: more efficient treatment Behavioral Approach (Ans – -Meant to change behavior -Classical/operant conditioning -ABA: applied behavioral analysis (autism) -Positive/negative reinforcement -Punishment and Reward Episodic Memory (Ans - long-term memory of specific experiences or events, linked to time and place that can be stated Semantic Memory (Ans - Common knowledge, not from personal experience Working Memory (Ans - Short/temporary while performing task/learning Procedural Memory (Ans - Long-term memory of how to perform different tasks without consciously thinking about previous experience Explicit Memory (Ans - Intentional recollection of long-term memory Implicit Memory (Ans - Long-term unconscious memory Reframing (Ans - Identifying thoughts and changing the way they're viewed Experimental Group Design (Ans - Employ scientific methods to test a hypothesis and control experimental variables in a controlled manner Locus of Control (Ans - the tendency for people to assume that they either have control or do not have control over events and consequences in their lives Internal Locus (Ans – -Control your own fate -Effort has direct impact on success External Locus (Ans – -No control of own fate -Luck or fate -No connection between effort and success Assimilation (Ans - -Jean Piaget -Incorporating new ideas into existing ideas Accommodation (Ans – -Jean Piaget -Concepts/schema are modified or new ones created to accommodate new knowledge -Relates to how young children integrate new info with things they already know to gain a better understanding of concepts and other knowledge Stereotypic Behavior (Ans - -Variety of behaviors typical in individuals who have autism, blindness, etc. -Ex: flapping hands, swaying side to side, etc. Early Intervening (Ans – -Included in 2004 reauthorization of IDEA -Allows/encourages schools to provide intervention to struggling services, even before they've been identified as special education Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) (Ans – -Form of behavior modification that uses shaping techniques (in small steps) to mold a desired behavior or response -Prompting and reinforcements gradually decrease -Used commonly with autism, but is used with other disorders too Manifestation Determination (Ans – -Student's inappropriate behavior is not a result, or manifestation, of his or her disability -Usually determined in a hearing and is required when a student's behavior violates school rules and before the school can undertake disciplinary action that might result in a student's suspension from school. Secondary Gains (Ans - Unexpected/unplanned outcomes over the course of therapy Flat Affect (Ans - No facial expression of emotion Sensory Impairments (Ans – -Affects sensual contact with environment -Stops normal works of muscular receptions -Seeing, touching, moving, tasting Physical Therapy/Physiotherapy (Ans – -Rehabilitative treatment of physical impairment/challenge -Massage, hydrotherapy, heat, and exercise. [Show More]

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