*NURSING > TEST BANK > COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children 12Ed. by Marilyn J.  (All)

COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children 12Ed. by Marilyn J. Hockenberry , Elizabeth A. Duffy & Karen Gibbs. ALL Chapters1-34(278 pages) included and updated for 2023

Document Content and Description Below

COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children 12Ed. by Marilyn J. Hockenberry , Elizabeth A. Duffy & Karen Gibbs. ALL Chapters1-34(278 pages) included and updated fo... r 2023 COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children 12Ed. by Marilyn J. Hockenberry , Elizabeth A. Duffy & Karen Gibbs. ALL Chapters1-34(278 pages) included and updated for 2023 Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children 12Ed. by Marilyn J. Hockenberry , Elizabeth A. Duffy & Karen Gibbs SECTION I Children, Their Families, and the Nurse 1 Perspectives of Pediatric Nursing 2 Family, Social, Cultural, and Religious Influences on Child Health Promotion 3 Hereditary Influences on Health of the Child and Family SECTION II Childhood and Family Assessment 4 Communication and Physical Assessment of the Child and Family 5 Pain Assessment in Children 6 Childhood Communicable and Infectious Diseases SECTION III Family-Centered Care of the Newborn 7 Health Promotion of the Newborn and Family 8 Health Problems of Newborns 9 The High-Risk Newborn and Family SECTION IV Family-Centered Care of the Infant 10 Health Promotion of the Infant and Family 11 Health Problems of the Infant SECTION V Family-Centered Care of the Toddler and Preschooler 12 Health Promotion of the Toddler and Family 13 Health Promotion of the Preschooler and Family 14 Health Problems of Early Childhood SECTION VI Family-Centered Care of the School-Age Child 15 Health Promotion of the School-Age Child and Family 16 Health Problems of the School-Age Child SECTION VII Family-Centered Care of the Adolescent 17 Health Promotion of the Adolescent and Family 18 Health Problems of the Adolescent SECTION VIII Family-Centered Care of the Child with Special Needs 19 Impact of Complex Chronic Illness, Disability, or End-of-Life Care on the Child and Family 20 Impact of Cognitive or Sensory Impairment on the Child and Family SECTION IX The Child Who Is Hospitalized 21 Family-Centered Care of the Child During Illness and Hospitalization 22 Pediatric Nursing Interventions and Skills SECTION X Childhood Nutrition and Elimination Problems 23 The Child With Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance 24 The Child With Genitourinary Dysfunction 25 The Child With Gastrointestinal Dysfunction SECTION XI Childhood Oxygenation Problems 26 The Child With Respiratory Dysfunction SECTION XII Childhood Blood Production and Circulation Problems 27 The Child With Cardiovascular Dysfunction 28 The Child With Hematologic or Immunologic Dysfunction SECTION XIII Childhood Regulatory Problems 29 The Child With Cancer 30 The Child With Cerebral Dysfunction 31 The Child With Endocrine Dysfunction SECTION XIV Childhood Physical Mobility Problems 32 The Child With Integumentary Dysfunction 33 The Child With Musculoskeletal or Articular Dysfunction 34 The Child With Neuromuscular or Muscular Dysfunction 1. Which of the following phases of human lung development is characterized by the formation of a capillary network around airway passages? a. Pseudoglandular b. Saccular c. Alveolar d. Canalicular ANS: D The canalicular phase follows the pseudoglandular phase, lasting from approximately 17 weeks to 26 weeks of gestation. This phase is so named because of the appearance of vascular channels, or capillaries, which begin to grow by forming a capillary network around the air passages. During the pseudoglandular stage, which begins at day 52 and extends to week 16 of gestation, the airway system subdivides extensively and the conducting airway system develops, ending with the terminal bronchioles. The saccular stage of development, which takes place from weeks 29 to 36 of gestation, is characterized by the development of sacs that later become alveoli. During the saccular phase, a tremendous increase in the potential gasexchanging surface area occurs. The distinction between the saccular stage and the alveolar stage is arbitrary. The alveolar stage stretches from 39 weeks of gestation to term. This stage is represented by the establishment of alveoli. REF: pp. 3-5 2. Regarding postnatal lung growth, by approximately what age do most of the alveoli that will be present in the lungs for life develop? a. 6 months b. 1 year c. 1.5 years d. 2 years ANS: C Most of the postnatal formation of alveoli in the infant occurs over the first 1.5 years of life. At 2 years of age, the number of alveoli varies substantially among individuals. After 2 years of age, males have more alveoli than do females. After alveolar multiplication ends, the alveoli continue to increase in size until thoracic growth is completed. REF: p. 6 3. The respiratory therapist is evaluating a newborn with mild respiratory distress due to tracheal stenosis. During which period of lung development did this problem develop? a. Embryonal b. Saccular c. Canalicular d. Alveolar ANS: A The initial structures of the pulmonary tree develop during the embryonal stage. Errors in development during this time may result in laryngeal, tracheal, or esophageal atresia or stenosis. Pulmonary hypoplasia, an incomplete development of the lungs characterized by an abnormally low number and/or size of bronchopulmonary segments and/or alveoli, can develop during the pseudoglandular phase. If the fetus is born during the canalicular phase (i.e., prematurely), severe respiratory distress can be expected because the inadequately developed airways, along with insufficient and immature surfactant production by alveolar type II cells, gives rise to the constellation of problems known as infant respiratory distress syndrome. REF: p. 6 4. Which of the following mechanisms is (are) responsible for the possible association between oligohydramnios and lung hypoplasia? I. Abnormal carbohydrate metabolism II. Mechanical restriction of the chest wall III. Interference with fetal breathing IV. Failure to produce fetal lung liquid a. I and III only b. II and III only c. I, II, and IV only d. II, III, and IV only ANS: D Oligohydramnios, a reduced quantity of amniotic fluid present for an extended period of time, with or without renal anomalies, is associated with lung hypoplasia. The mechanisms by which amniotic fluid volume influences lung growth remain unclear. Possible explanations for reduced quantity of amniotic fluid include mechanical restriction of the chest wall, interference with fetal breathing, or failure to produce fetal lung liquid. These clinical and experimental observations possibly point to a common denominator, lung stretch, as being a major growth stimulant. REF: pp. 6-7 5. What is the purpose of the substance secreted by the type II pneumocyte? a. To increase the gas exchange surface area b. To reduce surface tension c. To maintain lung elasticity d. To preserve the volume of the amniotic fluid ANS: B The primary role of mammalian surfactant is to lower the surface tension within the alveolus, specifically at the air–liquid interface. This allows the delicate structure of the alveolus to expand when filled with air. Without surfactant, the alveolus remains collapsed because of the high surface tension of the moist alveolar surface. Surfactant is composed predominantly of an intricate blend of phospholipids, neutral lipids, and proteins. REF: p. 8 6. Which of the following tests of the amniotic fluid have been shown to be sensitive indicators of lung maturity? a. Levels of prednisone b. Levels of epidermal growth factor c. Levels of prostaglandins d. Levels of phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine ANS: D Of clinical relevance during late gestation, analysis of amniotic fluid for the concentration of phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine has been shown to be a sensitive indicator of the state of fetal lung maturity. REF: p. 8 Test Bank MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Which of the following embryonic germ layers gives formation to the respiratory system? a. Endoderm b. Mesoderm c. Ectoderm d. Periderm ANS: A The respiratory system—pharynx, lungs, and epithelial lining of the trachea and lungs— originates in the endoderm. Refer to Box 2-1 in the textbook to see the list of various tissue systems found in the three embryonic layers. REF: p. 13 2. What is the function of Wharton’s jelly inside the umbilical cord? a. To help provide nutrition to the fetus b. To prevent the vessels inside the cord from kinking c. To help protect the fetus d. To regulate the temperature between the fetus and the mother ANS: B Wharton's jelly, a gelatinous substance inside the umbilical cord, helps protect the vessels of the fetus and may prevent the cord from kinking. REF: p. 13 3. Which of the following organs is considered to be the first to form? a. Heart b. Brain c. Lungs d. Kidneys ANS: A The heart is considered to be the first complete organ formed. By 8 weeks of gestation, the normal fetal heart is fully functional, complete with all chambers, valves, and major vessels. REF: p. 14 4. A pregnant woman is coming for an early prenatal evaluation and wants to know if she can listen to the baby’s heartbeat. How early can the fetal heartbeat be detected? a. Day 8 b. Day 22 c. Day 45 d. Day 60 ANS: B By day 22 cardiac contractions are detectable and bidirectional tidal blood flow begins. REF: p. 14 5. Which of the following anatomic structures is a (are) fetal shunt(s)? I. Foramen ovale II. Sinus venosus III. Ductus venosus IV. Ductus arteriosus a. III only b. I, III, and IV only c. I, II, and IV only d. II, III, and IV only ANS: B Figure 2-6 in the textbook illustrates fetal circulation and the three shunts present in the fetus that close soon after birth. They include (1) the foramen ovale, the opening between the right atrium and the left atrium, which enables oxygenated blood to flow to the left side of the fetal heart; (2) the ductus venosus, which appears continuous with the umbilical vein and shunts 30% to 50% of oxygen-rich blood around the liver; and (3) the ductus arteriosus, which allows most of the pulmonary arterial blood flow to bypass the nonfunctioning fetal lungs and enter the aorta. REF: p. 17 6. Which of the following events causes cessation of right-to-left shunt through the foramen ovale? a. Increased levels of PO2 in the blood of the neonate b. Decreased levels of PCO2 in the blood of the newborn c. Increased systemic vascular resistance d. Removal of the placenta, causing lowered blood volume returning to the right side of the fetal heart ANS: C Once the cord is clamped and the PVR decreases, pressures in the right side of the heart decrease and pressures in the left side increase. Because the foramen ovale flap allows blood to flow only from right to left, it closes when the pressures in the left atrium become greater than those in the right atrium. Closing the foramen ovale further facilitates the increase of blood flow to the lungs during the transitional period and is necessary to maintain normal extrauterine circulation. REF: p. 18 7. How long after birth should it take for the ductus arteriosus to close completely? a. 24 hours b. 48 hours c. 96 hours d. 1 week ANS: C Because the pressure in the aorta also increases and becomes greater than the pressure in the pulmonary artery, the amount of shunting through the ductus arteriosus decreases. The functional closure of the ductus arteriosus occurs as a result of being exposed to an increased PO2, a decrease in PVR leading to the reduction in blood pressure within the ductal lumen, a decrease in the local production of prostaglandins, and a reduction in the number of prostaglandin receptors within the tissue of the ductus arteriosus. Normally, constriction of the ductus arteriosus starts to occur at birth, and 20% of the ductus closes within 24 hours, with 80% closed in 48 hours, and 100% by 96 hours after birth. REF: p. 18 MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. A pregnant woman has been diagnosed with pregestational diabetes. Which of the following risk factors should the therapist be aware at the time of delivery? a. Unexplained abruption placenta b. Oligohydramnios c. Microcephaly d. Fetal malformations ANS: C Adverse fetal outcomes include unexplained fetal death in the third trimester of pregnancy and major fetal structural malformations. Close surveillance of the maternal metabolism and close fetal biophysical evaluation have significantly decreased the risk of fetal death as well as the necessity of delivering a fetus prematurely because of abnormal test results. The rate of fetal structural malformations in infants born to pregestational diabetic women can be as high as 10% to 15% compared with a rate of 1% to 2% for infants of otherwise normal women. The most frequently encountered defects include malformations of the cardiovascular system, including both the heart and great vessels, and the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. No amount of maternal metabolic surveillance or fetal biophysical assessment after the period of fetal organogenesis will decrease this risk. Therefore, it is recommended strongly that women with diabetes mellitus receive counseling and treatment with the goal of achieving optimal glycemic control before they become pregnant. REF: p. 22 2. The respiratory therapist is attending a term labor of a woman diagnosed with gestational diabetes. The baby is very large for gestational age. What other metabolic disturbances should be considered? I. Hyperglycemia II. Hypocalcemia III. Hyperkalemia IV. Hypoglycemia a. II and IV only b. I, II, and III only c. I and III only d. II, III, and IV only ANS: D Poor blood sugar control in these women is associated with an increased risk of macrosomia (birth weight greater than 4000 g), traumatic vaginal delivery, preterm delivery, and a small risk of fetal death in some women. After delivery, the infants are at increased risk for metabolic disturbances in the neonatal period; these include hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia, hyperkalemia, hyperbilirubinemia, and idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome. REF: p. 22 3. Which of the following microorganisms often affect pregnancy outcome? a. Group B Streptococcus b. Haemophilus influenzae c. Mycobacterium tuberculosis d. Hepatitis C virus ANS: A A number of infectious agents can affect pregnancy outcome. Among the most important in the United States are group B Streptococcus (GBS), herpes simplex virus (HSV), humanimmunodeficiency [Show More]

Last updated: 9 months ago

Preview 1 out of 278 pages

Reviews( 0 )

Recommended For You

 Pharmacology> TEST BANK > Test Bank - Pharmacology Clear and Simple-A Guide to Drug Classifications and Dosage Calculations 4Ed.by Cynthia J. Watkins - Complete, Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters (1-21) Included and Updated for 2023 (All)

preview
Test Bank - Pharmacology Clear and Simple-A Guide to Drug Classifications and Dosage Calculations 4Ed.by Cynthia J. Watkins - Complete, Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters (1-21) Included and Updated for 2023

Test Bank - Pharmacology Clear and Simple-A Guide to Drug Classifications and Dosage Calculations 4Ed.by Cynthia J. Watkins - Complete, Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters (1-21) Included an...

By ProfXams , Uploaded: May 16, 2023

$36

 NCLEX-RN> TEST BANK > COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN 7Ed. by Linda Anne Silvestri . ALL Chapters(1-68) Included |464| Pages - Questions & Answers Pass NCLEX-RN in First Attempt Guaranteed!Get 100% Latest Exam Questions, Accurate & Verified Answers to Pass the Actual Exam! Instant Download! (All)

preview
COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN 7Ed. by Linda Anne Silvestri . ALL Chapters(1-68) Included |464| Pages - Questions & Answers Pass NCLEX-RN in First Attempt Guaranteed!Get 100% Latest Exam Questions, Accurate & Verified Answers to Pass the Actual Exam! Instant Download!

COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN 7Ed. by Linda Anne Silvestri . ALL Chapters(1-68) Included |464| Pages - Questions & Answers Pass NCLEX-RN in Firs...

By ProfXams , Uploaded: Jun 02, 2023

$41

 Biology> TEST BANK > Campbell Biology: Concepts & Connections 10th Edition by Martha R. Taylor, Eric J. Simon, Jean L. Dickey, Kelly A. Hogan, Jane B. Reece - Complete Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters(1-20) included and updated for 2023 (All)

preview
Campbell Biology: Concepts & Connections 10th Edition by Martha R. Taylor, Eric J. Simon, Jean L. Dickey, Kelly A. Hogan, Jane B. Reece - Complete Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters(1-20) included and updated for 2023

Campbell Biology: Concepts & Connections 10th Edition by Martha R. Taylor, Eric J. Simon, Jean L. Dickey, Kelly A . Hogan, Jane B. Reece - Complete Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters(1-20)...

By Prof.Exams , Uploaded: Nov 22, 2023

$38.5

 Biology> TEST BANK > Campbell Biology: Concepts & Connections 10th Edition by Martha R. Taylor, Eric J. Simon, Jean L. Dickey, Kelly A. Hogan, Jane B. Reece - Complete Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters(1-20) included and updated for 2023 (All)

preview
Campbell Biology: Concepts & Connections 10th Edition by Martha R. Taylor, Eric J. Simon, Jean L. Dickey, Kelly A. Hogan, Jane B. Reece - Complete Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters(1-20) included and updated for 2023

Campbell Biology: Concepts & Connections 10th Edition by Martha R. Taylor, Eric J. Simon, Jean L. Dickey, Kelly A. Hogan, Jane B. Reece - Complete Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters(1-20) i...

By ProfXams , Uploaded: Nov 22, 2023

$41

 Microbiology> TEST BANK > Molecular Biology of the Cell 7th Edition by Bruce Alberts, Rebecca Heald, Alexander Johnson, David Morgan, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts, Peter Walter, John Wilson & Tim Hunt - Complete Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters(1-24)Included and updated for 2023 (All)

preview
Molecular Biology of the Cell 7th Edition by Bruce Alberts, Rebecca Heald, Alexander Johnson, David Morgan, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts, Peter Walter, John Wilson & Tim Hunt - Complete Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters(1-24)Included and updated for 2023

Molecular Biology of the Cell 7th Edition by Bruce Alberts, Rebecca Heald, Alexander Johnson, David Morgan, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts, Peter Walter, John Wilson & Tim Hunt - Complete Elaborated and L...

By Prof.Exams , Uploaded: Dec 08, 2023

$32

 *NURSING> TEST BANK > Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children 11th Edition Hockenberry Test Bank (All)

preview
Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children 11th Edition Hockenberry Test Bank

Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children 11th Edition Hockenberry Test BankWong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children 11th Edition Hockenberry Test BankWong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children...

By NurseGrade , Uploaded: Feb 28, 2024

$19

 *NURSING> TEST BANK > Wongs Nursing Care of Infants and Children 10th Edition by Hockenberry Test Bank (All)

preview
Wongs Nursing Care of Infants and Children 10th Edition by Hockenberry Test Bank

Wongs Nursing Care of Infants and Children 10th Edition by Hockenberry Test BankWongs Nursing Care of Infants and Children 10th Edition by Hockenberry Test BankWongs Nursing Care of Infants and Childr...

By NurseGrade , Uploaded: Feb 28, 2024

$19

 Pharmacology> TEST BANK > COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Pharmacology for Nurses-A Pathophysiologic Approach 6Ed.by Michael Adams, Norman Holland & Carol Urban .ALL Chapters (1-50)included with 1453 pages of questions. (All)

preview
COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Pharmacology for Nurses-A Pathophysiologic Approach 6Ed.by Michael Adams, Norman Holland & Carol Urban .ALL Chapters (1-50)included with 1453 pages of questions.

COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Pharmacology for Nurses-A Pathophysiologic Approach 6Ed.by Michael Adams, Norman Holland & Carol Urban .ALL Chapters (1-50)included with 1453 pages of questions....

By Prof.Exams , Uploaded: Apr 25, 2023

$35.5

 *NURSING> TEST BANK > COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Structure & Function of the Body 16Ed.by Kevin T. Patton & Gary A. Thibodeau. ALL Chapters 1- 22 (514 Pages) included and updated for 2023 (All)

preview
COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Structure & Function of the Body 16Ed.by Kevin T. Patton & Gary A. Thibodeau. ALL Chapters 1- 22 (514 Pages) included and updated for 2023

COMPLETE - Elaborated Test Bank for Structure & Function of the Body 16Ed.by Kevin T. Patton & Gary A. Thibodeau. ALL Chapters 1- 22 (514 Pages) included and updated for 2023 COMPLETE - Elaborat...

By Prof.Exams , Uploaded: Apr 13, 2023

$32.5

 Physics> TEST BANK > Test Bank - Conceptual Physics, 13th Edition by Paul G. Hewitt - Complete Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters(1-36)Included and updated for 2024 (All)

preview
Test Bank - Conceptual Physics, 13th Edition by Paul G. Hewitt - Complete Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters(1-36)Included and updated for 2024

Test Bank - Conceptual Physics, 13th Edition by Paul G. Hewitt - Complete Elaborated and Latest Test Bank. ALL Chapters(1-36)Included and updated for 2024 #ConceptualPhysics #PhysicsEducation #Sc...

By ProfXams , Uploaded: Feb 10, 2024

$36.5

$27.50

Add to cart

Instant download

Can't find what you want? Try our AI powered Search

OR

GET ASSIGNMENT HELP
54
0

Document information


Connected school, study & course



About the document


Uploaded On

Apr 14, 2023

Number of pages

278

Written in

Seller


seller-icon
ProfXams

Member since 3 years

47 Documents Sold


Additional information

This document has been written for:

Uploaded

Apr 14, 2023

Downloads

 0

Views

 54

Document Keyword Tags

THE BEST STUDY GUIDES

Avoid resits and achieve higher grades with the best study guides, textbook notes, and class notes written by your fellow students

custom preview

Avoid examination resits

Your fellow students know the appropriate material to use to deliver high quality content. With this great service and assistance from fellow students, you can become well prepared and avoid having to resits exams.

custom preview

Get the best grades

Your fellow student knows the best materials to research on and use. This guarantee you the best grades in your examination. Your fellow students use high quality materials, textbooks and notes to ensure high quality

custom preview

Earn from your notes

Get paid by selling your notes and study materials to other students. Earn alot of cash and help other students in study by providing them with appropriate and high quality study materials.


$27.50

WHAT STUDENTS SAY ABOUT US


What is Browsegrades

In Browsegrades, a student can earn by offering help to other student. Students can help other students with materials by upploading their notes and earn money.

We are here to help

We're available through e-mail, Twitter, Facebook, and live chat.
 FAQ
 Questions? Leave a message!

Follow us on
 Twitter

Copyright © Browsegrades · High quality services·