ACSM CPT Certification Review Exam Questions & Answers, 100% Accurate, Graded A+ Which of the following exercise modes allows buoyancy to reduce the potential for musculoskeletal injury? A) Cy... cling B) Walking C) Skiing D) Water exercise - ✔✔-D) Water exercise In which stage of motivational readiness is a person who is an irregular exerciser? A) Precontemplation B) Contemplation C) Preparation D) Action - ✔✔-C) Preparation Which of the following medications is designed to modify blood cholesterol levels? A) Nitrates B) Beta-blockers C) Antihyperlipidemics D) Aspirin - ✔✔-C) Antihyperlipidemics Which of the following represents more than 90% of the fat stored in the body and is composed of a glycerol molecule connected to three fatty acids? A) Phospholipids B) Cholesterol C) Triglycerides (TG) D) Free fatty acids - ✔✔-C) Triglycerides (TG) Limited flexibility of which of the following muscle groups increases the risk of low back pain? A) Quadriceps B) Hamstrings C) Hip flexors D) Gluteus maximus - ✔✔-B) Hamstrings Calcium, phosphorus magnesium, potassium, sulfur, sodium, and chloride are examples of ____________. A) Macrominerals B) Microminerals C) Proteins D) Vitamins - ✔✔-B) Microminerals Which of the following terms represents an imaginary horizontal plane passing through the midsection of the body and dividing it into upper and lower portions? A) Sagittal B) Frontal C) Transverse D) Superior - ✔✔-C) Transverse A personal trainer fails to spot a client performing heavy incline dumbbell presses and the client injures himself when the dumbbell is dropped on his face. Which of the following identify the appropriate type of negligence displayed in this section? A) Admission B) Commission C) Omission D) Legal - ✔✔-C) Omission Which of the following blood pressure (BP) readings would characterize hypertension in the adult? A) 100/60 mm Hg B) 110/70 mm Hg C) 120/80 mm Hg D) 140/90 mm Hg - ✔✔-D) 140/90 mm Hg Which of the following stages define people having the greatest risk of relapse? A) Precontemplation B) Contemplation C) Preparation D) Action - ✔✔-D) Action Uncoordinated gait, headache, dizziness, vomiting, and elevated body temperature are signs and symptoms of ____________. A) Acute exposure to the cold B) Hypothermia C) Heat exhaustion and heat stroke D) Acute altitude sickness - ✔✔-C) Heat exhaustion and heat stroke Moving the hand from palm up to palm down with the elbow flexed at 90 degrees ____________. A) Adducts the ulna B) Internally rotates the radius C) Internally rotates the humerus D) Flexes the ulna - ✔✔-B) Internally rotates the radius What is a subject's work rate in watts if he pedals on a Monark cycle ergometer at 50 revolutions per minute (RPM) at a resistance of 2.0 kp? Assume that one revolution of the cycle ergometer flywheel is 6 m long. A) 10 W B) 50 W C) 100 W D) 200 W - ✔✔-A) 10 W Relative proportions of fat and fat-free (lean) tissue can be reported as ___________. A) Percentage body fat B) Body composition C) Body mass index (BMI) D) Weight-to-waist circumference ratio - ✔✔-B) Body composition How many calories are contained in a food bar that contains 5 g of fat, 30 g of carbohydrates including 4 g of fiber, and 3 g of protein? A) 161 kcal B) 168 kcal C) 177 kcal D) 193 kcal - ✔✔-A) 161 kcal Verbal encouragement, material incentives, self-praise, and use of specific contingency contracts are examples of ___________. A) Shaping B) Reinforcement C) Antecedent control D) Setting goals - ✔✔-B) Reinforcement Which physiologic response(s) would be expected to occur under conditions of high ambient temperature? A) Decreased maximal oxygen uptake B) Decreased heart rate at rest C) Increased heart rate at sub maximal workload D) Decreased maximal heart rate - ✔✔-C) Increased heart rate at sub maximal workload Regular exercise will results in what chronic adaptation in cardiac output (CO) during exercise at the same workload? A) Increase B) Decrease C) No change D) Increase during dynamic exercise only - ✔✔-C) No change Which of the following conditions is characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density, producing bone porosity and fragility? A) Osteoarthritis B) Osteomyelitis C) Epiphyseal osteomyelitis D) Osteoporosis - ✔✔-D) Osteoporosis Studies designed to measure the success of a program based on some quantifiable data that can be analyzed examine ____________. A) Incomes B) Outcomes C) Client progress notes D) Attendance records - ✔✔-B) Outcomes When using the original Borg scale (6-20) for the general public, exercise intensity should be maintained between ______________. A) 7 and 10 B) 12 and 16 C) 17 and 18 D) 19 and 20 - ✔✔-B) 12 and 16 Rotation of the anterior surface of a bone toward the midline of the body is called ___________. A) Medial rotation B) Lateral rotation C) Supination D) Pronation - ✔✔-A) Medial rotation At what level is high-density lipoprotein (HDL) considered a risk factor in the development of cardio vascular disease? A) <200 mg dL B) <110 mg dL C) <60 mg dL D) <40 mg dL - ✔✔-D) <40 mg dL Which of the following health history combinations would place an individual into the MODERATE-RISK category for coronary artery disease (CAD)? A) HDL <50 mg dL; current smoker; female waist-to-hip ratio <0.86 B) HDL >60 mg dL; current smoker; male waist girth >102 cm C) HDL <40 mg dL; current smoker; BMI <28 D) HDL >60 mg dL; current smoker; fasting blood glucose >100 - ✔✔-C) HDL <40 mg dL; current smoker; BMI <28 What could be an alternative to the contraindicated, high-risk yoga plough (supine legs overhead) exercise? A) Squats to 90 degrees B) Flexion with rotation C) Double knee to chest D) Lateral neck stretches - ✔✔-C) Double knee to chest Which of the following water-soluble vitamins must be consumed on a daily basis? A) Vitamins A and C B) Vitamins A, D, E, and K C) Vitamins B complex and C D) Vitamins A, B complex, D, and K - ✔✔-C) Vitamins B complex and C Which of the following is NOT true regarding the psychological benefits of regular exercise in the elderly? A) Self-concept B) Life satisfaction C) Stimulate appetite D) Self-efficacy - ✔✔-C) Stimulate appetite What is angina pectoris? A) Discomfort associated with myocardial ischemia B) Discomfort associated with hypertension C) Discomfort associated with heart burn D) Discomfort associated with papillary necrosis - ✔✔-A) Discomfort associated with myocardial ischemia To determine program effectiveness, psychological theories provide a conceptual framework for assessment and ___________________. A) Management of programs or interventions B) Application of cognitive-behavioral or motivational principles C) measurement D) All of the above - ✔✔-B) Application of cognitive-behavioral or motivational principles Information gathered by way of an appropriate health screening allows the personal trainer to develop specific exercise programs that are appropriate to the individual needs and goals of the client. This is called the ________. A) Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q) B) Heart rate (HR) C) Exercise prescription D) Graded exercise test (GXT) - ✔✔-A) Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire To maximize safety during a physical fitness assessment, which of the following items should be addressed? A) Hospital emergency room contact information B) Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training (CPR) of the assessment administrator C) Emergency plan D) All of the above - ✔✔-D) All of the above HR can be measured by counting the number of pulses in a specified time period at one of several specific locations, including the radial and carotid arteries. Which of the following is a special precaution when taking the carotid pulse? A) When the HR is measured by palpation, the first two fingers should be used and not the thumb, because the thumb has its own pulse. B) HR taken during exercise sometimes exceed 200 ppm, making it too difficult to count at the carotid artery. C) If the HR is taken at the carotid artery, do not press too hard or a reflex slowing of the heart can occur and cause dizziness D) The HR should never be taken at the carotid artery - ✔✔-C) if the HR is taken at the carotid artery, do not press to hard or a reflex slowing of the heart can occur and cause dizziness When exercise training children, _____________. A) Exercise programs should increase physical fitness in the short term and strength and power in the long term. B) Strength training should be avoided for safety reasons. C) Increasing the rate of training intensity more than approximately 10% per week increases the likelihood of overuse injuries of bone. D) Children with exercise-induced asthma are often unable to lead active lives. - ✔✔-C) Increasing rate of training intensity more than approximately 10% per week increases the likelihood of overuse injuries of bone. Which of the following risk factors for the development of CAD has the greatest likelihood of being influenced by regular exercise? A) Smoking B) Cholesterol C) Type 1 diabetes D) Hypertension - ✔✔-D) Hypertension At minimum, professionals performing fitness assessments on other should posses which combination of the following? A) CPR and American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Certified Personal Trainer (CPT) B) Advanced cardiac life support and ACSM Health Fitness Specialist (HFS) C) Advanced cardiac life support and ACSM Clinical Exercise Specialist D) Only physicians can perform fitness assessments - ✔✔-A) CPR and American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Certified Personal Trainer (CPT) Which of the following components of the exercise prescription work inversely with each other? A) Intensity and duration B) Mode and intensity C) Mode and duration D) Mode and frequency - ✔✔-A) Intensity and duration Which of the following types of muscle stretching can cause residual muscle soreness, is time consuming, and typically requires a partner? A) Static B) Ballistic C) Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) D) All of the above - ✔✔-C) Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation Failure of a CPT to perform in a generally acceptable standard is called __________. A) Malpractice B) Malfeasance C) Negligence D) None of the above - ✔✔-C) Negligence Most sedentary people who begin an exercise program are likely to stop within ___________. A) 1-2 days B) 3-6 weeks C) 1 month D) 3-6 months - ✔✔-D) 3-6 months Reasons for fitness testing of the older adult include ______________. A) Evaluation of progress B) Exercise prescription C) Motivation D) All of the above - ✔✔-D) All of the above Feeling good about being able to perform an activity or skill, such as finally being able to run a mile or to increase the speed of walking a mile, is an example of an ____________. A) Extrinsic reward B) Intrinsic reward C) External stimulus D) Internal stimulus - ✔✔-B) Intrinsic reward An important safety consideration for exercise equipment in a fitness center includes ______________. A) Flexibility of equipment to allow for different body sizes B) Ability of equipment to restrict range of motion (ROM) C) Affordability of equipment to allow for changing out equipment periodically D) Mobility of equipment to allow for easy rearrangement - ✔✔-A) Flexibility of equipment to allow for different body sizes The ACSM recommendation for intensity, duration, and frequency of cardiorespiratory exercise for apparently health individuals includes ______________. A) Intensity of 60%-90% HRmax, duration of 20-60 minutes, and frequency of 3-5 days per week B) Intensity of 85%-90% HRmax, duration of 30 minutes, and frequency of 3 days a week C) Intensity of 50%-70% HR max, duration of 15-45 minutes, and frequency of 5 days a week D) Intensity of 60%-90% HRmax reserve, duration of 20-60 minutes, and frequency of 7 days a week - ✔✔-A) Intensity of 60%-90% HRmax, duration of 20-60 minutes, and frequency of 3-5 days per week A method of strength and power training that involves an eccentric loading of muscles and tendons followed immediately by an explosive concentric contraction is called _____________. A) Plyometrics B) Periodization C) Supersets D) Isometric reversals - ✔✔-A) Plyometrics Which of the following personnel is responsible for program design as well as implementation of that program? A) Administrative assistant B) Personal trainer C) Manager or director D) Health fitness specialist - ✔✔-C) Manager or director What is the purpose of agreements, releases, and consent forms? A) To inform the client of participation risks , as well as the rights of the client and the facility B) To inform the client what her or she can and cannot do in the facility C) To define the relationship between the facility operator and personal trainer D) Body composition, flexibility, cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular fitness - ✔✔-A) To inform the client of participation risks, as well as the rights of the client and the facility After 30 yr of age, skeletal muscle strength begins to decline, primarily because of which of the following? A) A gain in fat tissue B) A gain in lean tissue C) A loss of muscle mass caused by a loss of muscle fibers D) myogenic precursor cell inhibition - ✔✔-C) A loss of muscle mass caused by a loss of muscle fibers The Health Belief Model assumes that people will engage in a behavior, such as exercise, when _____________. A) There is perceived threat of disease B) External motivation is provided C) Optimal environmental conditions are met D) Internal motivation outweighs external circumstances - ✔✔-A) There is a perceived threat of disease The informed consent document _______________. A) Is a legal document B) Provides immunity for prosecution C) Provides an explanation of the test to the client D) Legally protects the rights of the client - ✔✔-C) Provides an explanation of the test to the client A measure of muscular endurance is __________. A) One repetition maximum B) Three-repetition maximum C) Number of curl-ups in 1 minute D) Number of curl-ups in 3 minutes - ✔✔-C) number of curl-ups in 1 minute If a client exercises too much without rest days or develops a minor injury and does not allow time for the injury to heal, what can occur? A) An overuse injury B) Shin Splints C) Sleep deprivation D) Decreased physical conditioning - ✔✔-A) An overuse injury The ACSM recommends that exercise intensity be prescribed within what percentage of oxygen uptake reserve (VO2maxR) range? A) 30% and 50% B) 50% and 70% C) 40%-60% and 89% D) 75% and 100% - ✔✔-C) 40%-60% and 89% The ACSM recommends how many repetitions (reps) of each exercise for muscular strength and endurance? A) 5-6 reps B) 8-12 reps C) 12-20 reps D) More than 20 reps - ✔✔-B) 8-12 reps Which of the following are changes seen as a result of regular chronic exercise? A) Decreased HR at rest B) Increased stroke volume at rest C) No change in CO at rest D) All of the above - ✔✔-D) All of the above While assessing the behavioral changes associated with an exercise program, which of the following would be categorized under the cognitive process of the Transtheoretical Model? A) Stimulus control B) Reinforcement management C) Self-reevaluation D) Self-liberation - ✔✔-C) Self-reevaluation Fitness assessment is an important aspect of the training program because it provides information for which of the following? A) Developing the exercise prescription B) Evaluating proper nutritional choices C) Diagnosing musculoskeletal injury D) Developing appropriate billing categories - ✔✔-A) Developing the exercise prescription For individuals undertaking nonmedically supervised weight loss initiatives to reduce energy intake, the ACSM recommends weight loss of approximately ___________. A) 1-2 lbs per week B) 5-8 lbs per week C) 8-10 lbs per week D) 10-15 lbs per week - ✔✔-A) 1-2 lbs per week which of the following assumes that a person will adopt appropriate health behaviors if he or she feels the consequences are severe and feel personally vulnerable? A) Learning theories B) Health Belief Model C) Transtheoretical Model D) Stages of Motivational Readiness - ✔✔-B) Health Belief Model Identify the appropriate self-directed evaluation tool used as a quick health screening before beginning any exercise program. A) Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory (MMPI) B) Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE-Borg scale) C) PAR-Q D) Exercise Electrocardiogram (E-ECG) - ✔✔-C) PAR-Q You have examined your patient's health screening documents and obtained physiologic resting measurement and you decide to proceed with a single session of fitness assessments. Identify the recommended order of administration. A) Flexibility, cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, and muscular fitness B) Flexibility, body composition, muscular fitness, and cardiorespiratory fitness C) Body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, and flexibility - ✔✔-C) Body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, flexibility Implementing emergency procedures must include the fitness center's _______________. A) Management B) Staff C) Clients D) Management and staff - ✔✔-D) Management and staff Which of the following is a possible medical emergency that a client can experience during an exercise session? A) Hypoglycemia B) Hypotension C) Hyperglycemia D) All of the above - ✔✔-D) All of the above In comercial settings, clients should be more extensively screened for potential health risks. The information solicited should include which of the following? A) Personal medical history B) Present medical status C) Medication D) All of the above - ✔✔-D) All of the above Generally, low-fit or sedentary persons may benefit from _____________. A) Shorter duration, higher intensity, and higher frequency of exercise B) Longer duration, higher intensity, and higher frequency of exercise C) Shorter duration, lower intensity, and higher frequency of exercis [Show More]
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