*NURSING > ATI > Ostomy Care Questions and Correct Answers Graded A (All)

Ostomy Care Questions and Correct Answers Graded A

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Ostomy Care Questions and Correct Answers Graded A What is an ostomy? ✔Ans✔ An opening or outlet through the abdominal wall that is created surgically for the purpose of eliminating waste Wha... t is the opening of an ostomy called? ✔Ans✔ Stoma How many Americans have an ostomy? ✔Ans✔ Over 700,000 Why would one need need an ileostomy? ✔Ans✔ Results from congenital disease like inflammatory bowel diseases like ulcerative colitis and/or Crohn's Why would one need a colostomy? ✔Ans✔ Results from colon and/or rectum cancer, diverticulitis, and/or trauma Why would one need a urostomy ✔Ans✔ A urinary diversion intended to correct bladder loss or bladder dysfunction What is the most common type of ostomy? ✔Ans✔ An ileostomy What are the three types of ostomies? ✔Ans✔ Ileostomy, colostomy, and urostomy Are ostomies permanent or temporary? ✔Ans✔ They may be either Why would one have a temporary ostomy? ✔Ans✔ To protect areas of the colon or rectum after surgical repair - the colon can be reconnected and bowel continuity is restored What is an ileostomy? ✔Ans✔ An ostomy in which a portion of the ileum is brought through the abdominal wall; an internal "pouch" is created from the ileum Intussusception ✔Ans✔ Inserting a portion of the intestine through an adjacent piece When is an intussusception used? ✔Ans✔ In an ileostomy to create a nipple that prevents stool and gas from coming out Discharge from an ileostomy ✔Ans✔ Liquid to semisoft and continous; contains intestinal enzymes Emptying from an ileostomy ✔Ans✔ A catheter is inserted into the "nipple" in order to remove contents How often is it required to empty an ileostomy? ✔Ans✔ Frequent at first, but eventually the pouch stretches so that it only needs to be drained three to five times daily Is an external pouch needed for an ileostomy? ✔Ans✔ No What is a colostomy? ✔Ans✔ A portion of the colon is brought through the abdominal wall What are the types of colostomies? ✔Ans✔ Ascending, transverse, and descending/sigmoid Output for ascending colostomy ✔Ans✔ Liquid to semi-liquid output Output for transverse colostomy ✔Ans✔ Liquid to semi-formed stool Output for descending colostomy ✔Ans✔ Semi-formed to formed stool Output for sigmoid colostomy ✔Ans✔ Semi-formed to formed stool Are ascending colostomies common? ✔Ans✔ No What are the characteristics of a ascending colostomy? ✔Ans✔ The ascending colon remains and the remainder of the colon is removed or bypassed T or F: Ascending colostomies ALWAYS need a pouch. ✔Ans✔ True What are the characteristics of transverse colostomies? ✔Ans✔ A piece of the transverse colon is lifted through an abdominal incision and a rod or bridge is placed under the loop to give it support while it heals What is the most common site for temporary colostomies? ✔Ans✔ Transverse colon What are the two types of transverse colostomies? ✔Ans✔ Loop and double-barrel What is the distinguishing characteristic of a loop transverse colostomy? ✔Ans✔ There are two holes that are so close together they combine into one opening What are the characteristics of a double-barrel colostomy? ✔Ans✔ Both ends of the colon are brought through the abdominal wall characterized by two stomas that are sutured to the abdominal wall [Show More]

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