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ANCC Review Questions (PMHNP IQ) and Answer (2022/2023)

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ANCC Review Questions (PMHNP IQ) and Answer (2022/2023) What direct-acting dopamine receptor agonist is recommended to be used in the treatments of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) fo help lower... the dopamine blockade? A) benzotropine (Cogentin) B) bromocriptine (Parlodel) C) dantrolene (Dantrium) D) trihexyphenidyl (Artane) ✔✔ A) Bromocriptine (Parlodel) is the recommended direct acting dopamine receptor agonist to help decrease the dopamine blockade. Danrolene (Dantrium) is a muscle relaxant. Benzotropine (Cogentin) and Trihexyphenidyl (Artane) are anticholinergic medications used for extrapyramidal side effects (EPS). Mr. Smith is a 56 year old white male who has been successfully treated on Selegiline for over 4 years. Mr. Smith is going in for elective surgical procedure. Which medication is strictly contraindicated with Selegiline? A) Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) B) Codeine C) Morphine D) Meperidine ✔✔ D) Meperidine is strictly prohibited when a patient is treated on a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) due to the risk of hypertensive crisis and death. A WBC of 4,000 in a patient taking Clozapine would prompt the PMHNP to take which of the following actions? A) Consult with hematologist to determine appropriate antibiotic regimen and monitor closely. B) Institute twice-weekly complete blood count with differentials and monitor closely. C) Discontinue clozapine, initiate alternative antipsychotic medication and monitor closely. D) Institute daily complete blood count with differentials and monitor closely. ✔✔ B) Institute twice-weekly complete blood count with differentials and monitor closely. The recommended cut-points for discontinuation of clozapine are WBC of 2,000 to 3,000 or granulocytes of 1,000 to 1,500 for agranulocytosis and severely compromised immune system. At a WBC of 4,000, the recommendation is to closely monitor CBC with differential twice a week while patient may continue clozapine in the absence of any other signs or symptoms. A patient with a diagnosis of schizophrenia has a history of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. The PMHNP should consider which antipsychotic medication that is the only antipsychotic to reduce the risk of suicide in schizophrenia? A) Abilify (aripriprazole)B) Latuda (lurasidone) C) Invega (iloperidone) D) Clozaril (clozapine) ✔✔ D) Clozaril (clozapine) is the only known antipsychotic medication that had been shown to reduce the risk of suicide in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. A patient being treated for major depressive disorder and on sertraline (Zoloft), 150 mg po daily for the past 16 years, presents to the psychiatric mental health practitioner for an outpatient follow-up visit. During the visit she states that she has not been feeling well, reporting the flu. She also states she has not taken her medication in the last five days. Which of the following symptoms would she be describing if you suspect selective serotonin reputable inhibitors (SSRIs) discontinuation syndrome? A) Agitation, nausea, dysphoria, and diequilibrium B) Agitation, nausea, tremor, and ataxia. C) Restlessness, tremor, fever, and shivering. D) Restlessness, headache, increased heart rate, and diarrhea. ✔✔ A) Agitation; nausea, dysphoria, and disequilibrium The patient has SSRI discontinuation syndrome and would be presenting with flu-like symptoms. If the patient had serotonin syndrome, she would present with symptoms of autonomic instability. Which of the following statements reflect the current understanding of dopamine (DA) pathways and clinical symptoms in schizophrenia? A) Negative symptoms are related to DA deficit in the cerebral cortex; positive symptoms are related to DA excess in the nucleus accumbens and mesolimbic system. B) Negative symptoms are related to DA excess in the cerebral cortex; positive symptoms are related to DA deficit in the nucleus accumbens and mesolimbic system. C) Negative symptoms are related to DA excess in the mesolimbic system; positive symptoms are related to DA deficit in the substantia nigra and ventral tegmental area. Negative symptoms are related to DA deficit in the mesolimbic system; positive symptoms are related to DA excess in the substantia nigra and ventral tegmental area. ✔✔ A) Negative symptoms are related to DA deficit in the cerebral cortex; positive symptoms are related to DA excess in the nucleus accumbens and mesolimbic system. Negative symptoms & cognitive impairment are thought to be related to hypoactivity of the mesocortical dopiminergic tract, which by its association with the prefrontal cortex and neocortex contributes to motivation, planning, sequencing of behaviors in time, attention, and social behavior. Positive symptoms (hallucination and delusions) are thought to be caused by dopamine hyperactivity in the mesolimbic tract, which regulates emotion. This hyperactivity could result in overactive modulation of nueurotransmission from the nucleus accumbens. [Show More]

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