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HIEU 201 Chapter 11

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HIEU 201 Chapter 11 All of the following were true of university students EXCEPT they were forbidden from studying theology. The geocentric theory held that seven transparent spheres, in which t... he seven planets were embedded, revolve around the motionless earth. According to the medieval worldview sharp differences existed between a higher world of perfection and a lower world of imperfection. Saint Anselm (1033-1109) taught that God could be known through faith and through reason. The condemnation of strict Aristotelianism in 1277 may have advanced science because it led to a re-examination of Aristotle's ideas. Roger Bacon recommended dissection of the eyes of animals to better understand how light could be seen. The leading center for the study of Roman law in the Middle Ages was bologna The French chansons de geste were epic poems of heroic deeds. Romanesque architecture imitated ancient Roman structures with its use of massive walls to support rounded arches. The Divine Comedy describes Dante's journey through hell, purgatory and paradise. Gothic cathedrals gave expression to the medieval conception of hierarchical universe. The form of poetry known as courtly love expressed a changing attitude toward women by assigning noble ladies superior qualities of virtue. The Song of Roland featured Charlemagne and expressed the feudal ethic of loyalty and devotion. All of the following contributed to the Twelfth-Century Awakening EXCEPT the rejection of Islamic and Byzantine cultures. According to medieval Christian theology, human beings occupied a position in the universe above the animals and below the angels. Scholastic philosophy was a product of an attempt to reconcile classical reason and Christian faith and to make Aristotelian philosophy acceptable to church leaders. In Sic et Non, Peter Abelard (1079-1142) demonstrated that there were inconsistencies in the way the church fathers resolved spiritual issues, but these could be resolved through dialectical reasoning. Thomas Aquinas believed that in the relationship between faith and reason there could never be any real contradictions between the two; contradictions were only apparent, not actual. In the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries a genuine scientific movement developed as scholars began to examine nature directly. ________ created the impetus theory, which marked an advance over Aristotle's air-engine. Jean Buridan [Show More]

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