*NURSING > ATI MEDICAL SURGICAL > RN ATI Medsurg preassessment questions (All)

RN ATI Medsurg preassessment questions

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RN ATI Medsurg preassessment questions RN ATI Capstone Content Review: Medical-Surgical Pre-Assessment Assignment Directions: Please copy and paste the questions below into a document to inse... rt your answers. When you finish, please copy and paste the questions and your answers into a message to me using the classroom message system. This assignment will assist you in reviewing some of the med-surg topics and strengthen your overall knowledge base before you take the Medical-Surgical Assessment. Please send me your answers so that I can provide you with any needed feedback BEFORE you take your Medical-Surgical Assessment. PLEASE DO NOT copy/paste your answers from the ATI review module/your textbooks/other sources. Reading the content and putting it into your own words is KEY to understanding and increasing your overall knowledge base. The ATI review books are 'review books' they are meant to be a refresher, resource, and supplement to your nursing education - feel free to use your school textbooks for additional information when reviewing and completing assignments as well. 1. What are the manifestations of hypokalemia? Hyperkalemia? Hypokalemia  » Hyperkalemia » 2. What is diabetes insipidus (DI)? What happens with the Na level and the total body water with DI? How is DI treated? Diabetes Insipidus:     Na level and total body of water during DI:    3. What are the expected abnormal lab values associated with the following endocrine disorders: Diabetes mellitus, Cushing’s disease, Addison’s disease, and hypothyroidism? Endocrine Disorder Expected Abnormal Lab Value Diabetes Mellitus   Cushing’s disease Addison’s disease Hypothyroidism 4. A client is in acute renal failure (ARF). What should the nurse anticipate the client’s creatinine, BUN and potassium levels to be? Acute Renal Failure Creatinine - BUN - Potassium - 5. What education should be provided to the client following hemodialysis? Hemodialysis Patient Education 6. What are assessment findings consistent with a diagnosis of DKA? What are priority interventions for clients with this condition? DKA (Diabetic Ketoacidosis) Assessment findings  » Priority Interventions  » 7. What are two potential complications of amputation and nursing interventions for client’s experiencing these complications? Amputation Complications  - Nursing Interventions  - 8. What are the warning signs of a Myocardial Infarction (MI)? Warning Signs of Myocardial Infarction  - 9. What could go wrong during a blood transfusion? What should the nurse do if a transfusion reaction is suspected? Blood Transfusions What could go wrong?  - Nursing intervention for transfusion reaction:  10. What are some nursing interventions that can decrease intracranial pressure (ICP)? What can cause an increase in ICP (so that the nurse can anticipate the potential increases and respond appropriately)? Intracranial Pressure Causes of increased ICP  - Nursing Interventions  - 11. What are the diagnostic criteria for AIDS? Diagnostic Criteria for AIDS - ELISA (antibody assay) : Positive within 3 weeks to 3 months following infection. Most common and least expensive - - Plasma HIV-1 RNA viral load is greater than 1,500 copies - 12. What are the types of viral hepatitis and how are these transmitted? Viral Hepatitis Type A (HAV)  Type B ( HBV)  Type C (HCV)  13. Explain what the priority care would be for a client who recently had a Transuretheral resection of the prostate (TURP). 14. A client has a chest tube with continuous bubbling in the water seal chamber. What does this mean and what actions should the nurse take? What actions should the nurse take if the chest tube becomes disconnected from the closed drainage system or pulled out? Chest Tube Signs Meaning Nursing Intervention Continuous bubbling in water seal chamber  » Chest tube becomes disconnected from closed drainage system » Chest tube gets pulled out » 15. Explain the manifestations of pulmonary edema and two possible causes for this condition. Pulmonary Edema Manifestations  Two possible causes 16. A client who is having an asthmatic attack enters the ED. Explain the priority actions that should be taken to assist this client. Status Asthmaticus Priority Actions: » 17. Identify ways the nurse can provide cognitive stimulation for the client with Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s Disease: Cognitive Stimulation - Walks, music, craft activities - - Use a calendar to assist with orientation - - Be consistent and repetitive - - Provide memory training (reminisce about the past, making lists and rehearsing, repeating client’s last statement) - - Reality orientation with clocks, single-day calendar, pictures of family and pets, frequent orientation to time, place, and person - - Promote self-care as long as possible - - Provide a routine toileting schedule - ABGs Interpretation 18. ABG Question 1 pH 7.18 PaCO2 38 PaO2 70 HCO3 15 What is this? What could have caused it? 19. ABG Question 2 pH 7.60 PaCO2 30 PaO2 60 HCO3 22 What is this? What could have caused it? 20. ABG Question 3 pH 7.58 PaCO2 35 PaO2 75 HCO3 50 What is this? What could have caused it? [Show More]

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