Pharmacology > NCLEX > PHARMACOLOGY NCLEX QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST (All)

PHARMACOLOGY NCLEX QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST

Document Content and Description Below

PHARMACOLOGY NCLEX QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST ACE Inhibitor Drugs - ANS-Captopril (Capoten), Enalapril (Vasotec), Enalaprilat (Vasotec IV), Fosinopril (Monopril), Lisinopril (Prinivil) AC... E Inhibitors/ARBs Use - ANS-Uses: Hypertension, HF, MI, diabetic neuropathy. Precautions/interactions: caution with diuretic therapy, monitor potassium levels. Side effects of ACE inhibitor/ARBs - ANS-Persistent non-productive cough with ACE. Angioedema (administer epinephrine), hypotension, should not be used in second and third trimester of pregnancy Captopril time to take - ANS-1 hour before meals Calcium channel blocker drugs - ANS-Nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia), verapamil (Calan), Diltiazem (Cardizem), Amlodipine (Norvasc) Ca++ channel blocker Use - ANS-Angina, hypertension. Verapamil and diltiazem used for a fib, atrial flutter, or SVT. Use cautiously with digoxin and beta blockers, contraindicated for those with HF, heart block, bradycardia. NO GRAPEFRUIT JUICE. IV injection over 2-3 minutes. Slowly taper if discontinuing Side effects of calcium channel blockers - ANS-Constipation, reflex tachycardia, peripheral edema, toxicity Alpha Adrenergic Blockers (Sympatholytics) - ANS-Selectively inhibit alpha, adrenergic receptors, resulting in peripheral arterial and venous dilation that lowers BP. Side effects: dizziness, fainting. Take at bed time to minimize effects of hypotension. Alpha Adrenergic Blockers Drugs - ANS-Prazosin (Minipress), Doxazosin mesylate (Cardura) Centrally Acting Alpha2 Agonists - ANS-Stimulate alpha-adrenergic receptors in the brain to reduce peripheral vascular resistance, heart rate, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Used for HTN, hypertensive crisis, severe cancer pain. Centrally Acting Alpha2 Agonist Drugs - ANS-Clonidine (Catapres), Guanfacine HCl (Tenex), Methyldopa (Aldomet) Centrally Acting Alpha2 Agonist Drug Precautions - ANS-Contraindicated with anticoagulant therapy, hepatic failure. Do not administer to clients taking MAOIs. Do not administer methyldopa through IV line with barbiturates or sulfonamides. Use cautiously in CVA, MI, DM, depression, or chronic renal failure. Do not use during lactation Centrally Acting Alpha2 Agonist Drug Side Effects - ANS-Dry mouth, drowsiness, sedation, rebound HTN, black or sore tongue, leukopenia Beta Adrenergic Blockers (Sympatholytics) - ANS-Inhibit stimulation of receptor sites, resulting in decreased cardiac excitability, cardiac output, myocardial oxygen demand, lower BP by decreasing release of renin by kidney. Hypertension, angina, tachydysrhythmias, HF, MI. Beta Adrenergic Blocker Medications (Cardioselective Beta1 meds) - ANSMetoprolol (Lopressor), atenolol (Tenormin), Metoprolol succinate (Toprol XL) Beta Adrenergic Blocker Medications (Nonselective beta1 and 2 meds) - ANSPropranolol (Inderal), Nadolol (Corgard), Labetalol (Normodyne) Beta Adrenergic Blocker Precautions - ANS-Contraindicated in clients who have AV block and sinus bradycardia, do not administer nonselective beta blockers to clients who have asthma, bronchospasm, HF, propranolol may mask effects of hypoglycemia in DM, do not administer labetalol in same IV line with furosemide. Do not administer if systolic less than 100 and pulse less than 60. Beta adrenergic blocker side effects - ANS-Bradycardia, nasal stuffiness, AV block, rebound myocardium excitation if stopped abruptly, bronchospasm Vasodilators - ANS-Direct vasodilation of arteries and veins resulting in rapid reduction of BP (decreased preload and afterload). Used for hypertensive emergencies. Precautions: clients who have hepatic or renal disease, older adults, electrolyte imbalances Vasodilator medications - ANS-Nitroglycerin (Nitrostat IV): Enalaprilat (Vasotec IV), Nitroprusside (Nipride), Hydralazine (Apresoline). Vasodilator Side Effects - ANS-Dizziness, headache, profound hypotension, cyanide toxicity, thiocyanate poisoning Nitroprusside Interventions - ANS-Should not be mixed with any medication, apply protective cover to container, discard unused fluid after 24 hour, provide continuous ECG and blood pressure monitoring Cardiac Glycosides - ANS-Used in the treatment of clients who have cardiac failure or ineffective pumping mechanism of the heart muscle. Increase the force and velocity of myocardial contractions to improve stroke volume and CO. Slow the conduction rate, allowing for increased ventricular filling. Used for HF, a fib Cardiac Glycoside Medication - ANS-Digoxin (Lanoxin, Lanoxicaps, Digitek) Digoxin Precautions/interactions - ANS-Thiazide or loop diuretics increase risk of hypokalemia and precipitate digoxin toxicity. ACE and ARBs increase risk of hyperkalemia. Verapamil (Calan) increases risk of toxicity CONTINUES... [Show More]

Last updated: 1 year ago

Preview 1 out of 34 pages

Reviews( 0 )

Recommended For You

 *NURSING> NCLEX > SAUNDER MENTAL HEALTH - QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS (All)

preview
SAUNDER MENTAL HEALTH - QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

SAUNDER MENTAL HEALTH - QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

By Ellen Ronald , Uploaded: Jul 08, 2022

$15.5

 *NURSING> NCLEX > BSTRANDABLE NCLEX MISCELLANEOUS 5 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022/ 2023 LATEST UPDATE (All)

preview
BSTRANDABLE NCLEX MISCELLANEOUS 5 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022/ 2023 LATEST UPDATE

BSTRANDABLE NCLEX MISCELLANEOUS 5 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022/ 2023 LATEST UPDATE How does managed care affect the economics of health care delivery? - ANSDecreases duplicate processes and redundan...

By BRAINEDGE , Uploaded: Sep 26, 2022

$9.5

 *NURSING> NCLEX > VICTIMS OF ABUSE OR NEGLECT NCLEX QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS LATEST UPDATE 2022/2023 (All)

preview
VICTIMS OF ABUSE OR NEGLECT NCLEX QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS LATEST UPDATE 2022/2023

VICTIMS OF ABUSE OR NEGLECT NCLEX QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS LATEST UPDATE 2022/2023 A kindergarten student is frequently violent toward other children. A school nurse notices bruises and burns on the...

By BRAINEDGE , Uploaded: Sep 26, 2022

$10

 Pharmacology> NCLEX > PHARMACOLOGY NCLEX QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST (All)

preview
PHARMACOLOGY NCLEX QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST

PHARMACOLOGY NCLEX QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST ACE Inhibitor Drugs - ANS-Captopril (Capoten), Enalapril (Vasotec), Enalaprilat (Vasotec IV), Fosinopril (Monopril), Lisinopril (Prinivil) AC...

By BRAINEDGE , Uploaded: Sep 27, 2022

$10

 *NURSING> NCLEX > CARDIAC NCLEX CH 8 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST UPDATE (All)

preview
CARDIAC NCLEX CH 8 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST UPDATE

CARDIAC NCLEX CH 8 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST UPDATE Which of the following complications is indicated by a third heart sound? A) Ventricular dilation B) Systemic hypertension C) Aortic va...

By BRAINEDGE , Uploaded: Oct 11, 2022

$7.5

 *NURSING> NCLEX > CARDIAC NCLEX CH 8 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST UPDATE (All)

preview
CARDIAC NCLEX CH 8 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST UPDATE

CARDIAC NCLEX CH 8 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST UPDATE Which of the following complications is indicated by a third heart sound? A) Ventricular dilation B) Systemic hypertension C) Aortic va...

By BRAINEDGE , Uploaded: Oct 11, 2022

$7.5

 *NURSING> NCLEX > Nursing Entrance Exam – Kaplan questions and answers all correct (All)

preview
Nursing Entrance Exam – Kaplan questions and answers all correct

Inorganic compounds Correct Answer: chemicals without carbon, sodium chloride, nitrogen and phospoorus Organic compounds Correct Answer: chemicals that contain carbon, that support life, includes pr...

By ETSY , Uploaded: Nov 10, 2022

$10

 *NURSING> NCLEX > Mark Klimek Blue Book. With over 400 Questions and Answers.Best Rated 2021. (All)

preview
Mark Klimek Blue Book. With over 400 Questions and Answers.Best Rated 2021.

If the pH and the BiCarb are both in the same direction then it is? Metabolic If the pH is up it is? Alkalosis If the pH is down it is? Acidosis As the pH goes so goes my patient except for? P otassiu...

By Hannington , Uploaded: May 03, 2021

$10

 *NURSING> NCLEX > NGN NCLEX QUESTIONS FOR 2024 EXAM (All)

preview
NGN NCLEX QUESTIONS FOR 2024 EXAM

New NGN Question Formats: Matrix multiple-choice Matrix multiple-response Multiple-response: Select all that apply Multiple-response: Select N Multiple-response: Grouping Drag-and-drop: Cloze Drag...

By Rixx Dennis , Uploaded: May 29, 2023

$50.5

 *NURSING> NCLEX > Mark Klimek Blue Book. With over 400 Questions and Answers. (All)

preview
Mark Klimek Blue Book. With over 400 Questions and Answers.

If the pH and the BiCarb are both in the same direction then it is? Metabolic If the pH is up it is? Alkalosis If the pH is down it is? Acidosis As the pH goes so goes my patient except for? P...

By SuperSolutions© , Uploaded: Feb 02, 2021

$12.5

$10.00

Add to cart

Instant download

Can't find what you want? Try our AI powered Search

OR

GET ASSIGNMENT HELP
65
0

Document information


Connected school, study & course



About the document


Uploaded On

Sep 26, 2022

Number of pages

34

Written in

Seller


seller-icon
BRAINEDGE

Member since 3 years

42 Documents Sold


Additional information

This document has been written for:

Uploaded

Sep 26, 2022

Downloads

 0

Views

 65

Document Keyword Tags

THE BEST STUDY GUIDES

Avoid resits and achieve higher grades with the best study guides, textbook notes, and class notes written by your fellow students

custom preview

Avoid examination resits

Your fellow students know the appropriate material to use to deliver high quality content. With this great service and assistance from fellow students, you can become well prepared and avoid having to resits exams.

custom preview

Get the best grades

Your fellow student knows the best materials to research on and use. This guarantee you the best grades in your examination. Your fellow students use high quality materials, textbooks and notes to ensure high quality

custom preview

Earn from your notes

Get paid by selling your notes and study materials to other students. Earn alot of cash and help other students in study by providing them with appropriate and high quality study materials.


$10.00

WHAT STUDENTS SAY ABOUT US


What is Browsegrades

In Browsegrades, a student can earn by offering help to other student. Students can help other students with materials by upploading their notes and earn money.

We are here to help

We're available through e-mail, Twitter, Facebook, and live chat.
 FAQ
 Questions? Leave a message!

Follow us on
 Twitter

Copyright © Browsegrades · High quality services·