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AEMT Test 364 Questions with Correct Answers. 100% rated A. 2022/2023.

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AEMT Test 364 Questions with Correct Answers The transition from childhood to adulthood is known as which of the following? >>> Adolescence A patient who is hypoxic has a pulmonary disease that inv... olves low lung compliance. As such, you realize: >>> ventilation with a bag-valve-mask will require more effort Which of the following would be a normal set of vitals for a two-year-old man patient? >>> Heart rate 110/minute, respiratory rate 24/minute, and systolic blood pressure of 80 mmHg Which of the following religious groups believes that following the Eightfold Path ends desire and suffering, and leads to Nirvana? >>> Buddhist Which of the following allows for smooth movement of bone surfaces against one another at joints? >>> Cartilage A seven-year-old boy has fallen 15 feet out of a tree house. He is alert and oriented and his vital signs are all within normal limits. You should: >>> Assume he may have a serious injury Which of the following are cell fragments that are attracted to injured tissues to initiate the blood clotting process? >>> Platelets Your 68-year-old patient is in cardiac arrest. His wife states that he was working in the yard and just slumped over. What should you suspect is the cause of his cardiac arrest? >>> A pulseless ventricular rhythm Swelling from edema within the airway structures is the MOST common cause of: >>> Decreased external respiration When a person is in shock, which of the following is occurring in the body? >>> The cells are not getting enough oxygen and waste products are accumulating The cycle which consists of the movement of ions and the associated differences in electrical charge across the cell membranes is called the >>> Cardiac action potential You are assessing a 12-year-old male patient who has been involved in a bicycle accident. This patient would be classified as being in which stage of life? >>> School Age Which of the following can occur as a result of hypothermia? >>> Signs of parasympathetic nervous system response include: >>> Constricted pupilsWhich of the following are located within the retroperitoneal space and not within the peritoneal cavity? >>> Pancreas In which of the following conditions would the tissues require more oxygen? >>> presence of fever You suspect that your patient has been exposed to carbon monoxide due to a faulty furnace. How does carbon monoxide harm the body? >>> CO knocks O2 from the hemoglobin molecule Middle adulthood is the stage of life from __ to __ years. >>> 41; 60 In which culture would you see that negative emotions, such as anger, are sometimes not expressed openly and politeness is highly valued? >>> Asian The process by which glucose and other nutrients are converted into energy is called: >>> Metabolism Your patient is an 86-year-old man with a cardiac history. He takes blood thinners and a beta blocker for his heart. He is quite cool to the touch and his pulse oximeter reading is 87 percent. This is concerning because you know that: >>> hypothermia causes a shift in the oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve. Which of the following is TRUE regarding the circulatory phase of cardiac arrest? >>> CPR before defibrillation is more effective Which of the following is CORRECT regarding stroke volume? >>> Stroke volume fails to compensate if the heart rate falls under 50 bpm Which of the following types of shock includes the presence of warm, dry skin below the level of injury and a normal pulse rate? >>> Neurogenic What is the typical life span of a red blood cell? >>> 120 days The relationship between alveolar blood flow and alveolar airflow is called the: >>> Ventilation-perfusion ration All of the following influence life expectancy EXCEPT: >>> Height Which of the following would result from an acute myocardial infarction? >>> inadequate heart function Which of the following would be the MOST common cause of anaphylaxis? >>> AntibioticThe sympathetic chain ganglia are found: >>> on either side of and parallel to the spinal column Which of the following could be responsible for causing obstructive shock? >>> Blood clots in the lungs Which statement is MOST correct relating to patient oxygenation concepts? >>> The partial pressure of oxygen is 159 mmHg at sea level (760 mmHg x 0.21). Your elderly patient has been struck by a car and you suspect serious internal bleeding. Her pulse rate is steady at 80, and her respirations are shallow. She tells you that she takes beta blockers for hypertension. What should you suspect? >>> There is a decreased response of the sympathetic nervous system How can infants receive antibodies to further increase their immune system? >>> Breastfeeding In which ethnic group would you make eye contact but extended eye contact could be seen as disrespectful? >>> American Indian Which of the following consequences are seen when there is a failure of the sodium/potassium pump? >>> Massive amounts of sodium and water enter the cell Which of the following is the master gland that secretes tropic hormones that control the secretion of other hormones throughout the body? >>> Pituitary Which of the following would be part of good homeostatic balance for an adult? >>> A person with an arterial blood pH of 7.38 What is the inner layer of the uterus called? >>> Endometrium The Valsalva maneuver makes use of the sensitivity of which of the following nerves? >>> Vagus Which of the following groups believe that illness is a result of karma? >>> Hindus Your patient has several broken ribs and his breathing is shallow and growing more difficult. Which of the following is MOST likely occurring? >>> He has a decrease in tidal volume Which of the following BEST demonstrates the importance of understanding the basics of pathophysiology? >>> Discovering and reversing the cause of a patient's problem may be life savingYou are assessing a six-month-old woman patient who, according to the parents, is not acting normally. At this stage of development, the patient should be able to do which of the following? >>> Sit upright in a high chair Hypoxia becomes the main stimulus for ventilation rather than hypercarbia in patient with: >>> COPD Which of the following theories focuses primarily on children? >>> Piaget's theory of cognitive development Which of the following is a musical, squeaking or whistling sound heard in inspiration and expiration while auscultating lung fields? >>> Wheezing A 55 year old female was in a motor vehicle crash. She starts vomiting while you attempt to nasotracheally intubate her. What should you do? >>> Remove the tube and clear the airway You find a patient in the tripod position. What should you suspect? >>> Respiratory distress A 24 year old male is lying supine and is unresponsive. You have opened his airway with a head-tilt/chin-lift maneuver and determined that he is apneic with a bradycardic pulse. You attempt to ventilate, but are unsuccessful. What should you do? >>> Reposition the airway and give 2 ventilations A 25 year old male was found lying on the bottom of a pool. The lifeguard pulled him out and laid him beside the pool before calling EMS. He is unresponsive and not breathing. What should you do? >>> Stabilize c-spine and assist his ventilations What is the leading cause of infant and child death? >>> Respiratory arrest A 55 year old female was in a motor vehicle crash. She starts vomiting while you attempt to nasotracheally intubate her. What should you do? >>> Remove the tube and clear the airway A 7 year old boy is found supine at the base of 15 foot high jungle gym. His teacher is unsure if he fell from the equipment. Vital signs are BP 100/90, R 0, P 42, SaO2 93%. What should you do? >>> Open his airway with a jaw thrust maneuver What is the normal arterial pO2 level at sea level? >>> 80-100 mmHg A 54 year old female is in respiratory arrest and has inadequate chest rise during ventilations. What should you do? >>> Reposition the jaw You suspect your partner has intubated the esophagus. What should you do? >>> Extubate and ventilate by BVMHow much oxygen will a pocket mask on room air deliver? >>> 17% What is the area where the base of the tongue and the epiglottis meet called? >>> Vallecula After placement of an ET tube, you find breath sounds are diminished on the left side but present on the right side. What should you do? >>> Deflate and withdraw the tube while listening over the left side The air that we exhale contains approximately how much oxygen? >>> 16% What is the expected breathing rate for a child under the age of eight? >>> 20-40 breaths per minute Which is a sign of respiratory failure for an adult? >>> Nasal Flaring What is the coarse sound of fluid movement heard on inspiration called? >>> Rhonchi A lethargic 22 month old male presents with hoarseness and coughing. He has sternal retractions and his belly and chest move in opposite directions with each breath. He is breathing at a rate of 64. What should you suspect? >>> Respiratory failure What is the name of the tracheal ring that sits directly inferior to the larynx? >>> Cricoid cartilage What is the normal bodily pH? >>> 7.35-7.45 Which pleura covers the lungs? >>> Visceral Drugs for inhalation that are gases administered by the AEMT would include which of the following? >>> Oxygen and Nitrous Oxide Macrodrip tubing is indicated for all of the following patients: >>> 17 yo gunshot victim; 68 yo anaphylactic shock; 24 yo in heat exhaustion (microdrip for a 77 yo in CHF) The single-dose breakable glass vessel containing medication is known as a(n): >>> ampule Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding placement of a constricting band when initiating IV access in the hand or arm? >>> The constricting band should be just tight enough to impede venous blood flow without restricting arterial passage. Which intravenous catheter is pReferenceerred for peripheral venous access? >>> Over-the-needle catheterThe minimum aseptic technique for intramuscular and subcutaneous injection and for intravenous access and intravenous injection through a medication administration port on intravenous tubing would be: >>> Application of friction with an isopropyl alcohol wipe. A 66-year-old man is complaining of substernal chest pain. The AEMT is considering assisting with the patient's prescribed nitroglycerin. Which one of the following patient statements is MOST relevant to the AEMT at this time? >>> "My urologist just started treating me for problems I am having with sex." What is the MOST common type of medication error resulting in death accounting for over 40 percent of all medication error related deaths? >>> Wrong dosage of the drug All of the following are indications for intravenous access EXCEPT: >>> Allergy Testing Which of the following information is NOT part of a complete drug order? >>> Side effects You are given the order to administer 0.01 mg/kg of epinephrine, 1:1000, IM to a 35- pound pediatric patient. Epinephrine 1:1000 is supplied in a concentration of 1 mg/mL. The correct dosage for this patient would be: >>> 0.16 Orally administered drugs are largely absorbed through the: >>> Duodenum At bare minimum, what Standard Precautions should be used when starting an IV? >>> Gloves Which of the following medications are administered in such a way that they bypass the hepatic portal system? >>> Oral glucose and NTG Drugs delivered by inhalation typically require the use: >>> A small volume nebulizer Which of the following is usually the FIRST sign of extravasation at an IV site? >>> Edema at the IV site Which of the following size of needle gauge is used to draw up medications but NOT to administer them subcutaneously or intravenously? >>> 18 gauge The method of medication administration that involves placing a hollow needle into the medullary cavity, where medication is absorbed through the medullary vasculature would be: >>> intraosseous route (IO) The recommended dose of Lanoxin is 0.25-1.0 mg IV. At doses in excess of 1.5 mg, Lanoxin becomes toxic. A drug's margin of safety-the range between an effective dose and a lethal dose-is known as the: >>> therapeutic indexWhat parasympatholytic can be used to treat organophosphate poisoning? >>> Atropine Which schedule of drugs has the lowest potential for abuse? >>> Schedule V Which IV fluids cause a fluid shift of fluid from the intravascular space to the intracellular space? >>> Hypotonic crystalloids Lactated Ringer's is considered an: >>> isotonic crystalloid Lotions, ointments, and creams contain different amounts of water, so they have different absorption rates. In general the more amount of water in the mixture, the faster it is absorbed. In order from slowest absorption to fastest absorption rates would be: >>> Ointments, creams, and lotions An IV fluid solution that contains proteins or large starch molecules would be Referenceerred to as a(n): >>> Colloid At what phase of the clinical trial testing may the manufacturer apply for FDA approval to begin marketing a medication for sale? >>> At the conclusion of phase III After several cycles of lab testing on test animals, a medication can enter clinical trials for evaluation in humans. In phase II clinical trial testing: >>> consists of the drug being tested on a small number (usually 300 or less) of people with the illness or condition the drug is designed to treat. Which of the following is a "generic" name? >>> Meperidine hydrochloride Another name for the mechanism of action of a medication, which is the way in which specific medications achieve their desired effect, would be: >>> pharmacodynamics Solutions that contain large proteins that cannot pass through the capillary membrane are Referenceerred to as: >>> colloids Belladonna, or deadly nightshade, is a source of what well-known medication? >>> Atropine Oral glucose is NOT administered to a hypoglycemic patient that is unconscious. This would be an example of ______________ because this condition would make administration of the drug harmful. >>> the contradictions for the medication ________ is the measure of the amount of a drug that is still active after it reaches its target tissue. >>> Bioavailability Which one of the following BEST describes why the AEMT administers medications? >>> To stabilize a patient's medical conditionMorphine sulfate acts on ________ receptors in the brain. >>> Opiate After administering oral glucose to a patient with altered mental status, which one of the following BEST indicates a positive therapeutic effect or response to the medication? >>> Mental status that is alert and oriented Within the peripheral nervous system, involuntary function is controlled by the >>> Autonomic nervous system What anti-inflammatory analgesic is indicated for patients with suspected myocardial infarction? >>> Aspirin Which one of the following medical emergencies would MOST likely result in the use of epinephrine by the AEMT >>> Bee Sting What is the MOST detailed name for any drug >>> Chemical name What is the response in the lungs to beta2 stimulation? >>> Bronchodilation What is the response to alpha2 stimulation? >>> Vasodilation What is the response to alpha1 stimulation >>> Vasoconstriction What is the response to beta1 stimulation >>> Increased HR Which of the following is a contraindication to administering hypotonic D5W IV solutions? >>> Patients with suspected hyperkalemia The branch of pharmacology concerned with the ways drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and eliminated from the body is: >>> pharmacokinetics An IV fluid solution such as normal saline that contains water, electrolytes, and in some cases, dextrose would be Referenceerred to as a(n): >>> Crystalloid Some examples of synthetic medications are Humulin, literally human insulin and the fibrinolytic tPA or tissue plasminogen activator. Two others are: >>> Lidocaine and diazepam Which of the following medications the AEMT may administer has a mechanism of action that works as a CNS depressant? >>> Nitrous Oxide In patients with blood loss, only about _____ of the fluid is still in the vascular space ______ after it is administered. >>> One-third; one hour Your patient is a 61-year-old man complaining of sudden onset midsternal chest pain. His color is ashen and he is diaphoretic. He takes an aspirin daily as well as medicationfor hypertension. His blood pressure is 100/60. His heart rate is 110. Respiration rate is 26. Pulse oximeter reads 96 percent on room air. Which of the following BEST describes side effects you could see from nitroglycerin administration? >>> Postural Hypotension The CORRECT pediatric dosage of ibuprofen would be: >>> 5 - 10 mg/kg every 6 to 8 hrs Which of the following statements regarding receptor sites of medications is TRUE? >>> The stronger the attraction of a drug to a receptor site, the greater the affinity. Morphine falls under which schedule of drug, according to the Controlled Substances Act of 1970? >>> Schedule II Your patient is a 61-year-old man complaining of sudden onset midsternal chest pain. His color is ashen and he is diaphoretic. He takes an aspirin daily as well as medication for hypertension. His blood pressure is 100/60. His heart rate is 110. Respiration rate is 26. Pulse oximeter reads 96 percent on room air. Which of the following BEST describes side effects you could see from nitroglycerin administration? >>> Postural hypotension What part of the drug profile typically includes the common concentrations of the available preparations? >>> How supplied Variables to consider when determining the proper method of drug storage include: >>> Moisture, Light, Temperature Medications that block cholinergic receptors are known as: >>> Parasympatholytics Medications that inhibit the sympathetic nervous system are known as: >>> Sympatholytics Which medication administered by the AEMT has minimal beta1 adrenergic effects but may increase heart rate and myocardial oxygen demand, theReferenceore it should be used with caution in patients with heart disease >>> Albuterol Which IV fluids cause water to leave the cells and enter the vascular space? >>> Hypertonic crystalloids In which phase of clinical trial testing is the medication compared to other medications on the market? >>> Phase IV trials Which schedule of drugs is described as having a high abuse potential and may lead to severe dependence, but also has accepted medical indica [Show More]

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