*NURSING > QUESTIONS & ANSWERS > AEMT Final Study Guide150 Questions With Correct Answers. Graded A (All)

AEMT Final Study Guide150 Questions With Correct Answers. Graded A

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AEMT Final Study Guide150 Questions With Correct Answers A 32 year old male ingested a large quantity of Dilaudid, a powerful opiate. Which of the following clinical signs would you Most likely enc... ounter during your assessment? >>> Respiratory depression and hypertension. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) occurs when. >>> Your body is unable to produce enough insulin. The skin and underlying tissues of the face: >>> Have a rich blood supply and bleed profusely. Which of the following electrolytes determines wheter or not the body is acidotic or alkalotic? >>> Bicarbonate An AEMT administers 1,000 ml of IV fluid to a patient with severe pulmonary edema and a stable B/P. The pt then develops profound respiratory distress and becomes apneic. What is this situation an example of? >>> Gross Negligence. Perfusion is defined as >>> the circulation of oxygenated blood within an organ or tissue in adequate amounts to meet the cells current needs. The white portion of the eye is called the >>> sclera Which of the following is Most effective way of preventing the spread of disease? >>> thoroughly washing your hands after every Pt. The substance epinephrine (adrenaline) has an affinity for >>> alpha & beta receptors When assessing or performing a procedure on a toddler, you should expect him or her to >>> Resist separation from his or her parents The primary physiologic abnormality that causes diabetes is >>> Ineffective action of insulin An ischemic stroke is Most often the result of >>> Cerebral embolism / blocked cerebral artery One milliter (ml) is equivalent of >>> 1 cc Cubic centimeter The shaft bone is called >>> Diaphysis An anaphylactic reaction impairs effective breathing secondary to >>> upper airway swellingWhich of the following medications or medical devices may inhibit the bodys tachycardic response during shock? >>> Beta-blocker Which of the following is Not a crystalloid? >>> whole Blood All of the following can lead to shock (hypoperfusion) Except >>> Increased venous return to the atrium An 18 year old female is experiencing an axiety attack and is breathing at a rate of 40 breaths/min. Which of the following acid-base derangements will occur if her condition is not promptly treated? >>> CO2, H2CO3, Ph What is an enternal drug >>> Any drug that is administered along any portion of the GI tract. which of the following Most accurately describes the pathophysiology of angina pectoris >>> Reversible process in which myocardial oxygen demand exceeds the supply of available oxygen. Why does the skin become flushed or red when a person is exposed to a hot environment >>> Expanded blood vessels bring heat to the skins surface As a triage officer you >>> Must not begin treatment until all pts. have been triaged a 63 year old male is being transported to the hospital for an acute exacerbation of his emphysema. He is on oxygen via nasal cannula at 4/lpm. during your reassessment you note that his mental status has deteriorated and his respirations have become markedly slow and shallow. You should >>> Assist his ventilations with a BVM A 33 year old male complains of generalized weakness and chest discomfort that began following his morning workout at the gym. He is conscious and alert, but restless. Your assessment reveals a BP of 130/60 , pulse of 78 bpm. and occasionally irregular, respirations of 16 and unlabored, and a SPO2 of 98% on room air. He has prescribed nitro tabs and states that he took one without relief. Appropriate treatment for this pt includes >>> O2 via N/C up to 324 mg aspirin, saline lock, additional nitro per med control and tx You are assessing a semiconscious patients respirations and note that they are 18 breaths/min. When further assessing the patients breathing, which of the following signs indicate inadequate breathing? >>> Shallow movement of the chest A 50 year old male fell approx. 20 feet and landed on his left side. He is conscious and alert and denies loss of consciousness. During your assessment you note pain and crepitus when palpating the iliac crests. In addition to the potential for spinal injury you should be Most concerned about >>> Internal hemorrhagingNear-drowning is Most accurately defined as >>> recovery that last at least 24 hrs following submersion in water The two goals to achieve when assessing a patients with behavioral emergency are to >>> Identify life-threats and reduce the stress of the situation A patient experiencing status epilepticus >>> seizure lasting longer than 4-5 mins or consecutive seizures with no return of consciousness AEMT training follows National EMS Standards as recommended by the >>> National Highway Traffic Safety Administration When assessing a patient with a grossly deformed humerus, you note that the pulse is absent and the extremity is becoming cyanotic. you should >>> use constant, gentle manual traction to align the humerus A 50 year old female with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea complains of intense thirst and generalized weakness. Her B/P is 86/50 and her pulse is 130 beats per/min and thready. Which of the following interventions would Not be appropriate for her >>> Saltcontaining solutions by mouth Which of the following is a late sign of a tension pneumothorax >>> tracheal Deviation Following a traumatic brain injury a pt presents with Cushing Triad, which consists of >>> increased B/P, decreased H/R, and irregular respirations A pt in shock is experiencing tachycardia, among other signs. What physiologic response causes tachycardia during times of decreased perfusion? >>> Beta 1 receptor stimulation Your Most immediate action when caring for a child who is experiencing a grand mal seizure should be to >>> Secure and protect the airway During your initial attempt to control severe external bleeding from an extremity you should >>> apply direct pressure and elevate the extremity Determining the mechanism of injury will contribute to your decision of whether you should >>> perform a rapid assessment or focused exam Which of the following conditions would be LEAST likely to cause an alteration in behavior >>> Hypertension a 22 year old female was involved in a traumatic incident. She is exhibiting signs of shock, but there are no obvious external signs of trauma. You should suspect bleeding within the >>> Abdominal cavityA 69 year old female is found to be semiconscious, hypertensive, and bradypneic. You should >>> Assist ventilations and start an IV to KVO The middle layer of the heart is called >>> Myocardium Shortly after administering a second nitro dose to a 44 year old male with chest pain, he becomes lightheaded. You take his blood pressure and it reads 80/50. You should have already established IV access and are administering oxygen You should >>> Fluid Bolus and raise feet Reconstituting a drug such as glucagon involves >>> mixing with water When transporting a patient to the hospital you should >>> be safe, tx in shortest practical time The ability to consciously flex a muscle in an extremity is a function of the >>> Skeletal muscle Postpartum eclampsia is characterized by >>> sudden hypertension, proteinuria, edema and seizures When you apply the AED pads to a woman in cardiac arrest, you note that she has a medication patch over the same area where one of the AED pads will be placed. You should >>> remove the patch and wipe away any medication residue and apply the AED pads Which of the following are clinical indicators of respiratory failure >>> Lethargy & Bradypnea a 77 year old man presents with hypertension, anuria, generalized edema and tachypnea. This clinical presentation is Most consistent with >>> acute renal failure The primary muscle(s) of respiration is/are the >>> external intercostal muscles / diaphragm Topographically the term distal means >>> Farther from the Trunk The aortic valve >>> regulates blood flow from the L ventricle to the Aorta The lower jawbone is called the >>> mandible Blood enters the right atrium of the heart from the >>> superior and inferior vena cava a 19 year old female presents with severe pain to the left lower quadrant of the abdomen. She is restless, tachypneic and tachycardic. When you inquire about her lastmenstrual period she tells you that it was approx. 2 months ago. You should suspect >>> ruptured ectopic pregnancy According to Starlings Law of the heart >>> When the heart is stretched it contracts with greater force Nitroglycerin relaxes vascular smooth muscle, dilates the coronary arteries and relieves cardiac chest pain. These properties of nitro are called >>> Therapeutic effects Gestation refers to the process of >>> fetal development An individual is considered to be hypothermic when h [Show More]

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