Gero HESI Practice Questions and Answers 2022 A frail, elderly client is admitted to the unit with a diagnosis of pneumonia. Which finding is most important for the registered nurse (RN) to report ... to the healthcare provider? A. Fever and chills B. Confusion and dehydration C. Crackles in the lung fields D. Nausea and vomiting Correct Answer-B. Confusion and dehydration Rationale: Confusion and dehydration (B) are findings of inadequate oxygenation and perfusion in this frail elderly client. (A), (C) and (D) are all common with pneumonia, but the most important finding is confusion and evidence of dehydration, which require treatment for this frail elderly client. A frail elderly couple asks the registered nurse (RN) if they have to watch their salt intake because food does not taste as good as it used to so they have to season most foods. What information should the RN offer the couple? A. Boredom may influence how the taste of food is perceived, and different seasonings can stimulate taste. B. With age, an increase in sodium intake is needed to compensate for a decrease in renal function.C. Short-term memory loss and confusion may be the reason they want to over-season their food. D. Taste buds often are dull due to atrophy so older clients should use other seasonings instead of salt. Correct Answer-D. Taste buds are often dull due to atrophy so older clients should use other seasonings instead of salt. Rationale: Taste buds atrophy with normal aging, which influences an older client's sensitivity to taste and is often compensated for the use of stronger tasting seasonings. (A), (B), and (C) are not normal aging processes related to taste. After taking a 10-day course of an antibiotic that was ineffective, a frail, elderly client with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is admitted for pneumonia. The client has a long history of smoking and still smokes a pack of cigarettes a day. Which finding should the registered nurse (RN) report to the healthcare provider? A. Barrel chest with increased chest diameter B. Crackles and pulse oximetry level of 88% C. Low hemoglobin and hematocrit levels D. Arterial blood gases indicating respiratory acidosis Correct Answer-B. Crackles and pulse oximetry level of 88% Rationale: With pneumonia, crackles in the lungs and low O2 saturation (B) can impact adequate oxygenation, which should be reported to the HCP. (A) occurs due to chronic hyperinflation of the lungs and is common in clients with COPD. Anemia (C) is frequently identified in clients with COPD, and respiratory acidosis (D) due to CO2 retention contributes to a lower blood pH.An older female client recently moved to an assisted living facility. The family explains to the registered nurse (RN) that the client is unmanageable and always confused, disoriented and depressed. The client asks the RN repeatedly, "Where am I?". How should the RN respond? A. Explain that she is in a new home called an assisted living community B. Question the client about her perception of where she might be now. C. Distract the client with a scenario that she is on an outing with her family. D. Reassure the client not to worry because she will meet new friends. Correct Answer-A. Explain that she is in a new home called an assisted living community. Rationale: Reality re-orientation (A) is the best response for a client who is confused because the response is consistent and true. (B, C, and D) do not provide the client with feedback that is reality based. A new resident in an assisted living facility is an older client who is experiencing short-term memory loss and confusion. Which activity should the registered nurse (RN) schedule the client to do during the day? A. Arts and crafts B. Current events discussion group C. Group sing-along D. Daily exercise group Correct Answer-D. Daily exercise group Rationale: A daily exercise group (D) allows the client to mirror the leader and minimizes the client's stress to remember. (A), (C), and a current events discussion group (B) are thought-provoking activitiesthat require attention to detail and short-term memory to participate in the group activity which may be stressful and frustrating to the resident who has difficulty remembering sequence of the details. The hospice nurse is completing a focused assessment of an older female client with end stage Alzheimer's disease, who recently fractured her hip. What technique should the registered nurse (RN) use to determine the client's pain? A. Use the FACE pain scale B. Ask the client to rate pain on a scale of 1 to 10 C. Observe for facial grimacing D. Review documentation of recent eating habits Correct Answer-C. Observe for facial grimacing Rationale: Observing for facial grimacing (C) is the best method for evaluating pain for a client who cannot communicate due to Alzheimer disease. (A) and (B) may not be understood by a client with endstage Alzheimer's disease. (D) is not a helpful tool for pain assessment. An older male client arrives at the clinic for an annual physical examination. While the nurse assesses the client, the client states that he is having intimacy problems with his wife. Which information should the nurse provide to elicit more information from the client? A. Query client to clarify the client's idea of an intimacy problem. B. Discuss benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) and ejaculation. C. Explore the frequency that he experiences erectile dysfunction (ED)D. Determine if the client's wife is young enough to get pregnant Correct Answer-A. Query client to clarify the client's idea of an intimacy problem. Rationale: Clarification of the client's concern is needed to appropriately address the specific concern about intimacy issues (A). (B), (C), and (D) are details that the client should present, not the RN. The registered nurse (RN) is caring for an older female client with a 20 year history of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who is admitted for carpel tunnel release. Which finding associated with RA should the RN document? A. Asymmetrical joint deformity B. Small joint involvement in fingers C. Crepitation or grating sensation in joints D. Weight bearing joint involvement Correct Answer-B. Small joint involvement in fingers. Rationale: Small joint involvement (B) is common in rheumatoid arthritis. (A), (C) and (D) are findings that different OA from RA. The registered nurse (RN) is re-enforcing discharge instructions with the family of an older client who was recently admitted for an intestinal obstruction. Which statement indicates that the family understands the instructions? A. Increase protein and carbohydrates in the daily diet B. Limit activity to bed rest for the first week and increase mobility incrementally each weekC. Report abdominal distention, constipation or any other nausea and vomiting to the healthcare provider D. Drink liquids 2 hours after meals instead of during meals Correct Answer-C. Report abdominal distention, constipation, or any nausea and vomiting to the healthcare provider. Rationale: (C) are symptoms that occur with intestinal obstruction and should be addressed immediately. (A, B, and D) are not indicated for a client who has been discharged for intestinal obstruction. An older client is transferred to a telemetry unit after placement of a pacemaker. What action should the registered nurse (RN) take first? A. View incision site B. Obtain a blood pressure C. Establish telemetry monitoring D. Evaluate client for pain Correct Answer-C. Establish telemetry monitoring. Rationale: The first action is to establish continuous telemetry monitoring (C) to ensure the pacemaker is functioning properly. (A, B and D) should be implemented after the client's heart rate and rhythm are successfully being monitored. Older clients are at highest risk for abuse and neglect due to which factors? (Select all that apply.) A. Needs are greater than the caretaker's abilitiesB. Client's declining strength C. Fixed income D. Longer life expectancy E. Lack of exposure to technology and trends Correct Answer-A. Needs regretter than the caretaker's abilities B. Client's declining strength Rationale: When needs are not being met due to lack of ability of the caretaker (A), stress and feelings of failure may be expressed through neglect and abuse. Decline in strength (B) increases the older client's vulnerability to resist or respond to elder abuse. (C, D, E) do not increase the risk for neglect and abuse. An older female client who has been taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Lortab) q4 hours for chronic back pain for the past 5 years tells the registered nurse (RN) that she cannot live without her pain pills. When asked if she is addicted, the client states that she is not an addict because the healthcare provider prescribed the pain pills. Which coping mechanism should the RN determine the client is using about her addiction? A. Lack of knowledge about narcotic medications B. Rationalization to support narcotic use C. Transfer of blame to healthcare provider D. Justification of narcotic use due to chronic pain Correct Answer-B. Rationalization to support narcotic use.Rationale: The client is using rationalization to maintain self-esteem when she is questioned by stating that she is not addicted because she is taking medication prescribed by a healthcare provider. (A) may be possible, but the client is being specifically asked about possible addiction. (C) and (D) underlie the complexity of denial in addiction, but the client is trying to maintain self-esteem through rationalization. A family member brings their aging father to the clinic because he has been alert and oriented during the day but agitated and disoriented in the evening. The registered nurse (RN) reviews the client's list of current medications with the client and family. Which action taken by the RN is most important? A. Medication review with family caregivers is the RN's responsibility B. Multiple medications can contribute to sundowner-like symptoms C. Medication recall is the best way to evaluate the client's memory D. Reviewing medication actions is a component of effective client care Correct Answer-B. Multiple medications can contribute to sundowner like symptoms. Rationale: Older clients may see a variety of HCP which can increase the chance of polypharmacy that compounds the workload of metabolic pathways that may be less efficient due to the aging process. Multiple medication interactions may contribute to sundowner like symptoms; reviewing medication actions and interactions provides the information that may indicate polypharmacy leading to sundowner syndromes [Show More]
Last updated: 1 year ago
Preview 1 out of 30 pages
HESI PN Gerontology Practice Exam Latest Updated 2022 Already Passed Gerontology Questions and Answers Updated 2022 Gerontology Practice Quiz – HESI Latest 2022 Rated A GERONTOLOGY NCLEX REVI...
By Professor Lynne 1 year ago
*NURSING> HESI > HESI PN MED SURG ACTUAL EXAM QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS BEST FOR YOUR EXAM PREPARATION AND STUDY. (All)
HESI PN MED SURG ACTUAL EXAM QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS BEST FOR YOUR EXAM PREPARATION AND STUDY.HESI PN MED SURG ACTUAL EXAM QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS BEST FOR YOUR EXAM PREPARATION AND STUDY.HESI PN MED SURG...
By Quizmaster001 , Uploaded: Oct 26, 2022
*NURSING> HESI > HESI V2 A&P, Vocabulary, Grammar and Reading. AP V2 (I made 92) (All)
HESI V2 A&P, Vocabulary, Grammar and Reading. AP V2 (I made 92)
By Perfectstudy , Uploaded: Aug 23, 2021
*NURSING> HESI > HESI EXIT EXAM 2021. 180 QUESTIONS WITH VERIFIED ANSWERS. (All)
HESI EXIT EXAM 2021 1. A nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a client who has rheumatoid arthritis. Which of the following findings should the nurse report to the provider? A. WBC count 8,...
By Topmentor , Uploaded: Jan 07, 2022
*NURSING> HESI > 2022 - 2023 Hesi Pediatric (PEDS) Exit Actual Exam Version 1 and 2 (V1 & V2) - All Q&As (Brand New) A++ TB w/Pics guaranteed pass (All)
2022 - 2023 Hesi Pediatric (PEDS) Exit Actual Exam Version 1 and 2 (V1 & V2) - All Q&As (Brand New) A++ TB w/Pics guaranteed pass
By Rixx Dennis , Uploaded: Nov 19, 2022
*NURSING> HESI > OB HESI PRACTICE QUESTIONS | VERIFIED SOLUTION (All)
OB HESI PRACTICE QUESTIONS
By PerfectGrade , Uploaded: Jan 25, 2021
*NURSING> HESI > 2019 PN Hesi Exit V1./ complete solution with attempted answers and correct answers (All)
2019 PN Hesi Exit V1 Question 1 A school-age client with diabetes is placed on an intermediate- acting insulin and regular insulin before breakfast and before dinner. She will receive a snack of m...
By Nicky , Uploaded: Aug 07, 2021
*NURSING> HESI > HESI Review by Prefix - Suffix (Latest Update) (All)
PHARM PREFIX/SUFFIX cheat sheet
By quiz_bit , Uploaded: Jan 08, 2021
*NURSING> HESI > MENTAL HESI 3 Questions/Answers (Verified) (All)
MENTAL HESI 3 1. Which technique is the most important therapeutic tool a nurse should use to provide quality care to a psychiatric client? A. Context. B. Self-analysis. Correct C. Counter transfe...
By Elam , Uploaded: Jun 14, 2021
*NURSING> HESI > Pediatrics HESI Exam 2022 - Questions And Answers (All)
Pediatrics HESI Exam 2022 - Questions And Answers
By Ellen Ronald , Uploaded: Jul 07, 2022
*NURSING> HESI > HESI RN EXAM LATEST VERSION 2023/2024 QUESTIONS &ANSWERS OVER 700Qs 100% CORRECT ANSWERS (All)
HESI RN EXAM LATEST VERSION 2023/2024 QUESTIONS &ANSWERS OVER 700Qs 100% CORRECT ANSWERS 1. Following discharge teaching, a male client with duodenal ulcer tells the nurse the he will drink pl...
By wathimu , Uploaded: Sep 19, 2023
Connected school, study & course
About the document
Sep 16, 2022
Number of pages
This document has been written for:
Sep 16, 2022
Avoid resits and achieve higher grades with the best study guides, textbook notes, and class notes written by your fellow students
Your fellow students know the appropriate material to use to deliver high quality content. With this great service and assistance from fellow students, you can become well prepared and avoid having to resits exams.
Your fellow student knows the best materials to research on and use. This guarantee you the best grades in your examination. Your fellow students use high quality materials, textbooks and notes to ensure high quality
Get paid by selling your notes and study materials to other students. Earn alot of cash and help other students in study by providing them with appropriate and high quality study materials.
Florida State University
Great way to get paid for all of the hard work!.
It is an excellent site to post assignment.
Florida State University
Awesome and a great way to make money!.
Thank you so much for this nice platform.
University Of South Florida
Great! It is a good place to share knowledge.
University of Windsor
G D Goenka University
It is helpful Platform for offering the notes
Louisiana State University
I love this site, they make everything so easy
Florida State University
Great tool for learning! I wish you success.
In Browsegrades, a student can earn by offering help to other student. Students can help other students with materials by upploading their notes and earn money.
Copyright © Browsegrades · High quality services·