*NURSING > QUESTIONS & ANSWERS > NASM CPT EXAM, Questions and answers, 2022 update, Graded A+. (All)

NASM CPT EXAM, Questions and answers, 2022 update, Graded A+.

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NASM CPT EXAM, Questions and answers, 2022 update, Graded A+. Name the structures that make up the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex (LPHC). - ✔✔Lumbar spine, pelvic girdle, abdomen, and hip joint... Dysfunction within the connective tissue of the kinetic chain that is treated by the body as an injury, initiating this repair process. - ✔✔Cumulative injury cycle Name four core-strength exercises. - ✔✔Ball Crunch, Back Extensions, Reverse Crunch, Cable Rotations The type of flexibility training that applies gentle force to an adhesion, altering the elastic muscle fibers from a bundled position to a straighter alignment with the direction of the muscle and/or fascia. - ✔✔Self-myofascial release Exercises in the core-stabilization level are identified through these characteristics. - ✔✔They involve little motion through the spine and pelvis What are four common ways a stressor causes breakdown or injury? - ✔✔Stress fractures, muscle strains, joint pain, emotional fatigue Name four core-stabilization exercises. - ✔✔Marching, Floor Bridge, Floor Prone Cobra, Prone Iso-abs Law stating that soft tissue models along the lines of stress. - ✔✔Davis's law Referred to as a co-contraction of global muscles, such as the rectus abdominis, external obliques, and quadratus lumborum. - ✔✔Bracing It is critical that the core training program is designed to achieve these three functional outcomes in the right order. - ✔✔1. Intervertebral stability, 2. Lumbo-pelvic stability, 3. Movement efficiency. What are the proper backside mechanics during sprinting? - ✔✔Ankle plantar flexion, knee extension, hip extension, and neutral pelvis What are the proper frontside mechanics during sprinting? - ✔✔Ankle dorsiflexion, knee flexion, hip flexion, and neutral pelvis The ability to accelerate, decelerate, stabilize, and change direction quickly, while maintaining proper posture. - ✔✔Agility The ability to react and change body position with maximum rate for force production, in all planes of motion and from all body positions, during functional activities. - ✔✔Quickness The ability to move the body in one intended direction as fast as possible. - ✔✔Speed Name four core-power exercises. - ✔✔Rotation Chest Pass, Ball Medicine Pullover Throw, Front Medicine Ball Oblique Throw, Soccer Throw The ability of the body to produce high levels of force for prolonged periods of time. - ✔✔Muscular endurance What is a component of core-power exercises that make them easy to identify? - ✔✔Explosive movements with medicine balls Name five balance-stabilization exercises. - ✔✔Single-leg Balance, Single-leg Balance Reach, Single-leg Hip Internal and External Rotation, Single-leg Lift and Chop, Single-leg Throw and Catch Name five balance-strength exercises. - ✔✔Single-leg Squat, Single-leg Squat Touchdown, Single-leg Romanian Deadlift, Step-up to Balance, Multiplanar Lunge to Balance Name three balance-power exercises. - ✔✔Multiplanar Hop with Stabilization, Multiplanar Single-leg Box Hop-up with Stabilization, Multiplanar Single-leg Box Hop-down with Stabilization What are four plyometric-stabilization exercises? - ✔✔SQUAT JUMP WITH STABILIZATION, BOX JUMP-UP WITH STABILIZATION, BOX JUMP-DOWN WITH STABILIZATION, MULTIPLANAR JUMP WITH STABILIZATION. Name four plyometric-strength exercises. - ✔✔Squat Jump, Tuck Jump, Butt Kick, Power Step-up Name three plyometric-power exercises. - ✔✔Ice Skater, Single-leg Power Step-up, Proprioceptive Plyometrics Exercises that use quick powerful movements involving an eccentric action immediately followed by an explosive concentric contraction. - ✔✔Plyometric training Body position progressions in balance training. - ✔✔TWO-LEG STABLE, SINGLE-LEG STABLE, TWO-LEG UNSTABLE, SINGLE-LEG Give examples of chest exercises used in the Stabilization Level of the OPT model. - ✔✔Ball Dumbbell Chest Press, Push-up, Ball Push-up: hands on the ball, Standing Cable Chest Press What are the two techniques used in corrective flexibility according to the integrated flexibility continuum? - ✔✔SMR (self-myofascial release) and static stretching Give examples of total-body power exercises - ✔✔Two-arm Push Press, Barbell Clean, Dumbbell Snatch, Squat Thrust, Kettlebell Hang, Clean and Jerk What is the minimum amount of time static stretches should be held? - ✔✔30 seconds Name two different leg-stabilization exercises. - ✔✔Ball Squat and Multiplanar Step-up to Balance What are three things that a client should have established prior to incorporating a dynamic stretching program? - ✔✔Good levels of tissue extensibility, core stability, and balance capabilities Name two strength level exercises for the legs. - ✔✔Leg Press and Barbell Squat Name two power level exercises for the legs. - ✔✔Squat Jump and Tuck Jump Give 3 examples of shoulder power exercises. - ✔✔Front Medicine Ball Oblique Throw, Overhead Medicine Ball Throw, Speed Tubing Shoulder Press Give examples of total-body strength exercises. - ✔✔Lunge to Two-arm Dumbbell Press; Squat, Curl, to Two-arm Press; Step-up to Overhead Press: sagittal plane; Romanian Deadlift, Shrug to Calf Raise Based on the exercise selection continuum what exercises should be selected for the adaptation of stabilization? - ✔✔Total-body, multi-joint or single joint, controlled unstable Total-body, multi-joint or single joint, controlled unstable - ✔✔Marching, Floor Bridge, Floor Prone Cobra, Prone Iso-abs Give four examples of core-strength exercises. - ✔✔Ball Crunches, Back Extensions, Reverse Crunches, Cable Rotations Body position progressions used for balance training. - ✔✔1. Two-leg stable 2. Single-leg stable 3. Two-legs unstable 4. Single-leg unstable Three types of core systems. - ✔✔Local stabilization system, Global stabilization system, Movement system What are the seven methods for prescribing exercise intensity? - ✔✔Peak VO2, VO2 reserve, Peak metabolic equivalent (MET), Peak maximal heart rate, Heart rate reserve, Rating of perceived exertion, Talk test The cumulative sensory input to the central nervous system from all mechanoreceptors that sense position and limb movements. - ✔✔Proprioception What are the acute variables for static stretching? - ✔✔1-2 sets, hold each stretch for 30 seconds What is the mechanism of action that occurs in active-isolated stretching? - ✔✔Reciprocal inhibition When is the appropriate time to utilize dynamic stretching? - ✔✔After self-myofascial release when training in Phase 5 How long should the cardiorespiratory portion of the warm-up last? - ✔✔5-10 minutes What does F.I.T.T.E. stand for? - ✔✔Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type, Enjoyment Example of a Zone 1 cardiorespiratory activity and intensity level. - ✔✔Walking or jogging at 65-75% of maximal heart rate Example of a Zone 2 cardiorespiratory activity and intensity level. - ✔✔Group exercise classes or spinning at 76-85% of maximal heart rate Example of a Zone 3 cardiorespiratory activity and intensity level. - ✔✔Sprinting at 86-95% of maximal heart rate Type of training that has been found to be just as beneficial as traditional forms of cardiorespiratory training. - ✔✔Circuit training Name the structures that make up the core. - ✔✔Lumbo-pelvic-hip complex, pelvic girdle, abdomen, and hip joint Name the five muscles of the Local Stabilization System of the core. - ✔✔Transverse abdominis, internal oblique, lumbar multifidus, pelvic floor muscles, diaphragm Name the four muscles of the movement system of the core. - ✔✔Latissimus dorsi, hip flexors, hamstring complex, quadriceps The normal extensibility of all soft tissues that allows the full range of motion of a joint. - ✔✔Flexibility The tendency of the body to seek the path of least resistance during functional movement patterns. - ✔✔Relative flexibility What are the benefits of a warm-up? - ✔✔Increased heart rate and respiratory rate, increased tissue temperature, and increased psychological preparation for bouts of exercise. The concept of muscle inhibition, caused by a tight agonist, which inhibits its functional antagonist. - ✔✔Altered reciprocal inhibition The principle that states the body will adapt to the specific demands that are placed on it. - ✔✔SAID Principle or Principle of Specificity What does the acronym SAID in SAID Principle stand for? - ✔✔Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demands What kinetic chain deviations must a certified personal trainer watch for in the cardiorespiratory portion of the workout for clients who possess rounded shoulders? - ✔✔On steppers and treadmills watch for the grasping of the handles; on stationary bikes, treadmills and elliptical trainers watch for rounding of the shoulders. Feedback used after the completion of a movement to help inform clients about the outcome of their performance. - ✔✔Knowledge of results Feedback that provides information about the quality of the movement during exercise. - ✔✔Knowledge of performance The type of specificity that refers to the weight and movements placed on the body. - ✔✔Mechanical specificity The state where there is an elevation of the body's metabolism after exercise. - ✔✔Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) The three stages in the General Adaptation Syndrome. - ✔✔Alarm reaction, resistance development, exhaustion Four performance adaptive benefits from resistance training. - ✔✔Increased strength, increased power, increased endurance, increased neuromuscular control SAQ training can be used with what three nonathletic populations? - ✔✔Youth, weight-loss clients, seniors What is the drawing-in Maneuver? - ✔✔A maneuver that is used to recruit the local core stabilizers by drawing the naval towards the spine. Benefits of a cool-down include the following: - ✔✔Reduced heart rate and breathing rates, gradually cools body temperature, returns muscles to their optimal length-tension relationships, prevents venous pooling of blood in lower extremities, restores physiological systems close to baseline Give examples of total-body stabilization exercises. - ✔✔Single-leg Squat Touchdown, Curl, to Overhead Press; Single-leg Romanian Deadlift, Curl, to Overhead Press; Single-leg Squat to Row; Ball Squat, Curl, to Press; Multiplanar Step-up Balance, Curl, to Overhead Press Give examples of chest exercises used in the Strength Level of the OPT model. - ✔✔Incline Dumbbell Chest Press; Incline Barbell Bench Press; Flat Dumbbell Chest Press; Barbell Bench Press Give examples of chest exercises used in the Power Level of the OPT model. - ✔✔Two-arm Medicine Ball Chest Pass; Rotation Chest Pass; Speed Tubing Chest Press; Plyometric Push-up Give examples of back exercises used in the Stabilization Level of the OPT model. - ✔✔Single-leg Pull-down; Ball Cobra; Standing Cable Row; Ball Dumbbell Row Give examples of back exercises used [Show More]

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