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PSI FNP Practice Questions and answers, Rated A+

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PSI FNP Practice Questions and answers, Rated A+ A 14yo male with bronchitis is being treated with fluids and expectorants. He returns to the clinic with a fever of 103F, right pleuritic chest ... pain, and green sputum. Which of the following examination results would be expected? A. Right lower lobe crackles B. Decreased Fremitus C. Bilateral Wheezing D. Normal Percussion - ✔✔A. Right lower lobe crackles. 2 year old child is diagnosed with radial head subluxation ("nursemaid's elbow"). After closed manipulation, the best indication of successful treatment is that: A. Swelling dissipates immediately B. Pulse and sensation are restored C. The child quickly begins to use the affected arm D. A click is felt while the child is extending and rotating the arm - ✔✔C. The child quickly begins to use the affected arm. Which of the following would be an appropriate alternative to erythromycin therapy in an 18 year old patient with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection? A. Azithromycin (Zithromax) B. Cephalexin (Keflex) C. Amoxicillin D. Clindamycin (Cleocin) - ✔✔A. Azithromycin A 10-month old presents with a rash, runny nose, and cough. Examination reveals a cluster of tiny white papuls with an erythematous base on the buccal mucosa. What does this suggest? A. Scarlet fever B. Rubella C. Erythema infectiosum D. Measles - ✔✔D. Measles Office Spriometry performed with an albuterol nebulizer treatment can confirm a diagnosis of asthma because it indicates: A. Oxygen saturation B. Whether airway obstruction is from pulmonary fibrosis C. Chronic carbon dioxide retention D. Whether a patient has reversible airway obstruction - ✔✔D. Whether a patient has reversible airway obstruction An 18yr old patient presents with complaints of maxillary facial pain and yellow nasal discharge for 14 days. What is the appropriate initial pharmacologic intervention? A. Amoxicillin-Clavulanate (Augmentin) B. Ceftriaxone (Rocephin) C. Levofloxacin (Levaquin) D. Erythromycin - ✔✔A. Amoxicillin-Clavulanate (Augmentin) Which of the following is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the majority of women? A. cervical Cancer B. Ovarian Cancer C. Breat Cancer D. Lung Cancer - ✔✔D. Lung Cancer A 29-year old male with noncomplicated Chlamidia infection may exhibit: A. Urticaria B. No remarkable clinical symptoms C. A green mucoid penile discharge D. A penile ulcer - ✔✔B. No remarkable clinical symptoms To assess a patient's ability to think abstractly, a nurse practitioner could ask the patient: A. The meaning of a common proverb B. What action the patient would take if their was a fire in the house C. To count backwards from 100 by 7s D. To spell a word backward. - ✔✔A. The meaning of a common proverb A common rule to follow when prescribing many medications for the elderly is to: A. Give most medications in the morning to allow slowed body functions to have time to adjust to the drug. B. Start at a lower dose than what is commonly prescribed for adults, and increase the dose slowly. C. Perform a creatinine clearance test for baseline data on all person over age 70 before starting on new medications. D. Give medication with a full glass of water to promote absorption and limit harm to the kidneys. - ✔✔B. Start at a low dose than what is commonly prescribed for adults, and increase the dose slowly. A 72 year old female presents with a medical history unremarkable except for the occasional headache. She enjoyed emotional health throughout marriage and childrearing, although her family history is significant for strokes and nervous breakdowns. Since her husband died a year ago, however, she has been waking every morning at 3am, is reluctant to go out although she has family member living nearby, and feels a continual urge to sleep. She cannot discuss her late husband without crying. Differential diagnoses would include: A. Stroke, depression, and hyperthyroidism B. Depression, Unresolved grief, and hypothyroidism C. Migraine, anxiety disorder, and hypertension D. Dementia, delirium, and pna - ✔✔B. Depression, Unresolved grief, and hypothyroidism The parent of a 13-year old diagnosed with seizure disorder calls to report that the child is exhibiting symptoms of a cold, but has no fever. The nurse practitioner should advise the parent that development of fever may: A. make the seizure medication less effective B. Lower the seizure threshold C. Increase the seizure threshold D. Have no effect on the seizure threshold - ✔✔B. Lower the seizure threshold After a 3-week camping trip, an 11-year old is seen for a target lesion with central clearing, located in the inguinal area. The patient has had a severe headache, malaise, fatigue, and generalized musculoskeletal pain for several days. Pharmacologic management of this condition includes: A. trimethoprim-sulamethoxazole (Bactrim) B. Azithromycin (Zithromax) C. Metronidazole (Flagyl) D. Doxycycline (Doryx) - ✔✔D. Doxycycline An 88 year old male presents with concerns about memory loss. He feels good, takes an aspirin daily, and has no chronic diseases. He lives alone, drives his own car, and manages his financial affairs. To evaluate his memory, which of the following tests should the nurse practitioner choose? A. Folstein Mini-Mental State examination B. Geriatric Depression Scale C. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Myers-Briggs Test - ✔✔A. Folstein Mini-mental state examination During development of a treatment plan for an 84 year old patient with hypothyroidism, the nurse practitioner has to keep in mind the worsening of: A. renal insufficiency B. Osteoporosis C. Dementia D. Anemia - ✔✔B. Osteoporosis A 16 year old female in the first month of taking Ortho-Novum 7/7/7 complains of midcycle spotting. She hasn't missed any doses and uses no other medication. Which of the following is appropriate? A. Modifying use B. Double dosing for 2 days C. Changing to Ortho-Novum 1/35 D. Providing reassurance - ✔✔D. Providing reassurance The management of choice for polymyalgia rheumatica includes: A. whirlpool B. Prednisone C. Anelgesics D. Celebrex - ✔✔B. Prednisone A 50 year old male presents with a chief complaint of malaise. Further questioning reveals that his primary concern is delayed ejaculation. He is currently taking the following medications: atenolol (Tenormin), 50 mg daily; paroxetine (Paxil), 20 mg daily; loratadine (Claritin-D), 1 tablet daily; and hydrochlorthoriazide (HCTZ), 25 mg daily. The most likely cause of the patient's concern would be: A. loratadine B. hydrochlorthoriazide (HCTZ) C. lisinopril (Zestril) D. paroxetine (Paxil) - ✔✔D. Paroxetine (Paxil) A 3 year old patient presents at an inner-city clinic with fever, cough, malaise, and loss of appetite. The patient lives with several relatives, including a grandmother who also has a cough. Which of the following diagnostic tests would be most appropriate for the patient? A. throat culture B. sputum culture C. Mantoux (PPD) skin test D. Cold agglutinin test - ✔✔B. Sputum culture A 25-year old presents with the chief complaint of decreased mobility and pain of the right shoulder exacerbated with movement. The patient reports that he participated in extensive house painting 24 hours prior to the onset of pain. He denies any trauma. Passive ROM is intact. No redness or ecchymosis is present. What is the next step that should be taken in order to make a diagnosis? A. Palpate structures around the shoulder B. Obtain an MRI to evaluate the shoulder C. Order an Xray of the shoulder D. Request an EMG - ✔✔A. Palpate the structures around the shoulder A 17 year old femlae has never had her menses. She is at Tanner stage III of sexual development. Her physical exam in completely normal, and her weight is appropriate for her age and height. What is the most likely diagnosis? A. Ovarian dysgenesis B. Dysmenorrhea C. Primary amenorrhea D. Secondary amenorrhea - ✔✔C. Primary amenorrhea An 18-month old child presents with a bulging, immobile tympanic membrane; T-103F(39.4C). Assessment also reveals a grade II/VI systolic murmur at the left sternal border. After initiation of treatment for otitis media, the most appropriate intervention is to: A. Obtain an EKG B. Obtain an Echocardiogram C. Reevaluate the patient in 10 days D. Refer the patient to a cardiologist - ✔✔C. Reevaluate the patient in 10 days Which of the following is NOT an indication of preeclampsia? A. visual disturbances B. Glucosuria C. Edema of the face and hands D. Headaches - ✔✔B. Glucosuria Which of the following pharmacotherapeutics would be most important to administer to a patient who has a corneal abrasion? A. Olopatadine (Patanol) B. Cromolyn opthalmic (Crolom) C. Timolol (Timoptic) D. Gentamycin Opthalmic (Genoptic) - ✔✔D. Gentamycin Opthalmic (Genoptic) An 88 year old patient presents with right-sided weakness after being unable to rise unassisted following a fall to the bathroom floor. History includes aphasia and noncompliance with hypertension medication regimen. What is the most likely diagnosis? A. Seizure B. Right-sided Stroke C. Left-sided stroke D. Trans ischemic attack - ✔✔C. Left-sided Stroke A nurse pracitioner is evaluating a 40 year old patient suspected of having a pulmonary embolus. The patient complains of anxiety and cough. A stat chest x-ray is normal. Which of the following tests should the nurse practitioner perform next? A. Spirometry B. MRI C. Contrast venography D. Helical CT pulmonary angiography - ✔✔D. Helical CT pulmonary angiography A routine laboratory assessment of a 12 year old patient with a family history of thalassemia and anemia reveals Tanner II presentation and Hct=355. In addition to a complete blood count (CBC), the nurse practitioner should order which of the following? A. serum folic acid B. Vitamin B12 level C. Hemoglobin Electrophoresis D. 24-hour urine creatinine - ✔✔C. Hemoglobin electrophoresis A patient who is 28 weeks pregnant reports a single episode of vaginal bleeding. History indicates normal prenatal progress to date, and the patient denies pain, vaginal itching, or discharge. Which of the following is the most appropriate intervention to aid in the diagnosis of this case? A. Nitrazine test B. Non-Stress test C. Ultrasound D. Bimanual cervical exam - ✔✔C. Ultrasound The common bacteria responsible for pneumonia in older adults residing in the community is: A. Staphylococcus aureus B. Streptococcus pneumoniae C. Pseudomonas Aeruginosa D. Moraxelle catarrhalis - ✔✔B. Strep Pneumo A 40 year old male patient presents with a 2 week history of rectal pain and itching. He reports a past history of constipation, and finding spots of bright red blood on toilet paper several times a week. Rectal exam reveals a tender, swollen, bluish, ovoid mass. The stool guaiac test is negative. Which of the following actions should the nurse practitioner take? A. Prescribe diphenoxylate/atropine( Lomotil) B. Schedule a colonoscopy to rule out colon cancer C. Repeat the guaiac test three times and obtain complete blood count D. Prescribe bulk forming agents and hydrocortisone suppositories. - ✔✔D. Prescribe bulk forming agents and hydrocortisone suppositories. [Show More]

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