Health Care > EXAM > PYC3705 Transformative CounsellingEncounters Previous Exams Questionsand Answers (All)

PYC3705 Transformative CounsellingEncounters Previous Exams Questionsand Answers

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PYC3705 Transformative Counselling Encounters – Exam Preparations PYC3705 EXAM PREPARATION – Previous Exams This document is an easy to read compilation of past UNISA Exam Questions and Answers ... Answers are motivated by a combination of: • Previous feedback to assignments • Excerpts from the Study Guide • Excerpts from the Study Notes Exams covered are: • 2018 May June – Exam Paper 2 • 2018 May June – Exam Paper 1 • 2017 Oct Nov • 2017 May June • 2016 Oct Nov • 2016 May June • 2015 Oct Nov • 2015 May June • 2014 Oct Nov • 2014 May June • 2013 Oct Nov • 2013 May June • 2012 Oct Nov • 2012 May June • 2011 Oct Nov Note that these are arranged with the most recent first, as the format and lay-out of these have changed over time (with the assumption of the most recent being the most relevant – without disregarding the importance of the older papers). Please note: This document is an additional tool for exam preparation. The Stuvia-user that compiled and uploaded this document takes no responsibility for incorrect answers. Students must ensure that they study the prescribed material and understand the content. Stuvia.com - The study-notes marketplace Downloaded by: carinebothma | [email protected] Distribution of this document is illegal Stuvia.com - The study-notes marketplace 2 PYC3705 Transformative Counselling Encounters – Exam Preparations 2018 May / June Exam Paper 2 Question 1 The unique aspects of Transformatory Counselling highlighted in the Transformative Counselling Encounters study guide are a) Holistic understanding of oneself and setting long term goals. b) Awareness of personal strengths and abilities c) Unburdening oneself d) Gaining a new perspective of the same situation The correct answer is 1. (a) & (d) 2. (b) & (c) 3. (a), (b) & (c) 4. All of the above Answer: The correct answer is 4 Refer: Tutorial Letter 202/2/2017 Reasoning: The unique aspects of Transformatory Counselling highlighted in the Transformative Counselling Encounters study guide are: — An orientation towards understanding purposeful encounters between people through meaningful engagement in a counselling framework; — A sensitivity towards the ethos (characteristics, tone and flavour) of contextappropriate counselling and understanding its potential to enhance humaneness and well-being in society; — An understanding of reflexivity (awareness, adaptation) as a tool that can enhance purposeful and meaningful engagement and become a tool towards self-and social transformation; an understanding of the world as a set of related systems and recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation, and; — An understanding of the language of process and its potential to evoke a deeper understanding of relational patterns and dynamics in counselling processes. It also creates an opportunity for the client to gain a deeper understanding of their own potential to make a difference in their personal life. Therefore, counselling involve a professional listening to the client and should provide a safe, sympathetic, accepting environment in which a client can unburden him/herself of problems and become better acquainted with their thoughts, feelings and beliefs. To come up with a new approach to an old problem, we often need to look at the problem differently. Counsellors can assist a client to see his/her situation more accurately (change perspective on the problem). It is through the use of these skill that the counsellor and client form a partnership in finding solutions. It is emphasised in Transformative counselling that the act of helping the client is to see things more clearly, possibly from a different view-point and creates an opportunity for the client to gain a deeper understanding of their own potential to make a difference in their personal life. It therefore is not preferable to help the client only Downloaded by: carinebothma | [email protected] Distribution of this document is illegal Stuvia.com - The study-notes marketplace 3 PYC3705 Transformative Counselling Encounters – Exam Preparations to see the same problem in a new perspective without making him/her aware of his/her potential to approach the problem from a different view-point. Question 2 Providing equality of resources and opportunity for all people upholds the ethical principle of ___. 1. veracity 2. autonomy 3. beneficence 4. justice Answer: The correct answer is 4 Refer: Tutorial Letter 202/2/2017 Reasoning: The study guide suggests that clinical and counselling psychologists (and by implication counsellors) need to take into account more than just the ‘traditional values’ of personal growth, protection of health, and caring and compassion. They suggest attention to group and collective aspects of well-being: diversity, collaboration, support for community infrastructures, and social justice. This can be done by emphasising personal, relational and collective values to avoid disempowerment by blaming an individual, a family or a group. Value: Social Justice Ethical Principle: Counsellors challenge social injustice. Counsellors pursue social change, particularly with and on behalf of vulnerable and oppressed individuals and groups of people. These activities seek to promote sensitivity to and knowledge about oppression and cultural and ethnic diversity. Counselling must strive to ensure access to needed information, services, and resources; equality of opportunity; and meaningful participation in decision making for all people. Question 3 The study unit on surveying life within the cracks teaches us ___. 1. that by nature, human beings do not have the desire to solve their own problems hence a constant pool towards failing within the cracks 2. to think about people's experiences of pain, suffering and strive from the context which they are part of 3. to sympathise better with our clients 4. that we will not be able to solve our clients' problems unless we succeed in identifying pathological patterns in their behaviour Answer: The correct answer is 2 Refer: Tutorial Letter 202/2/2017 Reasoning: The study unit on surveying life within the cracks teaches us: • be sensitive to contextual cues and understand that counselling and counselling-related processes happen in context; • see counselling as a way of being in relationship to others; • understand the importance of having a frame of reference, and • see the importance of language as a connective device that can enhance counselling encounters and counselling-related processes. Downloaded by: carinebothma | [email protected] Distribution of this document is illegal Stuvia.com - The study-notes marketplace 4 PYC3705 Transformative Counselling Encounters – Exam Preparations Question 4 Which of the following is not considered one of the three essential counsellor attributes for building the therapeutic relationship? 1. Congruence 2. Open questioning 3. Unconditional positive regard. 4. Empathy Answer: The correct answer is 2 Refer: PYC3705 Study Guide, pg. 64 Reasoning: Option 2 refers to an essential micro-skill, while options 1, 3 and 4 refers to essential attributes. Among other things, the counsellor’s warmth, congruence, empathy and nonjudgemental and unconditionally accepting attitude towards the client are of great importance. Question 5 The following statement by the counsellor is an example of what skill? Client· What's the point in trying to stop using, I always relapse sooner or later Counsellor "You don't see the benefit of stopping at the moment" 1. Summarising. 2. Paraphrase 3. Reflection 4. Reframe Answer: The correct answer is 2 Refer: PYC3705 Study Note 3 Reasoning: Reflecting feelings is putting words to feelings observed in the client, while paraphrasing is conveying the same meaning in different words. Note that the counsellor’s response does not add any new content (a feeling) to what the client said, therefore option 2 is the correct answer. Question 6 Which of the following responses is a reflection of feeling for the statement? "The future looks good since I have stopped using alcohol? 1. 'You are anticipating some good times ahead of you now" 2. "That sounds great" 3. 'You have done well" 4. "Things are working out for you now" Answer: The correct answer is 1 Refer: PYC3705 Study Note 3 Reasoning: When reflecting feelings to your client: [Show More]

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