*NURSING > Test Prep > (Answered) Teas 7 science Solutions Exam Bank questions Updated fall 2022. (All)

(Answered) Teas 7 science Solutions Exam Bank questions Updated fall 2022.

Document Content and Description Below

The one thing that all cells have in common is - membrane The membrane is composed of - phospholipids Transport holes - Proteins that help certain molecules and ions move in and out of the cell ... The cell is filled with the fluid called - cytoplasm/cytosol Plant and animal cells are____cells - Eukaryotic The nucleus is surrounded by __________ in both types of animal and plant cells - Rough and smooth er Smooth ER processes - Lipids or fats for cell use The cell wall of a plant cell has a cell junction sides called - Plasmodesmata Animal cells are________ than plant cells - Smaller Photosynthesis - Occurs in chloroplast, to convert carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight directly from the atmosphere into usable energy in the form of glucose Photosynthesis formula - 6CO2 + 6H2O + sunlight ---> C6 H12 O6 + 6O2 Between the two processes of glycolysis and Krebs cycle _____ is produced in total - 6CO2 , 10 NADH, 2 FADH2 During cellular respiration as a whole glucose is oxidized to produce - 6CO2+ 6H20+ 38ATP Gregor Mendel - The father of genetics - Experimented with pea plants Mitosis - part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides Mitosis vs. Meiosis - Mitosis: one division forming 2 identical cells (clones); Meiosis: two divisions forming 4 genetically different cells Meiosis - Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms Mitosis - Where a diploid cell, or two copies of each chromosome, divides to form two identical diploid daughter cells diploid cell - A cell containing two sets of chromosomes (2n), one set inherited from each parent. Meiosis - A process by which diploid cells undergo meiosis into stages, meiosis one and meiosis two, resulting in four haploid gametes. Plants have two generations - Sporophytes and gametophytes sporophytes produce - Spores asexually (meiosis) asexual reproduction - Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself gametophyte produce - gametes by mitosis (produce sex cells, reproduce sexually) An organelle is - a small structure within a cell ________ are primarily found in animal cells - Centrioles from meiosis and mitosis All cells contain - DNA and RNA and can synthesize proteins. Cells are grouped together in: - tissues Tissues are grouped together in - organs Organs are grouped together in: - systems An organism is a - complete individual Ribosomes and the cytoskeleton are not enclosed by membranes and are found in - Both Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Prokaryotic reproduce by simple process called - Binary fission Eukaryotic cells undergo a method of division called - Mitosis Peptidoglycan cell wall - Prokaryotic Polysaccharide cell wall - Eukaryote Mitotic spindle mitosis cell division - Eukaryotic cells Binary fission reproduction - Prokaryotic 80S ribosomes - Eukaryotes 70s ribosomes - prokaryotes Paired chromosomes in nuclear membrane - Eukaryote One circular chromosome not in membrane - prokaryote Eukaryotic cells are ___________ than prokaryotic cells - larger Prokaryotic's have no - Nucleus or organelles Ribosones - Synthesize proteins from amino acids Golgi apparatus (complex) - Synthesizes materials such as proteins that Are transported out of the cell. It is located near the nucleus and consist of layers of membranes. Vacuoles - Sacks used for storage, digestion, and waste removal. Plant cells have _____ vacuoles - Large Animal cells have ________ and sometimes números vacuoles. - Small Vesicle - A membrane bound sac that contains materials involved in transport of the cell. Cytoskeleton - This consist of micro tubules that help shape and support the cell. Microtubules - Part of the cytoskeleton; they support the cell, and they form the centrioles, the mitotic spindle, cilia, and flagella. Cytosol - liquid material in the cell Cytoplasm - A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended but not within the nucleus. cell membrane - A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or leave the cell. Endoplasmic Reticulum - A cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another. Two types of ER - rough and smooth Mitichondria - Powerhouses of a cell. Converts the chemical energy of glucose into ATP. Mitochondria contain their own______ That is separate from that contained in the nucleus - DNA Four primary tissues - muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective The three types of muscle tissue are - skeletal, cardiac, smooth Four types of connective tissue - connective tissue proper, cartilage, bone, blood Golgi apparatus - A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for export by the cell The Golgi apparatus is found in all______ cells - Eukaryotic Three places that the vesicles travel from the Golgi apparatus - Lysosomes, membrane, outside the cell Lysosomes - An organelle containing digestive enzymes Golgi apparatus is closely associated with the - ER Lysosomes - Organelles that function in the breakdown of various substances. Lysosomes play a vital role in cell_______ - Homeostasias Licensomes are active at a low pH of around_____ - 5 ______ ions are pumped into a lysom to maintain the acidic environment - Hydrogen Without lysosomes the cell undergoes______ and severe damage necrosis. - Apoptosis necrosis - tissue death Apoptosis - programmed cell death Cytoskeleton - A membraneless structure found in all cell types, and is made of various types of protein fibers. In a eukaryotic cell the cytoskeleton has three major components - Microfilament, intermediate fibers, and microtubules. Cell division would be impossible without the_________ - Cytoskeleton Used to separate sister chromatids - Cytoskeleton Pinches the cell into daughter cells during cytokinesis - Cytoskeleton Microfilaments - Long, thin fibers that function in the movement and support of the cell Microfilaments - The thinnest components of the cytoskeleton, averaging about 6 to 8 and M in diameter. Microfilaments are involved in maintaining cell shape and events like - Cytokinesis, muscle contraction, and movement of the cell itself. Microfilaments are also involved in muscle contraction, the Protein myosin binds to actin filaments forming - Myofibrils Microphone mints also ate in the gross movement of a cell by elongating the plus end (_____________) while shortening the minus end (_________). - Actin polymerization, actin depolymerization Microtubules - The thickest components of the cytoskeleton. __________ Are made of globular proteins known as tubulin, which is a dimer made of a-tubulin and b-tubulin. - Microtubules intermediate fibers - mid-sized, low myoglobin, more capillaries than fast fibers, slower to fatigue Intermediate fibers are composed of over____ types of protein. - 50 The proteins and intermediate fibers are specific to certain types of cells for example - Microfilaments made of keratine are found in epithelial cells, and microfilaments made of Desmin are found in muscle cells. Intermediate fibers helped prevent - Cell distortion under mechanical stress. Intermediate filaments do not_________ and _________ The way microtubules and microfilaments do. - Polymerize, depolymerize S.J. Singer and G. Nicolson - proposed the fluid mosaic model in 1972 fluid mosaic model - Describes a membrane as a fluid phospholipid bilayer containing a mix of proteins, cholesterol, and carbohydrates. There are two main types of transport proteins - Channels and carriers Passive transport (simple diffusion) - net movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to one of low contration carrier proteins - a protein that transports substances across a cell membrane Carrier proteins can become - Saturated Carrier proteins are used when substances cannot diffuse directly to the __________ and need help - Membrane Carrier proteins used in active transport which move substances __________ the gradient, often should write a high concentration in the cell. - Against facilitated diffusion (passive transport) - You to transfer items down their concentration gradient that cannot move directly to the cell membrane, from higher to lower concentration no ATP required. active transport - Requires a transporter protein and ATP, salutes move from an area of a low concentration to an area of high concentration. Osmosis - Movement of water across a selectively Premable membrane from an area of high concentration to an area of lower water. And plant cells have three layers - Primary cell wall, secondary cell wall, and middle lamella The primary cell wall of a plant cell is made mostly from three polysaccharides - Cellulose, which forms long, linear chains hemicellulose which is smaller branch polysaccharide And pectin. The secondary cell wall of in plant cell is primarily - Cellulose, xylan, and lignin. The middle lamellar, cell wall of a plant cell is mostly - Pectin CONTINUES [Show More]

Last updated: 1 year ago

Preview 1 out of 23 pages

Reviews( 0 )

Recommended For You

 *NURSING> Test Prep > ATI - Comprehensive C Exam Fall 2022. (All)

ATI - Comprehensive C Exam Fall 2022.

ATI - Comprehensive C Exam Fall 2022. A case manager is meeting with a client who asks about using alternative therapies to manage her rheumatoid arthritis. Which of the following statements should...

By Expert1 , Uploaded: Oct 30, 2022


 *NURSING> Test Prep > ATI Nurse Logic 2.0 Nursing Concepts (Advance Test) Fall 2022-2023. (All)

ATI Nurse Logic 2.0 Nursing Concepts (Advance Test) Fall 2022-2023.

ATI: Nurse Logic 2.0: Nursing Concepts (Advance Test) Fall 2022-2023. A nurse working in a provider's office is reinforcing teaching with a client who is 14 weeks of gestation. The nurse should inst...

By Courses_Exams , Uploaded: Oct 26, 2022


 *NURSING> Test Prep > ATI Nutrition A B (All)

ATI Nutrition A B

ATI Nutrition A BATI Nutrition test review 1. A nurse is caring for a client who expresses a desire to lose weight. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? a. Recommend checking...

By AMAZING GRACE , Uploaded: Aug 19, 2022


 *NURSING> Test Prep > ATI Care of Children RN 2019 Proctored Exam - Level 3! QUES TION A ND A NSWERS LA TES T VERSION 2 (All)

ATI Care of Children RN 2019 Proctored Exam - Level 3! QUES TION A ND A NSWERS LA TES T VERSION 2

ATI Care of Children RN 2019 Proctored Exam - Level 3! QUES TION A ND A NSWERS LA TES T VERSION 2 022 1. A nurseisassessingaschool-agechild whohasheart failureandistakingfurosemide. Which of the f...

By markstudys , Uploaded: Aug 05, 2022


 *NURSING> Test Prep > Professionalism in Healthcare, Part 1 Professional Behavior, Attitude, and Attire (VCCM271A-T) (All)

Professionalism in Healthcare, Part 1 Professional Behavior, Attitude, and Attire (VCCM271A-T)

Nurses continue to ____________ other professions in Gallup's annual Honesty and Ethics Ratings of Professions since they were added to the list in 1999. - ✔✔Outrank The role of a nurse is more than...

By Tessa , Uploaded: May 28, 2022


 *NURSING> Test Prep > Gero Exam 1. Course Title NURS 307 Type Test Prep (All)

Gero Exam 1. Course Title NURS 307 Type Test Prep

Chapter 1 Terms: - Epidemiology - the study of health and disease - morbidity rate - statistical count of illnesses for a specific population. - mortality rate - statistical count of deaths for a...

By AMAZING GRACE , Uploaded: Aug 10, 2022


 *NURSING> Test Prep > Nursing_knowledge_Assessment_Practice_Exam Practice Test B (All)

Nursing_knowledge_Assessment_Practice_Exam Practice Test B

HESI Practice Test B

By Nightingale , Uploaded: Jul 31, 2022


 *NURSING> Test Prep > HESI Specialty Exam. Critical Care Test Blueprint (All)

HESI Specialty Exam. Critical Care Test Blueprint

HESI Specialty Exam. Critical Care Test Blueprint

By Nightingale , Uploaded: Sep 30, 2022


 *NURSING> Test Prep > Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 5th Edition Fortinash: Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 5th Edition (All)

Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 5th Edition Fortinash: Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 5th Edition

Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 5th Edition Fortinash: Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 5th Edition

By clairegrades , Uploaded: May 25, 2022


 *NURSING> Test Prep > Chapter 11: NSG 201H Pain Management Test prep Questions and Answers,100% CORRECT (All)

Chapter 11: NSG 201H Pain Management Test prep Questions and Answers,100% CORRECT

Chapter 11: NSG 201H Pain Management Test prep Questions and Answers Answers at last page Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1....

By securegrades , Uploaded: Sep 23, 2022



Add to cart

Instant download

Can't find what you want? Try our AI powered Search



Document information

Connected school, study & course

About the document

Uploaded On

Aug 04, 2022

Number of pages


Written in



Member since 4 years

871 Documents Sold

Additional information

This document has been written for:


Aug 04, 2022





Document Keyword Tags


Avoid resits and achieve higher grades with the best study guides, textbook notes, and class notes written by your fellow students

custom preview

Avoid examination resits

Your fellow students know the appropriate material to use to deliver high quality content. With this great service and assistance from fellow students, you can become well prepared and avoid having to resits exams.

custom preview

Get the best grades

Your fellow student knows the best materials to research on and use. This guarantee you the best grades in your examination. Your fellow students use high quality materials, textbooks and notes to ensure high quality

custom preview

Earn from your notes

Get paid by selling your notes and study materials to other students. Earn alot of cash and help other students in study by providing them with appropriate and high quality study materials.


What is Browsegrades

In Browsegrades, a student can earn by offering help to other student. Students can help other students with materials by upploading their notes and earn money.

We are here to help

We're available through e-mail, Twitter, Facebook, and live chat.
 Questions? Leave a message!

Follow us on
Useful links
  • Courses
  • Categories
  • We accept

    payment cards

    Copyright © Browsegrades · High quality services·