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Exam ATI Pharmacology Proctored Exam, Test Bank(100 % Verified Answers and ALL CORRECT Answers),

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Exam ATI Pharmacology Proctored Exam, Test Bank(100 % Verified Answers and ALL CORRECT Answers), 1) A nurse is caring for a client with hyperparathyroidism and notes that the client's serum calci... um level is 13 mg/dL. Which medication should the nurse prepare to administer as prescribed to the client? 1. Calcium chloride 2. Calcium gluconate 3. Calcitonin (Miacalcin) 4. Large doses of vitamin D 2. 2.) Oral iron supplements are prescribed for a 6-year-old child with iron deficiency anemia. The nurse instructs the mother to administer the iron with which best food item? 1. Milk 2. Water 3. Apple juice 4. Orange juice 3. 3.) Salicylic acid is prescribed for a client with a diagnosis of psoriasis. The nurse monitors the client, knowing that which of thefollowing wouldindicatethe presence of systemic toxicity from this medication? 1. Tinnitus 2. Diarrhea 3. Constipation 4. Decreased respirations 4. 4.) The camp nurse asks the children preparing to swim in the lake if they have applied sunscreen. The nurse reminds the children that chemical sunscreens are most effective when applied: 1. Immediately before swimming 2. 15 minutes before exposure to the sun 3. Immediately before exposure to the sun 4. At least 30 minutes before exposure to the sun 5. 5.) Mafenide acetate (Sulfamylon) is prescribed for the client with a burn injury. When applying the medication, the client complains of local discomfort and burning. Which of the following is the most appropriate nursing action? 1. Notifying the registered nurse 2. Discontinuing the medication 3. Informing the client that this is normal 4. Applying a thinner film than prescribed to the burn site 3. Calcitonin (Miacalcin) Rationale: The normal serum calcium level is 8.6 to 10.0 mg/dL. This clientis experiencing hypercalcemia.Calciumgluconateandcalciumchloridearemedicationsusedforthe treatment of tetany, which occurs as a result of acute hypocalcemia. In hypercalcemia, largedoses of vitamin D need to be avoided. Calcitonin, a thyroid hormone, decreases the plasma calcium level by inhibiting bone resorption and lowering the serum calciumconcentration. 4. Orange juice Rationale: Vitamin C increases the absorption of iron by the body. The mother should be instructedtoadminister themedication witha citrus fruit or a juicethatis highin vitaminC. Milkmayaffectabsorptionoftheiron.Waterwillnotassistinabsorption. Orange juice contains a greater amount of vitamin C than apple juice. 1. Tinnitus Rationale: Salicylic acid is absorbed readily through the skin, and systemic toxicity (salicylism) canresult.Symptoms includetinnitus,dizziness,hyperpnea,andpsychological disturbances. Constipation and diarrhea arenot associated with salicylism. 4. Atleast 30 minutes beforeexposureto thesun Rationale: Sunscreens aremost effective whenapplied atleast 30 minutes beforeexposureto thesunso thattheycan penetratetheskin. All sunscreens should be reappliedafter swimming or sweating. 3. Informing the clientthatthis is normal Rationale: Mafenideacetateisbacteriostaticforgram-negativeandgram-positiveorganisms andis usedtotreatburns toreducebacteria presentinavascular tissues. Theclient shouldbeinformedthatthemedication will causelocaldiscomfortandburningand that this is a normal reaction; [Show More]

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