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TEST BANK FOR SUCCESS IN PRACTICAL VOCATIONAL NURSING 8TH EDITION BY KNECHT

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Chapter 01: Personal Resources of an Adult Learner Knecht: Success in Practical/Vocational Nursing, 8th Edition MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Which individual in a practical/vocational nursing class would be ... identified as a traditional adult learner? a. One who has been out of school for many years b. One who has children and grandchildren c. One who knows the routine of education d. One who is in his or her early 20s ANS: D Traditional adult learners are individuals who come to the educational program directly from high school or another program of study. They are usually in their late teens or early 20s. The learner who has been out of school for many years and the learner who has children and grandchildren would be identified as a returning adult learner. The learner who knows the routine of education does not provide sufficient information for classification. DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: p. 3 OBJ: 1 TOP: Adult Learner KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A 2. A student enrolled in an LPN/LVN program states, “I’m fresh out of high school and living alone for the first time in my life. I’m learning how to take care of myself as well as learning to care for my patients.” This statement identifies the student as a. a traditional adult learner. b. a returning adult learner. c. someone in need of counseling. d. someone who is not accustomed to formal education. ANS: A Traditional adult learners are individuals who are in their late teens or early 20s who have come to the practical/vocational program directly from high school or another program of study. A returning adult learner is someone who has been out of school for several years. A person in needed of counseling is commonly a student who has been evaluated by the instructor as having areas that need improvement. This student is a traditional adult learner, and traditional adult learners are accustomed to formal education. DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: p. 3 OBJ: 1 TOP: Adult Learner KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A 3. A nursing student states, “I have taken advantage of informal learning experiences.” Another student asks, “Could you give me an example?” The best example of an informal learning experience is Page 2 of 165 2 a. caring for a disabled family member. b. taking a continuing education course. c. enrolling in an academic program. d. attending credit classes at the mall. ANS: A Informal learning experiences are those that take place outside a formal educational setting. A person who cares for a disabled family member would gain knowledge and skill in providing personal care. An education course, academic program, and credited classes all take place in a formal educational setting. DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 3 OBJ: 2 TOP: Informal educational experience KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A 4. What strategy can be used by a nursing student to effectively combat a fear of failure? a. Picture in your mind the rewards of succeeding b. Positive self-talk c. Create a mental script of positive thoughts d. All of the above ANS: D Picturing the rewards of succeeding, positive self-talk, and a mental script of positive thoughts all contribute a positive mental attitude and are all ways to combat the fear of failure. DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 4 OBJ: 2 TOP: Promoting success in the program of study KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A 5. An example of a self-talk “script” that promotes success in a practical/vocational nursing program is a. “I get sick from smelling bad odors.” b. “What if I’m ‘all thumbs’ in practice lab?” c. “I don’t think the instructor likes me.” d. “I work well with my hands.” ANS: D The statement “I work well with my hands” is a positive thought. It focuses on a strength and promotes the expectation that the individual will succeed. All other options are examples of negative thinking that create expectations for problems and failure. DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: p. 3 OBJ: 2 TOP: Hidden dangers KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A Page 3 of 165 3 6. Select the factor common to ALL types of adult learners that predisposes them to success in a nursing program. a. They have few responsibilities at home. b. They have the motivation to succeed. c. They automatically qualify for financial aid. d. They have few daily distractions. ANS: B The only statement applicable to all types of adult learners is that the majority is motivated to succeed. The other factors may be applicable to one or two classifications of learners but not to all three. DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 4 OBJ: 2 TOP: Factors predisposing to success KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A 7. When a class of nursing students discusses their concerns about their program, the concern shared by most learners is generally the fear of a. succeeding. b. economic problems. c. failure. d. ridicule. ANS: C Some degree of fear of failure is nearly universal and often relates to earlier failures or setbacks the learner has experienced in other educational settings. Few individuals are afraid of succeeding. Uncertainty about economic issues is common among students but is not as universal as fear of failure. Fear of ridicule is rarely a concern; if present, it is usually superseded by fear of failure. DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: p. 4 OBJ: 2 TOP: Hidden dangers KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A 8. The First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution guarantees students the right to a. graduate from a program. b. fail an academic program. c. express oneself in class. d. have unlimited absences. ANS: C The First Amendment provides for freedom of expression as long as what is expressed does not disrupt class or infringe on the rights of peers. The remaining options are topics that are not addressed by this amendment. DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 6 OBJ: 6 TOP: Learner rights KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A Page 4 of 165 4 9. Which amendment to the U.S. Con [Show More]

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