*NURSING > EXAM > NURSE 315 PN Adult Medical Surgical Online Practice 2020 A,100% CORRECT (All)

NURSE 315 PN Adult Medical Surgical Online Practice 2020 A,100% CORRECT

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NURSE 315 PN Adult Medical Surgical Online Practice 2020 A A nurse is caring for a client who is 3 days postoperative following a total right hip arthroplasty. Which of the following actions should t... he nurse take? Maintain abduction of the client's right leg while in bed. A nurse is caring for a client who has terminal pancreatic cancer. The client states, "I don't think I can go on any longer." Which of the following responses should the nurse make? "You feel like you want to discontinue treatment?" A nurse is contributing to the plan of care for a client who is having difficulty eating following a stroke. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? Implement recommendations from the speech-language pathologist. A nurse is contributing to the plan of care for a client who was admitted to the neurological unit following a stroke 3 hr ago. Which of the following interventions should the nurse identify as the priority? Keep the client in a side-lying position. A nurse is participating in a health fair for older adult clients. Which of the following vaccines should the nurse recommend for this age group? Herpes zoster A nurse is contributing to the plan of care for a client who has a new prescription for nystatin suspension for oral candidiasis. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan? Instruct the client to swish the medication in their mouth. A nurse is preparing to perform intermittent urinary catheterization for a female client who has been unable to void following surgery 6 hr ago. Which of the following catheters should the nurse use to perform this procedure? intermittent straight catheter (clear tube with blue top) A nurse is preparing to auscultate the bowel sounds of a client who has a mechanical bowel obstruction in the descending colon. When listening in the left upper quadrant, the nurse should identify this sound as which of the following? Hyperactive bowel sounds A nurse is contributing to the plan of care for a client who has multiple sclerosis and is taking dantrolene to manage muscle spasms. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include? Encourage the client to complete ADLs. A nurse is assisting with the care of a client who had a cardiac catheterization via the right femoral artery. Which of the following actions should the nurse take to prevent postprocedure complications? Monitor the insertion site for bleeding is Maintain the pressure dressing Check the client's peripheral pulses A home health nurse is reinforcing teaching about preventing asthma attacks with a client who has asthma. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? "Do not allow visitors to smoke cigarettes in your home." A nurse is caring for a client who has a prescription for phenazopyridine. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as a therapeutic effect of the medication? Decreases pain during urination A nurse is monitoring a client who is taking acarbose. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as an adverse effect of the medication? Abdominal cramps A nurse is caring for a client who has a new cast on their left forearm and reports severe pain in the affected arm with numbness in the ngers. The nurse nds the skin is pale and cold with sluggish capillary refill. Which of the following fracture complications should the nurse suspect? Compartment Syndrome A nurse is assisting with the discharge planning for a client who is postoperative following a total hip arthroplasty. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the discharge plan? Obtain a raised toilet seat. A nurse is assisting in the care of a client who has manifestations of sepsis. Which of the following provider prescriptions should the nurse implement first? Initiate oxygen at 4 L/min via nasal cannula A nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a client who has type 2 diabetes mellitus. The nurse should identify that which of the following laboratory values indicates the client is at risk for delayed wound healing? Prealbumin 12 mg/dL A nurse is contributing to the plan of care for a client who has a methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection and is on contact isolation precautions. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Have a designated stethoscope in the client's room. A nurse is caring for a client who has a compound fracture of the femur and was placed in balanced suspension skeletal traction 4 days ago. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Perform pin site care daily. A nurse is monitoring a client who has a history of an enlarged prostate and is experiencing suprapubic discomfort. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? Palpate the abdomen. A nurse is collecting data from a client who has heart failure and is taking digoxin. Which of the following outcomes from the medication should the nurse expect? Decreased shortness of breath A nurse is assisting in the plan of care for a client who had a recent left hemispheric stroke. Which of the following actions should the nurse include in the plan? Use simple verbal cues when directing tasks A nurse is reinforcing teaching with the caregiver of a client who is terminally ill about manifestations of impending death. Which of the following manifestations should the nurse include? Incontinence of the bowel and bladder A nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client who is taking insulin glargine. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching? This type of insulin should be given at the same time every day. A nurse is caring for a client who has an area indicating potential breakdown over the sacrum. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Minimize the time the head of the bed is elevated. A nurse is reinforcing teaching about the management of constipation with a client who has hypothyroidism. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? Increase intake of fiber-rich foods. A nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client who is scheduled for a guaiac fecal occult blood test. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? Avoid eating red meat for 3 days prior to the test. A nurse is collecting data from a client who has hypokalemia. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as the priority? Dysrhythmia A nurse is collecting data from a 55-year-old female client who reports vaginal dryness and hot ashes. The client is interested in trying hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Which of the following should the nurse recognize as a contraindication to HRT? History of treatment for blood clots A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving chemotherapy. The client mentions that they have a loss of appetite because of sores in their mouth and that food no longer tastes good. Which of the following suggestions to the client should the nurse make? Eat several, small-portioned meals daily. A nurse is reinforcing discharge instructions with a client who is postoperative following a right hip arthroplasty. Which of the following statements should the nurse make? "Avoid bending your hips more than 90 degrees." A nurse is caring for a client who is 1 day postoperative following a hip arthroplasty. The client is exhibiting hypotension, tachycardia, and tachypnea. The nurse should recognize that these findings indicate which of the following complications? Pulmonary embolism A nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client who has mitral valve disease. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the disease process? "I should call my doctor if my ankles swell." A nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a client who is scheduled for a CT scan with an IV contrast agent. Which of the following laboratory findings should the nurse report to the provider prior to the procedure? Creatinine 1.9 mg/dL A nurse is contributing to the plan of care for a client who has COPD and is dyspneic. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan? Encourage abdominal breathing. A nurse is contributing to the plan of care for a client who has Ménière's disease. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan of care? Administer an antiemetic to the client A nurse is discussing health screening guidelines with an older adult client. Which of the following statements should the nurse include? "You should have a pneumococcal immunization every 10 years." A nurse is preparing to remove a client's NG tube. Which of the following interventions should the nurse take to decrease the risk for aspiration? Pinch the NG tube. A nurse is preparing to administer phytonadione 7 mg subcutaneously to a client who has an INR of 4. Available is phytonadione 10 mg/mL. How many mL should the nurse administer? (Round the answer to the nearest tenth. Use a leading zero if it applies. Do not use a trailing zero.) 0.7 A nurse is planning to implement droplet precautions for a client who has manifestations of pertussis. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include when contributing to the plan of care? Apply a mask on the client if transport is needed. • A nurse is caring for a client who is in Buck's traction. Which of the following interventions should the nurse perform to reduce skin breakdown? Keep the skin dry and free of perspiration. A nurse is assisting a client who reports difficulty falling asleep. Which of the following activities should the nurse recommend to promote sleep? Listen to soft music before sleeping. A nurse is caring for a client who has meningococcal pneumonia. Which of the following personal protective equipment should the nurse use? Mask A nurse is performing an ECG on a client who is scheduled for surgery the following morning. In which of the following locations should the nurse place the V1 electrode? (You will nd hot spots to select in the artwork below. Select only the hot spot that corresponds to your answer.) C is correct. The nurse should identify that the V1 electrode should be placed in the fourth intercostal space just to the right of the sternum. Correct placement of the electrodes is vital in obtaining accurate information about the electrical activity of the heart. A nurse enters the room of a client whose transfusion of packed RBCs was initiated 15 min ago by the RN. The client reports dyspnea and urticaria. After stopping the infusion, which of the following actions should the nurse take next? Take the client's vital signs. A nurse is preparing to suction a client who has a tracheostomy. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? Ventilate the client with 100% oxygen A nurse is caring for a client who is scheduled for surgery and is experiencing anxiety. Which of the following interventions should the nurse identify as the priority? Determine the client's understanding of the procedure. A nurse is caring for a client who reports stomatitis. Which of the following dietary recommendations should the nurse make? "Eat soft foods." A nurse is reinforcing teaching about glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) testing with a client who has diabetes mellitus. Which of the following statements indicates that the client understands the teaching? "I will have my HbA1c checked twice per year." A nurse is caring for a client who is preoperative and is receiving an IV infusion of cefazolin. Ten minutes after beginning the infusion, the client reports intense itching. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? Stop the medication infusion. A home health nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client about preventing complications of peripheral vascular disease. Which of the following statements indicates that the client is adhering to the nurse's instructions? "I don't cross my legs anymore." A nurse is preparing to administer scheduled medications to a client. Which of the following prescriptions should the nurse verify with the provider? (Click on the exhibit tabs for additional information about the client. There are three tabs that contain separate categories of data.) Ceftriaxone A nurse is assisting with the care of a client who is receiving 0.9% sodium chloride by continuous IV infusion. The client reports pain and swelling at the IV site. In which order should the nurse perform the following steps? (Move the steps into the box on the right, placing them in the order of performance. Use all the steps.) Check the IV site. Stop the infusion. Withdraw the IV catheter. Elevate the affected arm. Notify the charge nurse. A nurse is assisting in the plan of care regarding bowel retraining for a client who has a cervical spinal cord injury. Which of the following interventions should the nurse plan to implement first? Determine the client's daily elimination habits. A nurse is caring for a client who had an acute ischemic stroke 1 day ago. Which of the following actions should the nurse take to reduce the risk for aspiration? Allow for 30 min of rest before meals. A nurse is caring for a client who is at risk for developing pressure injuries. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Position pillows between the bony prominences. A nurse in a long-term care facility is collecting data from a client who reports fullness in the rectum and abdominal cramping. Which of the following findings should indicate to the nurse that the client might have a fecal impaction? Small liquid stools A nurse is caring for a client and administers penicillin IM. The client begins exhibiting hives and has severe difficulty breathing. After establishing a patent airway, which of the following actions should the nurse take next? Administer epinephrine. A nurse is reinforcing teaching with the caregiver of a client who has a cervical injury and has a halo vest in place. Which of the following safety precautions should the nurse include in the teaching? Change the sheepskin liner weekly. A nurse is contributing to the plan of care for a client who is postoperative following a total knee arthroplasty. The client is using a continuous passive motion (CPM) machine. Which of the following interventions should the nurse recommend for the plan of care? Keep a sheepskin pad between the client's extremity and the CPM machine. A nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client who has systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and is to begin taking methylprednisolone orally. Which of the following statements should the nurse include in the teaching? "Limit contact with large groups of people." A nurse is examining a client's IV site and notes a red line up their arm. The client reports a throbbing, burning pain at the IV site. The nurse should identify that the client's manifestations indicate which of the following complications of IV therapy? Thrombophlebitis A nurse is caring for a client who has acute pancreatitis. While providing care, the nurse observes ecchymosis around the umbilicus. The nurse should identify that this is a manifestation of which of the following? Intra-abdominal bleeding A nurse is collecting data from a client who has hypothyroidism. Which of the following manifestations should the nurse anticipate? Bradycardia A nurse is caring for a client who is postoperative and has an epidural infusion. Which of the following findings should the nurse recognize as the priority? Dyspnea A nurse is preparing to administer furosemide to a client who has heart failure. Which of the following findings should the nurse report before administering the medication? Decreased potassium A nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a client who has chronic kidney failure and is receiving epoetin alfa. The nurse should identify that which of the following laboratory values indicates the treatment is effective? Hgb 11 g/dL A nurse is caring for a client who has a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in a surgical wound. Which of the following information should the nurse plan to share with visitors? Visitors must don a gown and gloves prior to entering the client's room. A nurse is contributing to the plan of care for a client who has partial hearing loss. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan of care? Face the client while speaking. A nurse is caring for a client who has a history of breast cancer. The client asks the nurse about birth control. Which of the following methods of birth control is contraindicated for this client? Combination oral contraceptives A nurse is collecting data from a client and notices several skin lesions. Which of the following findings should the nurse report as possible melanoma? Irregular borders A nurse is reinforcing discharge teaching for the caregivers of a client who has Parkinson's disease. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching? Remind the client to avoid watching their feet when walking. A nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client who has multiple sclerosis and a new prescription for baclofen. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? Avoid stopping this medication suddenly. A nurse in an oncology clinic is reinforcing teaching about Mohs surgery with a client who has skin cancer. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching? Mohs surgery is a horizontal shaving of thin layers of the tumor. A nurse observes a client who is lying in bed and experiencing a tonic-clonic seizure. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Loosen clothing around the client's neck. A nurse is reinforcing teaching about joint protection with a client who has an acute exacerbation of rheumatoid arthritis. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching? Apply cold packs to the inflamed joints. A nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client who is to begin using an insulin pump. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include? "Use rapid-acting insulin in the infusion device." A nurse is contributing to the plan of care for a client who has peripheral arterial disease of the lower extremities. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include? Dangle the extremities o the side of the bed. A nurse is contributing to the plan of care for a client who is at risk for osteoporosis. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include to prevent bone loss? Encourage weight-bearing exercises. A nurse is caring for a client who has difficulty swallowing. Which of the following actions should the nurse implement to prevent aspiration? Give the client liquids with increased viscosity. A nurse is assisting with the care of a client who has a newly-inserted water- seal closed chest tube. Which of the following findings should the nurse report to the provider? Chest drainage is greater than 70 mL/hr. A nurse is assisting the charge nurse with developing an in-service about caring for clients who have internal sealed radiation implants. Which of the following information should the nurse include? Dispose of radiation implants in a lead container. A nurse is reinforcing teaching about home care with a client who had a knee arthroplasty. Which of the following factors should the nurse identify as an indication that a barrier to learning might be present?. The client stops the nurse and asks for pain medication. A nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client who is on a low-sodium diet and asks about how to improve the taste of bland food. Which of the following foods should the nurse recommend? Lemon juice A nurse is reinforcing discharge teaching with a client who has cirrhosis. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include? "Consume foods that are low in sodium." A nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client who has asthma. Which of the following client statements indicates an understanding of the use of budesonide and albuterol inhalers? (Select all that apply.) "I should use my budesonide inhaler before using my albuterol inhaler." "I never forget to rinse my mouth after using my budesonide inhaler." "Between office visits, I keep a record of how many times I use my albuterol inhaler." "I use my albuterol inhaler before I go swimming." A nurse is reinforcing discharge teaching about wound care with the caregiver of a client who is postoperative. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? Report purulent drainage to the provider. A nurse is reinforcing teaching with an adolescent client regarding testicular self-examination. Which of the following statements by the client demonstrates an understanding of the teaching? "I understand that testicular cancer is typically painless." A nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client who has gonorrhea. Which of the following information should the nurse include? "You are at risk for infertility with this infection, regardless of treatment." A nurse is reinforcing teaching about gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with a client. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? "I should wait at least 2 hours after eating before going to bed." 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