*NURSING > EXAM > EMT | Emergency Medical Technicians Exam Questions & Answers, 2022 (All)

EMT | Emergency Medical Technicians Exam Questions & Answers, 2022

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EMT | Emergency Medical Technicians Exam Questions & Answers, 2022-What is the rate of CPR in breaths and compressions: - 6 breaths and 110 compressions in a minute What is considered tachycardic... for an adult? - heart rate more than 100 What is considered bradycardic for an adult? - Heart rate less than 60 When is nitroglycerin not advised to be administered? - if the systolic blood pressure is less than 100 Where does blood flow after it leaves the left ventricle? - it flows to the aortic arch What medication is Erectile Dysfunction medications a contraindication? - nitroglycerin What is the parasympathetic system responsible for? - slowing the heart rate and intestinal activity What is the function of the carotid artery? - it carries blood from the heart to the head Are open ended or close ended questions better to ask? - open ended questions; it avoids the yes/no answer what delivers blood to the right atrium? - the superior and inferior vena cava What does diastolic blood pressure refer to? - it refers to the pressure of the vessels during the relaxation phase; bottom of the blood pressure What is TIA - transient ischemic attack; this is where vessels in the brain are blocked for a few minutes When do you change roles during CPR? - every two minutes What is another name for a heart attack? - acute myocardial infarction What does nitroglycerin do? - nitroglycerin dilates the vessels to reduce the hearts preload When cells are deprived of oxygen and die they are called? - infarcted cells What type of heart attack is extremely common in elderly? - silent heart attack What is arteriosclerosis? - thickening of arterial walls What is pericardial tamponade? - the heart is impeded by fluid in the pericardium What happens when someone has a pericardial tamponade? - low blood pressure; muffled heart sound; weak pulse due to the hearts struggles to pump If a patient is unresponsive with a pulse you: - 2 quick rescue breaths then breaths 10-12 every minute what does a sphygmonometer measure? - it measures blood pressure what is a normal systolic blood pressure for a child? - 80-110 what are three things to check if suspicious of a stroke? - speech, facial droop, arm drift what are the actions of nitroglycerin - smooth muscle relaxation, reduces cardiac workload, dilates coronary arteries, and dilates systemic arteries what happens if a patient has preeclampsia? - hypertensive; extremely high blood pressure and swelling in extremeties; susceptible to seizures what is an ischemic stroke? - blood flow being cut off from part of the brain what is the normal heart rate for a child - 70-110 beats per minute what ratio should 2 person cpr on a child be done at? - 15:2 what is the correct treatment for someone undergoing aphyxial cardiac arrest? - 5 cycles of CPR prior to retrieving the AED or emergency response system what is the most common reason for cardiac arrest in children? - respiratory arrest what does the term lumen refer to in EMS? - the diameter of a tube rescue breathing guidelines: - adult: 1 breath every 5-6 seconds; child: 1 breath every 3-5 seconds what does placing a folded towel underneath a childs shoulders do? - it aids in aligning the childs airway what does DKA cause? - it causes frequent urination in an attempt to rid the body of excess acid buildup what does alpha 1 receptors do? - vasoconstricts/shunts blood what does beta 1 receptors do? - increases HR/contractility what is the difference between compensatory and decompensatory stages of shock? - compensatory: normal blood pressure decompensatory: Systemic blood pressure decreases and altered mental status two types of frontal impact is: - up and over or down and under up and over crashes injur: - head, neck, chest, abdomen [Show More]

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