Pharmacology > HESI > HESI Pharmacology Practice Exam questions with 100% accurate answers. Graded A+ (All)

HESI Pharmacology Practice Exam questions with 100% accurate answers. Graded A+

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HESI Pharmacology Practice Exam questions with 100% accurate answers. Graded A+ Which nursing action is the priority when administering chelation therapy for a toddler-age client? 1 Assessing vita... l signs 2 Monitoring urine output 3 Conducting a behavioral assessment 4 Providing education to reduce lead exposure - 2 A 67-year-old client has tested positive for influenza A. The client also has asthma. Which drug would the nurse recommend be avoided in this client? 1 Ribavirin 2 Zanamivir 3 Oseltamivir 4 Amantadine - 2 Which first line medication would the nurse state is used to treat anaphylactic reactions? 1 Epinephrine 2 Norepinephrine 3 Dexamethasone 4 Diphenhydramine - 1 A mother complains that her child's teeth have become yellow in color. With prolonged use, which medication may be responsible for the child's condition? 1 Tetracycline2 Promethazine 3 Chloramphenicol 4 Fluoroquinolones - 1 What are the desired outcomes that the nurse expects when administering a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID)? Select all that apply 1 Diuresis 2 Pain relief 3 Antipyresis 4 Bronchodilation 5 Anticoagulation 6 Reduced inflammation - 2,3,6 A client with tuberculosis is started on a chemotherapy protocol that includes rifampin. The nurse evaluates that the teaching about rifampin is effective when the client makes which statement? 1 "I need to drink a lot of fluid while I take this medication." 2 "I can expect my urine to turn orange from this medication." 3 "I should have my hearing tested while I take this medication." 4 "I might get a skin rash because it is an expected side effect of this medication. - 2 Which statement regarding treatment with interferon indicates that the client understands the nurse's teaching? 1 "I will drink 2 to 3 quarts (2 to 3 liters) of fluid a day." 2 "Any reconstituted solution must be discarded in 1 week." 3 "I can continue driving my car as long as I have the stamina." 4 "While taking this medicine I should be able to continue my usual activity." - 1 A nurse administers the drug desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) to a client with diabetes insipidus. What should the nurse monitor to evaluate the effectiveness of the drug? 1 Arterial blood pH2 Intake and output 3 Fasting serum glucose 4 Pulse and respiratory rates - 2 A client will be taking nitrofurantoin 50 mg orally every evening at home to manage recurrent urinary tract infections. What instructions should the nurse give to the client? 1 Increase the intake of fluids. 2 Strain the urine for crystals and stones. 3 Stop the drug if urinary output increases. 4 Maintain the exact time schedule for taking the drug - 1 A client admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has received a prescription for a medication that is delivered via a nebulizer. When teaching about use of the nebulizer, the nurse should teach the client to do what? 1 Hold the breath while spraying the medication into the mouth. 2 Position the lips loosely around the mouthpiece and take rapid, shallow breaths. 3 Seal the lips around the mouthpiece and breathe in and out, taking slow, deep breaths. 4 Inhale the medication from the nebulizer, remove the mouthpiece from the mouth, and then exhale. - 3 A client is diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis, and the healthcare provider prescribes a combination of rifampin and isoniazid. The nurse evaluates that the teaching regarding the drug is effective when the client reports which action as most important? 1 "Report any changes in vision." 2 "Take the medicine with my meals." 3 "Call my doctor if my urine or tears turn red-orange." 4 "Continue taking the medicine even after I feel better. - 4 A nurse administers beclomethasone by inhalation to a client with asthma, and the client asks why this medication is necessary. What should the nurse explain is the purpose of this pharmacologic therapy? 1 Promotes comfort2 Decreases inflammation 3 Stimulates smooth muscle relaxation 4 Reduces bacteria in the respiratory tract - 2 A nurse is caring for a female client who is receiving rifampin for tuberculosis. Which statements indicate that the client understands the teaching about rifampin? Select all that apply 1 "This drug may be hard on my liver so I must avoid alcoholic drinks while taking it." 2 "This drug may reduce the effectiveness of the oral contraceptive I am taking." 3 "I cannot take an antacid within 2 hours before taking my medicine." 4 "My healthcare provider must be called immediately if my eyes and skin become yellow. - 1,2,4 The nurse provides discharge teaching to a client with tuberculosis. Which treatment measure does the nurse reinforce as the highest priority? 1 Getting sufficient rest 2 Getting plenty of fresh air 3 Changing the current lifestyle 4 Consistently taking prescribed medication - 4 [Show More]

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