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Rasmussen College: PHARM 3 EXAM 3 PHARMACOLOGY SPRING 2017,100% CORRECT

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Rasmussen College: PHARM 3 EXAM 3 PHARMACOLOG SPRING2017 Question 1 1 out of 1 points The nurse would recognize the need for further education in a pregnant woman taking Zofran (ondansetron), w... ho makes which of these statements? Generic Zofran is freely available, and cheaper, via the internet. • Question 2 A client has come to the clinic seeking a prescription for Sildenafil (Viagra). What is a priority assessment question for the nurse to ask? Do you use nitroglycerin? • Question 3 1 out of 1 points 1 out of 1 points The nurse would recognize the need for further education if a client taking reflux medications made which statement I should drink carbonated beverages to neutralize the acid • Question 4 A client has fallen in part due to low blood pressure. Which of the medications listed below may have contributed to the drop in his blood pressure? digoxin, an inotropic agent • Question 5 A client is to be discharged on digoxin 0.125 mg P.O. daily. What should the nurse include in the client’s discharge teaching? 0 out of 1 points 1 out of 1 points Answer s: Take client should be told to take the digoxin at bedtime The client should be asked to demonstrate checking their own pulse. • Question 6 1 out of 1 points A nurse is talking with a client who has peptic ulcer disease and is starting therapy with sucralfate (Carafate). The nurse should instruct the client to take the medication Take before meals • Question 7 1 out of 1 points A nurse is teaching a client who has asthma the appropriate use of inhaled fluticasone. What advice should the nurse give to help the client avoid inhaled steroid complications? Rinse your mouth after inhaling the medicine. • Question 8 It is advisable to give Robitussin (guaifenesin) with either dextromethorphan or codeine in which of the following situations? Harslanoh productive dry cough contributing to loss of sleep • Question 9 The nurse should question giving oral medications in which of these situations? (Select all that apply) 1 out of 1 points 0 out of 1 points Answer s: Recent episode of bloody emesis Client returned from a bronchoscopy which required local anesthesia of the gag reflex Client has just been diagnosed with acute pancreatitis • Question 10 What is essential for the nurse to remember when administering potassium supplements? Hold the medication when potassium levels are above 5.0 • Question 11 Which side effect should the nurse tell a client to expect before administering anti-angina nitrates? Headac he • Question 12 0 out of 1 points 1 out of 1 points 1 out of 1 points What inhaler sequence should the nurse recommend when filling out an asthma action plan? Short acting adrenergic inhalers should be followed by long acting adrenergic inhalers. • Question 13 1 out of 1 points A hypertensive client is bothered by a persistent, dry cough. Which of the client’s medications is the most likely cause? Answer s: Enalapril, an ACE inhibitor • Question 14 A nurse is caring for a client who asks how albuterol (an adrenergic inhaler) helps his breathing. Which of the following should the nurse include in the response? 1 out of 1 points Answer s: The medication will loosen respiratory secretions. • Question 15 The nurse is counseling a neighbor regarding over-the-counter acidity reducing agents. What should the nurse advise? These medications can accentuate or inactivate the effects of other 1 out of 1 points medications so be sure to consult your provider if you are taking them with other medications • Question 16 1 out of 1 points A nurse is caring for a client who has osteoporosis and is taking a calcium supplements and antacids concurrently. When the client tells the nurse she has been having flank pain, how should the nurse respond? "You may be suffering from a kidney stone. Let's talk to your provider." • Question 17 1 out of 1 points While preparing to administer HCTZ (Hydrodiuril) 25mg checks the nurse discovers that the client's potassium level is 2.8 mEq. What should the nurse do next? Give the client a banana, give the drug, tell lab to recheck the potassium in an hour, and notify the MD if the finding remains abnormal. • Question 18 0 out of 1 points Since Phenergan (promethazine) is a phenothiazine (neuroleptic), clients using it for extended periods should be told to seek professional help if what type of symptoms occur? Tremors or muscle rigidity • Question 19 A client, whose Lipitor dosage was recently increased, asks if there are any precautions he should take. How should the nurse respond? 0 out of 1 points Answer s: Call the doctor if you experience muscle tenderness and have your liver enzymes checked. • Question 20 0 out of 1 points A nurse is giving discharge instructions to a client who has asthma and is about to start using beclomethasone, in addition to his other inhalers. Which teaching points regarding steroid inhalers are essential for safety (Select all that apply) Expect a white film to form over the inside of your mouth. It will resolve on its own. Rinse your mouth after using any inhaler, especially this one. • Question 21 0 out of 1 points Which statement indicates sound understanding of needed self-care precautions in a client taking warf arin (Coumadin)? My Coumadin dose may need to be readjusted when I take a course of antibiotics • Question 22 1 out of 1 points A nurse is teaching a client about her ACE inhibitor, Zestril (lisinopril). The client asks what the medication is for. What would be the correct response by the nurse? Answer s: It is a vasodilator. It reduces cardiac work and decreases blood pressure. • Question 23 1 out of 1 points A client's prescriber has ordered 500 mg of IM Rocephin every 12 hours x 4. The pharmacy has sent a 1 gram bottle of Rocephin powder with instructions to add 2.3 mLs to the vial and shake. Following reconstitution the vial will contain 1 gram in 2.6 mLs. How many mls will the nurse inject to deliver the originally ordered 500 mg dose? (Submit only the number, no text) 2.6ml/1000mg= 1.3ml/500mg • Question 24 1 out of 1 points The nurse is scheduled to give oral metoprolol 25 mg to a client. Which of these findings would cause the nurse to hold the medication? Blood pressure of 92/44 • Question 25 The nurse should hold Lanoxin in which of these situations? When the pulse is 54, and the client complains of nausea and altered vision • Question 26 1 out of 1 points 1 out of 1 points The nurse is educating a client regarding the use of pantoprazole, a proton pump inhibitor. What statement by the client shows proper understanding of how to take this medication? I should take this medication on an empty stomach before I eat. • Question 27 The lab calls to inform the nurse that a client’s PTT level is 150. What antidote to heparin should the nurse have available? 1 out of 1 points Answer s: Protamine Sulfate • Question 28 1 out of 1 points After two episodes of requiring a suppository last month, a dementia care client’s wife is insisting that Milk of Magnesia should be added to his list of daily medications. How should the nurse respond? “Routinely giving magnesium could alter his electrolytes. Miralax might be a better solution." • Question 29 A client receiving ipratropium (Atrovent) tells the nurse she is going to 1 out of 1 points stop it because it leaves a bitter taste in her mouth. How should the nurse respond? "Could you try managing the bitter taste by chewinfurog gum or peppermints?" • Question 30 1 out of 1 points A client is prescribed Salmeterol (Serevent) as a long acting beta2 agonist. Which statement would indicate that the client needs more education regarding use of this inhaler? "I should use it quickly and repeatedly if I develop severe dyspnea." • Question 31 1 out of 1 points The client takes diphenoxylate with atropine (Lomotil) at least twice daily for diarrhea. Which of these added illnesses might be adversely affected by her Lomotil intake? Glauco ma • Question 32 1 out of 1 points Which of these statements indicates good client understanding of nitroglycerin self-care practices? “I should stop what I am doing and sit down before I take nitroglycerin for chest pain.” • Question 33 1 out of 1 points A nurse is giving discharge instructions to a client who has asthma and is about to start taking theophylline (Theo-24). The nurse should tell the client that this medication might cause which of the following adverse effects? Tachycard ia • Question 34 1 out of 1 points Prazosin (Minipress) is prescribed for a client with hypertension. Which of these instructions should the nurse include in the teaching plan? Change from a lying to a sitting position slowly • Question 35 1 out of 1 points What should the nurse advise a client taking Loop diuretics regarding their self- care? Weigh daily and report any loss or gain exceeding two pounds in 24 hours • Question 36 A client is starting to take furosemide, a loop diuretic. When is the best time to take this medication? 080 0 • Question 37 A client is taking atenolol, a beta-adrenergic blocker. Which of the 1 out of 1 points 1 out of 1 points following interventions is most critical for the nurse to include in the plan of care? Hold the medication if the apical pulse is under 60, and seek parameters • Question 38 Which of these symptoms might be attributed to the anticholinergic ipratropium component of a Duoneb? Urine retention • Question 39 1 out of 1 points 1 out of 1 points The nurse understands that a bronchodilator would be most therapeutic in which of these situations? Answer s: Shallow breath sounds with wheezing sounds in the upper lobes • Question 40 1 out of 1 points The client is prescribed intravenous metoclopramide (Reglan), as needed. The client asks how the medication works. How should the nurse respond? Answer s: "It promotes gastric emptying and suppresses nausea centers in the brain" • Question 41 Why is it preferable to manage constipation in elderly clients with daily Miralax or Metamucil as opposed to Milk of Magnesia every third day? Magnesium accumulates in elderly people with renal failure 1 out of 1 points • Question 42 0 out of 1 points Which of the following medications could cause fluid retention and thus contribute to heart failure? Answer s: Steroi ds • Question 43 An asthmatic client shows good understanding of leukotriene blocker precautions when he or she makes which comment? “If I take this medicine before bedtime it might help me avoid an asthma attack in the middle of the night." • Question 44 What should the nurse do to protect a client who has just received intravenous atropine for bradycardia? Obtain a order to catheterize the patient if needed • Question 45 1 out of 1 points 0 out of 1 points 1 out of 1 points The nurse is caring for a client with renal insufficiency and reflux issues. What would be the safest way to manage hyperacidity in a client with renal failure? Answer s: Aluminum hydroxide (Amphojel) • Question 46 Which of these comments by a client taking calcium channel blockers would indicate the need for additional teaching? “I will take the medication with grapefruit juice” • Question 47 1 out of 1 points 1 out of 1 points A client asks why they are taking diltiazem (Cardizem). Knowing this is a calcium channel blocker how would the nurse respond? Answer s: It is useful for preventing chest pain. It opens your coronary arteries to feed your heart • Question 48 A client is having bursts of ventricular ectopy. Which medication should 1 out of 1 points the nurse be prepared to give to resolve this concern? Lidocain e • Question 49 A client taking warfarin (Coumadin) presents with bruises, dark tarry stools and an INR is 4.3. What should the nurse do? Hold the Coumadin and consult the physician about next steps. • Question 50 A client was started on spironolactone (Aldactone), an aldosterone inhibiting diuretic. What should the nurse advise the client regarding needed self-care? Avoid salt substitute 1 out of 1 points 1 out of 1 points [Show More]

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