Sociology > Exam > SOC 101 Quiz 2 Questions and Answers,100% CORRECT (All)
SOC 101 Quiz 2 Questions and Answers • Question 1 1 out of 1 points Subcultures are a world within the larger world of the dominant culture. Of the following qualities, which one is the lea... st applicable to a subculture? Selected Answer: A. Subcultures are rare in contemporary American society. Correct Answer: A. Subcultures are rare in contemporary American society. • Question 2 1 out of 1 points Gestures, language, values and social norms are examples of . Selected Answer: B. non-material culture Correct Answer: B. non-material culture • Question 3 1 out of 1 points Wayne always wears a lapel pin on his suit signifying that he was the recipient of the Medal of Honor when he was in the service. Usually, only veterans recognize what the pin actually means. In view of this, which of the following terms best describes Wayne's lapel pin? Selected Answer: C. It is a symbol to which people attach meaning. Correct Answer: C. It is a symbol to which people attach meaning. • Question 4 1 out of 1 points A society made up of many different religious, racial and, ethnic groups would be best described as . Selected Answer: C. a pluralistic society Correct Answer: C. a pluralistic society • Question 5 1 out of 1 points In the United States, the best example of the nonmaterial culture never catching up with the material culture is illustrated by: Selected Answer: A. the nine-month school year. Correct Answer: A. the nine-month school year. • Question 6 1 out of 1 points Jamaican women prefer portly men with rounded mid-sections while American women prefer men who have triangular physiques, big shoulders, and thin waistlines. This difference in what is socially desirable or undesirable is an example of differences in . Selected Answer: C. values Correct Answer: C. values • Question 7 1 out of 1 points When a member of society is tried, judged, and convicted of an act that results in their being expelled from that society for life, which of the following descriptions most likely applies to that act? Selected Answer: B. Their behavior can be classified as taboo. Correct Answer: B. Their behavior can be classified as taboo. • Question 8 1 out of 1 points After having successfully negotiated an important business contract with a major client, Phil's boss congratulated him and promised him a significant pay raise. In this situation, Phil has received what sociologists call a . Selected Answer: C. positive sanction Correct Answer: C. positive sanction • Question 9 1 out of 1 points Americans cherish the ideal that anyone can rise from the bottom of society to its very top. This illustrates the value sociologist Robin Williams called . Selected Answer: C. individualism Correct Answer: C. individualism • Question 10 1 out of 1 points Although personal computers have become efficient, cost effective, and user friendly, many people refuse to learn how to use them or to adapt to the emerging technology. This is an example of what William Ogburn would refer to as . Selected Answer: A. cultural lag Correct Answer: A. cultural lag • Question 11 1 out of 1 points Mark and Sally went walking in the park. Both of them were wearing nothing on the upper half of their bodies. Mark would be violating a , Sally would be violating a . Selected Answer: C. folkway; more Correct Answer: C. folkway; more • Question 12 0 out of 1 points Which factor has been most responsible for a shift in focus by Americans to the value cluster that includes leisure, self-fulfillment, physical fitness, feeling young, and concern for the environment? Selected Answer: B. a radical change in the nonmaterial culture shared by Americans Correct Answer: C. a change in the economic structure of American society • Question 13 0 out of 1 points Which statement is least true of values? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: B. Americans have a tendency to embrace one set of values more than others. A. Values are distinct, independent units that are mutually exclusive and exhaustive. • Question 14 0 out of 1 points Julia is writing a note to one of her classmates. In the note she uses the emoticon : -(( and adds IAB to the message. Based on these two expressions, what conclusion can we reach about the content of her note? Selected Answer: B. Julia was upset with her friend and encouraged her to change her behavior. Correct Answer: D. Julia was very sad over a lack of excitement in her life. • Question 15 0 out of 1 points Of the following, which scenario is the best example of a "culture war"? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: C. Members of the Gay and Lesbian Student Union file suit against the university when their organization is disbanded on moral grounds. D. The leader of a pro-life group bombs a family planning center. • Question 16 1 out of 1 points Margie is on an educational trip to a village in Africa. One evening her African hosts served a stew containing giant red ants and other insects. After dinner, Margie asked what was in the delicious stew she just enjoyed. When her host told her, Margie became ill and returned to her hut. Margie has just experienced . Selected Answer: A. culture shock Correct Answer: A. culture shock • Question 17 1 out of 1 points Jane is totally dedicated to her academic responsibilities. But during spring break, she engages in serious partying that has given her the nickname "Calamity Jane." Sociologically, which of the following descriptions best applies to "Calamity Jane?" Selected Answer: B. When Jane goes on spring break she is on a moral holiday. Correct Answer: B. When Jane goes on spring break she is on a moral holiday. • Question 18 1 out of 1 points Shaking one's head left and right to mean "no" and up and down to mean "yes" are examples of . Selected Answer: D. gestures Correct Answer: D. gestures • Question 19 1 out of 1 points Which of the following statements is most accurate regarding gestures? Selected Answer: D. Most gestures are learned but some represent fundamental emotions. Correct Answer: D. Most gestures are learned but some represent fundamental emotions. • Question 20 1 out of 1 points Marshall is examining the culture of the Lenape Indians. He is exploring how the various aspects of the Lenape culture fit together including their religion, family values, agricultural efforts, and customs. By doing so, Marshall is practicing . Selected Answer: C. cultural relativism Correct Answer: C. cultural relativism • Question 21 1 out of 1 points In the mid 1960s, there was a serious contradiction in social values in America. On one hand, America stood for freedom, democracy, and equality. On the other hand, there were also pockets of racism, group superiority, and individualism. What was the outcome of this value contradiction? Selected Answer: B. It was an impetus for social change. Correct Answer: B. It was an impetus for social change. • Question 22 1 out of 1 points The coexistence of such values as democracy and equality alongside the values of hard work, education, and efficiency illustrate the condition of . Selected Answer: A. value clusters Correct Answer: A. value clusters • Question 23 1 out of 1 points Which of the following statements is not one of the functions of language? Selected Answer: A. Language provides a universal written account all societies can understand. Correct Answer: A. Language provides a universal written account all societies can understand. • Question 24 1 out of 1 points "Sunny" is a professional shoplifter. "Walker" is a member of the Devil's Disciples and an avid Satan worshipper. In view of this, which statement is most correct regarding "Sunny" and "Walker"? Selected Answer: D. Both Sunny and Walker belong to countercultures. Correct Answer: D. Both Sunny and Walker belong to countercultures. • Question 25 1 out of 1 points A group's nonmaterial culture is primarily shaped by , because, as this aspect of society changes, so do the ways people think and relate to one another. Selected Answer: D. technology Correct Answer: D. technology • Question 26 1 out of 1 points Anthropologist Ralph Linton made the remark, "The last thing a fish would ever notice would be water." How does the meaning of this statement transfer to the understanding of culture? Selected Answer: C. Except in unusual circumstances, the effects of our own culture are imperceptible to us. Correct C. Answer: Except in unusual circumstances, the effects of our own culture are imperceptible to us. • Question 27 0 out of 1 points Which statement is least accurate regarding culture? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: A. There is nothing "natural" about material culture. C. Ethnocentrism is a narrow-minded approach to understanding culture that has only negative implications. • Question 28 1 out of 1 points American parents encourage their children to be hard working, efficient, practical, and individualistic. These values, along with other norms, beliefs, and mores that everyone would follow if we lived in a "perfect world," are referred to as . Selected Answer: A. ideal culture Correct Answer: A. ideal culture • Question 29 1 out of 1 points In a four square block section of midtown Manhattan, it is possible to purchase a bagel with cream cheese, eat stir-fried vegetables prepared in a wok, or dine on raw fish in a sushi bar. This range of culinary possibilities illustrates the process of: . Selected Answer: C. cultural diffusion Correct Answer: C. cultural diffusion • Question 30 1 out of 1 points When a group has a distinctive way of looking at life, but at the same time their values and norms reflect the dominant culture of their society, the group would be considered a[n] . Selected Answer: D. subculture Correct Answer: D. subculture [Show More]
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