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8NR 222 Health and Wellness Study Guide Final exam latest NR 222

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8NR 222 Health and Wellness Study Guide Final NR 222 Models of Health: Clinical: • Defined by the absence of illness, signs, and symptoms of disease. • May not seek preventative care or se... rvices. • People who use this model may not seek preventive health services or they may wait until they are very ill to seek care. • You go to the hospital if you need immediate help (such as a broken something not a cold you caught). Role Performance945, with performance based on societal expectations. • Illness would be the failure to perform roles at the ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////level of others in society. o EX: If you are sick, you get medicine to help you get back up and running Adaptive: • The ability to adjust positively to social, mental, and physiological change • Illness occurs when the person is unable to adapt o Go through a traumatic injury and then you get help with adapting to a new injury (takes a slow process). Eudemonistic: • Emphasizes the interactions between physical, social, psychological, and spiritual aspects of life • Goal attainment and meaning • May seek out alternative therapies, council of priest, rabbi, or minister • Strive for equilibrium o A person dying of cancer may still be healthy if that person is finding meaning in life at this stage of development. Reasons why the Eudemonistic model is a better, more cost effective model to use today? • This was adopted by the healthcare system because it pays the hospitals, doctors, etc more money because people only come when they are in dire need of medical care thus needing more tests, medicine, procedures done to them and since every little thing costs money the hospital or facility gets paid either from the patient or insurance company. It is more expensive for the patient. Also it was adopted because people think they are healthy or they do not have enough money to go to the doctor for every little thing that happens to them. Why the Affordable Care Act can move America towards a Eudemonistic model? • This model is better because you are focusing on your health as a whole and emphasizes the interactions within social, spiritual, physical, and psychological aspects of life. You seek out alternative therapies such as ministers, rabbis, etc. It is a more holistic approach to medicine and therefore costs less since you are using different types of holistic treatments instead of the big medications from the big pharmaceutical companies. They don't let their illness slow them down. Healthy People 2020: What are the Overarching goals? 1. Attain high-quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death. 2. Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups. 3. Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all. 4. Promote quality of life, health development, and healthy behaviors across all life stages What is the differences from Healthy People 2010? • Healthy people 2010 had only two goals. Healthy 2010 is very vague. In Healthy People 2010, it was to eliminate, not just reduce, health disparities. In Healthy People 2020, that goal was expanded even further: to achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups. Define these terms and give two examples of each: Primary Prevention • Health promotion Specific Protection • Catch it before it starts and make people aware of it. o Examples: Periodic examinations, massive immunizations, nutritional awareness and practice, exercise, safety precautions at workplace. Secondary Prevention: • Early Diagnosis, Prompt Treatment, and Disability limitation • Screenings (MRI, BP measurement, Dental Examinations, mammographs, diagnostic tests, HIV testing) Tertiary Prevention: • Restoration= highest level of functioning possible despite the limitation caused by injury. • Rehabilitation o Rehabilitative care, hospice, outreach programs, palliative care • Goal: prevent further disabilities or deduced functioning when possible Define these terms and give an example related to nursing for each: Fidelity • Agreement to keep a promise • Nurses need to follow through actions and interventions • Unwilling to abandon patients regardless of circumstances o Even though you promised and cannot make it send someone else to do it Non-maleficence • Avoiding of harm • Healthcare professionals try to balance risks and benefits of care while striving at the same time to do the least harm o Ex: stopping a medication that would not benefit the patient .................................................................................continued.................................................................................................... [Show More]

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